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mother of Swartz, with her dying breath, dedicate her | Christian Knowledge, kindly granted them a free pas. infant son to the Holy Ministry, and obtained a promise sage out, they proceeded to Deal, where they embarked from her husband and her attendant pastor, that he in the ship Lynn, Captain Egerton. On the 12th of should be trained up in remembrance of this sacred des- March 1750 they set sail, and arrived in India about the tination. When we think of the forty-eight years of middle of the July following. eminent uninterrupted usefulness in the vineyard of We shall now proceed, as briefly as possible, rapidly Christ, which that devoted child afterwards went to sketch the labours of this great and good man. On through, shall we not be convinced that the fervent his arrival at Tranquebar, in Southern India, be efectual prayer of a righteous mother availeth much ? laboured in the Danish Mission there for fifteen years.

At the age of eight years, young Swartz was sent to His first endeavour was to make himself master of the the principal grammar school at Sonnenberg, “ where" | language, and in this he was indefatigable. “ At says Dr Pearson," he received very good impressions seven in the morning," says he, "we begin, and practise from the moral and religious instructions of its rector, Tamul almost the whole forenoon. Three days in the Mr Holme." At a very early age Swartz used fre- week Mr Maderuss comes to us at ten, and gives us a quently to retire from his companions and pour out lesson in Portuguese. From two to three we again his heart before God, and it is unnecessary to say, read Tamul. Afterwards, every one remains above till that he found this practice highly beneficial. Accord-five. From five to six, I and dear brother Auttemann ingly be mentioned in after life, that when conscious practise speaking Tamul. We perceive that God helps us of having acted wrong, he could never regain tran- on from day to day. In the morning and evening we exquillity of mind, until he had earnestly implored the cite each other by joint prayer and reading the Word of forgiveness of God. During his stay at this school, he God.” In consequence of this diligence he preached partook, for the first time, of the holy communion; but in Tamul four months after his arrival in India; and in although at the time considerably affected, these serious a few months after, entered upon more regular labours. impressions were speedily effaced. Before entering These included a catechetical hour in the Malabar school, the university, he was sent to an academy at the town “ with the youngest lambs"-almost daily excursions of Custrin, where, by associating with thoughtless com- into the villages, speaking with Christians and heathpanions, his affections were still more estranged from God. ens—and preparations for baptism with native converts,

At the age of twenty, Swartz, still undecided in religion, most of whom he afterwards baptized. Catechising the entered the university of Halle, when Professors Baum- Portuguese school, and preaching in Portuguese, were garten, Michaelis, Knapp, and Freylinghausen were in also parts of his regular labours.

During his first years the meridian of their glory. But the pernicious in- he read through the Mythological books of the Malabars, fluence of a brilliant literary theology was graciously which gave him great power in arresting the attention of neutralized by the sacred and sanctifying atmosphere of the natives. His extra labours consisted in a pedestrian the orphan house in which he boarded, where he was tour as far north as Cuddalore, and south to Negapatain, chosen to assist in the evening assemblies for prayer, preaching, administering the sacrament, distributing and where he enjoyed intercourse with the pious Pro. books and tracts, “ and rejoicing at the evident proofs fessor Francke, the zealous supporter of Missions. Here afforded by many, of a cordial reception of the Word of he met with the amiable Schultz, and under his care God.” He also made a five months' visit to Ceylon. undertook to assist in correcting the printing of thc From Point Pedro to Point de Galle, the northern to Tamul Bible, having studied the language simply for the southern extremity of the Island, he preached to this end. Little did he think, when first he sat down Danes, Idolators, and Mahommedans visited hospitals to its knotty characters, that it would one day be fa- -admonished clergymen—advised governors—and, afmiliar to him as his mother-tongue—that for nearly half ter due preparations, administered the Lord's Supper i century to come it was to be the medium through five times. which he would beseech idolaters to believe in Jesus. Trichinopoly was the next scene of the labours of Thus was the mind of the young student directed to Swartz, during twelve years, under the auspices of the the far distant scene of his holy and happy labours; so English “ Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge." that he writes, soon after his arrival in India, “ It is a Here his income was £48 a-year. A room in an old yiveet comfort to my heart that I am enabled to say, it Gentoo building was his lodging, just large enough to is Thou, oh my God, who hast conducted me to these hold himself and his bed. A dish of rice and vegeparts; I have not run hither of my own accord, but tables, dressed after the manner of the natives, was his would rather have declined the call, if thy unseen hand ordinary food. A piece of dimity, dyed black, his anhad not retained me."

nual supply of clothing. He preached incessantly to At the time when Swartz was studying at the uni- | the natives, both in the town and villages round, and versity, Professor Francke was employed in procuring was not long without a congregation of converted Hinmissionaries to be sent to India. Swartz determined doos. From these he chose four or five catechists, whom to offer himself for this arduous enterprise ; could he he contrived to maintain. He daily instructed them how only gain his father's consent. Without delay he set to preach Jesus to their benighted brethren in a winning out for his native place, and there made known his

On their return in the evening they related thoughts to his parent, who, after three days' consider their labours, their difficulties, and their success. The ation signified his consent, and giving him a blessing, English garrison had no chaplain—Swartz cared for their bade bim depart in God's name ; charging him, at the souls-gradually made himself master of the language same time, to forget his native country, and his father's first read the English service, and sermons from evan. house, and to go, and win many souls to Christ. Allgelical English divines,-then preached himself, and with was now preparation for his departure, and although wonderful power persuaded whole garrisons, so that an advantageous offer was made to him of entering they soon subscribed money enough to build him a upon the ministry at home, his mind was so set upon church. He also held a prayer meeting with the most proceeding to India, that he refused to accept of it. pious of the soldiers, which God did not leave without On the oth of September 1749, he was ordained to the a blessing. sacred ministry at Copenhagen. It being intended that During his residence at this place, while he was one he should proceed to India by way of England, on the day reading an English tract, on the fifteenth chapter 8th of December, he, in company with two other mis- of St. Luke, under a shady tree, an old Hindoo, who sionaries, arrived in London, where they remained six had often entreated him not to trouble him with Wecks. The directors of the East India Company his Christian tenets, approached him, in company with laying, at tlie request of the Society for Promoting several others, and begged to know what he was read


ing. Mr Swartz told him that it was a narrative of cold. He describes very touchingly the earnestness and the truly paternal conduct of God towards us, and of solemnity of the reproof he received. • What !' said our refusal to render due obedience to his kind and the pious Missionary, shall our gracious God watch gentle government ; thus abusing his mercies, and over us through the heat and burden of the day, and bringing upon ourselves distress and misery. Not with shall we devour the food which he provides for us at standing this, there was, he said, a way opened by night, with hands which we have never raised in prayer, which we might return to our justly offended Maker, and lips which have never praised him?" and become partakers of his grace and benediction. The following is an extract from a letter addressed The old man being pleased with this parable, Swartz by Swartz to his friends at Vellore, immediately after proceeded to relate to him that of the sower, telling him his recovery from illness :—“ If the mind be sound, why the seed did not every where bring forth good all is well; the rest we shall quit when we enter into fruit. He comprehended this also perfectly, and asked the grave. That will cure all our bodily indispositions. whether God is not omnipresent. “Yes," he replied, On this subject I meditate frequently. And, O! may " he sees every thing that passes on earth, whether it be God grant me grace to do it more effectually, that I good or evil; but his omnipresence is formidable to the may number my (perhaps very few) days. Eternity is an wicked.” The Hindoo said, “ In my heart, inwardly, awful subject, which should be continually in our mind. I worship God.” “ If that is the case,” rejoined Mr “ I know, I feel it, that I have no righteousness of Swartz, “ your outward conduct must prove the rever- my own, whereon I would dare to depend for eternal ence which you profess to entertain in your lieart to- happiness. If God should enter with me into judgment, wards the Alinighty. What would you think of a man, what would become of me? But blessed, for ever who reproached and even struck you, while he pre- blessed, be the adorable mercy of God, which bas protended that he had cordial love for you in his heart ?" | vided a sure expedient for guilty man. The atonement The Hindoo confessed that he could not value such of Jesus is the foundation of my hope, peace, love and love. “ Neither,” he concluded, “ can God accept the happiness. Though I am covered all over with sin, homage which you profess to feel inwardly for him, the blood of Jesus cleanseth me from all mine iniquities, while in your words and conduct you deny and disho- and sets my heart at rest. Though I am a corrupted nour him.” Swartz visited Tanjore almost every year, creature, the Spirit of Jesus enlightenethi, cheereth, sometimes three and even four times, visited the Chris- and strengtheneth us to hate and aboininate all sin, and tians, attended the schools, and was introduced to the to renounce the lusts of the world and the flesh. Though Rajah Tuljajee. Early and late, covered over with dust, the day of judgment is approaching, the love of God he preached to the natives, who in great numbers sur- comforts us so far as to have boldness to appear before rounded him. Repentance, Faith, Reconciliation with our Judge ; not as if we were innocent creatures, but God, through Jesus Christ, were his themes. He fre- because we are pardoned, washed, and cleansed in the quently expounded the parables, till he was quite ex- blood of Christ. hausted. The people commended his doctrine, and of- “ 0! my dear friends, an interest in the atonement ten said, “ Ob, that the King would embrace it! all of Jesus, and a participation in the graces of his Spirit; would then forsake heathenism.” At the request of these constitute a Christian, these cheer and strengthen the Rajah, he learned the Mahratta language, to which the heart, these glorify God, and prepare for heaven. he owed much of his subsequent influence at Court. “Let us daily, therefore, come before God through

Swartz had been 27 years in India, and was 52 years the blessed Jesus; but let us, at the same time, not of age when he removed his residence to Tanjore, a neglect the second point, viz., our sanctification. Our place of more importan being the seat of the native time is short. Within some days, I have sojourned government. This formed his head-quarters for the last in this country thirty-four years. The end of my jour20 years of his life. It was on bis removal thither that ney is, even according to the course of nature, near. he undertook a confidential embassage from the Madras May I not flag ! May my last days be the best! But Government to Hyder Ali. All the way to Seringapa- as long as we live together upon earth, let us admonish tam, and even in the palace of the fierce Sultan of My- and stir up one another.” sore, be preached Jesus to high and low, as long as his The three years' desolation of the country, during the strength would allow, none presuming to hinder him. Carnatic war, greatly increased the beneficent labours of The only remuneration which he would accept for this Swartz. Many were compelled by famine to join his conexpedition, was a salary to his successor at Trichino- gregation--he both supplied their temporal wants, and fed poly, and bricks and lime for his church at Tanjore. them with the bread of life. For 17 months he ministered His ordinary labours he thus describes :-“ I preach to the bodily necessities of a considerable number. Often from 8 to 10 to the English—from 10 to 12 to the Ma- 800 poor people assembled. Instead of giving money, he labars from 4 to 5 to the Portuguese. At 7 in the prepared food and distributed it, many having no cooking evening we have prayer—and then I say, 'Blessed Jesus, utensils. When peace was restored, we find Swartz traI have sowed-give thou the increase.'” An occurrence, velling through the south of India, with the help of the which happened about this time, is related by Chris Madras and native governments, establishing English tian David, who was afterwards ordained by Heber, provincial schools ; and next year confirming the Tinand who, then a boy, waited on Swartz. It is admi- nevelly Mission, which at this day is putting forth the rably characteristic of his primitive godliness.—“They buds of promise. He was still able to go through his had been travelling all day, and arriving at a small vil ordinary work among heathens and Christians.“ Meanlage at sunset, the good man sat down under a tree, and while," (says he) “I feel the approaches of age ; but as conversed with the natives who came round bin, whilst long as I live, and have any strength left, I shall gladly his house-keeper was cooking their evening meal. When take my share in the work." the rice and curry were spread on the plantain leaf, In a letter written in his 69th year, he thus expresses Swartz stood up to ask a blessing on the food they were himself:-“ Though I am now in the 69th year of going to share, and to thank God for watching over my age, I am still able to perform the ordinary functhem through the dangers of the day, and providing so tions of my office. Of sickness I know little or norichly for their repose and comfort. His heart was full thing. How long I am to say so, my Creator and of gratitude, and expressed itself in the natural eloquence Preserver knows. My only comfort is the redemption of prayer and praise. The poor boy for some time re- made by Jesus Christ. He is, and shall be, my wisdom. pressed his impatience, but his hunger at last overpower- By him I have received the salutary knowledge which ed his respect for his master, and he ventured to expos-leads me to the favour of God. He is my righteous. tulate with him, and remind him that the curry would be ness. By his atonement I have pardon of my sins,


being clothed in his righteousness, my sins will not purest evangelism, warming him with the beams of bis appear in judgment against me—tbey are blotted out reconciled countenance, till he sent his branches far and by the atoning blood of Jesus. He is likewise my wide along the rich coast of Coromandel-over the sanctification. In his holy life I best learn the whole well-watered plains of Tanjore—and amid the cinnamon will of God, and by his Spirit I shall daily be encour- groves of spicy Ceylon. His faithful Catechists, the aged and strengthened to hate every sin, and to walk chief of his spiritual family, became, like the bended in the way of the commandments of God. He is, and twigs of the banyan, themselves taking deep root, and I hope he will be, my redemption. By him I shall be growing up around the venerable parent tree, to unite delivered from all evil, and made eternally happy. in forming a pillared shade," where many an idola

“ Let others glory in what they please : I will glory trous Hindoo, wearied with the vain search for peaca in Christ Jesus, the only and perfect author of all hap- from his miserable idols, sat duwn to bear the glad tid. piness. Should I presume to rely on my own virtue, ings of salvation by grace. I should despair. Though I heartily wish to obey God, There are many features in the character of Swartz und follow the example of my Saviour; though I will well worthy of our study. His singular disinterestedendeavour by the grace of God to subdue my inclina- ness in regard to money-his unbounded charity, comtion to sin_yet in all this there is, and ever must be, bined with the faculty of carefully busbanding, which imperfection; so that I dare not stand upon so rotten enabled him to leave between £8,000 and £10,000 a ground. But to win Christ, and to be found in him, to the Mission, “that the cause of Christ might be his in life and death, and even in the day of judgment, was heir," may well claim our attention. His peculiar openSt. Paul's wish; this has been the wish of all genuineness of mind gave him amazing power over Hindoos and Christians; this shall be mine as long as I breathe. Europeans of all sects, made way for him to the heart This was not a peculiarity in St. Paul's character. No; of the Rajah, commanded the reverence of the despotic he admonishes all to follow him in this point. This Hyder Ali himself, and obtained for him an ascendancy close adberence to Christ will not make us indolent in with political governors of all principles, which no other the pursuit of holiness. It will rather impel, strengthen Missionary ever possessed. His powers of speaking to and cheer us in the work of true and Christian holi- the heart_of out witting metaphysical Brahmins of

St. Paul wished to be made like unto the death convincing supercilious Mahommedans of winning the of Jesus, which is the summit of true holiness.

attention and affection of children—are amply testified “ As this, perhaps, may be my last letter to you, by the multitudes whoin he drew over to confess the I cannot but entreat you to follow St. Paul, that ex- superior excellence of Christianity, and the goodly cellent pattern of true goodness. By doing so, you company of upwards of six thousand, whom he was inwill easily withstand and overcome the temptations of strumental in turning to the open profession of the a vain world; you will live and die in peace; and, at Gospel. The romantic features of his character were last, be received into glory.

few and simple; as when before leaving Ceylon, he “We have known one another a long time on earth. travelled to Point Pedro, for the purpose of seeing, and May we know one another in a blessed eternity, where preaching under the very tree under which the celesin and sorrow never shall disturb us! Watch and brated Buldæus first preached to the natives. But if pray, that you may be counted worthy to stand before we were asked to point out the leading trait, which, che Son of inan your Redeemer."

above any other, gave a peculiar colouring to Swartz's During his last year, when he was 72 years of age, vhole history, we would point to liis pervading cheerhaving been 48 years in India, he pursued his usual la- fulness. He seemed to preserve the equal mind in ar. bours and studies with great fervour. He preached duous circumstances without an effort. Light-hearted. every Sunday in English and Tamul by turns, and on ness, without a shade of levity-unbroken tranquillity, Wednesdays lectured in Portuguese and in German to without a tendency to slothfulness_distinguish bim the soldiers of the 51st regiment. He explained the from almost every other Missionary. He lived careful New Testament at morning and evening prayers, and for nothing—and the peace of God fortified bis heart dedicated an hour every day to the instruction of the and mind. He died as he had lived.

“ We sung the Malabar children in the truths of Christianity. He took hymn, ' Christ is my life,' ” says Gerické, “when he particular delight in visiting the members of his congre- began to sing with us_spoke very humbly of himself, gation, telling them plainly whatever was blameable in and extolled his Redeemer—and wished to be dissolved, their conduct, and animating them by every powerful and to be with Christ. · Had it pleased him,' he said, argument to walk worthy of their profession. He iis spare me a little longer, I should have been glad. tened to the accounts given by the Catechists of their I should then have been able to speak yet a word to conversations with men of all creeds and characters the sick and poor, but His will be done. . May He but and directed them to a wise and faithful discharge of in mercy receive me__into thy hands I commend my their office. But his strength was visibly on the de- spirit—thou hast redeemed me, O God of truth.' After cline, and he frequently spoke of his departure, to which this, the native assistants sung the last verse of the he looked forward with joy.

hymn—* () head so full of bruises -he joining with What mind can turn away from such a picture as this, them. He then rested a little. After which, he exwithout remembering that it is written,

pressed a desire to be raised up, unexpectedly opened The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree;

his lips and expired in the arins of the faictuful native He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon;

fellow-labourers of this place.” He shall still bring forth fruit in old age; He shall be fat and flourishing.

We cannot refrain from quoting the following beauti. Or, if the excursive fancy may change the simile to a ful description of the funeral of this truly eminent man. tree more suitable to the clime, it might compare him It is written by Mr Kohlhoff, who was present at the to the fig-tree

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mournful ceremony :-“ His funeral was a most awful and

very affecting sight. It was delayed a little beyond the In Malabar or Deccan, spreads her arms

appointed time, as Serfojee Rajah wisbed once more to Branching so broad and long, that in the ground

look at him. The affliction which he suffered at the loss The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow About the mother tree a pillared shade,

of the best of his friends, was very affecting. He shed High overarched, and echoing walks between."

a flood of tears over his body, and covered it with a From a remote corner of Germany he came, unaided gold cloth. We intended to sing a funeral hymn, by birth or splendid talent, or by what the world calls whilst the body was conveyed to the chapel; but we riches_an humble Missionary. God planted him in were prevented from it by the bitter cries and lamentaSouthern India, watering his roots with the streains of tions of the multitudes of poor who bad crowded into the

* Such as at this day to Indians known

Comfort in sorrow of every sort.

garden, and which pierced through our souls. We were An interesting summary of his virtues is contained of course obliged to defer it till our arrival at the chapel. in the lines inscribed on the granite stone, which covers

“ The burial service was performed by the Rev. Mr the grave of Swartz-peculiarly interesting, as being the Gerické, in the presence of the rajah, the resident, and composition of the young Hindoo Rajah, who, by the most of the gentlemen who resided in the place, and a influence of Swartz, had been raised to the Musnud of great number of native Christians, full of regret for the Tanjore—and though the rhyme be rude, yet does it loss of so excellent a minister - the best of men. o possess the invaluable properties of truth and sincerity. may a merciful God grant, that all those who are ap

Firm wast thou, humble, and wise, pointed to preach the Gospel to the heathen world

Honest, pure, free from disguise,

Father of Orphans, the widows' support, may follow the example of this venerable servant of Christ ! And may he send many such faithful labourers,

To the benighted, dispenser of light, to fulfil the pious intentions and endeavours of the

Doing and pointing to that which is right;

Blessing to princes, to people, to mehonourable Society for the enlargement of the kingdom

May 1, my father, be worthy of thee, of Christ ! May he mercifully grant it, for the sake of

Wisheth and prayeth thy Sarabojee. our Lord Jesus Christ."

A WALK TO CALVARY. The following character of Swartz, is from the pen

PART II. of Mr Cammerer :-“ Nothing could possibly afford me more lively satisfaction than the society of Mr

BY THE REV. MARCUS Dods, Swartz. His unfeigned piety, his real and conscientious attention to every branch of his duties, his sincerity,- Let us resume our walk to Calvary, and our contem

Minister of the Scotch Church, Belford. in short, bis whole demeanour filled me with reverence and admiration. He treated me like a brother, or rather plation of the dying thieves. We last week pointed like a tender parent, and instructed me in the most

out the lessons which their fate is fitted to convey to agreeable manner in the Malabar language. The same parents; we shall now attend to some lessons of a did Mr Kohlhoff, who is meekness and humility itself. more general kind with which they are fitted to furMany an evening passed away, as if it had been but a

nish us.

We shall attend, in the first place, to the single moment, so exceedingly interesting proved the conversation of this truly venerable man, and his rela- import of the penitent's prayer, “ Lord, remember me.” tions of the singular and merciful guidance of God, of

This prayer implies a firm conviction of the immorwhich he had experienced so many proofs throughout tality of the soul. This may seem to be a remark his life, but particularly during the dreadful war in hardly worth making in these days, when, how careless India. The account he gave of the many dangers to soever about the improvement and salvation of the which his life bad been exposed, and the wonderful soul men may in general be, yet few or none will be manner in which it was often preserved, his tender and found seriously to call in question its immortality. It grareful affection towards God, his fervent prayers and ihanksgivings, bis gentle exhortations constantly to

is naterial to remark this, however, as developing the live as in the presence of God, zealously to preach the character of the penitent thief. The immortality of Gospel, and entirely to resign ourselves to God's kind the soul was little known at that early period ; indeed, providence--all this brought many a tear into my eyes, excepting among the Jews, it was hardly known at all, and I could not but ardently wish that I might one day and even among them was far from being universally resemble Swartz. His disinterestedness, his honourable received. His associate in crime would seem to have manner of conducting public business, procured him the general esteem both of Europeans and Hindoos. Every been one of those who denied it. His firm conviction one loved and respected hiin, from the king of Tanjore of the doctrine is a new proof that he had been piousto the humblest dative.

ly brought up in his youth. “ Nor was be less feared ; for he reproved them, And the remark is not undeserving of being made, without respect to situation or rank, when their con- even on account of the state of matters among ourduct deserved animadversion; and he told all persons selves. Attempts, and these by no means of a conwhat they ought to do, and what to avoid, to promote temptible character, are assiduously making to throw their temporal and eternal welfare. The king frequently observed, that much in the world was effected by doubts upon the immortality of the soul, and banish presents and gold, and that he himself had done much this fundamental article from the popular creed. Maby those means : but that with Padre Swartz they terialism, which is intended to serve as an introduction answered no purpose. This excellent man often told to the denial of Christianity, has obtained the patronme, that the favour of God, and communion with

age of many scientific writers ; while the insidious Christ, was of greater value to him than thousands of principles of German philosophy, in other words, of gold and silver. Certainly, by the goodness of God, the most revolting atheism, have found a lamentably he has been made a great blessing to this country. What other men could not effect without military force, large portion of disciples among our manufacturing pobe has done by the personal influence which he possessed pulation. over the people, and which arose exclusively from his Again, the prayer of the penitent thief implied a integrity and sincere piety."

conviction of his need of a Saviour. He did not supAlmost every Missionary that sets foot on the shores pose that his sufferings in this world, however severe, of India has had occasion to revere the memory of Swartz.

would form any atonement for his sins before God. In The remembrance of such a man is sweet to every pious mind. Even his personal appearance becomes to the this he shewed that he had arrived at a clearness of imagination an object of interest; and on this point our view, and a correctness of sentiment, with regard to curiosity is gratified, by the following picture, drawn by the nature of sin, and the state in which it places us the pen of an intimate friend :-“ Figure to yourself a in the sight of God, which many professing Christians stout well-made man, somewhat above the middle size, have not attained. Nothing can shew a more deplorerect in his carriage and address, with a complexion ra

able ignorance of the nature of the Gospel, than the ther dark, though healthy, black curled hair, and a manly supposition that our sufferings in this world are of an engaging countenance, expressive of unaffected candour, expiatory nature, and possess an atoning eflicacy. Yet ingenuousness, and benevolence; and you will have en idea of what Mr Swartz appeared to be at first sight.”

there are members of the Christian Church, and even in the Protestant Church, who hope that their suffer-power and glory he would come again. His prayer ings will be available to lessen, or altogether to avert plainly implies a knowledge which he could have acthe punishment due to sin in a future state ; and quired from the Lord's discourses alone; and which he writers, to defend this gross absurdity, have not been could not even have acquired from them, had he not awanting. The thief was better taught; and even at been previously well instructed in the Old Testament the moment of enduring the most infamous and cruel Scriptures, to the types and prophecies of which these sufferings, he felt and acknowledged that these suffer- discourses make so constant reference. What now, we ings could avail him nothing before God, and there may ask, becomes of the confidence with which the fore sought a Saviour's aid.

case of the penitent thief is so frequently referred to Farther, the penitent's prayer implied a hope at as a proof of the efficacy of a death-bed repentance ? least, if not a conviction, that his situation was not We are not going to deny that such a repentance may desperate. He was in circumstances that might have be genuine,—may be the work of the Holy Spirit,naturally led him to despair. Any expectation enter- and may be connected with salvation. We will not tained by him might truly seem to be hoping against limit the grace of God. We will not even deny that, hope. Yet he does not despair of mercy. This is a speaking of a man killed by a fall from his horse, it farther proof of the care that had been taken of his may, for anything we know, be a possible thing, that early education. Men, when they become sensible of

Between the stirrup and the ground, their guilt, do not naturally look upon God as a mer

Mercy was sought, and mercy found. ciful being. On the contrary, they regard him as an But while we admit most readily, that a death-bed reinexorable judge, and all who know anything of the pentance may be truly a repentance unto life, we must matter, know that nothing is so difficult as to convince maintain that while this is a possible thing, it is by no the awakened sinner that God is merciful. That he has means a probable thing. And, omitting at present all outlived the day of grace, and sinned beyond the reach the other considerations which should lead us to disof mercy, is the temptation into which he most na- trust a death-bed repentance, we maintain that the case turally falls. The penitent must have been long fa- of the penitent thief holds out no encouragement whatmiliar with the character given of God in Scripture, so ever to rely on any such desperate contingency. The contrary to that which a sense of guilt assigns to him, principles which he manifested on the cross, were prin. else he would of necessity have despaired.

ciples which were not then first implanted in his heart. And finally, the prayer of the penitent implies a The knowledge which he then displayed, it was imconviction that his fellow-sufferer was such a Saviour possible that he could have then for the first time acas he needed,,was in reality a divine person. There quired. The whole circumstances of the case render was unquestionably something peculiarly striking in it obvious, that he had been carefully instructed in bis the appearance of the Lord on the cross, and in the youth, and had been neither an unfrequent nor an inatmanner of his death. The centurion was struck with tentive hearer of the Lord himself. And who can tell it, and said, “ Of a truth this man was the Son of how near he might be to the kingdom of heaven, when God;" and the people were struck with it, for when he was hurred into crime, and to death ? they saw what was done, “ they smote upon their Does this case, then, bear any resemblance to that breasts and returned.” And the thief, too, amidst his of the man who, while conscious of his need of re. own agonies, could see the glory of the Divinity shin- pentance, yet deliberately, and of set purpose, delays ing through the meanness and the sorrows of his fel- seeking for that repentance till the approach of death low-sufferer, and made it his hope and his stay. What shall compel him to admit that he can delay no longer ? an affecting sight, to see a poor despised sufferer yet or does it bear the slightest resemblance to any of receiving worship, and hearing, and granting the prayer those cases in which it is constantly referred to, and in offered to him!

which we are given to understand, that a man babitBut it is obvious that he knew more of Christ than uated to crime from his earliest years, has at last be. he could possibly learn by what he saw of him on the come a true penitent, when these crimes have doomed

He knew that Christ was going to the posses- him to the scaffold ? Far be it from us to deny that sion of great power, and that after his death he would true repentance, and genuine conversion may be granted still be able to save the souls of them that trusted in at the last hour of life, even to the man who has purhim. Now, this augured a more extensive knowledge, posely delayed seeking repentance, while conscious of and more correct views than the apostles themselves at his need of it; or to him who has never in his life this time possessed. His death led them to despair. thought of repentance till the approach of death has “ We trusted," said they, in the language of despon- compelled him to think of it. But we repeat, that the dency, “ that it should have been he which should penitent thief affords no example of either the one or have redeemed Isracl.” The very last question that the other of these cases, and in neither the one nor the they asked before bis ascension shewed a narrowness of other, does it furnish us with the slightest ground of view which the thief had escaped. “ Wilt thou, at hope,-much less does it afford ground for that unhesithat time, restore the kingdom to Israel?" In fact, tating confidence which is so often drawn from it. Sufwe cannot escape the conclusion, that this thief had fering may, and often does, awaken to the most active been a frequent and attentive hearer of the Lord's dis- and beneficial operation principles that have long been courses; and the miseries of his situation had led him dormant, or that have for a time been overwhelmed. to form a juster estimate of their true character than This was the case with the penitent thief. But where the apostles themselves had previous to the day of good principles are wanting, no intensity of suffering Pentecost done. He understood that, through suffer- can implant them. This was exemplified in the case ings, the Lord was passing into glory; and that with of the impenitent thief. Could intensity of suffering


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