Social Cohesion and Conflict Prevention in Asia: Managing Diversity Through Development
Nat J. Colletta, Teck Ghee Lim, Anita Kelles-Viitanen
World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 2001 - Political Science - 493 pages
The papers included in this volume cite a multiplicity of traditional obstacles to social cohesion and integration in the region, ranging from xenophobic nationalism to poverty, socioeconomic disparities, gender inequality, and ethnic, religious, and cultural discrimination. This book is based on discussions from the Asian Regional Consultation on Social Cohesion and Conflict Management which was sponsored by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. The outcome of this consultation formed the basis of this book. Participants, speaking in their personal capacity, included representatives from government, civil society, and donor organizations allowing for an open and unencumbered discussion of the issues.
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Aceh agencies areas Asia Asian Development Bank assistance Barisan Nasional Buraku Burakumin Burma Burmese Cambodia Chinese cial civil society conflict management created crisis cultural communities Dalits democracy discrimination dominant donor East Timor economic growth elections employment ethnic conflict ethnic groups flict forces foreign gender human rights implementation important income increased Indian indigenous Indonesia institutions issues Jakarta labor market land levels majority Malay Malaysia Manila ment military Mindanao minority MNLF mobility Muslim Myanmar negotiations NGOs non-Malays organizations participation parties peace process percent Philippines policies political population poverty problems programs promote property rights regime regional religious role rural schools sector Sinhalese social capital social cleavages social cohesion social conflict Soeharto Southeast Asian Sri Lanka structure Tamil tensions tion tional traditional transition UMNO United Nations University Press urban violence violent conflict West Kalimantan women World Bank
Page 226 - Each group holds by its own religion, its own culture and language, its own ideas and ways. As individuals they meet, but only in the market-place, in buying and selling. There is a plural society, with different sections of the community living side by side, but separately, within the same political unit.
Page 146 - The culture of poverty, however, is not only an adaptation to a set of objective conditions of the larger society. Once it comes into existence it tends to perpetuate itself from generation to generation because of its effect on the children. By the time slum children are age six or seven they have usually absorbed the basic values and attitudes of their subculture and are not psychologically geared to take full advantage of changing conditions or increased opportunities which may occur in their...
Page 112 - The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.
Page ix - UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund...
Page 231 - The first prong is to reduce and eventually eradicate poverty, by raising income levels and increasing employment opportunities for all Malaysians, irrespective of race. The second prong aims at accelerating the process of restructuring Malaysian society to correct economic imbalance, so as to reduce and eventually eliminate the identification of race with economic function.
Page 399 - The Constitution is based on the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation, the common and indivisible country of all Spaniards; it recognises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed, and solidarity amongst them all.
Page 204 - ... features of social organization, such as networks, norms, and trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit.
Page 113 - Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services undtr the State.
Page 398 - Schedule and the recognition therein of the right of the South African people as a whole to self-determination, shall not be construed as precluding, within the framework of the said right, constitutional provision for a notion of the right to self-determination by any community sharing a common cultural and language heritage, whether in a territorial entity within the Republic or in any other recognised way.