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Fig. 1. Facsimile of Letter from Paul Jones (slightly reduced).


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"I can tell you little about the medallion of Paul Jones beyond what is contained in the autograph letter from himself, which was presented along with it to the Society of Antiquaries (in 1860), and which is perhaps the greater curiosity of the two. The letter is addressed to Mrs Belshes, whose husband was a kinsman of the Inveraray family. She was a Miss Buchannan of Drumpelier, aunt to Mrs Graham, wife of Dr Graham, our late Professor of Botany, with whom she lived during her widowhood, and in whose house she died about 1840 (in Great King Street). The medallion and letter were


Fig. 2. Medallion of Paul Jones.

given by Mrs Belshes to my father, and have been in my possession for twenty or thirty years."

Comparing the medallion (fig. 2) with other portraits, it has much in common with the miniature on ivory by Van der Huyt (1780), the bust (fig. 3) by Houdon (1783), the medal by Dupré (ordered by the Congress in 1787), the prints in the British Museum, London (published 28th October 1779), two small engravings in the Scottish National Portrait

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Gallery, one of which is given in fig. 4, the painting in oil by Charles Wilson Peale, and the engraving by J. M. Moreau (fig. 5), designed from the life in 1781, which all show the same regular features, the nose slightly enlarged at the point, and the fine lines of the mouth-the face of a student rather than a fighter. These


Fig. 4. Engraved Portrait of Paul Jones in the National Portrait Gallery. portraits are very different from the old chapbook pictures and the numerous engravings of the "pirate" Paul Jones, all of which are caricatures.

The British view of Jones has always regarded him as a rebel and a pirate. Certainly he was not a pirate, as he held a commission in the American navy; and his actions against this country were all (in his 6



estimation) to further the cause of liberty, and to help his adopted country to gain independence.

A student from his earliest years, he soon acquired an extensive


Fig. 5. Engraved Portrait of Paul Jones, by J. M. Moreau (1781).

knowledge of his profession, and was ever eager to add to it. His letters show the command of language he had; his knowledge of French was perfect, and stood him in good stead during his service in Russia; he was also a diplomat of the first order, a friend of Franklin,

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