Page images
PDF
EPUB

put on the plan show that the graves lie in three rows, with possible indications of a fourth to the west.

Grave VII (fig. 11) is a very perfect structure, and in itself proves the existence of the third row, without putting too much reliance upon the washed-out spaces marked VIII and X as indicative of the sites of graves. By excavation at the point marked IX (shown in figs. 2 and 3 by a spade handle), I satisfied myself that there is there another grave in correct alignment with VII and VIII, but the trunks and roots of the surrounding trees prevented more than a small opening, which disclosed covering stones, two or three side stones, and two stones close together on edge in a perpendicular position at right angles to the side stones, which were suggestive of the head stone of one grave and the foot stone of another. The spot could only be very partially excavated, however, and the growth of the trees had no doubt disarranged the structure. I saw no vestige of human remains, nor anything of the nature of grave-goods; and a photograph could not be obtained.

As to the probability of a fourth row I cannot speak with certainty. The washed-out space marked XI looks like another grave-site. The experimental cuttings made at X and Y were perhaps not carried deep enough to reach any graves which may be there.

An enlargement of part of the survey is given in fig. 5 to show in more detail the structure and measurements of five of the graves, which were carefully excavated and examined, and which are numbered on the plan (fig. 4) Ia, I, II, III, and VII.

The first row in the plans (fig. 4 and fig. 5) is represented by one grave, Ia, which is the lowest of those shown in the view, fig. 6. It is of very small size, and is obviously the place of interment of an infant. The external measurements are length 24 inches, breadth at west end 14 inches, and at east end 12 inches. The internal measurements are -length 21 inches, breadth at west end 9 inches, and at east end 8 inches.

[ocr errors]

This was apparently the only grave which had not been floored with slabs, the bottom consisting solely of the natural rock. The covering

[ocr errors]

stone or stones were not in position; and, as will be seen from the photograph, the construction is rude and irregular.

The second row contains five very complete graves and the remains of a sixth, with a space in which a seventh may yet be found between the graves marked IV and V on the plan, fig. 4.

Grave I is shown in the middle distance in fig. 6, the third grave

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Fig. 5. Plan of five Graves, showing alignment.

in the top right-hand corner (marked by an axe) being the fine grave VII of the third row, to be afterwards illustrated.

Grave I, as shown in fig. 7, is of rude construction. Its external measurements are 4' 4" in length, with breadths of 10" at the west end and 14" at the centre and east end. Internally it measures 3' 10" in length by about a foot in breadth. The ends are each composed of a single stone, and there are three slabs on each side and four on the bottom, the two in the centre being of red Cairn-hill sandstone. The large slabs lying on each side of the grave may have

[graphic][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

been its covering stones. This grave seems to have been that of a child somewhat older than the occupant of the previous grave Ia. Its narrowness would preclude burial in any other than an extended position.

To the north there was a considerable space between graves I and III, and there were no surface indications of a grave, but, at somewhat greater depth than the average, grave II (fig. 8) was disclosed. Covering stones of small size were in position, and the grave was entirely

[graphic][merged small]

filled with sand and gravel, which was carefully examined, but the presence of human remains could not be detected, and there were no grave-goods.

Grave III, already referred to as following closely the contour of a human figure, is shown in fig. 10. It was opened in the spring of 1905 by Mrs Tod, who found a human molar tooth, which she has preserved, and a bone resembling a kneecap, which was again buried.

The illustration (fig. 9) shows on the left the site of the last grave (which had been filled up, but which I again opened), and to the right grave IV, with its eastmost covering stone held in position by tree

[graphic][merged small][merged small][graphic]
« PreviousContinue »