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hole, with a kind of projecting shoot or sink in the sill. The turret reaches the edge of the rock, which is here precipitous, about 12 feet high, with deep water below. The north and south walls are now about 7 or 8 feet high. The gables are much higher, the east one being almost entire, but up the line of the recess of the windows of the two upper floors it is rent, and the northern half is tottering to its fall, and would have fallen ere this if we had not had it propped with railway rails.
The ingle nook stands nearly its full height, and has been finished as a tower-like, picturesque chimney with several intakes. The ingle nook is a frequent feature in houses after the Reformation, and this is one of the most important.
The house was three storeys high; the upper floor had dormer windows; the tympanum of one, quite entire and of good design, is lying
Fig. 5. Dormer Window and its Tympanum, as it would have appeared in position. among the ruins, and is shown as it would have appeared in its original position in fig. 5.
This house has been planned as a place of residence rather than of defence-its position on a deep loch being its security. It was meant to be a comfortable, dry, and sanitary abode, and had throughout an excellent timber floor, of which we found the charred remains 2 inches thick; under this a layer of fine sand fully 18 inches deep, which must have been carried thither, there being none on the island. This was a most careful preparation for a timber floor. There were many evidences
of the place having been destroyed by fire, and in the Black Book (p. 100) we are told that in the Civil Wars of the years 1644 and 1645 the Laird of Glenurchy's whole lands were ravaged by the Royalist forces under the Marquis of Montrose, the whole cattle of the tenants taken away, and their "cornes, houses, plenisching and whole insight brunt." It is then added: "Notandum that John M'Nab fiar of Bowane, and Alexander M'Inlay M'Nab in Inschewine, with the whole of Clan Nab joynit with foresaid enemies and took in the yll of Loch Dochart, quhich yll of
Fig. 10. Axe of Iron.
Loch Dochart was violently taken from them again in Anno 1646, and brunt throw their default." It is evident that after such a conflagration, which fused the roof-slates and reduced the floor to charcoal, little of the plenishing could remain. In the Great Hall beside the entrance we found the great iron lock and key, and at the adjoining window the iron-barred grating shown in fig. 6. In the hall we found several locks and keys, two odd spurs, a stirrup (fig. 7), a salmon spear, part of a bridle-bit, and part of a lock of a flint gun; an iron fire-dog (fig. 8) with a forked top and hooks at the side, an iron saddle-tree, four small horseshoes, a jug like the one found in the dungeon, and another (fig. 9)
9 inches in height but in fragments, which we pieced together; two saws, two axes (fig. 10), and a steel for striking a light with a flint (fig. 11). At the doorway to the private room and garderobe there was
Fig. 11. Steel for striking light with a flint.
a mass of door-plates, some with their nails still in them. Inside the room we found large fragments of a "greybeard," a pair of scissors (fig. 12), and eighty-seven small copper coins of Charles I., known as turners,
or Scots twopenny pieces, with the initials, C.II.R. under a crown on the obverse, and the legend round the margin, CAR. D.G. SCOT. ANG. FR. ET. HIB. R., while on the reverse is a thistle head with two leaves and the motto round the margin, NEMO ME IMPVNE LACESSIT; and close among these, fragments of what we believe to have been a brass sporran chain, beautifully worked and chased in a plaited pattern. The coins were