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the panel to the inner raised margin. These panels are filled with thin plates of gold decorated with an interlaced pattern in plain raised lines. The pin of the brooch, 54 inches in length, is loosely attached by a loop passing round the back of the ring, which gives it free play. The head of the pin is expanded into a convex oval with a central setting, now yone, surrounded by an oval panel ornamented with double-spiral scrolls of beaded filigree implanted on gold plate. A chased and gilt pattern of interlaced work runs down the whole length of the front of the pin.

The larger brooch, which is also penannular in form, with expanded ends, is decorated entirely by chasing. There is no gold plating and no filigree. The ring of the brooch shows a small boss in the middle of its curvature opposite to the penannular opening, and the spaces between this central panel and the commencement of the expanded ends are filled on either side with a species of lacertine decoration, the body of the animal being indicated by a semicylindrical band along the middle of the panel lengthways, from a fish-like tail-piece to an exceedingly rudely indicated head with lozenge-shaped eyes and a projecting snout. The spaces on both sides of the body are filled with simulated interlaced work. The expanded ends are nearly triangular in shape and richly chased. The outer curve of each shows a narrow border filled with a simple plait of two strands, the inner border a thicker plait roughened on the surface with pellets. The spaces between these borders are filled with two rosette-like figures, one of which is in the rounded corner of the space; the other is almost in the middle of the field, which is covered with interlacements, roughened with pellets. The pin, which is 8! inches in length, has a loop going loosely over the back of the ring of the brooch, and is ornamented by a triangular pattern of interlaced work on the front of the upper part and a small oval in the middle of its length.

A polished Stone Axe of indurated clay-slate, 3} inches in length by 2} inches in greater breadth at the cutting edge, and three-quarters of an inch in thickness, the sides rounded off, and tapering to the butt, which is slightly broken, found at Forgandenny, Perthshire.


Polished Adze of porphyritic stone, 10 inches in length, 24 inches in breadth above the rounded cutting edge, and 14 inches in greatest thickness, the sides swelling slightly from the cutting edge upwards to about one-third of the length, and tapering thence to a rounded butt 11 inches in width. One face of the implement is flattened to a slight curvature near the sides, the other face is boldly rounded, and the flatter face shows polish by friction where it has been fixed on to the handle. This fine adze was found in a moss in Delting, Shetland.

Axe of greenstone, 64 inches in length by 2 inches in breadth above the rounded cutting edge, and 14 inches in thickness, the sides rounded and tapering to an ovally rounded butt, found at Dunnottar, Kincardineshire.

Five hundred drawings, sketches, and sheets of measurements of the Ecclesiastical Buildings and Monuments in Iona, made by the late Sir Henry Dryden, Bart., 1874–1877.

There were exhibited :

(1) By Mr John M. Orr, SaltcoatsThree of the Cinerary Urns found in the Cairn at Stevenston.

(2) By Bailie JOSEPH DOWNES, IrvineCylindrical Beads of Greenish Vitreous Paste, found in Stevenston Sands.

(3) By Dr MUNGLE, Kinross

Pounder of Quartzite, found in the Stone Circle at Orwell, Kinrossshire.

The following Communications were read :




On 29th May 1905, in a conversation with Mr William Cargill, builder, Forfar, he told me of a remarkable Jug (fig. 1) which he had found in Forfar during some excavations about eighteen years before.

The Jug was found in clay, at a depth of about 2 feet from the surface, in a low-lying district of the town, now known as Canmore Park. The Jug is now in possession of Mrs Alex. Cargill.

It is of reddish clay, fully a quarter of an inch thick, well formed, like the ordinary domestic jug, with a moulded bow-handle on one side, bulging body, slightly moulded narrow neck, very slightly everted at the lip, which at front has a small depression or a spout.

The Jug, which measures 10.3 inches in height, 31 inches diameter at mouth, $i inches at widest part, and 6 inches across where the bottom begins, is in perfect condition, except that it has lost, probably from long immersion in damp soil, a yellowish-green glaze with which it had at one time been covered, evidences of which exist in small patches here and there over its surface.

The remarkable feature of the Jug, however, is in the form of the bottom, which is rounded, so that it cannot stand in an upright position, but is in danger of falling over on its side. To prevent this it has, arranged at about equal distances apart round the bottom, a series of three groups of slight projections formed by the impress of the fingerpoints of the maker, who, by pulling downwards the soft clay, has formed a slightly serrated edge, which (like the legs of the once familiar three-legged pot) serves the purpose of keeping the round-bottomed vessel from capsizing, since, in whatever direction the Jug should incline,

it is always caught and held by two of the three groups of ridges referred to. This is well shown in the accompanying photograph (see fig. 1).

This feature of groups of finger-prints around the base of a jug is not

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unknown. Several jugs, but with flat bottoms exhibiting groups of finger-prints, are preserved in the Guildhall Museum, London, and are illustrated in the catalogue. The Guildhall examples may possibly be regarded as more recent types, interesting as exemplifying a survival of a practice which, but for the discovery of this Forfar jug, might have been regarded as purely ornamental.

I Guildhall Museum Catalogue, Plate LXVI., Nos. 8 and 9, LXVII., 9; pp. 178, 63 ; 180, 109; 180, 104.



The Guildhall flat-bottomed jugs with finger pressed bases are ascribed to the fourteenth century.

In the Guide to English pottery in the British Museum, there is a jug illustrated similar to one shown in the Louterell Psalter of early fourteenth century.

It has a slightly convex base, with the edges thumbed down to form a series of supports which counteract the rotundity of the base.

The photograph by Mr David Barnet, Science and Art Master, Forfar, was obligingly procured for me by Mr John Knox, The Schoolhouse, Forfar, to illustrate this paper.

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Since writing the note which appeared in last year's Proceedings (see Proc., xxxix. pp. 387–393), I have learned of yet another instance of the practice in Dundee. The house, a building of three storeys, still stands at the east end of Castle Lane, fronting to a narrow wynd, which turns off abruptly to the south, anciently known as “The Gote," or "Goat Wynd.” In the south gable of this building, in the course of its being repointed, two jugs were recently discovered and removed. They were placed “high up" between the windows, and with their orifices flush with the external surface of the wall, as already described for all the other examples noted; but one of the jugs is the largest of all the specimens yet observed. It was broken when discovered, and broken still more in removal, so that its height cannot be ascertained, but it measures 91 inches in diameter at the widest part, 4 inches across the base, and in its broken state 10] inches in height. It has at one side the base of a handle, marked with double depressions as of the thumbs of the maker. Assuming this handle to have been of the bow form, like that of the other jugs noted, this specimen had been at least 12 inches in height.

The previously noted Dundee examples averaged 5 to 6 inches, while those found at Innernethy were 9 to 10 inches high. The destruction

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