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Left superior maxilla: the antrum appears well developed, and the palate a little higher arched than normal.

Teeth: 1 molar, 2 premolars, I canine, and 1 lateral incisor.
Temporal bones: well-developed mastoids.

(2) Vertebra.-These belong to the dorsal region.

(3) Humerus (right and left).-Strong, well-developed bones with wellmarked musculo-spiral groove.

(4) Clavicle (left).-This bone is markedly curved and more slender than the other bones. It is also very long, indicating that the individual was comparatively broad-shouldered.

(5) Radius (left); and Ulna (right).—Stout bones with powerful muscular markings.

(6) Femur (right).-Strong and long, but the head is absent. The upper part of the shaft is markedly flattened, i.e. exhibits platymery (fig. 4).

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This indicates that the amount of flattening is greater on the right than on the left side.

Associated with the platymery there is a well-marked hypotrochanteric ridge and hypotrochanteric fossa.

(7) Tibia and Fibule (incomplete).-Only the upper part of the right tibia and head of the left tibia are preserved; the fibulæ also are in fragments. These fragments merit no special description.

(8) Fragments.-These include a large number of small pieces of ribs, vertebræ, scapulæ, skull, and other parts.

They have been examined, but present no characters worthy of description. ; middle-aged; strongly built.

LOT No. 3.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.-This lot includes some very well-preserved bones, as well as a number of fragments. The bones are those of a male, of mature adult life, perhaps approaching 50, of very powerful build.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION. -The bones include: (1) inferior maxilla; (2) superior maxilla; (3) frontal; (4) temporals; (5) basi-occiput; (6) atlas; (7) axis; (8) vertebræ ; (9) clavicle; (10) fragments.

(1) Inferior maxilla. This is a most handsome bone, powerfully and massively built, with a complete set of teeth which are perfectly preserved, though the crowns are worn with use, the effect being similar to what is seen in the dentary arcades in the Australian savage (fig. 5).

The genial tubercles and muscular impressions are very prominent; chin square and projecting.

Symphysial height
Coronoid height
Condyloid height.
Intergonial width

31 mm.

61

33

67 99 104 29 83

..

36 99

115 or 120°.

Gonio-symphysial length
Breadth of asc. ramus
Angle about

The teeth are fairly large, probably pretty highly mesodont in character.

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Fig. 5. Lower Jaw, from Lot 3.

(2) Superior maxilla.--Character in keeping with the inferior maxilla. The teeth are all preserved, are large, and are worn flat on the surface. The central incisors are very heavy teeth, and separated by a gap. The antrum of Highmore on the left side is much less developed than on the right; it only reaches to the first molar tooth. It is not possible to determine the palatal index. The hard palate is high, but has a flat roof, giving a rectangular appearance on transverse section. From the character of the bone, especially when placed in situ with the inferior maxilla, probably this skull was prognathic, though it is not possible to measure the amount (fig. 6).

(3) Frontal. This is also a very massive bone, with large supraorbital ridges. The frontal sinuses are very large. They reach high up on the forehead, and the two sides do not communicate. There are separate loculi at the base of the nose.

(4) Temporals.-These bones show nothing special except very large mastoids with deep digastric grooves.

(5) Basi-occiput.-This is joined to the sphenoid; the basal synchondrosis being completely ossified. The sphenoidal sinuses are large.

(6) Atlas. Very well preserved.

(7) Axis. Also very well preserved.

(8) Vertebrae.-Two cervical vertebræ both well preserved.

(9) Clavicle (left).-Muscular impressions not remarkably prominent, nor the bone particularly long.

(10) Fragments. These belong to the vault and base of the skull ;] left scapula (which is powerful); ribs, etc.

; probably about 50; very powerful build.

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Fig. 6. Upper and Lower Jaws, from Lot 3. The upper front
teeth do not overlap the lower set, but are "apposed."
They are therefore ground flat, not chisel-wise.

LOT No. 4.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.-A shin-bone. It exhibits a sabre-like character, such as is frequently seen in certain prehistoric races. It also shows a facet similar to that which is present in those races that assume a squatting attitude when sitting. The bone probably belonged to an individual of the male sex.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION.-The tibia of the left side. The head is absent The shaft is stout and strong. The shaft is thin and compressed from side to side, while the anterior border is sharp and convex. It exhibits "platyknemia."

Index of platyknemia:

22 × 100
33

= 66'66.

This index shows a high degree of platyknemia.

There is a prolongation of the tibio-astragular joint-surface on to the front of the tibia, such as is found in the Punjaubee of the present day; this, however, cannot be regarded as affording evidence that the individual was in the habit of assuming the squatting attitude (fig. 7).

(probably); adult; well developed.

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Fig. 7. Shin-bone from Lot 4, showing extra facet at the lower end in front.

LOT No. 5.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.--A few bones of a child of about 3 or 4 years old, consisting of fragments of skull and some teeth belonging to the first dentition. They were found in the small cist, and are much eroded with age. impossible to tell the sex.

It is

DETAILED DESCRIPTION.-The bones consist of: (1) sphenoid; (2) petroustemporal; (3) teeth.

(1) Sphenoid (body and left wing).-It shows non-union of the basal synchondrosis.

(2) Left petrous-temporal.-Partly eroded and semicircular canals exposed.

(3) Teeth.-Four molars, 2 incisors, and 1 canine. They are typical "milkteeth." Child of 3 or 4; sex indeterminable.

LOT No. 6.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.-Portions of skull and lower jaw of a fully adult male, probably between 50 and 60 years of age.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION. The bones include: (1) calvarium; (2) inferior maxilla; (3) superior maxilla; (4) fragments.

(1) Calvarium.-Is made up of frontal, parietals, and part of the occipital. The glabella, supraorbital ridges, and frontal sinuses are large. The saggital and other sutures are obliterated on the inside; hence age and sex.

Glabello-occipital length
Greatest breadth (parietal)

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Cephalic Index:

I.e. mesaticephalic, or, more strictly, subdolichocephalic.

(2) Inferior maxilla.-Well preserved, only the left articular condyle missing. The teeth are all present, but the right wisdom-tooth is not developed, or else it has been lost very early in life, which is extremely improbable. Careful dissection of the bone has failed to reveal any trace of it in an unerupted condition. Chin rounded but prominent. The angle is rounded and open.

Symphysial height
Coronoid height.
Condyloid height
Intergonial width
Gonio-symphysial length
Breadth asc. ramus (right)

(left)

93

Angle about

135 × 100

175

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175 mm.

135 99

=77·1.

27 mm.

53

64

93

87

34

29 140°

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(3) Superior maxilla.-Imperfect; several teeth missing, but the dentary arcade is handsome. No caries, but the teeth are worn.

(4) Fragments. Of temporals, base and vault of the skull, ribs, and vertebræ. ; between 50 and 60.

LOT No. 7.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION.-A skull, consisting mostly of the calvarium; but the roof of the orbits and the right temporal bone are preserved. that of an adult male, probably about 50.

The skull is

VOL. XL.

22

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