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to their width. And this feature I have endeavoured to portray in the accompanying illustration (fig. 24). Beginning at the north end of the Stone, there is one cup placed just where the outermost ring of that group touches the edge of the Stone. The ring has a groove leading towards but not into a central cup, and four other cups are placed on the two outermost rings, there being four rings in this group. The middle



3 Feet

Fig. 23. Cup- and Ring-marked Stone found in Bluebell Wood, Langside. group consists of a central cup and three rings, flanked on the west by a row of three cups (one of which is the largest of all), and on the east by a double row of six cups three of which are almost obliterated. This middle group is imperfectly concentric, two of its arcs running into the fourth ring of the group on the south, which has a fine deeply picked central cup. All the better-preserved rings are very nearly 1 inches in width of cutting.

The diameters of the outermost rings in each group are-of the north

group 1 foot 9 inches, of the middle group 1 foot 5 inches, and of the south group 1 foot 7 inches. The cups vary in diameter from 3 inches to 1.

Considering the extremely easily weathered nature of this Stone, and

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the fact that its sculptured surface has already suffered much ill-usage, its present position, near the entrance of the Art Galleries, entirely unprotected by a railing and exposed to all sorts of abuse by casual passers-by as well as the weather, is not a fit and proper place for a Stone of such interest.

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No. 5. Craigmaddie Muir, Strathblane.-On the day of my visit, in the company of Mr Callander and Mr Mann, to examine the great Stones called The Auld Wives' Lifts, we observed numerous flat surfaces of the sandstone cropping out among the heather. At a point some 300 yards nearly due south of The Auld Wives' Lifts, I found the group of six


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INCHES

Fig. 25. Cup-marked Stone at Arngask, near Glenfarg.

small but distinct cup-marks shown in fig. 25. We carefully measured them, and the drawing shows a disposition of cups in pairs equidistant, forming a group which is, I think, quite unlike any other hitherto noticed.1 The cups in each group are 13 inches apart, measured between their centres. Three of them, also, are 39 inches apart, measured in the same way. They are all 2 inches in diameter and not over inch in depth.

1 See Proceedings, vol. xxxvi. p. 218, for a group somewhat similar.

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No. 6. Arngask, Glenfarg, Perthshire. -The small Stone bearing the very clear and well-made cups shown in the next illustration (fig. 26) was brought to my notice by Dr Mungle of Kinross during the summer of 1905. How long before that it may have been known, I cannot state; but it was some time ago built into the east wall of the churchyard, not many feet to the south of the gate.

The Stone is an oblong block of blue whin, measuring 18 by 13 inches. It contains sixteen plain cups which vary in diameter from 3 inches to 1, and are all deep and neatly executed.

No. 7. Kirkmuir, Kirkdale, Stewartry of Kirkcudbright.—In a former paper I put on record, through the readily afforded help of Mr Adam Birrell of the Creetown Salmon Fishings, a fine group of cup- and ringmarks found on Cambret Moor, Kirkmabreck. In July 1903 a notice occurred in The Kirkcudbrightshire Advertiser, of which I give the following abridgment:

Another interesting group of cup- and ring-markings has been discovered on Kirkmuir, near Kirkdale. Mr Robert Wilson, Cairnholy, made the discovery this spring. They are situated in a field midway between Cairnholy 2 and Kirkdale old churchyard. The plough was the first to unearth them, as they were just six inches below the surface; and on further investigation were found to consist of fourteen finely cut cups round two of which are the usual ring-marks.

The writer then goes on to note the various localities in the Kirkmabreck district where cup-marked stones or rocks are to be seen. These are at Ringdow, near Mossyard, at Lagganmullen, at Cauldside (on Cairnharrow), at Cambret,3 on Glenquicken Muir, at Bardristane, and at Cardoness.

1 Proceedings, vol. xxxvii. p. 219, and xxxiii. p. 369.

2 Cairnholy and its adjacent lands are specially interesting. See Proceedings, vol. xxiii. p. 151, and The Reliquary, vol. iii., No. 14, p. 8.

3 This Cambret sculpturing, which consists of a fine group of seven concentric rings enclosing a central cup, may quite possibly be the stone described so long ago by Rev. Andrew Symson as the "stone that hath on it that draught commonly called the walls of Troy" (see Proceedings, xxxiii. p. 369).

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No. 8. Monreith, Mochrum, Wigtownshire.—In a recently published brochure 1 from the versatile pen of Mr Andrew Lang, there occurs the following brief notice :

"I have seen the archaic patterns of concentric circles and fish spines (or whatever we call the medial line with slanting side lines) neatly designed in white on the flagstones in front of cottage doors in Galloway. The cottagers dwelt near the rocks with similar patterns on the estate of Monreith."

Under the impression that the rocks at Monreith with concentric rings, etc., had never been recorded, I at once, on reading the above passage, wrote to Sir Herbert Maxwell. His reply was to the following effect :

"There are several (four)2 cup- and ring-marked rocks on this estate, most of which I caused the Ordnance surveyors to mark on their latest maps. One rock, a glaciated surface of Lower Silurian, within a mile of this house, bears a very extensive group. The road-surveyor began quarrying for road-metal there some years ago, and brought me word of the sculptures, which he found upon stripping the turf. I stopped the destruction, and had the rock scheduled as an ancient monument. The remainder of the turf has never been removed, so I do not know how far the carvings extend. There are three large monoliths in the next field, 9 and 10 feet high. The place is called Drumtrodden Druimtrodain, "The ridge of strife."

This discovery, and the prompt action taken by Sir Herbert Maxwell towards the preservation of the sculptured rock, occurred so long ago as 1883. Three years later an account of some of these sculptured surfaces appeared in The Galloway Gazette, accompanied by (so far as I recollect) only one illustration. This was described and reproduced in my last notice of Cup- and Ring-marks.


In another letter Sir Herbert Maxwell names four other farm-lands as having rock-sculptures. These are: Barwinnock, Balcraig, Knock, and Blairbuy. Of none of these have we as yet any record whatsoever.

2 Five, in reality, as will be seen later on.

1 The Clyde Mystery, p. 93.

3 Proceedings, vol. xxxvii. p. 222.


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