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A is that of the less tall of the two monoliths; it is altogether a smaller Stone than Stone B (see the views, figs. 4, 5).

Mineralogically, it is a somewhat uncommon stone, being of a dark greenish-grey schist, very smooth and weather-worn, and full of numerous little warty protuberances of a brownish-grey colour.1

The other and more massive Stone (B) is of whinstone, and is so set, with its longer axis east and west, as to be truly in the normal position of the East Pillar of a Circle from which the Recumbent Stone has been removed. The position of the schistose block (A) does not conform

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Fig. 3. Gavenie Braes; Remains of Circle; Ground-Plan.

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to this arrangement.

Therefore, of these two, I consider that it is Stone A that was moved from its original site, but I am unable to suggest where that may have been.

This schistose Stone (A) stands 4 feet 10 inches in height, girths at the base 4 feet 4 inches, and has a pointed top.

The other erect Stone (B), quite vertical, and with broad smooth sides, stands 6 feet 7 inches above ground, has a basal girth of 6 feet 9 inches and a pointed top.

The other three Stones shown in the plan, and in fig. 6, are all prostrate; that lying most to the east is a very coarse laminated whinstone thickly

1 On examining the specimens in the Banff Museum, I found pieces of the identical rock labelled as Knotted Schist; and there are also specimens from Portsoy and the vicinity of Gavenie Braes in the Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh.

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veined with quartz. Its extreme dimensions are: length, 5 feet 8 inches, breadth, 3 feet, and thickness, 2 feet 6 inches. The other Stones are also roughly quartz-veined blocks of whinstone about 3 feet in thickness. There is a distinct stony mound of roughly semicircular contour about this group, the result, no doubt, of many seasons' ploughing, after the removal of the rest of the Stones.

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Fig. 6. Gavenie Braes; View from the West.

In the three annexed views these Stones are shown from various points 1 (figs. 4, 5, 6).

Rev. Dr Garden, with regard to another site in this vicinity, writes 2 (in 1692): "I was likewise told by an ingenious gentleman, who lives at

1 During our drive to Gavenie Braes, we passed two sites named on the map as antiquities. One is Barbara's Hillock, a very steeply conical mound, due, I think, entirely to natural causes; the other, Carlin-Kist-Cairn, at Boghead, a long, low mound overgrown with broom and brambles. The tenant of the adjoining farm remembered seeing part of the Cairn and a big Standing Stone, but could not say when they were removed. The name Carlinkist is, by the writer in the New Statis tical Account of Alvah parish, applie to the Stone itself.

2 Archæologia, vol. i., p. 340.

place called Troup, in the shire of Banff, and parish of Gamrie, that not far from his house, there is a den called the Chapel Den, from one of those monuments [i.e. a Stone Circle] which is near by."


a recently published book1 I take the following paragraph : "Opposite the top of the Strait Path [in Banff] there was formerly visible a large grey-coloured Grey Stone, which was a popular place of resort, and which has given its name to the adjoining property. The stone is now buried below the surface of the street."

In another local publication 2 it is recorded that, "on the site of the now ruinous windmill overlooking Sandend Bay, stood, up till the year 1760, a Circle of Stones 14 feet high and 60 feet broad [circle-diameter]. A stone coffin and a deer's horn were found in it. Another Circle stood at a hundred paces."

We must therefore include in our enumeration five sites of Circles and Standing Stones not named on the Ordnance maps, and of which only

the above brief notes are known.

No. 4.

Boyndie Church.-The map-record here, at a height above sea-level of 183 feet, is of the site of a Stone Circle, close to the south wall of the churchyard. There is now no vestige of any such remains to

but the New Statistical Account records that "a huge red Stone Stand near the manse offices, where a stone coffin was found.” Rev. J. Ledingham, M.A., the present minister, writes, in reply to inquiries, from the Manse of Boyndie :

be seen; used to The

"Dear Sir,-I have seen the notice in the Statistical Account to which you refer. I have looked for the stone and coffin again and again,

but without success.

My impression is that the stone had been broken

up and used in building of new offices.

The district here is very rich

in Stone

Circles. A good one on the glebe was cleared off some thirty years ago, much to the disappointment of Sir A. Mitchell."

The New Statistical Account mentions a Standing Stone at Buchragie

in this


1 Illustrated Guide to Banff and Macduff, 1904.

2 The Banffshire Field Club Transactions.

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No. 5. St Brandan's Stanes.-The few stones now left of this Circle are at the southern extremity of a long strip of fir plantation running down from Bankhead Farm, at a point 2 miles south-west of the site at Boyndie Church and half a mile east of the burn of Boyndie. Tillynaught Station on the Great North of Scotland Railway is distant slightly over half a mile on the north-west.

The farm-land is called Templeton, and is so named, I was informed

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by the tenant, from these Standing Stones. The site is 300 feet above sea-level.

The ground-plan (fig. 7) shows the positions of the two great Pillars with an interspace sufficient for a Recumbent Stone fully 8 feet in length. Unfortunately, it is not possible to examine the whole bases of these Stones, on account of a huge and unsightly heap of field-wrack being piled up against them on the south. In front lie four large blocks, and close to the east face of the East Pillar is an almost square block, 3 feet in height, and apparently earth-fast, also quite vertical,

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