Echoes of Scripture in Luke-Acts: Telling the History of God's People Intertextually
Litwak challenges previous studies of the use of the Old Testament in Luke-Acts as inadequate. In contrast to previous studies that consider only quotations or obvious allusions, he examines intertextual echoes of the Old Testament at strategic points in Luke-Acts, as well as quotations and allusions and echoed traditions. Thus, this study's database is larger.
Previous studies generally argue that Luke's use of the Scriptures is in the service of christology. This leads to the exclusion of scriptural citations, such as those of the temptation (Luke 4.1-13) which have different emphases. Litwak views ecclesiology as the overall purpose behind Luke's use of the Old Testament, but he does not skip or avoid intertextual references that may lie outside an ecclesiological function. Whilst other studies contend that Luke uses the Old Testament according to a promise-fulfillment/proof-
Other studies often subsume all of Luke's use of the Scriptures of Israel under one theme, such as the 'New Exodus', but this study does not require that every intertextual echo maps to a specific theme. Rather, the many intertextual references in strategic texts at the beginning, middle and end of Luke-Acts, and Luke's use of the texts, are allowed to dictate the 'themes' to which they relate.
Abraham Acts allusions annunciation applied approach argues asserts audience beginning biblical birth Bock chapter Christian citation cited connection context continuity David death described disciples discussion divine elements Elijah Evans evidence examine example expect experience followers framing in discourse fulfillment function give given God's Gospel Green hermeneutical identify important includes interpretation intertextual echoes Isaiah Jesus Joel John Kgdms language literary Lord Luke Luke-Acts Luke's audience Luke's narrative Mary meaning Messiah Moses narrator notes Old Testament parallel past pattern Paul Paul's Pentecost person Peter present Press promise promise-fulfillment prophecy prophets provides Psalm quotations readers reading references rejection role salvation says scholars Scrip Scriptures of Israel seen sense significance similar simply speak specific speech Spirit story suffering suggests tells term things tion tradition true understanding unity University validate καὶ