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This is a reprint of an extremely rare pamphlet. The first edition was published in 1735.
It is a pleasing and simple narrative of the condition of the settlement, and is full of romantic incidents, and personal adventures, through the three lower colonies of the American continent.
At the end, is an account of the Indians in Georgia, written by Ogle. thorpe, forming part of a letter written by him from Savannah, 9th June, 1733, to a distinguished gentleman in London. It was first published in the “ Weekly Miscellany” for August 11, 1733, and was introduced into the Gentleman's Magazine for the same month, by the following preface. “ The writer of a letter in this paper (the Weekly Miscellany), highly applauds the undertaking of establishing a colony in Georgia, bestows large encomiums on the founders of it; and adds, that a subscription is now opened by the trustees, for the religious uses of the colony. A church is to be built and endowed at Savannah, and a clergyman, well recommend. ed, is sent over on the foot of an annual salary, to reside as the first min. ister of it there. These early expressions of zeal in the trustees, give us just ground to hope that a better face of religion will be preserved in Geor. gia, than appears in many of our American settlements; and that many obstacles which have hitherto defeated all attempts to gain the Indians may be gradually removed ; and as a confirmation of his hopes the writer gives the following part of a letter from James Oglethorpe, Esq.”
It is rather doubtful to whom belongs the authorship of the poem to Oglethorpe, which concludes the pamphlet. A piece written on the same occasion, and addressed to the same person, was published as original in the Gentleman's Magazine, for September, 1734. The similarity of ideas, and identity of lines prove that one is borrowed from the other ; and as the poem in the Gentleman's Magazine is not only superior to the other, but apparently preceded it by nearly a year, there appears just ground for the opinion, that the lines in the pamphlet are plagiarised from those in the Magazine. As literary tribụtes to the benevolence of Ogle. thorpe, we publish both.
NEW VOYAGE TO GEORGIA.
I ARRIVED safe at Charleston, in South Carolina, after a long and tedious passage of three months from London, on the 10th day of December, 1733, where I was handsomely received the night of my arrival by his Excellency, Robert Johnson, Esq., captain general, governor and commander in chief in and over his majesty's province of South Carolina.
Charleston is very pleasantly situated on a point or neck of land, about five miles long, between two rivers, the one called Cooper river to the northward, and the other Ashly river to the southward, so that there is but one way out of the town by land. I stayed there till the 10th of January, 1734, when I set out with an intent to see the town Savannah, in the colony of Georgia, as likewise the new township of Purysburg, in the province of South Carolina, accompanied by several other gentlemen, in a schooner, belonging to captain Colcock of Charleston. On the fourth morning, we came within sight of the island of Tybee, wbich is a point of land to the southward of the bar of Savannah; we saw the pilotboat coming to fetch us in, but the wind being very fair at E. by N. and E.N.E., and having at least three fathom at low water, we ventured in without him : when we were over the bar, we got the captain to order his boat to be hoisted out, that we might take a view of the island of Tybee, where we landed about ten the next morning. Tybee is a very pleasant island, and has a beautiful creek to
the westward of it, so that a ship of any burthen may lie safe at anchor; we saw there a sloop for Barbadoes, which was forced in by the badness of the weather. We stayed on the island till about four in the afternoon, where we saw great plenty of deer, but not being acquainted with the nature of the woods, could not shoot any of them. Having got the pilot on board, we went up to Savannah river, and about eight at night reached the town of Savannah, which is about ten miles from the bar, where we were very handsomely received by the honorable James Oglethorpe, Esq., one of the trustees for establishing that new colony, who is a worthy gentleman, and one that has undergone a great many hardships in setting of it, and one that the English nation will always be bound to pray for; it is to be wished, all other gentlemen, especially those that have it in their power, would have the good of their country, and of all his majesty's subjects as much at heart, as this honorable gentleman. Savannah is a very pleasant town, being situated on a beautiful bluff, at least sixty feet high, on the said river; it is a fine navigable river, so that ships of any burden may come up to the town, and a great many miles above; the town is very regularly laid out, and they have now at least forty houses in it; they are at present obliged to have all their things up by a crane from the water, but I understand Mr. Oglethorpe has laid some scheme for another contrivance; the houses are all of them of the same size, that is twenty-two by sixteen. There are still to be seen the four beautiful pines Mr. Oglethorpe first encamped under, with the first forty that went over with him, and where he lay himself for near a twelvemonth, till in short it was nothing but rags, though even now he lays in a house without a chimney in it, and indeed much harder than any of the people that are settled there. In the middle of the town they have reserved a spot of land, which they intend to build a church on, as soon as possible, though they have a place, at present, set apart for public worship on Sunday, where the children are educated all the rest of the week; they have likewise a very beautiful public store, full of necessaries, as tools, &c. for the poor people that come over there, as likewise provisions, which are delivered out to them very regularly; they have likewise conveniences for all those that come over there, till they have built them a house. The honorable trustees have a beautiful garden there, consisting
of ten acres, where are a great many white mulberry trees, vines, and orange trees raised, on purpose for the poor people; their lots in town consist of one quarter of an acre, but they have other lots a small distance out of town, consisting of five acres, which is designed for plantations. I do not in the least question, but by the great assistance they have had from England, which has been laid out to the best advantage, and the good economy of the honorable trustees, it will, in a few years time, become a flourishing country. The chief manufacture they go upon is silk and wine, and it will not be long before they will bring both to perfection. I think it is the pleasantest climate in the world; for it is neither too warm in the summer, nor too cold in the winter. They have certainly the finest water in the world, and the land is extraordinary good ; this may certainly be called the land of Canaan. There is, at present, a small Indian town, within half a mile of Savannah, where there are sometimes a great many of the Creek nation, but as the inhabitants of Savannah increase, they will be obliged to remove some small distance farther, on some land they have reserved for their own use. I stayed there five days, in which time I took a particular view of every thing worthy of notice. They have a large guard-house, where are several guns mounted, and they keep watch night and day; they have likewise begun building a large light house, that is to be upwards of fourscore feet high, and is to be set upon the point of Tybee island for directions for shipping; on the sixth morning I set out from thence, accompanied by two other gentlemen in a canoe with four oars, up the said river, and in the afternoon reached Purysburg, which is about twenty-four miles from Savan
nah. On the other side of the river Purysburg is a very i pleasant place, being situate on the north side of Savannah
river, on a very pleasant bluff, about twenty feet high. The land thereabouts is, generally speaking, very good, but the poor people have been unjustly cheated of the best part of it; I mean that part lying between them and Savannah. It is judged not to be above fourteen miles on a direct line from thence, and it is supposed will not be long ere they have a road cut: it is judged to be upwards of two hundred miles at present by land from Charleston, and not above one hundred and sixty by water; but when the roads are made passable, which they propose this next spring, it will then
not exceed an hundred and twenty at most; they have already built, at their own expense, a very pretty fort, and can mount on occasion twenty-four guns. The town is at least one mile and a quarter long, but they have at present only barracks to lie in ; but the people seem to be very industrious, and had they but some small supply from England, it would shortly become a flourishing place. On the 23d of January, I left Purysburg, and reached Savannah by dinner time, where I was again well received by Mr. Oglethorpe, who was pleased to keep open house for all gentlemen comers and goers, so long as the people had the happiness of his company there. On the 24th I set out in a periauger from thence to Charleston, and the wind blowing very hard when we came to the Daufisky Sounds, which is the mouth of the Savannah river, we were obliged to put into Tybee Creek, where we lay as safe as in a millpond all that night, and the next morning crossed the Sounds, and having a fair wind at south by west, and going within land, we reached Port Royal that night, which is about forty miles from Savannah; but the wind still continuing fair, and the tide serving, we had not an opportunity to see that place : the next night we reached Morton town or Bear bluff, which is a pretty pleasant place, but not very thick of inhabitants, passing by great bodies of good land on both sides of us, and several beautiful plantations. On the 27th we reached Charleston, which is about one hundred and forty miles from Savannah, meeting with nothing material on our passage. '
I stayed in Charleston till the 1st of February, when I set out with an intent to see the northern part of South Carolina by land, accompanied by two other gentlemen, one servant and a sumpter horse: I gave thirty-five pounds for my horse in Charleston, or five pounds sterling. We rode the first night to a large tavern at Goose creek, kept by one Keatingal, twenty-four miles from the town aforesaid, passing by several beautiful plantations on each side of the road, and mostly brick houses; about eight the next morning we set out from thence, and about nine crossed ChildsberryFerry, alias the Strawberry or Cooper river; it is an exceeding pleasant place, being situate on the north side of the river, on a fine bluff, so that ships of any burthen may come close up to the town: the men-of-war frequently come up