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they shall cleating their land, grant there, baix
And the land is so granted upon the following conditions and covenants.
That such persons do pay the rent reserved as the same shall become due, and no part to be unpaid for six months after due.
That they within a month of the grant shall register the same, or a memorial thereof with the auditor of the plantations.
That they within twelve months from the grant, shall go to and arrive in Georgia, with ten able bodied men servants, being each of the age of twenty years and upwards.
That they shall abide in Georgia with such men servants three years from the registering the grant there, building their houses and cultivating their lands.
That they shall clear and cultivate within ten years from the grant, two hundred acres of land, part of the said five hundred acres, and plant two thousand white mulberry trees or plants thereupon, and on every hundred of the other three hundred acres, one thousand white mulberry trees or plants when cleared, and preserve the same quantity from time to time thereupon, the trustees obliging themselves to furnish the plants.
That they do not alienate the said five hundred acres of land or any part thereof, for any term of years, or any estate or interest in the same, to any person or persons, without special leave.
That they do not make potash in partnership without leave, but may make it, themselves not in partnership.
On the determination of the estate in tail male, the land to revert to the trust.
That they shall not depart the said province without license.
All forfeitures for non-residence, high treason, felonies, &c., are to the trustees for the use and benefit of the colony.
If any part of the said five hundred acres of land shall not be cultivated, planted, cleared and fenced round about with worm fence or pales six feet high, within eighteen years from the grant, all and every such part shall revert to the trust, and the grant as to such part be void.
And the common council of the trust at the expirations of the terms such men servants shall be severally bound for, (being none less than four years) when requested by the grantee, will grant to each of such men servants twenty acres of land in tail male, under such rents, conditions, limitations and agreements, as shall have been then last granted to any others men servants in like circumstance.
When the land reverts to the trust on the determination of the estate in tail male, it is to be granted again to such person as the common council of the trust shall think most for the advantage of the colony, and the trust will have a special regard to the daughters of such who have made improvements on their lots, not already provided for by having married or marrying persons in possession or entitled to lands in the province of Georgia, in possession or remainder.
And the wives of such persons, in case they should survive their husbands, are, during their lives, entitled to the mansion house and one half of the lands improved by their husbands, that is to say, inclosed with a fence six feet high. .
Negroes and rum are prohibited to be used in the said province, and trade with the Indians unless licensed.
No. 4. To the King's most excellent Majesty. The humble Memorial and Representation of the state and
condition of your Majesty's province of South Carolina, from the General Assembly of the said province.
Your majesty's most dutiful subjects of this province, having often felt with hearts full of gratitude, the many signal instances of your most sacred majesty's peculiar favor and protection, to those distant parts of your dominions, and especially those late proofs of your majesty's most gracious and benign care, so wisely calculated for the preservation of this your majesty's frontier province on the continent of America, by your royal charter to the trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia, and your great goodness so timely applied, for the promoting the settlement of the Swiss at Purrysburg; encouraged by such views of your majesty's wise and paternal care, extended to your remotest subjects, and excited by the duty we owe to your most sacred majesty, to be always watchful for the support and security of
your majesty's interest, especially at this very critical conjuncture, when the flame of a war breaking out in Europe, may very speedily be lighted here in this your majesty's frontier province, which, in situation, is known to be of the utmost importance to the general trade and traffic in America. We therefore, your majesty's most faithful governor, council and commons, convened in your majesty's province of South Carolina, crave leave with great humility to represent to your majesty the present state and condition of this your province, and how greatly it stands in need of your majesty's gracious and timely succor in case of a war, to assist our defence against the French and Spaniards, or any other enemies to your majesty's dominions, as well as against the many nations of savages which so nearly threaten the safety of your majesty's subjects.
The province of South Carolina, and the new colony of Georgia are the southern frontiers of all your majesty's dominions on the continent of America, to the south and southwest of which is situated the strong castle of St. Augustine, garrisoned by four hundred Spaniards, who have several nations of Indians under their subjection, besides several other small settlements and garrisons, some of which are not eighty miles distant from the colony of Georgia. To the south-west and west of us the French have erected a considerable town near Fort Thoulouse on the Mobile river, and several other forts and garrisons, some not above three hundred miles distant from our settlements : and at New Orleans, on the Mississippi river, since her late Majesty Queen Anne's war they have exceedingly increased their strength and traffic, and have now many forts and garrisons on both sides of that great river for several hundred miles up the same; and since his most Christian Majesty has taken out of the Mississippi Company, the government of that country into his own hands, the French natives in Canada come daily down in shoals to settle all along that river, where many regular forces have of late been sent over by the king to strengthen the garrisons in those places, and according to our best and latest advices, they have five hundred men in pay, constantly employed as Wood-Rangers, to keep their neighboring Indians in subjection, and to prevent the distant ones from disturbing the settlements; which management of the French has so well succeeded, that we are now very well
assured they have wholly now in their possession and under their influence, the several numerous nations of Indians that are situate near the Mississippi river, one of which, called the Choctaws, by estimation consists of about five thousand fighting men, and who were always deemed a very warlike nation, lies on this side the river not above four hundred miles distant from our out-settlements, among whom, as well as several other nations of Indians, many French Europeans have been sent to settle, whom the priests and missionaries among them encourage to take Indian wives, and use divers other alluring methods to attach the Indians the better to the French alliance, by which means the French are become thoroughly acquainted with the Indian way, warring and living in the woods, and have now a great number of white men among them, able to perform a long march with an army of Indians upon any expedition.
We further beg leave to inform your majesty, that if the measures of France should provoke your majesty to a state of hostility against it in Europe, we have great reason to expect an invasion will be here made upon your majesty's subjects by the French and Indians from the Mississippi settlements. They have already paved a way for a design of that nature, by erecting a fort called the Albama Fort, alias Fort Lewis, in the middle of the upper Creek Indians, upon a navigable river leading to Mobile, which they have kept well garrisoned and mounted with fourteen pieces of cannon, and have lately been prevented from erecting a second nearer to us on that quarter. The Creeks are a nation very bold, active and daring, consisting of about thirteen hundred fighting men (and not above one hundred and fifty miles distant from the Choctaws) whom, though we heretofore have traded with, claimed and held in our alliance, yet the French on account of that fort and a superior ability to make them liberal presents, have been for some time striving to draw them over to their interest, and have succeeded with some of the towns of the Creeks; which, if they can be secured in your majesty's interest, are the only nation which your majesty's subjects here can depend upon as the best barrier against any attempts either of the French or their confederate Indians.
We most humbly pray leave farther to inform your majesty, that the French at Mobile perceiving that they could not gain the Indians to their interest, without buying their
deer-skins, (which is the only commodity the Indians have to purchase necessaries with) and the French not being able to dispose of those skins by reason of their having no vend for them in old France, they have found means to encourage vessels from hence, New-York, and other places (which are not prohibited by the acts of trade) to truck those skins with them for Indian trading goods, especially the British woollen manufactures, which the French dispose of to the Creeks and Choctaws, and other Indians, by which means the Indians are much more alienated from our interest, and on every occasion object to us that the French can supply them with strouds and blankets as well as the English, which would have the contrary effect if they were wholly supplied with those commodities by your Majesty's subjects trading with them. If a stop were therefore put to that pernicious trade with the French, the Creek Indians' chief dependence would be on this government, and that of Georgia, to supply them with goods; by which means great part of the Choctaws, living next the Creeks, would see the advantage the Creek Indians enjoyed by having British woollen manufactures wholly from your Majesty's subjects, and thereby be invited in a short time to enter into a treaty of commerce with us, which they have lately made some offers for, and which, if effected, will soon lessen the interest of the French with those Indians, and by degrees attach them to that of your majesty.
The only expedient we can propose to recover and confirm that nation to your majesty's interest, is by speedily making them presents to withdraw them from the French alliance, and by building some forts among them your majesty may be put in such a situation, that on the first notice of hostilities with the French, your majesty may be able at once to reduce the Albama fort, and we may then stand against the French and their Indians, which, if not timely prepared for before a war breaks out, we have too much reason to fear we may be soon overrun by the united strength of the French, the Creeks and Choctaws, with many other nations of their Indians allies: for, should the Creeks become wholly enemies, who are well acquainted with all our settlements, we probably should also be soon deserted by the Cherokees, and a few others, small tribes of Indians, who, for the sake of our booty, would readily join to make us a