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in danger of being called to account as stirrers up of discontent, and as incendiaries against the peace of the government; persons who had shared deeply in his Excellency's favors, and therefore guilty of the most monstrous sin in nature, viz. ingratitude; for si ingratum dixeris, omnia. In short, they are persons to whom do most justly belong the character given by the Right Honorable Sir William Young, in a debate concerning the printer of a seditious paper, " that they are men whose daily employment has been, for some time, to misrepresent the public measures, to disperse scandal, and excite rebellion ; who have industriously propagated every murmur of discontent, and preserved every whisper of malevolence from perishing in the birth.”—Gent. Mag. Supplement to 1741, p. 682. B.
These are the mighty authors and publishers of the scurrilous narrative! the design of which seems to be pointed chiefly towards obstructing the peopling, and further settling the colony of Georgia, and sullying the character and administration of a gentleman, who may (without flattery or falsehood) be justly termed the Romulus, father, and founder of Georgia; a gentleman who, without any views but that of enlarging his Majesty's dominions, propagating the Protestant religion, promoting the trade of his country, and providing for the wants and necessities of indigent christians, has voluntarily banished himself from the pleasures of a court and exposed himself to the repeated dangers of the vast Atlantic Ocean, in several perilous and tedious voyages; instead of allowing himself the satisfaction, which a plentiful fortune, powerful friends and great merit, entitle him to in England, he has inured himself to the greatest hardships that any the meanest inhabitant of this new colony could be exposed to; his diet has been mouldy bread, or boiled rice instead of bread, salt beef, pork, &c., his drink has been water, his bed the damp earth, without any other covering than the canopy of heaven to shelter him; and all this to set an example to this new colony, how they might bear with such hardships in their new settlements.
His conduct in war falls nothing short of his prudence in private life, and policy in public stations, however the same might have been misrepresented to the world with respect to the miscarriage before St. Augustine, the true causes of which are justly to be laid at the door of two sorts of men, con
cerned in that expedition ; first those under a command different from the General, upon whose assistance the success of that expedition chiefly depended, but who entirely left him when their assistance was most wanted. The second sort were those out-guards, who were to give the alarm to the main guard when the Spaniards advanced; but, who, instead of firing their pieces and giving the alarm, flung down their arms and ran away; by which means the slaughter of the men at Musa happened; and yet, ill-nature will lay the blame of all to his Excellency, when indeed the miscarriage was occasioned by either neglect of, or disobedience to, the military orders that his Excellency bad given; or by not being supported by those under a different command, on whom he chiefly depended for success of that attack; but (to his Excellency's great surprise) instead of sending their boats and men ashore, according to a result of a council of war, held on board one of his Majesty's ships, to assist in order to destroy the six galleys wherein the Spaniards' greatest safeguard lay, and which continually fired from under the walls over the river on the land forces, hoisted their sails and went away, without giving the least notice of their departure, by which means the garrison was relieved with provisions through the Metanges, a small inlet about four leagues to the southward of the bar, which might have been prevented, had those of a different command done their duty. Thus I leave any impartial man to judge the consequence of their departure at so critical a juncture, and the fatal event it produced to his Majesty's land forces. However, his Excellency's conduct has been approved of at home, and will soon appear in such a light that his enemies will be ashamed of their impudent lies, and perhaps pay for their own folly ; and how far the ill-nature and impotent malice of the authors of the narrative, have carried them beyond the bounds of truth or good manners, will appear in the following sheets, which give a true and authentic account of the progress of that colony, from its first establishment to the year 1741, which being published by the order of the Honorable the Trustees, and printed in London, Anno 1741, is now reprinted here, with no other view than to obviate the prejudices which may be raised in the minds of people by that scandalous narrative, and so may be a means of delivering that new settlement from the ill effect of such misrepresentations as are handed about by that libel, to deter his Majesty's subjects from settling in that frontier colony, so necessary for advancing and protecting the trade of this and our mother country, on the southernmost part of North America, and extending our colonies both on the Gulf of Florida and the Bay of Mexico.
SHOWING THE PROGRESS OF THE
COLONY OF GEORGIA,
FROM ITS FIRST ESTABLISHMENT.
His majesty, King George the Second, by his letters patent, bearing date the 9th day of June, one thousand seven hundred and thirty-two, reciting amongst many other things, that many of his poor subjects were through misfortunes and want of employment reduced to great necessities, and would be glad to be settled in any of his majesty's provinces of America, where by cultivating the lands waste and desolate, they might not only gain a comfortable subsistence, but also strengthen his majesty's colonies, and increase the trade, navigation and wealth of his majesty's realms, and that the provinces in North America had been frequently ravaged by Indian enemies, more especially that of South Carolina, whose southern frontier continued unsettled and lay open to the neighboring savages, and that to relieve the wants of the said poor people, and to protect his majesty's subjects in South Carolina, a regular colony of the said poor people should be settled and established in the southern frontiers of Carolina, did, for the considerations aforesaid, constitute a corporation by the name of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, in America, with capacity to purchase and take lands, to sue, and to be sued, to have a common seal, and to choose members of the said corporation on the third Thursday in March, yearly, with restraining clauses, that no member of the said corporation should have any salary, fee, perquisite, benefit or profit whatsoever for acting therein, or have any office, place, or employment of profit under the said corporation, with a direction for the said corporation every year to lay an account in writing before the Lord Chancellor, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Master of the Rolls, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and Chief Baron of the Exchequer, or any two of them, of all moneys or effects by them received or expended for carrying on the good purposes aforesaid, with a power to make by-laws, constitutions, orders and ordinances; and granted amongst other things to the said corporation and their successors under the reservations therein mentioned, seven undivided parts (the whole into eight equal parts to be divided) of all those lands, countries and territories, situate, lying and being in that part of South Carolina, in America, which lies from the most northern stream of a river there commonly called the Savannah, all along the sea coast to the southward, unto the most southern stream of a certain other great water or river, called the Alatamaha, and westward from the heads of the said rivers respectively in direct lines to the South Seas, to hare and to hold the same, to them the said corporation and their successors forever, for the better support of the said colony under the yearly rent of four shillings proclamation money of South Carolina, for every hundred acres of the said lands for ever, which the said corporation should grant, demise, plant or settle, but not to commence until ten years after such grant, demise, planting or settling; and erected and created the said lands, countries, and territories into one independent and separate province by the name of Georgia, and made the inhabitants who should reside therein, free and not subject to any laws, orders, statutes, or constitutions of South Carolina, except the commander-in-chief of the militia, and authorized the said corporation for the term of twenty-one years from the date of the said letters patent to form and prepare laws, statutes and ordinances for the government of the said colony, not repugnant to the laws and statutes of England, to be presented under their common seal, to his majesty in council, for his approbation or disallowance, and that the said laws so approved of should be in full force and virtue within the said province. And empowered the common council for the time being of the said cor