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ment; and this being a truth resulting from trial, practice and experience, cannot be contradicted by any theoretical scheme or reasoning. The land, then, according to the present constitution, not being capable to maintain the settlers here, they must unavoidably have recourse to and depend upon trade. But to our woful experience likewise, the same causes that prevented the first, obstruct the latter; for though the situation of this place is exceeding well adapted for trade, and if it was encouraged, might be much more improved by the inhabitants, yet the difficulties and restrictions which we hitherto have and at present do labor under, debar us of that advantage. Timber is the only thing we have here which we might export, and notwithstanding we are obliged to fall it in planting our land, yet we cannot manufacture it for a foreign market but at double the expense of other colonies; as for instance, the river of May, which is but twenty miles from us, with the allowance of negroes, load vessels with that commodity at one half of the price that we can do; and what should induce persons to bring ships here, when they can be loaded with one half of the expense so near us; therefore the timber on the land is only a continual charge to the possessors of it, though of very great advantage in all the northern colonies, where negroes are allowed, and consequently, labor cheap. We do not in the least doubt but that in time, silk and wine may be produced here, especially the former; but since the cultivation of land with white servants only, cannot raise provisions for our families as before mentioned, therefore it is likewise impossible to carry on these manufactures according to the present constitution. It is very well known, that Carolina can raise every thing that this colony can, and they having their labor so much cheaper will always ruin our market, unless we are in some measure on a footing with them; and as in both, the land is worn out in four or five years, and then fit for nothing but pasture; we must be always at a great deal more expense than they in clearing new land for planting. The importation of the necessaries of life come to us at the most extravagant rate; merchants in general, especially of England, not being willing to supply the settlers here with goods upon commission, because no person here can make them any security of their lands or improvements, as is very often practised in other places to promote trade, when some of the employer's money
is laid out in necessary buildings and improvements fitting for the trade intended, without which it cannot be carried on. The benefit of importation, therefore, is all to transient persons, who do not lay out any money amongst us, but on the contrary, carry every penny out of the place; and the chief reason for their enhancing the price, is because they cannot get any goods here, either on freight or purchase, for another market. If the advantage accruing from importation centered in the inhabitants, the profit thereof would naturally circulate amongst us, and be laid out in improvements in the colony. Your honors, we imagine, are not insensible of the numbers that have left this province, not being able to support themselves and families any longer; and those still remaining, who had money of their own and credit with their friends, have laid out most of the former in improvements, and lost the latter for doing it on such precarious titles. And upon account of the present establishment, not above two or three persons, except those brought on charity and servants sent by you, have come here for the space of two years past, either to settle land or encourage trade, neither do we hear
of any such likely to come until we are on better terms. It . Is true, bis Majesty has been graciously pleased to grant a regiment for the defence of this province and our neighboring colony, which, indeed, will very much assist us in defending ourselves against all enemies; but otherwise does not in the least contribute to our support; for all that part of their pay which is expended here, is laid out with transient people, and our neighbors in Carolina, who are capable to supply them with provisions and other necessaries at a moderate price, which we, as before observed, are not at all capable to do upon the present establishment. This, then, being our present condition, it is obvious what the consequences must
“But we for our parts have entirely relied on and confided in your good intentions, believing you would redress any grievances that should appear; and now, by our long experience, from industry and continual application to improvement of land here, do find it impossible to pursue it, or even 10 subsist ourselves any longer, according to the present nature of the constitution; and likewise believing you will agree to those measures that are found from experience capable to make this colony succeed, and to promote which
we have consumed our money, time and labor; we do, from a sincere regard to its welfare, and in duty both to you and ourselves, beg leave to lay before your immediate consideration, the two following chief causes of these our present misfortunes, and this deplorable state of the colony, and which, we are certain, if granted, would be an infallible remedy for both.
“1st. The want of a free title or fee-simple to our lands; which if granted, would both induce great numbers of new settlers to come amongst us, and likewise encourage those who remain here, cheerfully to proceed in making further improvements, as well to retrieve their sunk fortunes as to make provisions for their posterity.
“2d. The want of the use of negroes, with proper limitations; which if granted, would both occasion great numbers of white people to come here, and also render us capable to subsist ourselves, by raising provisions upon our lands, until we could make some produce fit for export, in some measure to balance our importation. We are very sensible of the inconveniences and mischiefs that have already, and do daily arise from an unlimited use of negroes; but we are as sensible, that these may be prevented by a due limitation, such as so many to each white man, or so many to such a quantity of land, or in any other manner which your Honors shall think most proper.
“By granting us, gentlemen, these two particulars, and such other privileges as his Majesty's most dutiful subjects in America enjoy, you will not only prevent our impending ruin, but, we are fully satisfied, also will soon make this the most flourishing colony possessed by his Majesty in America, and your memories will be perpetuated to all future ages, our latest posterity sounding your praises, as their first founders, patrons and guardians; but if, by denying us these privileges, we ourselves and families are not only ruined, but even our posterity likewise, you will always be mentioned as the cause and authors of all their misfortunes and calamities; which we hope will never happen. We are,
with all due respect,
and obedient servants. “Savannah, 9th December, 1738.
Thomas Trip, Samuel Holms, James Muer, William Parker, John Grhame, James Papot, John Smith, William Calvert, Stephen Marrauld, Richard Mellechamp, Isaac Young, sen. James Dormer, William Carter, Henry Moulton, Jacob Watts, Henry Manley, Samuel Parker, Stephen Mounfoord, David Gender, James Chainsae, James Landry, Lewis Stamon, William Starflichet, Simon Rieuwere, John Young, Samuel Lacy, Peter Baillow, Peter Emry, William Elbert, James Houston, Isaac Young, Robert Hanks, Archibald Glen, Thomas Neal, Stephen Tarrien, James Smith, Samuel Ward, Pierre Morelle, John Desborough, jun. Edward Bush, Benjamin Adams, Charles Britain, John Rae, William Coltbred, Thomas Wattle, Thomas Bailie, James Corneck, James Burnside, John Teasdale, Giles Becou, Francis Brooks, John Clark,
In all 117.
This representation was signed with the greatest willing. ness by the above one hundred aud seventeen freeholders in the county of Savannah, and only a very few of the General's favorites declined to subscribe the same, so strong appeared to all of them the truths therein contained, and the absolute necessity of such an application. The Jews applied for liberty to sign with us; but we did not think it proper to join them in any of our measures. We likewise did not allow widows and orphans to subscribe ; because, as the representation contained the absolute necessities of the colony, it might be objected to us, that they were no proper judges. As for the people of Ebenezer, the subscribers did particularly appoint some of their number to wait upon Mr. Boltzius, their pastor, and to show him the representation, which was done; and Mr. Boltzius declared, that the Saltzburghers were equally dissatisfied with their rights and restrictions as the other freeholders, and he doubted not their willingness to join in petitioning for redress, engaging to consult them, and to bring their answer, which he never did; and being thereafter questioned thereupon by Mr. Anderson, (one of the persons commissioned to commune with him as is above related,) in the presence of several gentlemen, he, the said Boltzius, after some frivolous excuses, confessed, that the honorable Mr. Oglethorpe had both given them satisfaction, and engaged him to write home to Germany for a further supply of his countrymen.
This gentleman (we observe it with regret,) has been made the instrument of imposing upon many British subjects, by publishing journals and letters (to which we refer,) most inconsistent with truth.
Neither did we admit of servants to sign the same, lest it should be objected, that they were under the influence of their masters. By this our conduct it will appear to every