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passage; for they may be carried gratis into a land of liberty

and plenty, where they immediately find themselves in the - possession of a competent estate, in a happier climate than

they knew before, and they are unfortunate indeed if here they cannot forget their sorrows." Nay, as if such assertions as these were not powerful enough to influence poor people, calculations are subjoined, to demonstrate, that a family consisting of one poor man, his wife, and child of seven years old, may in Georgia earn sixty pounds sterling per annum, and this abstracted from silk, wine, &c. Page 41: “Now this very family in Georgia, by raising rice and corn sufficient for its occasions, and by attending the care of their cattle and land (which almost every one is able to do in some tolerable degree for himself) will easily produce in gross value the sum of sixty pounds sterling per annum; nor is this to be wondered at, because of the valuable assistance it has from a fertile soil and a stock given gratis, which must always be remembered in this calculation,

The calculation of one hundred such families when formally extended, stands thus, – Page 43.

I. $. d. In London one hundred poor men earn,

{ . . . . 500 00 0 One hundred women and

one hundred children, } · · · 500 00 0

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But we must conclude this head, lest we tire the reader. We shall now beg leave to quote a few poetical accounts of this paradise of the world, and of the fatherly care and pro

tection"we might depend on from Mr. Oglethorpe. An hundred hackney Muses might be instanced; but we shall confine ourselves to the celebrated performance of the Rev. Samuel Wesly, where we might well expect a sufficient stock of truth and religion, to counterbalance a poetical license. Vide a poem entitled Georgia, and verses upon Mr. Oglethorpe's second voyage to Georgia. Printed London, 1736.

“ See where beyond the spacious ocean lies
A wide waste land beneath the Southern skies;
Where kindly suns for ages rolled in vain,
Nor e'er the vintage saw, or rip'ning grain;
Where all things into wild luxuriance ran,
And burthened Nature asked the aid of man.
In this sweet climate and prolific soil,
He bids the eager swain indulge his toil;
In free possession to the planter's hand,
Consigns the rich uncultivated land.
Go you, the Monarch cries, go settle there,
Whom Britain from her plenitude can spare ;
Go, your old wonted industry pursue;
Nor envy Spain the treasures of Peru.

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He comes, whose life, while absent from your view,
Was one continued ministry for you;
For you were laid out all his pains and art,
Won ev'ry will and softened every heart.
With what paternal joy shall he relate
How views its mother isle your little State ;
Think while he strove your distant coast to gain,
How oft he sigh’d and chid the tedious main!
Impatient to survey, by culture graced,
Your dreary wood-land and your rugged waste.
Fair were the scenes he feigned, the prospects fair;
And sure, ye Georgians, all he feigned was there.
A thousand pleasures crowd into his breast;
But one, one mighty thought absorbs the rest,
And gives me Heaven to see, the patriot cries,
Another Britain in the desert rise.


With nobler products see thy Georgia teems,
Cheered with the genial sun's directer beams;
There the wild vine to culture learns to yield,
And purple clusters ripen through the field.
Now bid thy merchants bring thy wine no more,
Or from th' Iberian or the Tuscan shore :
No more they need th' Hungarian vineyards drain,
And France herself may drink her best Champaigne
Behold! at last, and in a subject land,
Nectar sufficient for thy large demand;

Delicious nectar, powerful to improve
Our hospitable mirth and social love :
This for thy jovial sons. - Nor less the care
Of thy young province, to oblige the Fair ;
Here tend the silk worm in the verdant shade,
The frugal matron and the blooming maid.”

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From the whole, we doubt not the reader will look upon us as sufficiently punished for our credulity. And indeed, who would not have been catched with such promises, such prospects? What might not the poor man flatter himself with, from such an alteration in his situation ? And how much more might a gentleman expect from a plentiful stock of his own, and numbers of servants to set up with ? Could a person with the least faith, have questioned the committing his interests to such guardians, and such a tender father as Mr. Oglethorpe was believed to be? Whether he has acted that generous, that humane, that fatherly part, the following narrative must determine.

As for those poetical licenses touching the wine and silk, we do not transcribe them as a reflection upon the author, but as a satire upon the mismanagement of those manufactures, since no measures were taken that seemed really intended for their advancement.

We no wise question the possibility of advancing such improvements in Georgia, with far less sums of money, properly applied, than the public has bestowed. But not even the flourishing of wine and silk, can make a colony of British subjects happy, if they are deprived of the liberties and properties of their birthright.

We have endeavored to the utmost to be tender of characters; but as we undertake to write an account of facts and truths, there is no help for it, when those facts and truths press home.

It is a common satisfaction to sufferers, to expose to the public, the rocks upon which they split, and the misfortunes by which they suffered ; and it may well be allowed us, to publish the causes to which we attribute the ruin of that settlement and ourselves; and more especially as we are prosecutors for justice from higher powers, which we doubt not receiving as the case deserves.

We hope the truth of the following narrative will recommend itself to the perusal of the candid reader. The fatal truths of this tragedy hath already been sealed with the death of multitudes of our fellow-creatures; but still (thanks to the providence of the Almighty,) some survive to attest and confirm the truth of what is herein contained, against any persons or names, however great, however powerful. Our circumstances and sincerity will excuse our want of that politeness and accuracy of style which might have represented our case to greater advantage to the courteous reader, whom we shall no longer detain from tbe subject in hand.


Nothing is more difficult for authors, than to divest themselves of bias and partiality, especially when they themselves are parties or sufferers in the affair treated of.

It is possible, this may be supposed the case with us, the publishers of this narrative; it may be imagined that the hardships, losses and disappointments we have met with in the colony of Georgia, will naturally sour our humors, and engage us to represent every thing in the worst light.

As the probability of those surmises is very obvious to us, we have, to the utmost of our power, guarded against the weak side of ourselves; and to convince the world of our sincerity, shall no further descend into the grievances of particular persons, than is absolutely requisite for making our general narrative intelligible; and to a faithful detail of public vouchers, records, extracts, missives, memorials, and representations, shall only adjoin so much of history as may be necessary to recount the most material events, and complete the connexion.

We are hopeful, that an information founded upon the strictest truth, will effectually introduce any further steps that Providence shall enable us to take towards procuring the redress of our grievances. While we had the least hopes of redress from our immediate superiors and patrons, we would not, and when we began to despair of relief by that channel, we durst not, make application to any other tribunal, unless we would expose ourselves to the dreadful effects of the resentment of those who had before reduced us to poverty by oppression. And indeed, in all the applications we made for redress, we were brow-beat, obstructed, threatened, and branded with opprobrious names, such as proud, idle, lazy, Discontented, and mutinous people, and several other appelVOL. II.


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