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now withdrawn (for a time, the length of which could not be known,) the Trustees established a civil government, and committed the administration to the President and four Assistants, who were to correspond directly with the Board of Trustees, and receive instructions from them, while Gen. Oglethorpe's regiment was left for the protection of the pro
vince. And here perhaps is the proper place to pause and | look back for a moment to the course of Georgia, under Gen. Oglethorpe; for the habit of humanity is complaint, the lot of humanity is care and suffering.
We must not look at the condition of Georgia under General Oglethorpe and the Trustees in the abstract, but regard it in comparison with the condition of other colonies in their first settlement. And yet there was no colony so exposed to dangers from civilized and savage men. What had been the condition of Virginia for fifty years after its first settlement? What had it been but war within and war without? Even the brave and iron-hearted men of Cromwell, what was their condition for the first fifty years ? Did they know peace ? Did they enjoy pleasure ? Among the pilgrims of the east was there harmony within and security from without? The people of Georgia, under Gen. Oglethorpe, complained, though all their real wants were ministered to, because the wilderness did not blossom, or the earth give forth its fruits without labor. But time and reflection have brought healing upon its wings.
Gen. Oglethorpe, soon after his arrival in England, married a lady of some fortune, to whom he had been long attached; a lady whose mind and disposition were calculated to give him what neither the new world nor the old had given him, the repose of years.
Gen. Oglethorpe was received very graciously by the administration, who were in the daily expectation of an invasion, by Charles Edward Stuart, backed as was supposed by a French and Spanish force. Gen. Oglethorpe's military reputation was high, particularly with the Jacobite party, while the ministry knew they could rely upon his faith and his soldier's honor, if he was engaged in the contest, however his feelings might have clung to the standard under which his fathers fought. They therefore gave him a command in the army that was collecting to meet the expected rising of the north.
At length in June, 1745, the pretender Charles Edward Stuart sailed from France, and after meeting with many difficulties landed in Scotland and raised his standard. He was joined by a few of the Clans; foremost among them the Camerons. The McIntoshes had suffered so much in the rising of 1715, that few of them were left for the war of '45. But these few were led to the field by a woman, by Lady McIntosh, a near relative of John More McIntosh of Georgia, who had married her kinsman McIntosh of Mary Hall, a branch of the family that had attached themselves to the house of Brunswick.
A reference to Smollet, vol. iii., p. 150, will show the progress of Prince Charles and the cruelties practised on his adherents by the forces sent to quell the rebellion and arrest his career. Not Alaric with his Goths nor Attila with his Huns ever carried desolation farther than did the recreant Generals Cope and Hawley their exterminating wrath upon the unfortunate people of Scotland.
Is it to be wondered at that General Oglethorpe who commanded the English horse, and was a witness of these outrages, in modern times without example,) and that too upon the relatives and friends of men who had served with him in Georgia, and followed his steps through dangers and difficulties from which these murderers would have sbrunk abashed or fled; — is it to be wondered, that his generous mind revolted at such cruelties ? that he first complained, then remonstrated, to the Duke of Cumberland; and at length broke out in indignant wrath against Cope and Hawley, the immediate instruments of all these barbarities?
It is in relation to this attack upon Cope and Hawley, that Horace Walpole, the invidious retailer of old stories, and the recorder of the idle gossip of the day, himself incapable of feeling as General Oglethorpe felt, or of acting as General Oglethorpe acted, has been pleased to style him a bully. It was in consequence too, of this attack upon Cope and Hawley, and his strong remonstrances to the Duke of Cumberland, that a court martial was gotten up against General Oglethorpe, under a charge of not having pursued at Carlisle the retreating forces of Prince Charles. A court martial held upon one who had given the first check to the Prince, and by men whom the Prince had defeated with less than
half the numbers they commanded! General Oglethorpe was honorably acquitted.
There still remained one blow which was to afflict him sorely. He had recruited his own regiment, selected his own officers; and they had followed him undismayed by the enemies that surrounded him, or the treachery of apparent friends. He had no children, and he had learned to feel for these companions in arms a father's love. These were now to be torn from his command. His regiment, by the will of the court and the Duke of Cumberland, was to be disbanded and scattered through the wilds of America. Those men who had met the Indian tribes in Georgia in friendship and in fellowship, were to meet some of these very tribes in hostile and deadly combat. Captain McKay with two companies were to be sent to Virginia, to encounter the western tribes. Captains Demeré and Stuart were to be sent to Carolina to encounter the Cherokees. But wberesoever a Scottish cap or a Highland plaid was seen, it became a symbol of peace, a flag of protection. This blow upon his regiment had well nigh overwhelmed General Oglethorpe. It sickened him of the world, and he felt emphatically that all is vanity and vexation of spirit. From henceforth all search after fame was at an end. He turned for consolation to the reminiscences of the past, to the hopes of the future, to the bosom of bis wife, to the affections of his
In 1747, he withdrew from parliament and for thirty-eight years enjoyed undisturbed repose; honored by the wise, respected by the good. We never hear of him from fortyseven to eighty-five, when he closed his calm and happy life, but in terms of praise. We never hear his name, but in eulogy. And what has become of his enemies !
General Oglethorpe's mind was deeply enriched with knowledge. In his long retirement from public life, he was the constant associate and companion of the literary men of the day; and it is only from this association that we can now know, how this long retirement was passed. And happily we have enough before us to show that the disappointment of his higher hopes, had not soured his temper, or ruffled his disposition. The first fifty years of his life, had been given to the public and to his country; the last forty were given to bis friends; and with such extracts as we find in Boswell and others, we will close this article, satisfied that enough has been said, deeply to endear his memory to all who may read what is written.
The following simple but interesting narrative, shows how Boswell became acquainted and intimate with General Oglethorpe. As it is characteristic of the frank and liberal character of General Oglethorpe, it is inserted, although not in its proper place.
“Let me here be allowed to pay my tribute of most sincere gratitude, to the memory of that excellent person, my intimacy with whom was the more valuable to me, because my first acquaintance with him was unexpected and unsolicited. Soon after the publication of my Account of Corsica,' he did me the honor to call on me, and approaching me with a frank, courteous air, said, “My name, sir, is Oglethorpe, and I wish to be acquainted with you. I was not a little flattered to be thus addressed by an eminent man, of whom I had read in Pope from my early years,
"Or driven by strong benevolence of soul,
“I was fortunate to be found worthy of his good opinion, insomuch that I was not only invited to make one in the many respectable companies, whom he entertained at his table, but had a cover at his hospitable board, every day when I happened to be disengaged; and in his society I never failed to enjoy learned and animated conversation, seasoned with genuine sentiments of virtue and religion."
At Boswell's second visit to London in 1762, he became acquainted with General Oglethorpe ; and the following extracts are taken from his works, in his several visits to London down to 1781. The last from a note in his work after the death of General Oglethorpe. They all tell the deep veneration felt for him. Even by the stern moralist himself, as well as by his whole school. Johnson's “ London," was published in May, 1738. One of the warmest patrons of this poem was General Oglethorpe, “whose strong benevolence of soul,” was unabated during the course of a very long life, though it is painful to think, that he had but too much reason to become cold and callous and discontented with the world, from the neglect which he experienced of his public and private worth by those in whose power it was,
was unabaul to thinballous ang
ze cold an hink, that course
to gratify so gallant a veteran with marks of distinction. This extraordinary person was as remarkable for his learning and taste as for his other eminent qualities; and no man was more prompt, active, and generous in encouraging merit. I have heard Johnson gratefully acknowledge in his presence the kind and effectual support which he gave to his “London," though unacquainted with its author.
. Extract second, vol. 2, page 163.—“I dined with Johnson at General Oglethorpe's where we found Goldsmith. I started the question, :Whether duelling was consistent with moral duty. The brave old General fired at this and said with a lofty air, * Undoubtedly, a man has a right to defend his honor. Goldsmith (turning to me) 'I ask you first, sir, what would you do if you were affronted ?' I answered, 'I should think it necessary to fight. Why then,' replied Goldsmith, that solves the question.
"Johnson.—No, sir, it does not solve the question. It does not follow that what a man would do, is therefore right. The General told us that when he was a very young man, I think fifteen only serving under Prince Eugene of Savoy, he was sitting in a company at table, with a Prince of Wirtemburg. The Prince took up a glass of wine, and by a fillip made some of it fly in Oglethorpe's face. Here was a nice dilemma. To have challenged him instantly, might have fixed a quarrelsome character upon the young soldier. To have taken no notice of it might have been considered as cowardice. Oglethorpe therefore keeping his eye upon the Prince, and smiling all the time as if he took what his Highness had done as a jest, said, “Mon Prince, (I forget the French words he used, the purport however was) that is a good joke, but we do it much better in England,' and threw a whole glass of wine in the Prince's face. An old general who sat by said, 'Il a bien fait, mon Prince, vous l'avez commencé ; thus all ended in good humor. Dr.
ohnson said, “Pray, General, give us an account of the slege of Belgrade. Upon which the General, pouring a little wine upon the table, described every thing with a wet unger. 'Here we were; here were the Turks, &c. &c.' Johnson listened with the closest attention.”
Extract, page 327.- “On Monday, I dined with Johnson at General Oglethorpe's, with Mr. Langton and the Irish
ctor Campbell, whom the General had obligingly given