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those of his interest. I hope this is not true, I do not think it is; but if there is any foundation for it, it is time to awaken people to a love of their country, to see her welfare, and to promote it. Virtues may become a habit in a nation, as well as in a private man; but then an emulation must be raised as formerly, that the fire may .catch and spread. Every man can be beneficent in some degree, and surely no one who has read * the Man of Ross can be otherwise. He who cannot give, may yet by his approbation excite others to it, who are more able. He, who does not approve, can however be silent, he can forbear giving an ill-natured turn to an action that has the appearance of virtue, till he has tried, and found it only an appearance. If an instance of public spirit is seen, it becomes a common interest to support it, and the more singular it is, the greater encouragement it deserves. Of this I am sure, no one has a right to censure others for the want of public spirit, till he has shown he is not liable to the same censure himself.
Whoever then is a lover of liberty, will be pleased with an attempt to recover his fellow subjects from a state of misery and oppression, and state them in happiness and freedom.
Whoever is a lover of his country, will approve of a method for the employment of her poor, and the increase of her people, and her trade.
Whoever is a lover of mankind, will join his wishes to the success of a design, so plainly calculated for their good: undertaken, and conducted, with so much disinterestedness,
Few arguments surely are requisite to incite the generous to exert themselves on this occasion. To consult the welfare of mankind, regardless of any private views, is the perfection of virtue; as the accomplishing and consciousness of it is the perfection of happiness.
* A character in Mr. Pope's poem of the Use of Riches.
The Common Council of the Trustees for Establishing the
Colony of Georgia in America.
The Right Honorable Anthony Earl of Shaftsbury; the Right Honorable John Lord Viscount Percival; the Right Honorable John Lord Viscount Tyrconnel; the Right Honorable James Lord Viscount Limerick; the Right Honorable George Lord Carpenter; the Honorable Edward Digby, Esq.; James Oglethorpe, Esq.; George Heathcote, Esq. ; Thomas Tower, Esq. ; Robert More, Esq.; Robert Hucks, Esq.; Rogers Holland, Esq.; William Sloper, Esq.; Francis Eyles, Esq.; John Laroche, Esq. ; James Vernon, Esq.; Stephen Hales, A. M. ; Richard Chandler, Esq. ; Thomas Frederick, Esq. ; Henry L'Apostre, Esq. ; William Heathcote, Esq.; John White, Esq.; Robert Kendal, Esq., Alderman; Richard Bundy, D. D.
Since the publishing this book, a letter from Mr. Oglethorpe has been received by the Trustees, and extract of which, with a copy of the Governor and Council's letter to Mr. Oglethorpe, and the resolutions of the Assembly of South Carolina, are here added as a confirmation of several things alleged in the book.
To the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in
From the Camp near Savannah, Feb. 10, 1732—3. GENTLEMEN,—I gave you an account in my last, of our arrival at Charlestown. The governor and assembly have given us all possible encouragement. Our people arrived at Beaufort on the 20th of January, where I lodged them in some new barracks built for the soldiers, while I went mye self to view the Savannah river. I fixed upon a healthy situa
tion about ten miles from the sea. The river here forms a half-moon, along the south side of which the banks are about forty foot high, and on the top flat, which they call a bluff
. The plain high ground extends into the country five or six miles, and along the river side about a mile. Ships that draw twelve foot water can ride within ten yards of the bank. Upon the river-side in the centre of this plain I have laid out the town. Opposite to it is an island of very rich pasturage, which I think should be kept for the Trustees' cattle. The river is pretty wide, the water fresh, and from the key of the town you see its whole course to the sea, with the island of Tybee, which forms the mouth of the river; and the other way, you see the river for about six miles up into the country. The landscape is very agreeable, the stream being wide, and bordered with high woods on both sides. The whole people arrived here on the first of February. At night their tents were got up. Till the seventh we were taken up in unloading, and making a crane, which I then could not get finished, so took off the hands, and set some to the fortification, and began to fell the woods. I marked out the town and common; half of the former is already cleared, and the first house was begun yesterday in the afternoon. Not being able to get negroes, I have taken ten of the independent company to work for us, for which I make them an allowance. I send you a copy of the resolutions of the assembly, and the governor and council's letter to me. Mr. Whitaker has given us one hundred head of cattle. Col. Bull
, Mr. Barlow, Mr. St. Julian, and Mr. Woodward are come up to assist us with some of their own servants. I am so taken up in looking after a hundred necessary things, that I write now short, but shall give you a more particular account hereafter. A little Indian nation, the only one within fifty miles, is not only at amity, but desirous to be subjects of his Majesty King George, to have lands given them among us, and to breed their children at our schools. Their chief, and his beloved man, who is the second man in the nation, desire to be instructed in the Christian religion. I am, gentlemen, your most obedient, humble servant,
A copy of the Governor and Council's Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe. SIR,—We cannot omit the first opportunity of congratulating you on your safe arrival in this province, wishing you all imaginable success in your charitable and generous undertaking, in which we beg leave to assure you, any assistance we can give shall not be wanting in promoting the same.
The General Assembly having come to the resolutions inclosed, we hope you will accept it as an instance of our sincere intentions to forward so good a work, and of our attachment to a person, who has at all times so generously used his endeavors to relieve the poor, and deliver them out of their distress, in which you have hitherto been so successful, that we are persuaded, that this undertaking cannot fail under your prudent conduct, which we most heartily wish for. The rangers and scout boats are ordered to attend you as soon as possible.
Col. Bull, a gentleman of this board, and who we esteem most capable to assist you in the settling your new colony, is desired to deliver you this, and to accompany you, and render you the best services he is capable of, and is one whose integrity you may very much depend on. We are with the greatest regard and esteem,
Sir, your most obedient, humble servants. Robert Johnson, Thomas Broughton, Al. Middleton, A. Skeene, Fra. Yonge, James Kinlock, John Penwicke, Thomas Waring, J. Hammerton. Council Chamber, 26th of January, 1732.
A copy of the Assembly's Resolution.
The Committee of his Majesty's Honorable Council appointed
to confer with a Committee of the Lower House on his Excellency's Message relating to the arrival of the Honorable James Oglethorpe, Esq., Report,
That agreeable to his Majesty's instructions to his Excellency, sent down together with the said message, we are unanimously of opinion, that all due countenance and encour
agement ought to be given to the settling of the colony of Georgia.
And for that end your Committee apprehend it necessary, that his Excellency be desired to give orders and directions, that Capt. Mac Pherson, together with fifteen of the rangers do forthwith repair to the new settlement of Georgia, to cover and protect Mr. Oglethorpe, and those under his care, from any insults that may be offered them by the Indians, and that they continue, and abide there till the new settlers have enforted themselves, and for such further time as his Excellency may think necessary.
That the lieutenant and four men of the Apalachucola garrison be ordered to march to the fort on Cambahee, to join those of the rangers that remain; that the commissary be ordered to find them with provisions as usual.
That his Excellency will please to give directions that the scout-boat at Port Royal, do attend the new settlers as often as his Excellency shall see occasion.
That a present be given to Mr. Oglethorpe for the new settlers of Georgia forthwith, of an hundred head of breeding cattle, and five bulls, as also twenty breeding sows, and four boars, with twenty barrels of good and merchantable rice: the whole to be delivered at the charge of the public, at such place in Georgia as Mr. Oglethorpe shall appoint.
That periauguas be provided at the charge of the public to attend Mr. Oglethorpe at Port Royal, in order to carry the new settlers, arrived in the ship Anne, to Georgia, with their effects, and the artillery and ammunition now on board.
That Col. Bull be desired to go to Georgia with the Hon. James Oglethorpe, Esq., to aid him with his best advice and assistance, in the settling of that place.
Extract of a Letter from his Excellency, Robert Johnson,
Esq., Governor of South Carolina, to Benjamin Martyn, Esq., Secretary to the Trustees.
Charlestown, Feb. 12, 1732—3. Sir, — I have received the favor of yours, dated the 20th of October, and the duplicate of the 24th. I beg you assure the Honorable Trustees of my most humble respects,