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Mr. Horton offered to go, and set out on foot with two servants. The Sunday he left the Spanish look-out, he arrived at Augustine, being upwards of forty miles; the way he walked lay all along the sea shore, one servant kept up with him, the other not being able to hold out. There is a river runs near the castle of Augustine, which must be passed by those who go from the Spanish look-out: he arrived at the river within sight of the castle about four in the evening, and fired his gun several times for a boat to come and carry him over; at last one came, and carrying him over, he was conducted to the governor, who received him very civilly. From whence he went to Don Carlos Dempsey's house, who went immediately to the governor's house, to desire a party might be sent out to fetch in the man who was left behind; for at that time the Spaniards were so apprehensive of the Indians, that they did not venture to go over the river, but in bodies. The governor granted his request, and the next day ordered a detachment for him, who found and carried him to Don Carlos's house, who applied also for horses to fetch up Major Richard from the look-out; which were accordingly sent.
“ They were received very civilly by the Governor, and with the greatest joy by the people, who looked upon them as the messengers of their deliverance, for bringing them the news that the English boats patrol upon the river, to hinder the barbarous Indians from passing and molesting them. Major Richard and Mr. Horton waited for the Governor's answer to Mr. Oglethorpe's letter, which was daily promised them. One night, being invited, they went to a general dancing, at the house of the Governor's interpreter, where they stayed till three o'clock in the morning ; when they returned they went to bed, and before they awaked, about eight o'clock the same morning, Diego Paulo, Town Major, came from the Governor to Don Carlos Dempsey with a file of musketeers, and acquainted him with the Spaniards' false pretence, which was, that Major Richard, Mr. Horton, and their
servants, had that very morning been taking a plan of their town and castle, (though they having sat up late and were then abed) the Governor had sent a serjeant and twelve men to make them prisoners, one sentry being set at the foot, and another at the head of the stairs. The Town Major then told Don Carlos that he needed to fear nothing, but was at liberty to come and go as he always had done since his arrival there.
“The same morning about ten, the Governor came to Don Carlos's lodging, accompanied by some officers and the public scrivener of the garrison, and having sat down, began à formal information and examination of Major Richard. The Governor asked him what brought him there: he answered, that he was come pursuant to his promise to his Excellency of returning to him with letters from Mr. Oglethorpe. He then asked where Mr. Oglethorpe was? He answered, he could not tell where he then was, but he had left him at Frederica. Upon which he asked; what fortifications and number of men were at Frederica ? To which the Major answered, he did not know. He then asked what fortifications and number of men were at Jekyl sound, Cumberland island, Amelia island and St. John's? To which the Major answered the same as before. Whereupon the Governor retired; and some time after sent for the Major to his house. He then examined Mr. Horton to the strength of Georgia; but he refused to give them any answer; upon which they threatened to send him to the mines. To which he answered, that he was a subject of Great Britain, and his sovereign was powerful enough to do him justice.
The next day, upon Don Carlos's application, the guards were taken off, he undertaking for them, and promising upon honor, that they should not walk about the town, nor leave it without his Excellency's permission. Some days after, they sent out Don Ignation Rosso, lieutenant colonel of the garrison, with a detachment of it in a large boat called a launch: he staid out about five days, and returned extremely fatigued, the men having rowed the skin off their hands; and reported that the islands were all fortified, and full of men and armed boats. After this, Don Carlos spoke to the governor, bishop, and the rest of the officers, a council of war was called, and it was resolved to send back Major Richard, Mr. Horton, and the other men; and also letters of civility to Mr. Oglethorpe, with Don Carlos Dempsey, Don Pedro Lamberto, captain of horse, and Don Manuel D'Arcy, adjutant of the garrison, and to desire friendship. Mr. Horton was accordingly released, arrived at St. George's from whence he came in a boat manned with his own servants, and meeting Mr. Oglethorpe at sea, as above mentioned, he had sent him forwards to have the Spaniards received on board Capt. Gascoigne (they being on the way in a launch)
that they might not get any information either of our strength or situation.
“Mr. Oglethorpe returned on the 17th. On leaving this place he went first on board Capt. Gascoigne's ship, and from thence proceeded to Cumberland, where landing at St. Andrews, he took on board Capt. Hugh Mackay. The 13th, in the evening, the periagua in which Mr. Mackay was on board grounded near the south of Cumberland, and getting her off on the 14th, they stood to sea on the outside of Amelia: the weather being rough, the Indian canoes landed several men, that they might be the better able to bear the weather, for they were too much thronged to bear the sea. They saw a boat, and making up to it, found it to be Mr. Horton returned from the Spaniards. At the south end of Amelia Mr. Oglethorpe (the scout boat being foremost) saw a launch coming down from St. George's, bearing up to her; she hoisted Spanish colors, and challenging her, they found she had Don Carlos Dempsey and Spanish Commissaries aboard her. Mr. Oglethorpe, to avoid the ceremony which must have passed on his owning himself there, and which would have prevented his going to St. George's, caused Mr. Mackay to speak to them without going on board: he advised them to come to an anchor, till a safe-guard should be sent to them, for that the country was full of Indians. They accordingly did so; in a very short time after Mr. Oglethorpe met with Rae's scout boat, and putting Mr. Tanner on board her, together with a jar of wine, and other refreshments, bade them go on board the Spaniards; and ordered Mr. Tanner to take care and ac- . quaint the Indians not to molest them, and to desire Capt. Gascoigne to entertain them till his return. Mr. Oglethorpe lay at a grappling till he should see the boat join her. The Indians, who were by this time come up, some by land and some by water, seeing a Spanish launch, some of the boats went to shore to take in those who came by land, but Toma Chi Chi with the great boat in which he was, bore up towards her; the other Indian canoes, as fast as they could. get their men on shore, rowed after him; but Mr. Tanner being on board letting him know that they were friends, he followed Mr. Oglethorpe, who soon after arrived at St. George's, where he met Major Richard, who had staid there. All the men and stores being arrived, he gave the best directions that short time would permit, and using the
utmost diligence, returned to Frederica in order to receive the Spaniards, but being obliged to pass by the man-of-war, on board of which the Spaniards already were, by making certain signals, their boat came off to him, and he went by without being remarked by the Spaniards, who were received in a very handsome manner by Capt. Gascoigne."
As soon as he came back he sent Ensign Mackay up to Darien, that he might return with some of the genteelest Highlanders, and be present at the conference. Then he ordered two handsome tents lined with Chinese, with marquises and walls of canvass, to be sent down and pitched upon Jekyl island, and also a present of refreshments, and two gentlemen to acquaint them, that he would wait upon them the next day.
The 18th Mr. Oglethorpe, with seven horses and men upon them (which were all we had) went down to the seapoint, that the Spaniards might see that there were men and horses there. At his setting out a number of cannons were fired, which they also could hear at Jekyl island. When he arrived at the point, the independent company was under arms, being drawn up in one line at double distances to make them appear a larger number to the Spaniards, who lay upon Jekyl island. The independent company saluting him with their cannon, managing them so as to seem to have many more guns by re-loading. Capt. Gascoigne came with his boat and two scout boats, and he going with Capt
. Gascoigne on board his boat, the other attending, landed on Jekyl island. He welcomed the Spanish officers and made a compliment to them, making them presents of some refreshments: and Capt. Gascoigne invited them to dinner on board the Hawk sloop the next day, where Mr. Oglethorpe told them he would receive their message.
The 19th Ensign Mackay arrived on board the man-of-war with the Highlanders
, and a detachment of the independent company in their regimentals lined the one side of the ship, as the Highlanders with their broad swords, targets
, &c. did the other. The sailors manned all the shrouds, and the rest of the ship, and kept sentries at the cabin door with drawn cutlasses. The Spanish Commissaries were very handsomely entertained ; and after dinner delivered their messages in writing.
They drank the healths of the King of Great Britain and the royal family, as Mr. Oglethorpe did those of the King
and Queen of Spain. The cannons of the ship fired, which were answered (as before agreed upon) by such cannon as were within hearing. Next day they were entertained in like manner, and had long conferences with Mr. Oglethorpe.
On the 21st he gave them their answer. They made him some presents of snuff, chocolate, &c. and he returned them very handsome ones. All the time they were there, we sent down sheep, hogs, and poultry, with garden stuff in plenty for all their men, as also butter, cheese, wine, beer, and all other refreshments.
Toma Chi Chi, Hyllispilli, and near thirty of the chiefest Indians, being returned from the southward, came on board, painted and dressed as they are for war; Hyllispilli demanded justice for killing the Indians, and other outrages. The Spanish Commissary, Don Pedro, knowing some of the facts, but seeming to doubt the rest, he having his interpreter, who spoke Indian, Spanish, and English ; and the English having theirs, who spoke Indian and good English. The Indians proved, that a party of forty Spaniards and Indians, had fallen upon some of their nation, who then lay depending upon the general peace between the Spaniards, the Indians and the English, without suspicion, and consequently without guard : that thus surprised several were killed and several were taken : that they murdered the boys who were taken, by dashing out their brains, as also the wounded men. Don Pedro, struck with horror at the cruelty, asking how they could know this, they produced a young Indian who was wounded upon that occasion, the scar of which he shewed: he said that he escaped in the confusion by lying close amongst some bushes; that he followed them for two days, hiding himself in the thickets, and seeing all that had passed, intending if any bad straggled to revenge himself upon them. They farther said, that an Indian who had been on that party bragged of it at St. Marks, to one of the upper Creeks who went down to trade there with the Spaniards: at the same time saying, that they were sent out from Augustine, which the Indians said was so known a thing that it could not be denied. Upon this Mr. Oglethorpe desired Don Pedro to represent this to the Governor of Augustine, for that he should expect satisfaction to be given to them for this insult, they being subjects to the King of Great Britain. What Mr. Oglethorpe said was interpreted to the Indians. On which Hyllispilli said, he hoped Mr. Oglethorpe would go