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nothing more than a simple piece of masonry, and to give us a proof of his sagacity, called upon us to sometimes a modest rampart of earth. We even say without hesitation whether we were not English: occasionally saw their famous wall reduced to its most and, to leave no doubt of the meaning of his question, simple expression, and composed solely of some heaped he added, that by Ing-kie-li, he meant the " stones.*
devils" who had made war on Canton.—“ No, we It may be observed, with reference to the land are not English ; and not devils of any kind, whether frontiers of the Chinese empire on the west, that of the sea or of the earth.” An idler came up, very the authority of the emperor, instead of abruptly tempestuous examination : “ You,” said he to the inn
luckily, just in time to remove the ill effect of this encountering the hard outline of an entirely inde- keeper, “ do not know how to look at the human form. pendent authority, is shadowed off by something How dare you pretend that these people are Yangof a blended jurisdiction. “ There exists in the Kan- kouei-tse ?' Don't you know that they have all blue sou, and upon the frontiers of the province of Sse- eyes and red hair?"_“You are right,” said the innTchouan, many tribes who thus govern themselves, keeper, “I had not considered it well.”—“ No, cerunder special laws. All bear the denomination of tainly,” added we, 'you have not. Do you think Tou-sse, to which is added the family name of their that marine monsters could live upon land as we do, chief or sovereign." (P. 36.) We find in another and ride on horseback ?”—“Oh, that's right, it is place that this prevails to the south-west, on the just so; the Ing-kie-li, they say, never dare to quit borders of Ava. “On the outskirts of the empire, the sea; as soon as they get on land they tremble and towards the west, are a number of towns or stations, die, like fish taken out of water.”—They talked much called Too-sse, or native jurisdictions,' where the of the manners and character of sen-devils, and after aborigines are more or less independent, and where all was said, it was settled that we were not at all of
the same race.] there is, in fact, a kind of divided authority, each party being immediately subject to its own chiefs. These volumes contain the most detailed and This is particularly true of the Lolos.”—The complete account of Lamanism that we remember Chinese, vol. i.
ever to have met with ; and they confirm, on the It is an odd result of our war with China, that authority of these Romish priests themselves, the something of the same principle should have been astonishing resemblance that exists between the established by treaty at the Five Ports of trade on external rites and institutions of Buddhism and the opposite side of the empire. British subjects those of the Church of Rome. Besides celibacy, are there entirely independent of the Chinese law, fasting, and prayers for the dead, there are enshrined and governed by their own consuls, who act under relics, holy water, incense, candles in broad day, ordinances framed by the governor and legislative rosaries of beads counted in praying, worship of council of Hong-kong, confirmed by her majesty in saints, processions, and a monastic habit resembling council. The inference from the frequency of these that of the mendicant orders. Although our "native jurisdictions” is, that Chinese law, as worthy missionaries call the images of Lamanism administered towards foreigners, becomes intoler- idols, and the Romish idols images, we do not think able ; so at least it proved at Canion.
the distinction is worth much, and therefore may It would be a pity to spoil the following passage throw in this item with the rest; the more especby a translation :
ially as, on the summary principle of “inveniam Notre aubergiste, un Chinois pur-sang, pour nous
viam, aut faciam," the commandment against idol donner une preuve de sa sagacité, nous demanda sans
worship has been thrust bodily out of their Decatergiverser si nous n'étions pas Anglais ; et pour ne logue by the Romanists, as may be seen from any laisser aucun doute à sa question, il ajouta qu'il enten- copy of the Missal. It is remarkable that these dait par Ing-kie-li les “diables marins," qui faisai- very missionaries had an image made for their own ent la guerre à Canton. Non, nous ne sommes pas adoration, from a European model, at a place on Anglais; nous autres, nous ne sommes diables d'au- their journey where a huge image of Buddha had cune façon, ni de mer, ni de terre. Un désœuvré vint just been cast, and sent off to Lhassa. (Vol. i., fort à propos détruire le mauvais effet de cette inter- p. 41.) Thus the object of their worship was a pellation intempestive.—Toi, dit-il à l'aubergiste, tu molien image, the work, not only of men's, but ne sais pas regarder les figures des hommes. Com- pagan hands, employed indifferently for either ment oses-tu prétendre que ces gens là sont des Yang- Buddhism or Romanism. kouei-tse ? Est-ce que tu ne sais pas que ceux-ci ont les yeux tout bleus, ei les cheveux tout rouges est unprejudiced minds, to observe that M. Huc, while
It is at once curious, and an instructive lesson to juste, dit. l'aubergiste, je n'avais pas bien réfléchi.Non, certainement, ajoutâmes-nous, tu n'avais pas bion
he indulges in pleasantries at the expense of the réfléchi. Crois-tu que des monstres marins pourraient, Buddhists, entirely forgets how applicable his commes nous, vivre sur terre, et seraient capables d'al- sarcasms are to his own side of the question. After ler à cheval? -Oh, c'est juste, c'est bien cela ; les describing an assembly in a college of Lamas, Ing-kie-li, dit-on, n'osent jamais quitter la mer; aus- where the explanations given by the priests or sitôt qu'ils montent à terre, ils tremblent et meurent professors on certain points of their religion proved comme les poissons qu'on met hors de l'eau. On parla as vague and incomprehensible as the thing to be beaucoup des mæurs et du caractère des diables marins, explained, he adds, “ On est, du reste, convaincu et d'après tout ce qui en fut dit, il demeura demontré que la sublimité d'une doctrine est en raison dique nous n'étions pas du tout de la même race. recte de son obscurité et de son impénétrabilité."
[Our inn-keeper, a full-blooded Chinese, in order Let us only suppose M. Huc expounding to those * Père Gerbillon informs us, that beyond the Yellow Lamas the dogma of Transubstantiation, and addRiver, to its western extremity, (or for full one half ing, in testimony of its truth, that St. Ignatius of its total length,) the wall is chiefly a mound of Loyola, with eyesight sharpened by faith, declared earth or gravel, about fifteen feet in height, with only he actually saw the farinaceous substance change occasional towers of brick. Marco Polo's silence con- ing itself into flesh. “Les hommes," observes our cerning it may therefore be accounted for on the suppo- author in another place, “sont partout les mêmes !" sition that, having seen only this inperfect portion, he did not deem it an object of sufficient curiosity to the devotees and recluses of Buddhism, are similar
The jokes in which M. Huc indulges, against imagining that he entered China to the south of the to what have been repeated a thousand times with great barrier.-The Chinese, vol. i.
reference to those of Romanism :
This young Lama of eighty years old was a large pictures and tablets which conceal, without adornwell made fellow, whose lumbering and stout figure ing, the walls and pillars of many a church at seemed to prove a great consumption of butter, in his Rome, and not to think of strict seclusion. We could never see him put his nose out of his house door, without thinking of La
nam posse mederi Fontaine's rat, who, out of devotion, had retired into
Picta docet templis multa tabella tuis. a Dutch cheese.
To instance a higher department of art—as the old The monasteries of the Lamas, resembling as bined' each look that charın'd him in the fair of
artist, in painting his Venus, is said to have comthey do in so many respects those of the Romanists, Greece," so the Italian painters have sometimes differ from them on some few points. The mem- immortalized the features of their own mistresses bers are all subject to the same rule and the same in pictures, of saints and martyrs, intended to adorn discipline; but they do not seem to live to the same
churches. extent in community; and exclusive rights of In its modern traits, as well as in its ancient, property prevail among them. Our missionaries Lamanism maintains its resemblance to Romanism. passed some months in these establishments. Besides Prodigies and miracles of constant occurrence come his holiness, the Supreme Lama at Lhassa, there are to the aid of the priesthood, and maintain their inGrand Lamas, who derive their investiture from him, Auence over the stupid multitude. Some of the and descend from past ages in uninterrupted succes- instances adduced are palpable cases of ingenious sion. With reference to one of these, it is ob- jugglery ; but M. Huc, with characteristic facility, served :
believes in the miracle, while he attributes it to the If the person of the Grand Lama drew little of our agency of the devil :admiration, it was not so with his dress, which was exactly that of bishops : he wore on his head a yellow doubt, such facts, or without hesitation would set
A purely human philosopher would reject, without mitre ; a long staff in form of a crosier was in his them down as Laman tricks. As for us, Catholic right hand ; and his shoulders were covered with a missionaries, we believe that the great liar, who mantle of violet taffety, held over his breast by a deceived our first parents in Paradise, still carries on clasp, and in everything resembling a cope. After- his system of lies ; he who had the power of supportwards we noticed many resemblances between the ing in the air Simon the sorcerer, may very likely Catholic worship and the ceremonies of the Lamans.
now speak to man by the mouth of a child, to M. Huc afterwards recapitulates as follows:
strengthen the faith of his worshippers.
Whatever Protestants may think and say of the The cross, the mitre, the dalmatic, the cope or charuble which the Grand Lamas wear in travelling, means by which the Romish Church has maintained or when they perform some ceremony outside the and extended its influence over the masses of mantemple, the service of two choirs, the psalmody, the kind, it is impossible to deny the thorough knowlexorcisms, the cenger supported by five chains, edge of human nature on which all its measures opened or shut at pleasure ; the benedictions given by have been calculated. The same causes which the Lamas with the right hand stretched over the heads have aided it so long against the reforms of a purer of the faithful ; the chaplet ; the celibacy of the clergy; faith are likely to aid it much longer; and we the spiritual retreats ; the worship of saints ; fasts ; really see very liule chance of a change. The processions ; litany ; holy water ;-see, in how many priesily array, the lighted taper, and the histrionic ways the Buddhists agree with us!
pantomime, are aided by smoking censers, graven He might have added, that they likewise have a images, and all the paraphernalia by which so goddess, whom they call Tien-how, literally regina been before distinguished. We entirely agree with
many temples of so many different religions have cæli, “Queen of Heaven;" but with a different M. Huc, that the Romish Church has a fair field fur legend.
Our author very naturally endeavors to persuade proselytism in the vast regions where Buddhism at himself and his readers that by some process of present prevails. In external forms, the transition diablerie these things have been borrowed from his is the easiest possible ; and during his short resiown church; but why should we do such violence blait toujours que la beauté de nos cérémonies eût
dence at Lhassa, he remarked :—“Il nous semto the subject, when there is the much easier, more intelligible, and more straightforward course of agi puisaminent sur ce peuple, si avide de tout ce deriving both from something older than either ; qui tient au culle extérieur.*** and remaining persuaded, as most of us must have * In a book which had belonged to a Romish misbeen long ago, that the Pagan rites and Pontifex sionary in China was found this estimate written on Maximus of the modern Rome represent, in out
the fly-leaf in Italian :ward fashion, the paganism and Pontifex Maximus
“ Numbers included under different known religof the ancient ? Strange to say, instead of blink-ions
Catholic Apostolic Church of Rome, 139,000,000 ing the matter, a sort of parallel has often been
Schismatic Greek Church,
62,000,000 studiously preserved and paraded, as when the
Protestant Church and its branches, 59,000,000 Pantheon, the temple of all the gods," was consecrated by Pope Boniface to “ all the saints." Is
Total of Christianity,
260,000,000 it necessary for us to compare the annual sprinkling of horses with holy water to the like process at the Jews,
4,000,000 Circeusian games--the costly gifts at Loretto to the Mahometans,
96,000,000 like gifts at Delphi-the nuns to the virgines Hindoos,
60,000,000 sancte of old Rome — the shrines of “ Maria in Buddhists,
170,000.000 triviis" to the like rural rines of more ancient
Confucianists and others,
147,000,000 idols -- the flagellants ( whose self-discipline Sancho
737,000,000 so dexterously mitigated in his own case) to the practices of ihe priests of Isis ? In running the " The number of Buddhists is probably not overparallel, the only difficulty is where to stop. It is rated, considering that they extend from Japan to impossible to look at the innumerable votive Lhassa, and from the confines of Siberia to Siam."
If the new system cannot be made to supersede | whom, therefore, we may compare to the Carthe old, it may at least be grafted upon it, as dinals. The present Dalé-Lama is only nine years experience has already proved at our own colony of age, and his three predecessors had none of them of Ceylon ; for Romanism has sometimes been reached their majority; a circumstance which satisfied with a part, where the whole was unat- seems to indicate foul play, and which was, in fact, tainable. In a recent work by Sir Emerson Ten- expressly attributed to treachery on the part of the nent, he observes of the early converts in that administration of Thibet, vesied chiefly in the island to the Romish Church, " There is no reason hands of a functionary styled Nomekhan, during to doubt that, along with the profession of the new the Grand Lama's minority. faith, the majority of them, like the Singalese of A party at Lhassa opposed to this Nomekhan the present day, cherished, with still closer attach- applied secretly, in the year 1844, for the interment, the superstitions of Buddhism ;” and he ference of the Emperor of China, who is sufficiently attributes the ease of their external conversion to ready to extend his influence, on all occasions, in “ the attractions of a religion which, in point of Thibet and elsewhere. The person selected to pomp and magnificence, sorpassed, without materi- proceed as ambassador to Thibel, and overturn the ally differing from, the pageantry and processions ill-acquired power of the Nomekhan was Ke-shen, with which they were accustomed to celebrate the who only about four years before had been ruined festivals of their own national worship.' We by the result of his negotiations at Canton ; but may, however, charitably and reasonably suppose whose energy and talents appear still 10 have been that the present emissaries of Rome would stop appreciated by the emperor's government, and short of the complaisant conformity of their Jesuit whose failure might possibly have met with palliapredecessors, who, according to the Abbé Dubois, tion and excuse in the still worse failures of his * conducted ihe images of the Virgin and Saviour successors in the south. On reaching Lhassa, on triumphal cars, imitated from the orgies of Jag- Ke-shen took his measures in concert with those gernath, and introduced the dancers of the Brah- opposed to the Nomekhan. That high functionary minical rites into the ceremonial of the church. was arrested ; when, to avoid torture, he at length
After eighteen months of mingled residence and confessed to the guilt of having taken three lives journeyings through the immense tract which from the Grand Lama, or, in other words, having intervenes between the neighborhood of Peking and caused his transmigration three times by violence. Lhassa, MM. Huc and Gabet reached the capital To this confession the seals of Ke-shen and the of Thibet in a very weary and exhausted state. other parties were affixed, and it was transmitted The snowy range of mountains which formed the by a special courier to Peking. falter portion of their route was passed with a caravan, which is periodically collected as a protection frightfully agitated ; at the door of the palace of
Three months afterwards the capital of Thibet was against rubbers ; and the miseries and privations Nomekhan, and in the principal streets of the city, which they endured had well-nigh proved fatal 10
was placarded an imperial edict, in three languages, M. Gabet, though both travellers were in the prime on yellow paper, and with borders representing winged of life-one thirty-two, and the other only thirty- dragons. · After lofty reflections upon the duties of seven. Scarcely settled in the lodging where they kings, and of sovereigns great or small ;-after had installed themselves, when troubles not less exhortations to potentates, monarchs, princes, magisbarassing, though of another kind, were to be trates, and the people of the four seas to walk in the encountered. " Après les peines physiques, c'était paths of justice and virtue, under pain of incurring le tour des souffrances morales." " As far as rested the wrath of Heaven, and the anger of the great Khan with the native government of the country, they / -the emperor recalled the crimes of Nomekhan, and might long have remained unmolested to exercise condemned him to perpetual banishment to the shores their zeal at the head-quarters of Buddhism ; but of Sakhalien-oula, at the extremity of Manchouria.obstacles arose in a direction which they were At the end, was the usual form—tremble and obey. hardly prepared to anticipate. The ininister of the Such an unusual sight as this Imperial Edict on Emperor of China resides at the Court of the the gates of their governor excited a general insurSupreme Lama, something like the Austrian rection among the Thibetians of Lhassa. At half ambassador at Rome, but with a vastly greater and a league's distance is a College of Lamas, composed more undivided influence. His spies were the first of some thousands. These armed themselves at to detect the intruders; and he succeeded, at random, and came down like an avalanche, delength, not withstanding the favor and kindness nouncing death to Ke-shen and the Chinese. They shown to them by the temporal Regent of Thibet, carried by assault the residence of the ambassador, in effecting their expulsion from the country. The who, however, was not to be found. They next whole narrative is extremely curious, and, in fact, attacked those who had acted with him, and sacrigives a better insight into the real relations existing ficed more than one to their fury. They released between Peking and Lhassa than any other source the condemned Nomekhan, who, however, had not within our reach.
the spirit to avail himself of the occasion. In addition to the numerous and striking analo- had," says M. Hur, " the cowardly energy of an gies which have been traced between the rites of assassin, and not the boldness of a conspirator." Lamanism and the Roman worship, M. Huc The next morning, the Lamas were again agiobserves that “ Rome and Lhassa, the Pope and tated like a hive of bees, and again swarmed down the Supreme Lama, might also furnish points of upon Lhassa. But Ke-shen had profited by the resemblance full of interest.” The Thibetian gov- interval, and his measures were taken. A formiernment is altogether ecclesiastical. The Tale ordable array of Chinese and Thibetian troops barred Dalé-Lama is its political and religious head. their passage ; and the Lamas, whose trade was When he dies, or, as the Buddhists say, trans- not fighting, betook themselves to their cells and migrates, his indestructible personification is con- their books, and were glad to avoid the consetinued in a child, chosen by ihe great Lamas, dis- quences of their temerity in an immediate resumptinguished as Houtouktou, whose sacerdotal rank is tion of their clerical character. In a few days, the inferior only to that of the Grand Lama, and Nomekhan, who had thrown away his only chance,
was on his way comme un mouton" to Tartary | low.”—“Do the rest of you,” said he, turning to -while Ke-shen, elated with his triumph, showed those standing round him, “understand this lana disposition to extend the penalties to his reputed guage?” They bowed all together, and said they did accomplices in guilt. The ministers of the local not understand it. “You see, nobody here under. government, however, thought the Chinese influ- stands your language ; translate your words into that ence had done enough, and the ambassador had of Thibet.”—"We said that in the physiognomy of the prudence to forbear. The new Nomekhan the chief kalon there is much goodness." _"Ah, yes ; was selected from the Lamas of the greatest emi- you find me very good?. Nevertheless, I am very nence in the country; but as the choice fell on a ple. They smiled, and did not speak. “You are
wicked. Am I not very wicked ?” he asked his peoyouth of only eighteen, a regent was appointed in right,” continued the regent ; “I am good, for goodthe person of the chief kalon, or minister. This ness is the duty of a kalon.' I ought to be good to, individual soon showed that his first care was to my own people, and also to foreigners.” provide barriers against the ambition and encroachments of the Chinese ambassador, who had so
The good-natured functionary assured the misboldly taken advantage of the weakness of the sionaries that he had sent for them merely in conThibetian government, to usurp its powers, and sequence of the contradictory reports in circulation, extend the pretensions of his master, the emperor. and without the least wish to molest them. After
Things were in this state on the arrival of our two having found, to his surprise, that they could exmissionaries, who, after some weeks of unmolested press themselves in the written characters of China, residence, began to flatter themselves that they Tartary, and Thibet, and having satisfied himself might pass unobserved. They were one day seated as to the nature of their pursuits, he informed them at their lodging in conversation with a Lama well that the Chinese resident vas himself going to versed in Buddhistic learning, when a well-dressed question them. He advised that they should Chinese suddenly made his appearance, and ex
frankly state their history, and added, that they pressed a strong desire to inspect any merchandise might depend upon his protection, for it was himthey might have to dispose of. They in vain de- self who governed the country. As he took his clared they were not merchants; he was not satis-departure, the noise of the gong announced the fied, and in the midst of the discussion arrived a
approach of Ke-shen. The experience of our second Chinese, and then a third ; after which, travellers made them anticipate a less agreeable the number of visitors was soon swelled to five, by interview in this quarter ; but they screwed their the appearance of two Lamas in rich silk scarfs. courage up to the sticking place, determined that
They all joined in a multitude of questions, ad as Christians, as missionaries, and as Frenchmen, dressed to MM. Gabet and Huc, and their looks they would not kneel to anybody; and they bade were directed on all sides, in a minute examination their squire and neophyte, Samdadchiemba, confess of the contents of the dwelling. They at length his faith, if the occasion should require. The took their leave, promising to return, and left our
portrait of the celebrated mandarin must be given missionaries in an uncomfortable state, justly
at full length. thinking that the pretended chance visit looked Ke-shen, although sixty years of age, seemed to us like a concerted measure, and that their new full of strength and vigor. His face is undoubtedly friends had very much the appearance of either the noblest, most gracious, and most intellectual, that spies or swindlers.
we had ever seen among the Chinese. As soon as we When dinner was over, two out of the late five had taken off our hat to him, making a bow to him in reäppeared, and at once announced that the regent our best possible fashion, “ That's right,” said he, desired to see the missionaries ;-—and that young
“follow your own customs. I have heard that you man,” said they, pointing to their faithful Tartar speak the language of Pekin correctly. I wish to attendant, Samdadchiemba, who eyed them with no mistakes in speaking, but your wonderful intelligence
converse with you for a moment.”—“We make many very friendly Jooks—" he must come too.” The will be able to make up for the obscurity of our authorities must be obeyed, and they set out to words.”_“Why, this is pure Pekin indeed! You gether towards the palace of the regent. On their French have a great facility for all sciences. You are arrival, they were conducted through a court and French, are you not?” _“Yes, we are French.”. passages, crowded with Thibetians and Chinese, to “Oh! I know the French ; formerly there were many a large room, at the end of which was seated the of them at Pekin. I saw some of them.” _“You regent, with his legs crossed upon a thick cushion should have known some of them also at Canton, covered with a tiger's skin. He was a man of when you were imperial commissioner.” This souveabout fifty, stout, and remarkably fair, with a nir made our judge knit his brow; he drew out of his most intelligent and benevolent countenance. The repository a large pinch of snuff,* and snuffed it up in strangers were invited to seat themselves on a very bad humor. “Yes, it's true. I have seen bench covered with red carpet to their right.
many Europeans at Canton. You are of the religion
of the Lord of heaven, are you not?”—“Certainly ; As soon as we were seated, the regent considered we are even preachers of that religion.”—“I know it, us a long time in silence, and with minute attention. I know it. No doubt you have come here to preach He leaned his head sometimes to the right and some that religion?”—“For that very purpose."--" Have times to the left, and examined us in a manner half you already gone over many countries?”—“We have mocking and half good-natured. This sort of panto- gone through all China, all Tartary, and now you see mime seemed to us at last so droll, that we could not us in the capital of Thibet.”—“With whom did you help laughing. “Well,” said we in French, in a
lodge when you were in China ?”—“We do not an-. low tone,“ this gentleman seems a pretty good fellow; swer questions of that nature.”—“But if I command our business will go well.”—“Ah !" said the regent, you?”—“We could not obey.” (Here the displeased: with a voice full of affability," what language do you speak? I did not understand what you said."-"We
* The Chinese generally take snuff out of a small speak the language of our country.”-“We shall see. bottle, but Ke-shen probably required larger supplies, Repeat aloud what you just said in a low voice.”. and had a silver box or vessel at his side—"vase en 6 We said, This gentleman seems a pretty good fel- argent."
judge struck his fist hard on the table.) “You know,” useless to protest that nothing but the safety of our we said to him," that Christians are not afraid ; why, traders was in view ; that the commercial treaty then, try to intimidate us?”—“Where did you learn was altogether futile without the safe navigation Chinese?”—“ In China.”—“In what part ?”—“A of the seas by our merchant vessels ; and it became little everywhere.”—“And the Tartar language, do necessary at once to cut the matter short by saying you know that ?
Where did you learn it?”—“In that the commanders of H. M. ships must obey Mongolia, the land of herbs.”'
any orders they received from their government in The firm bearing of MM. H and Gabet was
the prosecution of their lawful business. properly respected by Ke-shen, who, however,
Maps of the country our missionaries had, but did not treat with the same ceremony their Tartar they were not autograph, nor even manuscript. attendant, Samdadchiemba, on finding he was a sub- | A grand scrutiny took place before Ke-shen. ject of China. He ordered him peremptorily to “ We are fortunate," said the travellers to the kneel, and in that attitude obtained from him his Chinese minister, " to find you here. In your abhistory, which might have gone far to compromise sence it might have been impossible to convince the the unfortunate squire, but for his connection with authorities of Thibet that we did not construct these the two missionaries. Ke-shen's character appears maps ourselves ; but to a person of your information to considerable advantage throughout this narrative.
to one so well acquainted with European mattersEncroaching and overbearing towards the Thibe- it is easy to perceive that these maps are not our tian government, according to his supposed duty to
work.” Ke-shen appeared greatly flattered by the his sovereign, his personal demeanor to the two these are printed maps. Look,” he added to the
compliment. “ It is evident at once," said he, “that travellers proved his due appreciation of the Eu- regent, “the maps, instead of being made by these ropean character, no doubt the result of his expe- persons, were printed in the country of France. You rience at Canton. The lateness of the hour put an could not perceive that ; but I have been long accusend to the audience, and our missionaries had an tomed to distinguish the various objects which come immediate interview, followed by a supper, with from the West.” their kind friend, the regent, whose solicitude may fairly be attributed as much to his jealousy of the
Solvuntur risu tabulæ.—This incident was of Chinese resident, as his sympathy for the strangers. more use to the missionaries, and relieved them At this interview appeared as interpreter, on account
more completely from the cloud which had hung of his knowledge of the Chinese language, (the
over them, than anything else that could have ocmedium most familiar to the missionaries,) a cer- curred. The only fear and anxiety of the regent tain Mahomedan chief of the Mussulmans of himself was effectually removed, and from being Cashmere, resident at Lhassa. This litle incident virtually prisoners, and their baggage under seal, shows our increased vicinity to the Chinese em- they returned in a sort of ovation to their lodging pire, since Gholab Singh, ruler of Cashmere, be- It did not seem unreasonable for them, under all came our tributary, and bound himself in the the circumstances, to hope that they might remain treaty with Lord Hardinge, to transmit annually a unmolested in the country. This appeared still dozen fine shawls, and a certain number of shawi more probable after their friend, the regent, had algoats, in acknowledgment of British supremacy.
lowed them to take up their quarters in a house The greatest cause of anxiety to the regent, and belonging to the government, where they estabthe circumstance most likely to compromise the lished a chapel, and where they were visited by missionaries, proved to be the supposed possession both Thibetians and Chinese, some of whom maniof maps of the country, constructed by themselves. fested no disinclination towards the Romish worIt would seem, according to our author, that this ship. Enough has been shown to prove that, in fear originated since the visit of our countryman and there are, besides, certain circumstances which
external rites, there is not a great deal of difference, Moorcroft,* who, according to the Thibetians, introduced himself at Lhassa as a native of Cashmere. give the Papal emissaries great practical advan
Whatever They stated that, after a residence of some years, tages over Protestant missionaries. he took his departure, but was murdered on his may be the evils or scandals attending celibacy in way to Ladak. ‘Among his effects were a number the Romish Church, (and Dr. Dens' miscalled of maps and designs, which he had executed during
Theology” proves its dangers in the confessionhis stay in this country; and hence the fear of map- al,) it has been very useful to them in the case of makers. The truth, however, is that this fear has foreign missions, and in the exploration of untried been of long standing, in China at least, where the regions or new fields of action. The very undercommon notion of an Englishman is that of taking we are considering could never have been a bipes implumis who goes about making maps of accomplished by Protestant clergymen encumbered the country, with an express view to future con- When a missionary is nominated from England,
with the “impedimenta" of wives and families. quest. Keying, the most liberal Chinese we have ever had to deal with, was in a perpetual fidget single, generally induces him to marry, and he
the prospect of a provision, supposing him to be about the coast survey, carried on, since the peace, fixes himself down, say at one of the five ports of by that able officer Captain Collinson, between Hong-Kong and Shanghae, and plagued H. M. China, for perhaps his life, with the very moderato plenipotentiary incessantly on the subject. It was prospect of converting the empire from a place
corresponding to one of our seaports. If he dies * The time and place of Moorcroft's death near prematurely, which is often the case, the funds Balkh, as related by Professor Wilson, have been which sent him out become charged with the main-confirmed through repeated notices gathered by tenance of those whom he leaves behind, and we Barnes and others during our occupation of Cabul and need only look over the accounts of the Propagathe adjacent countries, and there is no doubt of the tion Society to see that a very considerable amount fact. Moorcroft's residence for twelve years, from of their funds (most justly and unavoidably we addirectly or indirectly, byłany European," whether in mit) are swallowed up annually in this way. India, Nepaul, China, or Russia, is incredible on the The interval of prosperity now enjoyed by our face of it.
travellers, but destined io be too soon interrupted,