Cognition and Addiction
Marcus Munaf˛, I. Albery
Oxford University Press, 2006 - Medical - 307 pages
Addiction research has a long history, but it is only recently that experimental psychologists and neuroscientists have begun to investigate the cognitive aspects of addictive behaviours. This has revealed a complex inter-play of cognitive mechanisms that subserve subjective experiences associated with addiction, such as drug craving. This has led to a marked increase in interest in the potential of such research to elucidate, for example, the processes that may lead to relapse followingabstinence. Although research into the relationship between cognitive processes and addictive behaviours is currently an area of substantial growth and interest, this book has brought together the state-of-the-art in this research. As the field matures such a monograph is timely and will serve to capture the current state of knowledge, as well as identifying directions for future research. Within the book, current research and theoretical models have been synthesised by leading authors in the field of cognition and addiction, with a particular emphasis on widely investigated substances of abuse such as alcohol, nicotine, cocaine and opiates. The individual authors, all of whom are high profile researchers of international standing, have provided a series of chapters that cover mechanisms that underpin cognitive processes in addiction and their application to specific addictive behaviours.
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Abnormal Psychology abstinence abuse activation addiction-related addictive behaviours alcohol cues alcohol expectancies alcohol-related assessment associative memory attentional bias automatic processes Bargh biases Bradley brain cannabis cigarette classical conditioning cocaine cognition and addiction cognitive neuroscience cognitive processes concepts context dopamine drinking drug craving drug cues drug-related cues effects emotional evidence exposure factors Franken function genetic goal Goldman Handbook of implicit heroin implicit and explicit implicit cognition implicit measures implicit memory implicit processes incentive incentive salience influence intervention Journal of Abnormal Klinger learning McCusker mediated modified Stroop task Mogg motivational negative affect neural neuroscience nicotine non-smokers nucleus accumbens opiate opioid paradigm participants patterns Pharmacology placebo positive predict Psychopharmacology receptor reinforcement relapse relevant response reward Robinson and Berridge role Sayette self-efficacy self-report smoking behaviour social drinkers social learning theory Stroop effect Stroop task studies substance suggest theory therapeutic therapy Tiffany treatment tryptophan users visual probe words