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- only of ailors of gold and silver, that from time to time, and

at all times hereafter, shall be there gotten, hav, or obtained, for all manner of services.

VII. And nevertheless, our will and pleasure is, and we Power in do, by these presents, charge, command, warrant, and au- faid treathorise, that the said treasurer and company, or their

", company to fors, or the major part of them, which shall be present and conv assembled for that purpose, thall, from time to time, under afsign under their common feal, distribute, convey, assign, and set over, their con

? mon real, such particular portions of lands, tenements, and heredita- particular ments, by these presents, formerly granted, unto such our portions of loving subjects, naturally born, or denizens, or others, as the

hereby well adventurers as planters, as by the said company (upon a granted to commission of survey and distribution, executed and returned the come for that purpose) shall be nominated, appointed, and allowed ;pany to pare where in our will and pleasure is, that respect be had, as well

"planters of of the proportion of the adventurer, as to the special service, adventuhazard, exploit, or merit of any person, so to be recompen- rers. sed, advanced, or rewarded.

VIII. And forasmuch, as the good and prosperous success forblir of the said plantation cannot but chiefly depend, next under ment of a :. the blessing of God, and the support of our royal authority, council to upon the provident and good direction of the whole enter- refide at:

London and prize, by a careful and understanding council, and that it is to manage not copivenient, that all the adventurers shall be so often the affairs drawn to meet and assemble, as shall be requisite for them to of the comhaye 'meetings and conference about the affairs thereof; pars therefore we do ordain, establish, and confirm, that there shall be perpetually one council here resident, according to the tenour of our former letters patents; which council shall have a seal, for the better government and administration of the said plantation, besides the legal seal of the company or corporation, as in our former letters patents is also expressed.

IX. And farther, we establish and ordain, that Henry, This counEarl of Southampton, William, Earl of Pembroke, Henry, cil shall Earl of Lincoln, Thomas, Earl of Exeter, Robert, Lord ha

y diftin&tfrom Viscount Lisle, Lord Theophilus Howard, James, Lord the common Bishop of Bath and Wells, Edward, Lord Zouche, Thomas, seal of the Lord "Lawarr, William, Lord Monteagle, Edmund, Lord whole comSheffield, Grey, Lord Chandois, John, Lord Stanhope, pany. George, Lord Carew, Sir Humfrey Weld, Lord Mayor of London, Sir Edward , Cecil, Sir William Wade, Sir Henry Nevil, Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Oliver Cromwell, Sir Peter Manwood, Şir Thomas Challoner,' Sir Henry Hobert, Sir

· Francis

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nture and the company he warniolets andret, or ar


o the company council and nated, chofe death


Francis Bacon, Sir George Coppin, Sir John Scot, Sir
Henry Carey, Sir Robert Drury, Sir Oratio Vere, Sir
Edward Conway, Sir Maurice Barkeley, Sir Thomas Gates,
Sir Michael Sandys, Sir Robert Maniel, Sir John Trevor,
Sir Amias Preston, Sir William Godolphin, Sir Walter
Cope, Sir Robert Killigrew, Sir Henry Fanshaw, Sir
Edwin Sandys, Sir John Watts, Sir Henry Montague, Sir
William Romney, Sir Thomas Roe, Sir Baptist Hicks, Sir
Richard Willianison, Sir Stephen Poole, Sir Dudly Digges,
Christopher Brooke, Erg; John Eldrid, and John Wol-
stenholme, shall be our council for the said company of ad-

venturers and planters in Virginia. Nomination X. And the said Thomas Smithi we do ordain to be trea. of the firit ...

of rurer of the said company: which treasurer shall have authothis council rity, to give order, for the warning of the council, and sumby the king. moning the company, to their courts and meetings. Election of XI. And the said council and treasurer, or any of them, and counsel.

catures shall be from henceforth, nominated, chosen, continued, Jors in all displaced, changed, altered, and supplied, as death, or other future va- several occasions, shall require, out of the company of the the majority

byr, said adventurers, by the voice of the greater part of the said of the Taid' company and adventurers, in their assembly for that purpose : company provided always, that every counsellor, so newly elected,

Thall be presented to the Lord Chancellor of England, or to the Lord High Treasurer of England, or to the Lord Cham· berlain of the houshold of us, our heirs, and successors, for the time being, to take his oath of a counsellor to us, our heirs, and successors, for the said company of adventurers and

colony in Virginia. Power of XII. And we do, by these presents, of our special grace, appointing a depuru in certain knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs and furer, in successors, grant unto the said treasurer and company, and cases of their successors, that if it happen, at any time or times, the necessity.

treasurer for the time being to be sick, or to have any such, cause of absence from the city of London, as shall be allowed by the said council, or the greater part of them, assembled, só as he cannot attend the affairs of that company, in every such case, it shall and may be lawful for such treasurer for the time being, to asfágn, constitute and appoint, one of the council or company, to be likewise allowed by the council, or the greater part of them, assembled, to be the deputy treasurer of the said company; which deputy shall have power, to do and execute all things, which belong to the faid treafurer, during such time, as such treasurer shall be either fick, or otherwise absent upon cause allowed of by the said council,

' or



or the major part of them, as aforesaid, fo fully and wholly, and in as large and ample manner and form, to all intents and purposes, as the said treafurer, if he were present, him.' self might or could do and execute the same.

XII. - And further, of our special grace, certain know- The council ledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and fucceffors, shall have, we do, by these presents, give and grant full power and au- make or apa

power to thority to our faid council, here refident, as well at this point and topresent time, as hereafter from time to time, to nominate, change or make, constitute, ordain, and confirm, by such name or placeae

governors names, stile or stiles, as to them shall seem good; and like and other wise to revoke, discharge, change, and alter, as well all and officers of fingular governors, officers, and ministers, which already sover have been made, as also which hereafter shall be by them colonies. thought fit and needful to be made or used, for the government of the said colony and plantation.

XIV. And also to make, ordain, and establish all manner And to " of orders, laws, directions, instructions, forms, and cere- make laws: monies of government and magistracy, fit and necessary, for

for for the good and concerning the government of the said colony and planta- of the said tion; and the fame, at all times hereafter, to abrogate, re- colonies. voke, or change, not only within the precincts of the said colony, but also upon the seas in going and coming, to and from the said colony, as they, in their good discretion, shall think to be fittest for the good of the adventurers and inhabi. tants there.

XV. And we do also declare, that, for divers reasons and Upon the confiderations us thereunto especially moving, our will and arrival of a pleasure is, and we do hereby ordain, that immediately from gove

*** appointed and after such time, as any such governor or principal officer, by the said so to be nominated and appointed, by our faid council, for council in the government of the said colony, as aforesaid, shall arrive i

the power of in Virginia, and give notice unto the colony there resident of thepresident our pleasure in this behalf, the government, power and au- and council thority of the president and council, heretofore by our former a letters patents there established, and all laws and constitutions, and of all by them formerly made, shall utterly cease and be determined, other offiand all officers, governors, and ministers, formerly constituted cers of goor appointed, shall be discharged, any thing, in our former mallin

vernment letters patents concerning the said plantation contained, in any stantly cease wise to the contrary notwithstanding; straightly charging and and be dea commanding the president and council, now resident in the termined. said colony, upon their allegiance, after knowledge given unto them of our will and pleasure, by these presents fignified and declared, that they forthwith be obedient to such governor or





governors, as by our faid counril, here resident, named and appointed, as aforesaid, and to all directions, ore ders and commandments, which they shall receive from thern, as well in the present resigning and giving up of their authority, offices, charge and places, as in all other atten

dance, as shall be by them, from time to time, required. Admission XVI. And we do further, by these presents, ordain and of new establish, that the said treasurer and council here resident, and into the their successors, or any four of them, being assembled (the company. treasurer being one) shall, from time to time, have full power

and authority, to admit and receive any other person into Disfran-' their company, corporation, and freedom; and further, in a

general aslembly of the adventurers, with the consent of the greater part, upon good cause, to disfranchise and put out

any person or persons, out of the said freedom and company. Power to XVII. And we do allo grant and confirm, for us, our heirs work all forts of

and successors, that it fhall be lawful for the said treasurer mines. and company, and their successors, by direction of the go

vernors there, to dig and to search for all manner of mines of gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, tin, and all sorts of minerals, as well within the precinct aforesaid, as within any part of the main land, not formerly granted to any other; and to have and enjoy the gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, and tin, and all other minerals, to be gotten thereby, to the use and behoof of the said company of planters and adventurers yielding thereof, and paying yearly, unto us, our heirs

and successors, as aforesaid. Power to XVIII. And we do further, of our special grace, certain carryout the knowledge, and mere motion, for us, our heirs, and succes. king's fub. jects or any lors, grant, by these presenis, to and with the said treasures strangers to and company, and their fucceffors, that it shall be lawful and settle the free for them, and their affigns, at all and every time and faid colony, :;

ther times hercafter, out of our realm of England, and out of all with all ne- other our dominions, to take and lead into the faid voyages, ceffary arms and for and towards the faid plantation, and to travel thitherfences and wards, and to abide and inhabit there in the said colony and merchan- plantation, all such and so many of our loving subjects, or dises proper any other strangers, that will become our loving subjects, for trading withthepeo- an

themes and live under our obedience, as shall wiilingly accompany ple there: them in the said voyage and plantation; with sufficient ship

ping, armour, weapons, ordinance, munition, powder, shot, vicluals, and such merchandises or wares, as are esteemed by the wild people in those parts, cloathing, implements, furnis ture, cattle, horses, and mares, and all other things, necessary for the said plantation, and for their use and defence,


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and trade with the people there; and in pailing, and return ing to and fro; without yielding or paying subsidy, custom, withoutpayimpofition, or any other tax or duty, to us, our heirs, or ing any cul fucceffors, for the space of seven years from the date of thele duty for presents; provided, that none of the said persons be fuch, as them for 7 shall be hereafter, by special name, restrained by us, our heirs, years. and fucceffors. XIX. And for their further encouragement, of our special No customs

or subsidies grace and favour, we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs thall be paid : and fucceffors, yield and grant, to and with the said treasurer in Virginia and company, and their successors, and every of them, their for 21 years;'

and after factors and asigns, that they and every of them, shall be free that time of all the subsidies and customs in Virginia, for the space of thefaidcomone-and-twenty years, and from all taxes and impofitions, pany ant

fucceffors for ever, upon any goods or merchandizes, at any time or mall pavontimes hereafter, either upon importation thither, or exporta- ly a duty of tion from thence, into our realm of England, or into any 5 per conto other of our realms or. dominions, by the faid treasurer and,

goods excompany, and their succeffors, their deputies, factors, or ported from affigns, cr any of them; except only the five pounds per cent, Virginia in

to England; due for custom, upon all such goods and merchandizes, as

after which shall be brought or imported into our realm of England, or they may any other of thefe our dominions, according to the antient export the trade of merchants; which five pounds per cent. only being a

3 foreign parts paid, it shall be thenceforth lawful and free for the said ad- within the venturers, the same goods and merchandizes to export, and space of 13 carry out of our faid dominions, into foreign parts, without months af

ter their be. any custom, tax, or other duty, to be paid to us, our heirs, ing first lanor succeffors, or to any other our officers or deputies; pro- ded in Enge, vided, that the said goods and merchandizes be shipped out, land, with

out paying within thirteen months, after their first landing within any any other part of those dominions,

duty. XX. And we do also grant and confirm to the said treasurer Power to reand company, and their fucceffors, as also to all and every fist and exo

pell all infuch governor, or other officers and ministers, as by our said council shall be appointed to have power and authority of the said cogovernment and command, in or over the said colony or plan- lony. tation; that they, and every of them, shall and lawfully may, from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, for their several defence and safety, encounter, expulse, repel, and resist, by force and arms, as well by sea as by land, and all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and i persons whatsoever, as (without the fpecial licence of the said treasurer and company, and their successors) shall attempt to inhabit, within the said several precincts and limits of the faid M


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