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ing to their best discretion, and the discretion of the Council of that colony; and that none of our subjects shall be permifted, or suffered, to plant or inbabit behind, or on the back of them, towards the main land, without the express licence of the Council of that colony, in writing there.

unto first had and obtained. Provided VI. Provided always, and our will and pleasure herein is, that the fet- that the plantation and habitation of such of the said colonies, tlements that shall be as shall last plant themselves, as aforesaid, shall not be made last made within one hundred like English miles of the other of them, shall bemore that first began to make their plantation, as aforesaid. miles dif

VII. And we do also ordain, establish, and agree, for us, tant from our heirs, and successors, that each of the said colonies shall the first. have a council, which shall govern and order all matters and Each of causes, which shall arise, grow, or happen, to or within the these colonics shall be

he same several colonies, according to such laws, ordinances, governed by and instructions, as shall be, in that behalf, given and signed a council of with our hand or sign manual, and pass under the privy seal 13 persons of our realm of England; each of which Councils shall conappointed by the king; fist of thirteen persons, to be ordained, made, and removed,

from time to time, according as shall be directed and com. these coun- prised in the same instructions, and shall have a several seal, cils hall for all matters that shall pass or concern the the same several have seals.

· Councils ; each of which seals shall have the king's arms en

graven on the one side thereof, and his portraiture on the other; and that the seal for the Council of the said first colony shall have engraven round about, on the one side, these words; Sigillum Regis Magna Britannia, Franciæ, & Hibernie; on the other side this inscription, round about ; Pro Concilio primæ Coloniæ Virginia. And the seal for the Council of the said second colony shall also have engraven round about the one side thereof, the aforesaid words; Sigillum Regis Magra Britannia, Franciæ, & Hiberniæ ; and on

the other side; Pro Concilio fecunda Colonia Virginia. A fuperior VIII. And that also there shall be a Council established council of here in England, which shall, in like manner, consist of 13 persons thirteen persons, to be, for that purpose, appointed by us, residing in England." our heirs and successors, which shall be called our Council appointedby of Virginia ; and shall, from time to time, have the superior the king. managing and direction, only of and for all matters that shall

or may concern the government, as well of the said several colonies, as of and for any other part or place, within the aforesaid precincts of four-and-thirty and five-and-forty degrees, above-mentioned ; which Council Ahall, in like manner, have a seal, for matters concerning the Council or

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colonies, with the like arms and portraiture, as aforefaid, with this inscription, engraven round about on the one side; Sigillum Regis Magna Britannia, Franciæ, & Hibernia; and round about the other side, Pro Concilio fuo Virginia.

IX. And moreover, we do grant and agree, for us, our Liberty ta heirs and successors, that the said several Councils, of and work all for the said several colonies, fhall and lawfully may, by

homines of virtue hereof, from time to time, without any interruption vet in said of us, our heirs or successors, give and take order, to dig, coloniespay. mine, and search for all manner of mines of gold, silver, and 15;

1 king a fifth copper, as well within any part of their said several colonies, part of the as of the said main lands on the backside of the same colonies ; gold and filand to have and enjoy the gold, silver, and copper, to be gotten,

1 fifteenth of thereof, to the use and behoof of the fame colonies, and the the copper. plantations thereof; yielding therefore, to us, our heirs and succeffors, the fifth part only of all the same gold and filver, and the fifteenth part of all the same copper, fo to be gotten or had, as is aforesaid, without any other manner of profit or account, to be given or yielded to us, our heirs, or fuccessors, for or in respect of the same.

X. And that they shall, or lawfully may, establish and Power toercause to be made a coin, to pass current there between the tablish coins

5 people of those several colonies, for the more ease of traffic

for those com and bargaining between and amongst them and the natives there, of such metal, and in such manner and form, as the said several Councils there shall limit and appoint.

XI. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs, and suc- Power to cessors, by these presents, give full power and authority to carry out the said Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard

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u subjects to Hackluit, Edward-Maria Wingfield, Thomas Hanham, fetile the Ralegh Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, said coloand to every of them, and to the said several companies, nies. plantations, and colonies, that they, and every of them, shall and may, at all and every time and times hereafter, have, take, and lead in the said yoyage, and for and towards the said several plantations and colonies, and to travel this therward, and to abide and inhabit there, in every the faid colonies and plantations, such and so many of our subjects, as shall willingly accompany them, or any of them, in the faid voyages and plantations; with sufficient shipping, and furniture of armour, weapons, ordnance, powder, victual, and all other things, necessary for the faid plantations, and for their use and defence there : Provided always, that none of the said persons be such, as shall hereafter be fpecially restrained by us, our heirs, or fucceffors. '

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Power to re- XII. Moreover, we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs, fiff and ex- and fucceffors, give and grant licence unto the said Sir Thomas pel all in truders into Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, Edward-Maria the laid co- Wingfild, Thomas Hanham, Ralegh Gilbert, William Parlonies.

ker, and George Popham, and to every of the said colonies, that they, and every of them, shall and may, from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, for their several defences, encounter, expulse, repel, and resist, as well by sea as by land, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons, as without the especial licence of the said several colonies and plantations, shall attempt to inhabit within the said several precincts and limits of the said several colonies and plantations, or any of them, or that shall enterprise or attempt, at any time hereafter, the hurt, detriment, or annoyance, of the said several

colonies or plantations. Power to XIII. Giving and granting, by these presents, unto the raise two & said Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hack

per luit, Edward-Maria Wingfield, and their affociates of the cent, upon all goods said first colony, and unto the said Thomas Hanham, Ralegh imported Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, and their this hereby associates of the said second colony, and to every of them, Tubjects, & from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, power 5 per cent. and authority to take and surprise, by all ways and means

whatsoever, all and every person and persons, with their imported by strangers. ships, vessels, goods, and other furniture, which shall be

found trafficking, into any harbour or harbours, creek or creeks, or place, within the limits or precincts of the said several colonies and plantations, not being of the same colony, until such time, as they, being of any realms or dominions under our obedience, shall pay, or agree to pay, to the hands of the treasurer of that colony, within whose limits and precincts they shall ro traffic, two and a half upon every hundred, of any thing so by them trafficked, bought or fold; and being strangers, and not subjects under our obeysance, until they shall pay five upon every hundred, of such wares and merchandizes, as they shall traffic, buy, or fell, within the precincts of the said several colonies, wherein they shall so traffic, buy, or fell, as aforesaid; which sums of money, or benefit, as aforesaid, for and during the space of one-andtwenty years, next ensuing the date hereof, shall be wholly employed to the use, benefit, and behoof of the said several plantations, where such traffic shall be made; and after the said one-and-twenty years ended, the same shall be taken to the use of us, our heirs, and successors, hy such officers and ministers, as by us, our heirs, and fucceffors, shall be thereunto assigned or appointed.

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XIV. And we do further by these presents, for us, our Liberty to heirs and successors, give and grant unto the said Sir Thomas carry goods, Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, and Edward

do Colonies i Maria Wingfield, and to their associates of the said first co- from the Jony and plantation, and to the said Thomas Hanham, Ralegh King's Gilbert, William Parker, and George Popham, and their al

nions free sociates of the said second colony and plantation, that they, from custom and every of them, by their deputies, ministers, and factors, for 7 years. may transport the goods, chattels, armour, munition, and furniture, needful to be used by them, for their faid apparel, food, defence, or otherwise, in respect of the said plantations, out of our realms of England and Ireland, and all other our dominions, from time to time, for and during the time of seven years, next ensuing the date hereof, for the better relief of the said several colonies and plantations, without any custom, subsidy, or other duty, unto us, our heirs, or fucceffors, to be yielded or paid for the same. .

XV. Also we do, for us, our heirs, and successors, declare, General deby these presents, that all and every the persons, being our Jize

nization of Subjects, which shall dwell and inhabit within every or any fons as Mall of the said several colonies and plantations, and every of their be born in children, which shall happen to be born within any the limits th

nies. and precincts of the said several colonies and plantations, shall have and enjoy all liberties, franchises, and immunities, within any of our other dominions, to all intents and purposes, as if they had been abiding and born within this our realm of England, or any other of our faid dominions.

XVI. Moreover, our gracious will and pleasure is, and Persons we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs, and succeffors, who, undet declare and set forth, that if any person or persons, which of trading to

pretence shall be of any of the said colonies and plantations, or any these Colo. other, which shall traffic to the said colonies and plantations, nies, in

: fend goods or any of them, lhall, at any time or times hereafter, tranf- into foreign port any wares, merchandizes, or commodities, out of any of countries, our dominions, with a pretence to land, fell, or otherwise dir-hall

" their ships pose of the same, within any the limits and precincts of any and goods. the said colonies and plantations, and yet nevertheless, being at sea, or after he hath landed the same within any of the faid colonies and plantations, shall carry the same into any other foreign country, with a purpose there to sell or dispose of the fame, without the licence of us, our heirs and successors, in that behalf first had and obtained ; that then, all the goods and chattels of such person or persons, so offending and tranf. porting, together with the said ship or vessel, wherein such

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transportation was made, shall be forfeited to us, our heirs I live

and succeffors, Provision in XVII. Provided always, and our will and pleasure is, and case any of we do hereby declare to all christian kings, princes and the inhabiants of states, that if any person or persons, which shall hereafter be nese Colo- of any of the said several colonies and plantations, or any nies shall other, by his, their, or any of their licence and appointment, rob or injure any other of shall, at any time or times hereafter, rob or spoil, by fea or the King's by land, or do any act of unjust and unlawful hoftility, to subjects, or any the subjects of us, our heirs, or fucceffors, or any the the subjects . of any Prince subjects of any king, prince, ruler, governor, or state, being or State in then in league or amity with us, our heirs or succeffors, and amity with that upon such injury, or upon just complaint of such prince, England.

ruler, governor, or state, or their subjects, We, our heirs, or successors, thall make open proclamation within any of the ports of our realm of England, commodious for that purpose, that the said person or persons, having committed any such rob. bery or spoil, Thall, within the term to be limited by such proclamations, make full reftitution or satisfaction of all such injuries done, so as the said princes, or others, fo complaining, may hold themselves fully satisfied and contented ; and, that if the said person or persons, having committed such robbery or spoil, shall not make, or cause to be made, fatisfaction accordingly, within such time so to be limited, that then it shall be lawful to us, our heirs, and successors, to put the said person or persons, having committed such robbery or spoil, and their procurors, abettors, or comforters, out of our allegiance and protection ; and that it shall be lawful and .free, for all princes and others, to pursue with hostility the said offenders, and every of them, and their and every of their procurers, aiders, abettors, and comforters in that

behalfi Promise to XVIII. And finally, we do, for us, our heirs and sucgrant the cessors, grant and agree, to and with the said Sir Thomas shall be oc. Cras

Gates, Sir George Somers, Richard Hackluit, and Edward. cupied by Maria Wingfield, and all others of the said first colony, that the first co- We, our heirs and successors, upon petition in that behalf Tony, to luch to be made, Thall, by letters patent under the great feal of shall be ap- England, give and grant, unto such persons, their heirs and pointed for alligns, as the council of that colony, or the most part of that purpose

he puse them, shall, for that purpose,' nominate and assign, all the Council of lands, tenements, and hereditaments, which shall be within thatColony, the precincts limited for that colony, as is aforesaid, to be holden of us, our heirs, and successors, as of our manor of

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