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A TALE OF A TUB.

[Vol. vi]

ACT III.

SCENE 2.-P. 185.

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Young justice Bramble has kept level coyl

Here in our quarters,” &c. "i. e. (in our old dramatists) riot or disturbance. But, properly, level coil is a game in which each of the parties strives to supplant and win the place of the other,” &c. GIFFORD.

Nares (Gloss. in v.) says that he has found level-coil in no other passage of our early dramatists besides this of Jonson. But they not unfrequently employ the term : for instance;

Tav. How now! what coil is here?
Black. Level-coil, you see, every man's pot.”
Beaumont and Fletcher's Faithful Friends,

act 1, sc. 2.

How easie a worke
Twere for one woman to supply 'em both,
And hold her husband play to levell acoile !
A wooden two-leav'd booke, a paire of tables
Would do't.”
Brome's Mad Couple well match'd, act ii. sc. 1.

(Sig. c 5.)

Compare also Armin's Nest of Ninnies, 1608;

and so they did, and entered the parlour, found all this leuell coyle, and his pate broken,” &c. p. 28, Shakespeare Society reprint. (where, p. 61, the editor, not being acquainted with the term, conjectures lewd coyl.")

And Taylor's Satyre;
“Whose soul (perhaps) in quenchlesse fire doth broile,
Whilst on the earth his sonne keepes leuell coile."

Workes, p. 260, ed. 1630. THE SAD SHEPHERD.

1

[Vol. vi.]

ACT I.

SCENE 2.-P. 268.

Mar. You are a wanton.
Rob. One, I do confess,

I want-ed till you came.”
So Lodge;

Women are wantons, and yet men cannot want one.Rosalynde. Euphues golden legacie, &c., 1590, sig. B 2.

ACT II.

SCENE 1.-P. 279.

· Ear. O the fiend on thee!

Gae, take them hence,” &c. “ The fol. reads Gar, which Mr. Waldron corrects as in the text." GIFFORD.

Jonson was much better acquainted with the northern phraseology than Waldron, whose “ correction” is in fact a corruption of the text.

- Gar take" means

cause take :' to gar,

i. e. to make, to cause, is still in common use among the Scotch. I am surprised that Gifford did not recollect the occurrence of the word in various Scottish ballads which he must certainly have read,—e.g. in the well-known burthen,

· Fye, gar rub her o'er wi' strae.”

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ACT II.

SCENE 2.-P. 286.

Mar. My heart it is wounded, pretty Amie.” Read

Mar. My heart it is, is wounded, pretty Amie.”

SCENE 2.-P. 295.

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and where the sea
Casts up his slimy ooze, search for a weed

To open locks with,” &c.
This is copied by Shadwell in the Lancashire Witches :

From the sea's slimy ouse a weed

I fetch'd to open locks at need.' But he honestly refers to the original : “See (he says) the renown'd Jonson in the second act of his Sad Shepherd.'Gifford. In Shirley's Constant Maid, act v. sc. 3, we find,

Trust not a woman, they have found the herb

To open locks.on which passage Gifford merely remarks, “ See Jonson's Sad Shepherd, vol. vi. p. 295.”

The herb to which this power was attributed is the lunary or moon-wort: a play called The Unfortunate Usurper, 1663, contains the following passage ;

“The greatnesse of Princes Fortunes not onely forces ’um to keep open Court, but (as if the Herb Lunaria were in the Locks) makes all their Privy-Chamber doors fly open.” Act i. sc. 3, p. 6.

And Gerarde, in his Herball, observes, that

“Small Moonewoort [lunaria minor] ..... hath beene used among the Alchymistes and witches to doe wonders withall, who say, that it will loose lockes, and make them to fall from the feet of horses that

grase where it doth grow,” &c.; p. 407, ed. 1633.

I

may notice here, that verses by Jonson, not included in Gifford's edition of his works, are prefixed to the following books:

Coryats Crudities, &c. 1611, 4to.

The Ghost of Richard the Third. Expressing himselfe in these three Parts. 1. His Character. 2. His Legend. 3. His Tragedie, &c. (by C. B.-qy. Christopher Brooke ?), 1614, 4to.

The Rogve; or The Life of Guzman De Alfarache, &c. The third Edition, corrected, folio, 1623.

X

Meditations of Mans Mortalitie. Or a way to True Blessednesse. W'ritten By Mrs. Alice Sutcliffe, wife of John Sutcliffe Esquire, Groome of his Maiesties most Honourable Privie Chamber. The Second Edition, enlarged, &c. 1634, 18mo.

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