Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalization
One of the most remarkable aspects of South Korea's transition from impoverished post-colonial nation to fully-fledged industrialized democracy has been the growth of its independent and dynamic labour movement. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation examines current trends and transformations within the Korean labour movement since the 1990s.
It has been a common assumption that the 'third wave' of democratisation, the end of the Cold War, and the spread of neoliberal globalisation in the latter part of the 20th century have helped to create an environment in which organised labour is better placed to overcome bureaucratic national unionism and transform itself into a potential counter-globalisation movement. However, Kevin Gray argues that despite the apparent continued phenomena of labour militancy and the rhetoric of anti-neoliberalism, the mainstream independent labour movement in Korea has become increasingly institutionalised and bureaucratised into the new capitalist democracy. This process is demonstrated by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions' experience of participation in various forms of policy making forums. Gray suggests that as a result, the KCTU has failed to mount an effective challenge against processes of neoliberal restructuring and concomitant social polarisation.
The Korean experience provides an excellent case study for understanding the relationship between organised labour and globalisation. Korean Workers and Neoliberal Globalisation will appeal to students and scholars of Korean studies and International Political Economy, as well as Asian politics and economics.
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conceptual category of counter-hegemonic resistance, or assuming that labour
will be more militant in the face of neoliberal restructuring. Neo- liberalism has
the tendency to exaggerate the conflict between the unions' role as 'protector of ...
The labour legislation amendment of 28 November 1987 granted basic rights to
organize unions and engage in collective bargaining. However, unions were still
banned from forming, cooperating with or contributing to any political party.
clear that enterprise unionism constitutes a structural weakness of the Korean
labour movement. Enterprise unions are by their very nature an expression of the
disequilibrium in the labour movement, since they are based almost exclusively ...
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Neoliberal globalization labour and resistance
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The rise and fall of militant labour unionism in Korea
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