A History of Federal Crime Control Initiatives, 1960-1993
Greenwood Publishing Group, Jul 21, 1994 - Political Science - 278 pages
This history of American crime policy at the federal level compiles and examines for the first time the record of recent presidential administrations in the area of crime control--their agendas and the legislation actually enacted by the Congress. Nancy Marion analyzes the relationship between politics and criminal justice and concludes, after reviewing the administrations of Kennedy through Clinton, that the federal response to crime has been largely symbolic, and that federal policies tend to have provided political benefit to elected officials while not actually reducing crime by any significant amount. This study and its findings will be of interest to scholars in political science, government, criminology, and criminal justice.
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Federal Involvement in Criminal Justice Prior to the Johnson Administration
The Johnson Administration A Continuation and Expansion of Activities from the Kennedy Years
The Nixon Administration A Shift in Federal Crime Control Policy
The Ford Administration A Continuation of Nixon with Some Variations
The Carter Administration A Temporary Lull in Federal Criminal Justice Policy
The Reagan Administration A Return to Law and Order
The Bush Administration A Continuation of Reagans Administration
Conclusion President Clinton and the Future of Federal Crime Control Policy
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Common terms and phrases
action activity Address Administration agencies agenda allow American approach approved argued attempt authorized bill Bush called Carter changes cleared Clinton Commission commit Committee concern Congress Congressional Quarterly Almanac Congressional Quarterly Weekly conservative continued convicted court created crime control Criminal Justice Cronin death penalty Democratic Department Drug Abuse effective efforts election enacted established example February federal government fight firearms Ford funds grants House Ibid important included increase initiatives involvement issues Johnson judges Judiciary Juvenile Delinquency Kennedy law enforcement LEAA legislation liberal limited major March Message million narcotics Nixon October organized crime passed policies Politics President presidential Press Prevention prison problem programs proposed Public Papers punishment Quarterly Weekly Report Reagan reduce Reform Republican responsibility result revision role Senate sentences September social society Special suggested symbolic tion treatment United University victims York
Page 53 - State and local planning. (2) Education and training of criminal justice personnel. (3) Surveys and advisory services concerning organization and operation of criminal justice agencies. (4) Development of coordinated national information systems. (5) Development of a limited number of demonstration programs in agencies of justice. (6) Scientific and technological research and development. (7) Institutes for research and training personnel.
Page 54 - There should be a national law enforcement directory that records an individual's arrests for serious crimes, the disposition of each case, and all subsequent formal contacts with criminal justice agencies related to those arrests.
Page 163 - Act shall be used to perform abortions except where the life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term...
Page 20 - Murray Edelman, The Symbolic Uses of Politics (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1964...
Page 72 - We must reestablish the principle that men are accountable for what they do, that criminals are responsible for their crimes, that while the youth's environment may help to explain the man's crime, it does not excuse that crime.
Page 27 - The right to competent counsel must be assured to every man accused of crime in Federal court, regardless of his means. And the most precious and powerful right in the world, the right to vote in a free American election, must not be denied to any citizen on grounds of his race or his color.
Page 55 - A Federal agency should be assigned to coordinate the establishment of standards for equipment to be used by criminal justice agencies, and to provide those agencies technical assistance. The Federal Government should encourage and support the establishment of operations research staffs in large criminal justice agencies.
Page 80 - ... District of Columbia. None of these bills has reached my desk for signature. I am confident that the Congress will act now to adopt the legislation I placed before you last year. We in the Executive have done everything we can under existing law, but new and stronger weapons are needed in that fight. While it is true that State and local law enforcement agencies are the cutting edge in the effort to eliminate street crime, burglaries, murder, my proposals to you have embodied my belief that the...
Page 138 - Act contains an opportunity, in that it provides for establishment of the National Commission for the Review of Federal and State Laws Relating to Wiretapping and Electronic Surveillance.
Page 49 - As you know, the functions of drug law enforcement are presently split between the Bureau of Narcotics in the Treasury Department, and the Bureau of Drug Abuse Control in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.