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things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches. Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is offended, and I burn not? If I inust needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern mine infirmities. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
. : The Gospel. S. Luke 8. 4. .
H en much people were gathered together, and were come VVs to him out of every city, he spake by a parable: A fower went out to fow his feed : and as he sowed, some fell by the way-side, and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. And fome fell upon a rock, and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. Andi fome fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it, and, choked it. And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundred-fold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear let himn hear. And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? And he faid, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: * but to others in parables ; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. Now the parable is this; The feed is the word of God. Those by the way-side are they that hear; S then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, left they should believe and be saved. # They
But to others in parables, that Jering, &c. Or as it ed by che Seed fown by the Way-side, are such as take is otherwise exprelled by St. Matth. xiii. 13. Therefore no care to understand what they hear, but are easily Ipeak I 10 them in parables : because they seeing, see not: tempted to forget and neglect it, and so lose all good and bea, ing, they bear not, neither do they understand.- effect of it. That is, he spoke to them in parables, because their . I They on the Rock, &c. The rocky Ground rea ftupidity was to gross, and their prejudices so numerous, presents those on whom the Word makes some imprefthat cho' they had capacities for receiving his Doctrine, fion, who approve of it at first, and receive it gladly; yet they would not regard it, if he had spoke in plain but being not well grounded; when they are brought terms. This shews that the blindness of the Jews was, under Trials and Persecutions for the sake of the ihe reason rf Chrift's teaching them by Parab.es, and Gospel, their Resolutions fail them, and they yield not his teaching them by Parables the realon of their to Temptation ; like Vegetables, which having to depth blindness."
cf soil to nourish them, are soon burnt up by ihe Then comerh the Devil, &c. The persons represent- fuo ching heat of the Noon-Day Sun,
on the rock are they, which when they hear, receive the word with joy; and there have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. . And that which fell among thorns, are they, which when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares, and riches, and pleasures of this life, and bring no fuit to perfection. || But that on the good ground, are they, which in an honest and good heart; having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.
The Sunday called Quinquagefima, or the next Sunday Before Lent.
The Collect. O Lord, who haft taught us; 'that all our doings without cha
rity are nothing worth; Send thy Holy Ghost, and pour into our hearts that most excellent gift of charity, the very bond of peace, and of all virtues, without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee. Grant this for thine only Son Jesus Christs sake. Amen.
The Epistle. I Cor. 13. 1. IT Hough I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and
have not charity, I am become as founding brass, or å tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and underftand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, fo that I could remove mountains, and have no charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, * seeketh not her own, is not easily proyoked, thinketh no evil, rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; beareth all things, t believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail ; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. When I was child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glafs darkly ; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as alfo I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three ; but the greatest of thefe is charity.
Paraphrafe on the Colle Et for Quinquagefima Sunday. O Lord, who has taught us that all our best Works fe&tly peaceable and virtuous; and without which we are of no value, if they proceed not from a principle of may be juftly accounted dead in Sin, even whilt we Çi arity; bestow upon us, by thy Holy Spirit, this enjoy an animal Life. Grant this for the sake of thy most excellent dispofition, the means to make us per- Son Jesus Christ. . t And that which fell among Tkorns, &c. The thereto firmness of Refolution, and a due government Ground full of Thorns, which sprang up with the of their passions. Such, by the Blessing of God, will Seed, and choked it, represents those who receive the be likely to bring forth the Fruits of Righteousness Word into Hearts full of worldly Cares, which fooner abundantly. or later destroy whatever Convictions, or good Resolu- I Quinquagefima Sunday is fo called, because it is tions are raised by it. Worldly Cares are justly com- fifty Days before Easter. And as the Church had pared to Thorns, not only because of their pernicious appointed a Fast of forty Days before Easter, which effects, but because they are to be rooted out with great begins on the Wednesday before Quadragefima Sundifficulty.
day.So it was ordered by Telesphorus and Gregory Bishops || But that on the good Ground, &c. The good Ground, of Rome, that all Priests should begin their Fasts two the honest and good Hearts, fignify such as endeavour to Days sooner : that as they preceded the People in dig. understand the Word; and are disposed to believe the nity, they might also precede them in sanctity: Where. Truth, tho' contrary to their prejudices, and to prac- fore to the Week of Quadragefima was this other ad. tise it tho' opposite to their inclinations; and join ded named Quinquagefima.
The Gospel. S. Luke 18. 31. T HEN Jesus took unto him the twelve, and faid unto them,
1 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man fhalt be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully intreated, and spitted on. And
* Seeketh not her own. Charity does not confine its Charity will dispose us to hope Things are not so bad as endeavours to the private good of the Person who is they are represented; or to bope at least for the Offenpossessed of it; but continually excites us to promote ders reformation. Nay even when the charitable Perche welfare of all Men according to our ability and son is in some degree a sufferer by an inconsiderate opportunity.
Brother; (where his Crimes are not of such a natu e as * + Believeth "all Things, bopeth all Things, endureth to require his punishment, for the sake of the public) all Things.. Where there is any just reason to suppose the charitable Person will endure his Wrongs with the Person accused is not guilty of the charge laid as patience will conceal his Faults from the World ; and gainft him, Charity' will incline us' to believe him in- endeavour to win him over to a better Mind, by gennocent. And even where the circumstances alledged tleness, meekness, and good offices. against him cannot be entirely refuted; yet even here
they shall scourge him, and put him to death ; and the third day he shall rise again. * And they understood none of these things: and this faying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken. And it came to pass, that as he was come nigh unto Jericho, ta certain blind man sat by the way-side begging: and hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant. And they told him that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by. And he cried, saying, Jesus thou son of David, have mercy on me. And they which went before rebuked him, that he should hold his peace : but he cried so much the more, 'Thou son of David, have mercy on me. And Jesus stood and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him, saying, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? And he said, 'Lord, tha! I may receive my sight." And Jefus faid unto hiin, Receive thy fight; thy faith hath saved thee. $ And immediately he received his fight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.: : The first day of l Lent, commonly called * Ash-wednesday
i Tbe Collect. . A Lmighty and everlasting God, who hateft nothing that thou A haft made, and doft forgive the sins of all them that are penitent; Create and make in us new and contrite hearts, that we worthily lamenting our fins, and acknowledging our wretchedness, may obtain of thee, the God of all mercy, perfect remiffion and forgiveness, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. This Colleet is to be read every day in Lent; after the Collect appointed for the day. ." ..." .! ; .. .
** And they understood none of these Things. Our Lord's Son of Timeus, who seems to have been a Person of some Disciples, through their ignorance of the Scriptures, diftinction; and that having fallen into poverty and could not imagine how the Things which Jesus had told blindness, he was forced to beg for his Bread. behem should happen to him. Because as thcy had all I Thy Faith bath laved thee. That is, thy Faith along looked upon him as the Messiah, and, as such, hath made thee a proper Object of this Mercy." expected him to take upon himself the dignity and · And immediately he received his Sight, 66. Thus, power of a temporal Prince; they could not see how says “ Eramus, Jesus, by his Touch, curts the Mind his having dominion over the World could be con. “ that is blinded with worldly Lufts; and gives light fiftent with the sufferings he had told them he must une « for this end, that we may follow his steps. dergo. This blindness, which was the consequence of Lent. Is so called from the antient Name of national prejudice, continued upon them till the Holy March, which by the Saxons was named Lenet, Monat. Spirit descended upon them at the Feast of Pentecoit. or Length Month because the Days then begin to exceed
* + A certain blind Max, &c. St.Matthew mentions the Nights in length. For this reason, as the forty two who received their Sight at that Time. But the Days Abftinence are generally a part of this Month. reason why only one of them is taken notice of by St. they were therefore called Leni. ", Mark and Luke is, probably, because "one of the Beg- . * Ap-wednesday is so called from the antient culton gars was more remarkable than the other, being the of Fasting that Day in Sackcloth and Alhes.
. 1,"? 13. For the 'Epistle. Joel. 2. 12. sisi HTURN ye even to me, faith 'the Lord, with all your heart,
1: and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. And rent your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God : for he is gracious and merciful, flow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. Who knoweth if he will return, and repent, and leave a blessing behind him, even a meat-offering, 'and a drink-offering unto the Lord your God? Blow the trumpet in Zion, fanctifyia fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the people; sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that fuck the breasts ; let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet ; let the priests, the minifters of the Lord, weep between the porch and the altar, and ilet them say, Spare thy people, O Lord, and give not thine heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say, among the people, Where is their God lica 52' ú : sonido vis i t
... The Gospeli S. Matth. 6. 16. *IT THEN ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, of a fad countenance: V for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men
- ----- Paraphrafe on the Collect for Al-wednesday. ... Most might and eternal God, who lovest thy Crea- coming sorrow for our Offences, and a sense of our . tures, and haft promised to pardon the Sins of such as mifery without thy Mercy,may obtain full Reconciliation are truly penitent: Inspire us with hearty Repentance with thee the God of all goodness, through Jesus for our Transgreffons, and new Resolutions of better Christ our Lorda Obedience for the future ; that we thus fhewing a be- ' . ,
# Turn je, even to him, &c. Observe here that but that Times also fould be set apart for publick Fasting and all other outward ligns of penitence will Humiliation for our national Offences, and that Peonothing avail without a real, contrition and change of ple may then offer up their united Supplications in the Heart, and turning to the Lord by a new Obedience. Allemblies, to avert God's displeasure. : Blogu the Trumpet in Zion, &c. This hews that * When we fall, be not as the Hypocrites, &c. Our it is not only requisite that every particular Person Lord herein teacheth us that on any occasion of abftinence kould hew acts of Contrition for his Sins in private; we ought not to be formal and vain glorious, like those