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In the City and Liberties of Philadelphia, from the 1st of January 1827, to the 1st of January 1828.

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1136 293 215 131 74. \128 (444 1538 364 241 [157 131 67 22 4, 13945 Note.-Of the foregoing there were Males of 20 years and upwards 1152; 1026 under 20 years; 845 Females of 20 years and upwardsı 922 under 20 years.

There were 443 returns received at the Health Office of persons who died in the Alms-House of the City during the year; and 757 People of Colour are included in the statement of interments.

Agreeably to returns made and collected from 127 Practitioners of Midwifery, there have been born in the City and Liberties, from the 1st of January 1827, to the 1st of January 1828, 3581 Male, and 3452 Female Children; making the total number of Births 7033; leaving a difference between the births and interments for the year, of 3088:

Adults. Children. Total.

Adults. Children, Total. January

137 313

242 460 February 149 287 September

142 287 March

156 149 305

216 149 365 April 130 145 275 November

203 144 347 May 178 116 294 December

172 133 305 June

116 176 292 July 267 415

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There was a method in doing business, peculiar to our Mem. That an ordinance be considered to prevent ancestors from which the present generation appear to boyling tar into pitch, heating pitch upon the wharf, or

within twenty feet of any building or hay stack. have departed very widely. There was a particularity

Ordered, that the Crier of this city, give public notice in recording even minute circumstances, which at once to the inhabitants, &c. that the act for preventing of fire stamps their records with the character of fidelity, and is will be vigorously put in execution. very satisfactory to those who have occasion to investi Ordered, that the Mayor, once in every month, goe

the rounds to the respective bread-bakers in this city, gate any of their proceedings. The following minute, and weigh their bread, and seize all such as shall be defrom the printed journals of the Assembly in 1754, amus- ficient in weight, and dispose of the same as the law died us not a little, and will serve as a model to some of rects. , the secretaries and clerks of the present day, who are

At a Common Council held at the Coffy House 15th

Dec. 1704, present G. Jones, Mayor, &c. &c. not always sufficiently attentive to record even circum

Joseph Yard and John Redman, who were appointed stances of consequence.

by an order of the last council, to view the Arch in the “_Ordered,

front street, and to report to this council, what may be “ That Candles he brought in,

required to repair and make good the same, report, that “ And they were brought in accordingly.”.

they have carefully viewed the Arch, and are of opinion

that the sum of £12 will be required to repair and make May not some of our public bodies learn from this cx

good the same, tract, a lesson of diligence in the transaction of public It is ordered, that the ground on each side of the arch business?

fronting of King street, be built upon by such persons as

shall be willing to take the same upon ground rent, and ANNALS OF PHILADELPHIA.

that Alderman Wilcox and Jones, may treat with any

persons concerning the same, and that they give public From the recovered minutes of the Common Council, notice thereof, and make their report at the next meet

from 1704 to 1776; extracted for thc Pennsylvania ing what progress they have made therein. Gazette.

It is ordered that this city be divided into ten wards. At a meeting of the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council, at the house of Herbert Carey, of this city, Inn. holder, the third day of October 1704,

INDIAN ANTIQUITY. Present, Anthony Morris, Mayor, 2 Aldermen and

Wilkesbarre, Luzerne county, Pa. June 24. David Lloyd, Recorder,' } Council. The above said Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Com The editors have received from a friend at Braintrim, mon Council, pursuant to the business of the day, pro- a curious old Indian pot. In the great food of 1807, when ceeded to the election of a Mayor for the said city, for the bank of the river was in some places cut away three the year ensuing, and Alderman Griffith Jones is elected or four perches, the fat called Hemlock bottom, in Mayor, Nemine Contradicente, of which he accepted Braintrim township, suffered exceedingly. Some rods and moved that the £20 fine laid upon him, for refusing of the bank were entirely swept away. After the waters to accept of the Mayoralty the last year, may be remit- subsided, Mr. Young, the gentlemen from whom we reted him, and it is granted, and the said fine is hereby received the information and to whom we are indebted for mitted and forgiven.

this curiosity, in walking under the bank, discovered the Whereas, it appears that the Reason of Alderman pot interwoven among the roots of a tree. With some Jones had refusing the Mayoralty the last year was, for trouble he got it out without damage, and it is entire exthat he was non-resident in the city, but inhabited at his cept a small hole in the side, from which it seems proplantation in the country; also, he then being under bable a spout or handle had projected. The pot was some dissatisfaction as to the affirmation to be taken by found about 6 feet below the surface of the earth, and him in order to his qualification. It is now ordered that the tree which grew over it is more than two feet in dithe remitting him his fine for refusing the Mayoralty the ameter.

Its time of lying there, therefore, must have last year, and the electing of him Mayor for the year been very ancient, undoubtedly for ages. ensuing, shall not be brought in practice or president. The white people have no knowledge of the art of And no Alderman of this Corporation shall pretend to making such ware. The race of Indians that inhabited have or claim the same liberty or privilege as is now this country when the white people came here was granted to or allowed Alderman Jones.

equally ignorant of the art. That there must have been At a Common Council at the Coffy House, the 1st day a different race of people who inhabited this country be. af December 1704, present Griffith Jones, Mayor, Re. fore the savages who occupied when it was discovered? corder and Aldermen.

by the white people admits of little doubt; they were Richard Pruse, John Till, Widow Bristow, MylesGod- undoubtedly rude, but yet more civilized than their sucforth, Christopher Lobb, Philip Wallis, &c. persons who cessors. keep teems within the city, being sent for, now came The pot holds about 2 quarts; the bottom is round; it and are admonished, (that mischief being lately com swells gradually to the middle and then decreases in size mitted by some of them) to take care how they drive to the top-the lower half is like the bottom of a gourd; their carts within this city, for that an ordinance will be the upper part like the top of an urn. It is very thin and immediately made for their regulation.

light, perfectly smooth inside, but on the outside beauIt is ordered, that John Budd and Henry Badcock, do tifully and regularly figured. winter the Two Town Bulls, until the 1st of June next, and that they shall bave £4 a peace for the same, to be paid them out of the public stock of this city, which they undertook to do.

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GED Joseph Yard and John Redman, are appointed to view (nes, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at the Arch in the front street, and to make their report at the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, Subscripthe next meeting, in what condition they found the same tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per and what moncy will be required to mend the same, and annum--payable in sıx MONTHS after the commencement make good the bank or cast side.

of publication and annually thereafter, by Subscribers Ordered and agreed that a Watch-house shall be built resident in or near the city—or wherс there is an agent. in the Market-place, 16 fect long, and 14 wide. Other Subscribers pay in advance.







NO. 7.


200 tons annually. This enterprising company have,

also, a manufactory for making wood screws, which are From the Bellfonte Patriot, Feb. 23, 1826. in every way superior to those imported. They are made Mr. Petrikin,-Having observed a communication in with great facility, and in great quantities. To the screw a late Huntingdon paper, relating to the establishments manufactory is attached a cupola. They are collectively for the manufacturing of Iron in that county, I deem it the property of Hardman Phillips, esq. and Co." proper to furnish for publication, in your paper, a list of

Rock Forges:-Situated about 4 or 5 miles from Bellethe Iron Manufactories in Centre County: they are as

fonte, are capable of making 600 tons of bar iron annufollows:

ally. There is also a Rolling Mill, for rolling boiler, Pennsylvania Furnace:--Situated about 20 miles from nail, slit and sheet iron, and a Nail manufactory conBellefonte, and on the margin of the county; the fur- nected with these works. The property of Gen. Bennace, stack, nearly all the building, ore bank, coaling ner; ground, are within Centre county, and the supplies of

Bellefonte Forge:-Situated half a mile from Bellefonte provisions, &c. are principally derived from this county. on Logan's branch of Spring creek. Messrs. Valentine's I am thus particular, as the Huntingdon writer claims and Thomas, the owners of this forge, are at present enthis furnace. It makes about 1500 tons of pig metal an- gaged in erecting a new forge on the same stream, a nually. It is the property of Messrs. Stewart and Lyon. short distance above their present one, which is expect

Tussey Furnace: ---Situated about 14 miles from Belle. ed to be in operation in June next. They have also, fonte at the foot of Tussey mountain. This furnace has erected a been out of blast for some years, but is capable of mak

Rolling Mill for rolling bar iron from the bloom; coning upwards of 1000 tons of pig metal annually. It is nected with these forges, they expect to make 800 tons also the property of Messrs. Stewart and Lyon.

of bar, bolt, boiler, nail and slit iron annually. Centre Furnace:--Situated 9 miles from Bellefonte,

Milesborough Forge:--Situated one mile and a half directly opposite the end of Nittany mountain. This from Bellefonte, in the gap of Muncy mountain, on the furnace has not been in operation for a number of years; waters of Spring creek. This forge is capable of makbut preparations are now, and have been for sometime, ing 400 tons annually. Connected with it, is a making by Messrs. Miles and Green, and they expect to

Rolling Mill for rolling boiler, sheet, nail and slit iron, have it in blast in May next. It is capable of making also a 1500 tons pig metal annually.

Nail Manufactory:-all of which do a considerable Spring Furnace:—Situated about 4 miles from Belle business. They are owned collectively by Gen. Miles fonte, on Spring creek. This furnace is capable of mak. and Co, ing upwards of 1000 tons pig metal annually. It is the

Eagle Forge:-Situated 5 miles from Bellefonte, on property of Gen. Benner.

Bald Eagle creek, is capable of making 400 tons of bar Logan Furnace:-Situated 3 miles from Bellefonte, on iron annually. It is the property of Roland Curtin, esq. Logan's branch of Spring creek. This furnace makes

Washington Forge:--Situated 15 miles from Belle. about 1200 tons of pig metal annually. It is the pro- fonte, on Fishing creek, is capable of making 300 tong perty of Messrs. Valentine and Thomas.

of bar iron annually. This forge has not been in operaEagle Furnace:—Situated about 5 miles from Belle- tion for a few years past, but it is not much out of repair, fonte, in Bald Eagle valley, is capable of making 1200 and without doubt will be started shortly. It is the protons of pig metal annually. It is the property of Roland perty of Mr. Henderson. Curtin, esq.

Harvey's Forge:-Situated about 20 miles from BelleMount

Furnace:-Situated about 7 miles from fonte, on Fishing creek, is capable of making 400 tons Bellefonte, in Logan's gap of Nittany mountain, was of bar iron annually, This forge is in a similar situation built the past season, and will be in blast in a few days. with Washington forge. This furnace is expected to make 1200 tons of pig metal

From the above it appears, the iron works in this annually. It is the property of Judge M'Kinney. county are capable of making annually, eleven thousand

Clearfield Furnace: ---Situated on the Susquehanna ri- tons of pig metal, and three thousand one hundred tons ver, and immediately within the line of Clearfield coun. of bar iron; and this quantity, no doubt, will be greatly ty: This furnace is capable of producing 1200 tons of increased, by increased facilities of transportation to pig metal annually. A cupola is attached to it. These market. The iron is but a part of the exports of this works may be fairly estimated as belonging to this coun- county. I believe no county in the State, of equal poty, as nearly all the supplies necessary for carrying them pulation, exports as great a quantity of four and wheat, on are drawn from it. The distance from Bellefonte is besides various other articles. about 24 miles; and they are the property of P. A. Kar

A CITIZEN OF CENTRE County. Washington Furnace:--Situated 15 miles from Belle We are informed that some of the canalmen, a few fonte, on Fishing creek. This furnace has not been in days since, upon one of the sections, a short distance operation for some years, but enterprising men have been below Sunbury, Pennsylvania, disinterred the bones of lately examining it, and it is believed it will be in full several human beings, in a tolerable state of preservaoperation the next or following season. It is capable of tion. They were deposited from six to eight feet below making 1200 tons of pig metal annually. It is the pro- the surface, and directly over them, there grew a white perty of Mr. Henderson.

oak tree of more than usual size. Phillipsburg Forge:--Situated 29 miles from Belle It is also said that a pair of nippers or pinctrs, of sinfonte, on the waters of Big Musharinon, makes about I gular formation, was found with them.-- Emporium.

thaus, esq.





No. 9. To the Board of Canal Commissioners of the Extract of a letter from Joel Lightner, Esq. dated Sowls

State of Pennsylvania: burg, Lancaster county. Pa. Nov. 30, 1816, to the board, directing me “to make an examination, survey

Gentlemen-In conformity with the instructions of the Rev. Mr. Shaffer, of New York.

and estimate, of a route for a rail-way from Philadelphia My absence from home, and being otherwise much through Chester and Lancaster counties, so as to connect engaged, prevented me from writing sooner. It is with by the nearest and most eligible route, with the Eastern pleasure that I undertake to give you all the satisfaction Division of the Pennsylvania canal,” I have the honour that I am capable of giving respecting the circumstances to present the following as a part of my report, upon the connected with the discovery of certain fossil bones, subject. found on my land; their dimensions, locality, manner in Dividing the whole route surveyed into two divisions, which they lay deposited, nature of the earth in which I shall consider the summit on Mine ridge, at Hender. found, &c.

son's, as the point separating the eastern from the wes. Five or six years since, I discovered upon a bank of tern, and proceed to describe, first, the various gradualimestone, within five rods of the Philadelphia and Lan- tions of the western division. caster turnpike road, the appearance of handsome flag

Western Division. stones, standing partly on their edge, irclining some Commencing at the level picket at the summit in the what to the north, with their ends north-east and south. Gap of Mine ridge at Henderson's, which was formerly west, at which time and since, we have occasionally ascertained to be 588 feet above the tide waters of taken several of them out; and as they proved to be Schuylkill river, a level was carried from thence along valuable for sills, flags, &c. and the demand consider the west face of the ridge, graduating the line as it proable, I concluded to have the quarry completely open- gressed at the rate of 27} feet to the mile, which was ed, in doing which, it was necessary to begin at the foot considered as the maximum number in the various es. of the hill or bank, and to dig on a level until we could perimental lines which were traced in the course of this reach the stone. This work I commenced with a few preliminary survey. hands in August last; and after having penetrated twenty In the first reconnoisance the level was carried to a four feet into the bank, on a level, through a rich black picket at Mr. Linville's which is 1894 chains from the earth, intermixed with a small piece of limestone (per. Gap, but finding at this point that the ground, on the pendicular depth about eight or nine feet) we came to south side of Loudon run would not be favorable toa body of hard clay, also intermixed with small pieces of wards the Pequea creek, which it was our object to limestone, materially different from the earthy matter cross, we returned to another picket nearly opposite dug up on entering the bank, being a yellowish cast, Aby's barn, which was 129 chains from the Gap, and abounding in some parts with calcareous spar, and so carried a line of levels towards the Lancaster turnpike extremely hard that it was with difficulty to be entered road, which we crossed, and then continued the same to with a pick or mattock.–After having worked into the Williamstown, passing the latter place to the north, body of this stratum of clay, limestone, &c. about four through Judge Lighter's property, and crossing Pequea feet and a half from its surface, and within a few inches at Frantz's mill pond, thence down the north bank of of the rocks or flag stones, (the object of our labour,) a that stream to a bluff upon the creek, opposite to Mr. large bone was found, supposed to be the upper bone Whitmer's field, which presented a favourable position of the fore leg of some large animal, the lower part ap- for crossing the stream with a bridge, and which was 19 peared to have been broken off, as nothing of the joint feet below the Gap. From the latter point we crossed could be seen. The upper part was to be seen in its the stream, and graduated an ascending line 27 feet full size, but being much decayed, and the clay and per mile, along the side slopes of Eshelman's run, to a small stones so very hard pressed in and about it, that picket east of the Black Horse tavern, on the Strasburg the greater portion of it could not be kept together, road, and thence to Linville’s; but the ground over which leaving only a small spongy end to it, and that also with this line passed, was both rough and circuitous, and ex. clay and the small pieces of limestone firmly united ceedingly unfavourable for the formation of a road. An with it.

off-set level was also carried from the same line near PaThe length of the bone, as much as I was able to save radise, which extended across Eshelman's run, at his mill of it, is fifteen inches, and measures ten and a half inch- pond, and was united with the Williamstown line. On es around the smaller solid part; the circumference of this line, were it not for the expense of crossing Eshel. the thicker or upper part is twenty-two inches, but man's pond, the ground would be favourable. Towards the thickest part could not be preserved, being so much the fork of Brishborne's run at a level picket in M'Casdecayed, and probably there might have been eight or lin’s field, about a half mile north of the bluff at Whitten inches wanting:

more's, another line of levels was extended up the Pe. This bone was found lying partly in a horizontal posi- quea, which crossed that creek below Hershey's mill, tion, the thick end within three or four inches of the and from thence following the north branch of Huston's rock's termination, and appeared to have been thrown run, the line was finally united with the Gap summit. there promiscuously, as well as the pieces of limestone The exploration of these various lines, resulted in the around it, which are evidently fragments of larger ones. opinion that the most favourable point on the Pequea to

Within three or four feet of the same place, in a black cross it with a road, was at Eckert's mill; from which earth or mould, appearances of other large bones present to the Gap, we shall consider as the first section of the ed themselves, but they were so much decomposed that line. they could not be preserved entire, resembling pulver Section 1, From the Gap to a point west of Strasburg ised chalk, or slaked lime.

road and Aby's barn, the distance is 162 chains, cutting I have put up specimens of the different earths as down the summit ridge 30 feet, the descending graduamentioned above, also of the rocks and stones found tion will be 29.04 feet per mile, and from thence to Penear the spot where the bones were discovered; and quea, at Eckert's mill, 340 chains, and descending graalso, a piece of the bone which I intend to forward to duation 27 4 feet per mile. Bridge atPequea 28 feet high. you by the first safe opportunity.

There are three ravines on this section. Since the discovery of these bones on my land, I have Section 2, From the bluff at Eckert's mill, to the level been informed that many years since, an extraordinary picket in M‘Caslin's field, the distance is 125 chains, and large tooth (grinder) was found in a spring about two line nearly level. miles from my quarry, but I am not able to learn what Section 3, From M'Caslin's through the farins of John has become of it.

| King and Pederkein to the lane leading to Weaver's

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