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66 41 1828.) AUDITOR'S REPORT.
59 SURVEYOR GENERAL's OFFICE.
John Ludwig, inspector of 1st brigade, 8th
184 85 Clerks
Samuel Thomas, inspector 2d brigade, 8th
Joseph J. Wallis, inspector 1st brigade, 9th
140 62 Stephen Duncan, chairman joint
Ephraim B. Gerould, inspector 2d brigade, committee state library 460 00
9th division, salary
375 00 William Musgrave, state librarian 190 00
806 29 Cameron & Krause, for printing
1,181 29 laws for 1826-7
James T. Scott, late inspector 2d brigade, James Trimble, deputy secretary
10th division, salary
101 78 money expended for carriage
83 51 of the laws 88 69
185 29 John Myers, for carriage of laws 150 00
John Hasson, inspector 2d brigade, 10th divi-
197 85 Elias Beidleman, do
231 86 Thomas Finney,
631 86 Caleb B.Campbell, late inspector 2d brigade No. 3. 11th division, salary
150 00 Jacob Bahn, inspector 2d brigade, 11th diviMILITIA EXPENSES. sion, salary
134 10 Geo. B. Porter, adjutant general, salary 625 00 David Fore, inspector 1st brigade, 12th diviDaniel Sharp, inspector 1st brigade 1st di
300 00 vision, salary
154 91 Thomas Snyder, inspector 2d brigade 1st di
454 91 vision, salary
599 00 John M'Carty, inspector 2d brigade, 12th diSamuel A. Smith, inspector 1st brigade 20
250 00 division, salary
200 00 Thomas M'Quaide, inspector 1st brigade, Christian Snyder, inspector 2d brigade 2d
13th division, salary
375 00 division, salary
Joseph Eniex, inspector 2d brigade, 13th di-
149 90 Nathaniel Brooke, inspector 1st brigade 3d
462 40 division, salary
Benjamin Anderson, inspector 1st brigade,
422 12 John Filson, inspector 2d brigade 3d divi
829 97 sion, salary
325 00 Lot Lantz, inspector 2d brigade, 14th diviGeorge B. Porter, inspector 1st brigade 4th
337 50 division, disbursements
380 77 Nathaniel W. Sample, inspector 2d brigade
718 27 4th division, disbursements
149 00 Nathaniel Patterson, inspector 1st brigade, Michael Doudel, inspector 1st brigade 5th
15th division, salary
400 00 division, salary
1,138 95 439 09 Robert Orr, jr. inspector 2d brigade, 15th Thomas C. Miller, inspector 21 brigade 5th
345 63 division, salary
1,166 90 593 33 Samuel Power, inspector 1st brigade, 16th Joel Bailey, inspector 1st brigade 6th divi
552 50 sion, salary
1,533 88. 1,283 15 Edward A. Reynolds, inspector 2d brigade, Jeremiah Shappell, inspector 2d brigade 6th
16th division, salary
331 67 division, salary
2,865 37 862 94 John Cromer for carriage of arms
15 00 George Hess, jr. inspector 1st brigade 7th
George B. Porter, for carriage of military division, salary
property from Philadelphia to Pittsburg,
207 08 591 34 Ditto for postage on letters, &c. 186 37 Joseph Wilt, inspector 2d brigade 7th divi
393 45 sion, salary
John Ford for cleaning and repairing public
704 12: 374 30 Jacob Doll, for do.
41 37 John Baldy, late inspector 1st brigade 8th
George W. Tryon do. do.
1,208 66 division, salary
158 25 Disbursements
150 00 965 02 E. G. Nelson
James Crosby for carriage of cartouch boxes 33 25 Charles Avery, for paints
319 21 Joseph H. Fennemore for music, per act of
Commissioners for erecting a penitentiary, for 13th April 1827
furniture, &c. per act of 1st April, 1826 2,756 55 Robert G. Mussman for 12 drums
84 00 Inspectors of the penitentiary, for the support Nathaniel Patterson, brigade inspector, per
of the government of said prison and the act of 14th April 1827
132 00 prisoners therein, per acts of 10th April, Jeremiah Kendall, administrator of Peter
1826, and 16th April, 1827,
3,000 00 Hertzhog, per act of 26th March 1827 50 00 Robert Carr for infantry and rifle discipline,
15,716 56 purchased by adjutant general Porter, per act of 14th April 1827
642 00 Bartholomew Graves for expenses of court
No. 8. martial, per act of 13th April 1827
Daniel Kerper, late sheriff Berks county 40 00
J. Findlay, deputy sheriff Franklin county 93 00
296 654 Amount of pensions and gratuities, by special
acts of the legislature, and under the pow. er vested in the board for the relief of
No. 9. officers and soldiers of the revolutionary
INTEREST ON LOANS.
Bank of Pennsylvania, and others, on the 5
Bank of Pennsylvania, and others, on the 5 EDUCATION AND DEAF AND DUMB INSTITU. per cent, stock loan of 1824
30,000 00 TION.
Bank of Pennsylvania, on the 5 per cent. Dickinson college 3,000 00 stock loan of 1825
7,500 00 Institution for the deaf and Dumb
7,946 02 Harrisburg Bank, per act of 1st April, 1826 Lancaster academy 3,000 00
1,868 16 Washington college
1,000 00 Bank of Montgomery county, per act of 1st Jefferson college 1,000 00 April, 1826
1,826 97 Mifflinburg academy
2,000 00 Farmers' Bank of Lancaster, per act of 1st Milford academy 2,000 00 April, 1826
1,118 84 Allegheny college 1,000 00 Easton Bank, per act of 1st April, 1826
625 00 20,946 02
COMMISSIONERS OF THE INTERNAL IMPROVE. per act of 20th March, 1821, and supple
MENT FUND. ments
Auction duties, per act of 1st April, 1826 30,000 00
do 9th April, 1827 666 66
Dividends on bridge and turnpike stock 14,340 00
1,614 70 Escheats
1,143 394 P. Carney and S. Rice, for labor
1,422 70 T. Fairman & J. Hannon, for mason work 3,188 90
47,764 751 Richard Bowen, for iron and nails
243 01 Moses Boreland, for painting
160 00 F. Graham & W. Frazer, for carpenter work 1,916 381
No. 11. Magnus M. Murray, for clerk hire
PENNSYLVANIA CLAIMANTS. Hugh Davis, for boards
The heirs of Elisha Matthewson, per act of
9,132, 02 Thomas Casidy, for bridge toll
11 25 James Cargill, for boards
101 50 John K. M'Nickel, for iron
No. 12. Edward Encell, for glass
STATE MAPS. Henry Holdship, for stationary
Benjamin Tanner, for maps furnished per re-
2,752 42 David M'Kelvey, for brick
James Trimble, for money expended for car-
59 03 G. Darsie, for boards
56 50 J. Irvin, for rope 5 79
2,811 455 Stephen Renninger, for boards
51 15 Wilson Stewart, for hauling boards
9 80 James Brown, for an oven door
No. 13. Frederick Wendt, for glass
HOUSE OF REFUGE.
of Refuge, per act of 20 March, 1827 5,000 00
zens of this state, for the non-performance UNITED STATES.
of militia duty during the late war with
Great Britain, passed the 1st April 1825 24 00 Thomas T. Tucker, Esq. treasurer, per re
George B. Porter, the amount appropriated solution of the 30th March, 1823
per act of 25th Feb. 1826, for the pur-
400 00 No. 15.
Commissioners of Warren county to aid them
in erecting public buildings, per act of 8th William F. Boone, deputy attorney general
1,197 43 of Bedford county, for collecting public
Wm. Courtney, James Adams and Thomas money
48 10 Foster, commissioners for improving the William White, for bringing a fugitive from
navigation of Ohio river, for daily pay 597 00 justice
77 50 Charles Shaler, esq. for professional services Samuel P. Garrigues, for do
do 314 91 in the case of the Commonwealth vs. P. George M'Culloch, sheriff Mifflin county,
50 00 serving process
2 55 William Jaggers, for bringing a fugitive from Frederick Smith, Esq. for collecting public
52 37 money
3 71 Cameron & Krause, for printing a certificate Samuel Douglass, for do do 20 00 book for stock loan of 1827
17 00 Thomas M. Pettit, Esq. for professional ser
John H. Wise, for services as commissioner vices
50 00 examining the penitentiary near Pittsburg 45 00 John T. Brown, for bringing a fugitive from
Thomas Courtney and James Wood, officers justice
24 00 of the 1st brigade, 6th division, for transJohn Thompson, jr. for do
do 116 25 portation of baggage, per act of the 6th James Mackey, for do
do, 92 70
42 00 Ross Wilkins, Esq. for collecting public money 98 00
5,551 66} Archibald Flemming, for bringing a fugitive from justice
55 083 Do. for serving summons on J. Aughinbaugh 75
PENNSYLVANIA SALT. William Ward, for examining the concerns
The following information, elicited by the paper we of the North Western Bank
48 00 James P. Bull, ditto
lately published on Pennsylvania Salt, we have received
ditto 62 00 M'Carty & Davis, for 75 copies of Purdon's
from a gentleman who is extensively engaged in this Digest, per resolution of 12th February
business, and who has therefore made it his study to beand 20th March, 1827
come acquainted with all the various sources, whence Thomas Henry, commissioner for examining and inspecting penitentiary near Pittsburg
supplies of this necessary article can be obtained. We
42 00 Hugh M'Clelland, tax on Peter Baynton's land 19 50
consider it, therefore, a very valuable document, as conCommissioners of Venango county, tax on
veying as correct an account as possible, of the present donation land, per act of 27th March 1819 58 93 state of the manufacture of salt in this state and its capaSamuel Douglas, Esq. for professional sere vices in the case of the Commonwealth vs.
city to extend it, as the increase of demand may render G. Heister
75 00 necessary. John Smith, for bringing a fugitive from jus
Mr. Hazard,-Sir, I have been reading the account in tice
212 14 your paper of the 12th instant, taken from the report of John Christian, for do
do 71 00 the Society for Internal Improvement in Pennsylvania, Solomon Sprigman, for a sett of books for
on the Salt product of the western part of this state. the commissioners of the internal improve
That report spoke rather of the capacity of the state to ment fund
124 00 produce this very necessary article, than of the amount George W. Harris, deputy escheater, cost in
now made. I wish you, therefore, to state more parti. the case of Wm. Wanless, dec.
43 52 cularly what the resources of western Pennsylvania now Wm. F. Boone, cost in the case of the es
are, or what quantity of Salt is now produced annually; cheated estate of Wm. Martin, dec.
54 86 and will thank you to insert the following hasty account Charles Muench for binding laws of last ses
of this valuable product, viz. There are upon the Kission
62 80 keminetaş or Conemaugh river 30 wells, fitted up with John Morton for bringing a fugitive from jus
furnaces and pans, and now making salt. These wells tice
270 32 produce on an average 2000 bbls. each, a year, amountSamuel L. Douglass do. do.
55 62 ing to 60,000 barrels, and at 56 pounds to the bushel and William Nixon do. do.
76 51 five bushels to the barrel, to 300,000 bushels. The ca. Jabez Hyde, jr. George Scott and Asa Mann
pital invested in these works is about $100,000, includcommissioners per act of 14th April 1827 52 00 ing lands and all the fixings. The salt costs about 90 John M'Clean for bringing a fugitive from
cents a barrel of 280 lbs. including the barrel and pack. justice
44 87 ing. (This cost is ascertained by letting out the makSamuel M. Barclay, informant in the case of
ing of salt in many cases.) The cost, therefore, of the the escheated estate of Wm. Martin, dec. 95 79 60,000 barrels is 54,000 dollars, to which add the interest Willlam Powell, esq. for collecting public
on capital of 100,000 dollars, say 6000 dols. and it makes money
21 45 just 60,000 dollars cost. This salt sells at the works at John B. Alexander, deputy escheater, costs
2 dols. per bbl. and when sent off the freight is added. in the case of the escheated estate of Pol.
If the wells and furnaces were all in good order and ly Wilson, dec.
71 59 pushed, they can be made to produce 3000 barrels each, John Taylor, informant do.
128 18 which would make the quantity 90,000 barrels, and the N. P. Hobart, deputy escheater, costs in the
profits then would be greater, because the expenses escheated estate of Henry Bohn, dec. 158 23 would not keep pace with the increased amount. Alexander Taylor and others, for publishing
All these wells are directly on the line of the Pennsylvathe supplement to the act providing for
nia Canal, and when it is finished, will all pass their salt the collection of fines assessed upon citi
upon it east and west to market, and will produce about
14,000 dollars toll at the rates usually charged on the with the progress of the settlements. The increase of canals.
population in the west is 300,000 a year, and will require There are besides the above 5 wells on the Allegheny an annual increase of 230,000 bushels to meet it. The river in operation, making about 7000 barrels a year; 3 water is strongest at Kenhawa in Virginia, and Kiskewells on Monongahela producing 5000 barrels; 3 or 4 minetas, Pennsylvania; at these places it takes 60 gallons Wells upon Sewickly creek, a branch of the gany, to make a bushel, at other places on an average 120
producing 4000 barrels; 1 on Beaver making 1000 bbls. gallons to a bushel, except perhaps Kings works, Va. - and 2 upon Chirtier's creek producing 2000 bushels.
A LARGE PROPRIETOR. The whole of the Salt now produced in western Pennsylvania is about 80,000 barrels, costing to make it
SILK. 80,000 dollars. There are 10 or 12 new wells preparing upon the Kis
Observing that an attempt is now making to encourage keminetas and Allegheny rivers, which will increase the the culture of the mulberry tree, and raising of silk amount produced in Pennsylvania to about 100,000 bar, worms; and with a desire to promote so laudable and rels each year. The cost of boring and fitting up a well important an object, we communicate the few facts in with furnaces, pumps, pans and sheds, exclusively of the lands, is about 2500 dollars.
our possession exhibiting what has already been done in The salt is all made by rapid evaporation; of course this state in former times. It appears, that so early as chrystalizes fine; and is like the Liverpool salt. Solar the year 1734, in consequence of the great difficulty of evaporation is not adopted, the expense is too great for the profit. Coal is the only fuel used in the evaporation. the merchants to pay for the immense amount of manuThis fuel costs nothing but the quarrying, about # of a factures they were receiving from England, it was deemcent per bush, and is run out, and down to the furnaces ed an object worthy of the notice of the government, to upon railways without any hauling. All the furnaces solicit encouragement for those articles of domestic prolean against the coal hills, in which are two strata of this duction which were “fit for returns directly to Great fuel 4 or 5 feet thick and inexhaustible.
The wells are from 400 to 550 feet deep, tubed with Britain;" and accordingly in a letter from Governor Gor. copper, in which are inserted a pump worked with a don (found in the minutes of council, Lib. 1, Oct. 31, horse power; the water in all cases rising to the atmos- 1734,) addressed to the “Lords' Commissioners for trade pheric or suck pump distance. The water is settled, or suffered to stand until the iron, magnesia, sulphur and and plantations,” after enumerating several articles, he lime are deposited.
has the following paragraph respecting the mulberry and The cost of making the salt in bulk, without the bar- silkrel and packing, is 12 cents per bushel—to transport it
“The mulberry tree is, likewise, so natural to our soil, through a canal to Philadelphia, will cost 25 cents per growing wild in the rich lands, and the silk worm thrives bushes, and to all the intermediate points, pro rata. It so well, that there is a distant prospect of some advances may be sent, therefore, to Philadelphia as soon as the towards a silk manufacture, which, as it affords employPennsylvania canals are finished.
ment for the weakest hands, would be of the utmost The capacity of the Kiskeminetas country to produce advantage. Some amongst us have shewn how practi. 1 salt is no doubt very great. More wells may be bored, cable a design of this kind is, by making some small and instead of 300,000 bushels, one million may be pro- quantities, not inferior, as I am informed, in goodness duced; and will, as soon as the canals are completed and fineness to the best from France or Italy; but perand a new market opened through them, to the Susque- sons are wanting to lead us into the way of winding it hanna settlements of this state, and even to Philadelphia from the balls, which I understand to be the most diffiif the duty remains unchanged on foreign salt. The tolls cult part of the work: but as in time this difficulty may upon a million of bushels of salt transported upon the be surmounted, I cannot but recommend likewise a Pennsylvania Canal, on an average of 120 miles, costing manufacture of this kind, as deserving the greatest en. six cents a bushel upon the same average, will be 60,000 couragement, since by the promotiug it, a valuable ada year, which would be the interest upon 1,000,000 dls. dition may be made to the trade of Great Britain.” nearly half the cost of the whole canal. The consumption of salt is 3 pecks a head to a given
We have no further account until the 5th January, population. The western side of the Allegheny moun- 1770, when the American Philosophical Society took up fains consumes 2,000,000 bushels a year, not including the subject, in consequence of a letter received by Dr. the shores of Lake Erie or Michigan, and this vast amount of salt is derived from the following places, viz. Evans from Dr. Franklin, then in Europe: a few of the
members having previously made some experiments for Pennsylvania 400,000 bushels as we have just said. Virginia 700,000 do. Kenhawa.
their own satisfaction. Dr. Franklin with the letter, forDo. 200,000 do. White's or King's old warded a French treatise on the management of silk works on Holstein.
worms, by the “Abbe Boissier de Sauvages," and proOhio 230,000 do. Muskingum near Zanesville
posed that a public filature be set up for winding the Do.
60,000 do. Yellow creek. Do. 50,000 do. nearGalliopolis & Jackson. coccoons, and that some provision be made by the asKentucky 200,000 do. Sandy Goose creek, Vance sembly for promoting the growth of mulberry trees; but
burg and Old Licks.
the society thought the intention would be more effectu. Illinois 100,000 do. Illinois Saline and Vermil
ally answered by giving bounties and premiums on the
lion river. Indiana 50,000 do. Salt creek and Brookeville silk raised, than on the trees planted, as experience had Missouri 40,000 do. Missouri.
proved in a neighbouring province, that many persons
would plant the trees for the sake of the bounty, who 2,030,000 bushels.
would not raise silk worms. Accordingly a memorial The above consumption and production is also exclu- was presented to the Assembly by the society, in which sive of 100,000 bushels of coarse Turks Island salt, brought up in steamboats, and used in salting up beet they propose: and pork.
“1. That a public filature be established at Philadel. The capacity of the western country to supply itself phia, and afterwards at such other places in the province with salt is adequate, and can be made to keep pace as may be thought necessary, for winding the cocoons.
use of “ 2. That proper managers of the filature be appoint- Pennsylvania Chronicle, June 4, that the following prices quire ed, with power to employ a fit person or persons to wind and premiums were offered: - The at reasonable rates, the cocoons of all those who may
“ For sound and merchantable cocoons of the best Kiske. choose to work up their own silk, and to purchase and callons ! wind for the public account, all cocoons that may be of quality from Italian or foreign silk worms 4s per lb.
“ For ditto of the native or American worm 258. per se 12 | fered for sale at the filature.
1000 and proportionably for cocoons of inferior quality. “3. That to encourage all persons to cultivate mul- A bounty to the inhabitants of this province of 35 per 2.
berry trees, raise silk worms, and bring their cocoons to cent. on the value of all cocoons that may be purchased
and as a further encouragement to pay at the rate of 25 three lower counties on Delaware, or in the Jersies or of sa
per cent. on the value for all cocoons raised in this pro- Maryland, who shall before the first day of September ble and vince, and brought to the filature; and, besides the above next, raise within his or her family and sell at the filature facts in) encouragement, it is proposed as an inducement to raise the greatest quantity of sound cocoons not less than done in large quantities of cocoons—to bestow the following 30,000, the premium of £15.
yearly premiums, viz. for the year 1770, £15 to that “2. To that person, &c. (as above) for next greatest
person who shall raise and bring to the filature the great- quantity not less than 20,000, premium of £10. Both cult
est quantity of cocoons not less than 30,000, and £10 to premiums to be exclusive of the above prices."
that person who shall raise and bring the next greatest In 1771 the following account (taken from the Amer. des quantity not less than 20,000. 1771, 6.15 for the Museum, vol. iii. p. 87.) of the cocoons purchased at the
greatest quantity not less than 40,000, and £10 for the ent, .
next greatest quantity not less than 30,000. In 1772, filature in Philadelphia, was presented to the Legislaіс ръ £15 for the greatest quantity not less than 50,000, ture of New Jersey, from which it appears, that in that
and £10 for the next greatest quantity not less than year about 2300 lbs. were brought there, either for sale 40,000. In 1773, £15 for the greatest quantity not less
or to be wound, and that 1754 lbs. 4 oz. were purchased. than 60,000,'and £10 for the next greatest quantity not ct. S. less than 50,000; and in 1774, £15 for the greatest quan- An account of the coccoons (or silk balls) purchased at or trai' tity not less than 70,000, and £10 for the next greatest the filature in Philadelphia, during the summer of les, the quantity not less than 60,000. The above premiums are the year 1771, taken from the original laid before the
likewise to be limited to cocoons raised in this pro assembly of New Jersey, by the managers, in Decemvince.*
ber, 1771. “ 4. That to enable the managers to pay the aforesaid
From June 25th, to July 3d, 1771. arse premiums, establish the filature, purchase cocoons and
Of sundry persons
7115. 8oz. employ their servants, it seems necessary that a sum not
29 less than £500 per annum should be appropriated dur
11 12 ing the aforesaid term of five years."
John Roberts, Philadelphia county
2 12 Whether the Assembly ever provided the funds re
John Burgess, Bucks
13 Edward Gibbs, Jersey
27 4 quired, we do not know, but it appears, that they once
Joseph Lippincott, do
6. 1 adjourned without doing it; and the Society apprehend
Moses Patterson, Kent on Delaware 40 6 ing that if “the ensuing season were suffered to pass James Barns, Bucks county
10 without doing something towards it, the present favour
Rachel Perry, do
24 8 Grace Beale, Chester county
4 11 able disposition of the people might abate,” it was re
Rhoda Hibbert, Jersey
2 8 solved to make a beginning by subscription, by which Thomas Dutton, do
21 9 means in a few days between 8 and £900 were raised; William Hall, Philadelphia
10 John Bigonie, Philadelphia county
52 the Gov. John Penn himself subscribing £20. The other
10 amounts were from £1 to 15, but principally £2. The
Mary Parker, Darby
Grace Fish, Jersey following managers were then chosen, viz.-Dr. Cad.
Isaac Hornor, do
13 Evans, Israel Pemberton, Benjamin Morgan. Moses Bar Elizabeth Atkinson, Jersey
25 13 Die tram, Dr. Francis Alison, Dr. William Smith, John Rhea
Sarah Bispham, ditto
Mary Pearson, Darby
7 8 Drinker; Robert Strettell Jones, Managers, Edward Lyndon Brown, Bucks county
15 2 Pennington, Treasurer. Their next step was to procure
Adam Luz, Philadelphia
6 Abigail Davis, Chester
3 necessary machines and skilful persons to reel and wind
Mary Pearson, Darby the cocoons. The French directions were translated by
Jos. Morgan, Pensaukin
62 J. Odell, one of the members at Burlington, and were Sarah Fordam, Darby
6 Mary Branson, Jersey
13 published by the Society. Their next measure was to
Aquilla Jones, do
39 ject, in the former of which states it was reckoned one Samuel Davis, Lancaster
7 8 of their staple commodities. In June 1770, the filature John Asbridge, do
75 10 Hester Johns, Jersey
4 was opened, in Seventh-street between Market and Arch-streets, and it appears by an advertisement in the
Purchased from July 4th, to July 10th, 1771. • It hath been thought proper, since drawing up this Of John Shivers, Jersey address, to extend the premiums to the adjacent pro Mary Wood, do
Ann Cochran, Darby