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resolved, that all English planters at Delaware, May. Penn sent Markham to take possession, and
either from New Haven orany other of the united

this year three ships sailed from England with
colonies, should be under the jurisdiction of

settlers, two of which arrived this year and the New Haven.

other the year following:
1653. The people of New Haven apply to Capt. 1682.-June. Wm. Penn himself arrives.

Mason to remove with them to Delaware, and
take on him the management of the company, The following curious document was found among the
and made him very liberal offers; but the ge- numerous Mss. left by the editor's father, the late Ebe-
neral court would not consent to his going,
unanimously desiring him to entertain no

nezer Hazard, being a part of his collection towards ma-
thoughts of changing his situation. This ap-terials for a third volume of “ Historical Collections,"
pears to have prevented his going and to have of which he published two volumes in 1792 and 1794.

frustrated the design. 1654.

It is in his hand writing, and appears to be a translation
A meeting of "ten of the sachemans” of the
June 17. Indian chiefs "at Prince Hall, on Tinnicum," of part of a work published in Amsterdam in 1651, en-

“They complained that the Swedes had brought titled, “ Beschrijving Van Virginie, Neiu Nederland,
in with them much evil, because so many of &c.—A description of Virginia, New herand, &c.-
them are since dead and expired; but one of
the chiefs named Naoman, after having received p. 37. As it contains a description of the early settle-
presents, "rebuked the rest, and said they had ments along the Delaware, at least thirty years previous
spoken evil of the Swedes and done them to the arrival of Wm. Penn, we have thought it would
harm, and that they should do so no more, for amuse such of our readers as have a fondness for what-

they were a good people.”
1655. The Dutch this year fitted out seven vessels

ever relates to the “olden times" of our state.
Sept. 9. from New Amsterdam, with 6 or 700 men, who OF THE SOUTH BAY* AND SOUTH RIVER.

in the summer, under the command of Stuy The South Bay and South River, by many called the
vesant, came up the Delaware and took their second great river of New Netherland, is situated in 38°
quarters at Elsinburg, where they made the 53', has two Capes, the northermost is called Cape May,
Swedes prisoners; they next sailed to a fort the southernmost Cape Cornelius, and the Bay itself had
called Holy Trinity; having landed their men the name of New-port-may, now Godyn's Bay: these
at a point near the place and entrenched them. names were given to these places about the time of their
selves. They demanded a surrender of the first discovery, before they had any others; the disco-

fort; they obtained possession; took down the very itself was made at the same time when the North Sept. 16. Swedes' Ang and hoisted their own, and sent Rivert was discovered, by the same ship and people,

the Swedish prisoners on board their vessels. who came to the South Bay before they went to the

This fort was considered the key to New Swe. North Bay.
Sept. 25.den. On the 25th of September they besieged At the same time that forts were built upon the north

Christiana, which surrendered, and afterwards and freshị rivers, since (the year 1623,) Fort Nassau was
destroyed New Gottenburgh. The scige it is built on this river, commonly called the South River. –
said continued 14 days, when the Swedes were This fort lies on the eastern shore, it could have been as
obliged to surrender, being in want of ammu- well situated on the western shore. Fifteen miles up
nition. Thus the Dutch became in possession the river the bay runs principally south and north, it is
of all the country on the west side of the Dela- called New-port-may, or Godyn's Bay; nine miles fur-
ware, which was for a time governed by depu- ther we come to the river, which is six miles wide, so
ties of the company's Director-general of New that we cannot see from one side to the other: on account
Amsterdam. This conduct of the Dutch was of some banks it is very dangerous to those who are un-
protested against hy “the Swedish Resident at acquainted with it, but those who are acquainted with it

the Hague, as appears by his note to the States- find water enough; this bay and river have been com1656. general, dated 221 March, 1656.

pared by those who are fond of making comparisons, to 1664. Charles 2d of England, determining to dis- the River of the Amazons. Those who have seen both,

possess the Dutch, gave a patent to his brother judge this to be one of the prettiest, best, and pleasant-
the Duke of York, for a large tract of land in- est rivers in the world, both in itself and on account of
cluding all the country known by the name of circumstances. There are fourteen navigable creeks on
New Netherlands; who directed an expedition this river, the least two or three miles in length, and on
of 4 ships and 300 men, commanded by Capt. both sides of them plenty of flat land. Two miles from
Nicolls; after getting possession of the fort at Cape Cornelius, as we go up the west side, lies a certain
New Amsterdam from Stuyvesant, he sent Sir creek which may be deemed a small river, for it is navi-
Rober Carr with the ships to the Delaware, who gable far up, and has a fine road for vessels of any bur-
finding no opposition, took possession of New then; there is no other in the whole bay equal to it for
Amsterdam, now Newcastle-Nicolls was ap- goodness or situation; the right channel to sail up runs
pointed governor and acted till 1688, when he close by it; this place is called Hoere-kil; where this name
was succeeded by Cair. The English and came from we know not, for this place was settled and a

Dutch being at war, the latter sent a few ships colony planted here by the Netherlanders many years 1672, against New York. The commander through before either the English or Swedes came here. The

treachery surrendered the fort without resist- States Aims were fixed up in this place, in copper, but
ance. Delaware again soon changed masters, taken down by some mischievous savages; they were
but was in a few months, by a treaty of peace very hard pushed by the Commissary there, and he de-
restored to the English, and Captains Cantwell manded the head of the person who did it: the savages,
and Tom deputed by the governor of New knowing no better, brought him a head, saying it was
York to take possession of the country on the that of the offender, and I suppose it was, but some
Delaware.

time after this, the savages came unexpectedly, under 1680, Wm. Penn petitions King Charles 2d for a the appearance of friendship, to our people as they were

tract of land lying north of the patent previ- at work in the field, and having got possession of their
ously granted to Lord Baltimore, bounded by arms, they fell upon them and murdered them, and of
the Delaware on the east.

consequence the colony was destroyed, though bought
1681. Letters patent to William Penn, under the
March 4. great seal.

Now Delarvure bay and river. † Hudson's. # Connecticut. Dutch miles.

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with blood and dearly enough paid for. There is ano- which can be well explained by the company's officers, ther creek on the eastern shore called the Varckens-kil* who have all the papers, to which (besides the journals) three miles from the mouth of the river; here some Eng- we refer. lish settled, but the Director Kieft, drove them away The English bare at several times tried to get this and protested against them; they received some assist. river, for they think they have the best title to it, but ance from the Swedes, who had at the same time deter- this has been hitherto prevented by several protests, and mined to keep the English out. The Swedish governor also by our violently driving them away, well knowing thinking this a good opportunity, has built a fort at this that if they once got a settlement there, we should lose place which is called Elsinburgt, and here he takes the river, or have a great deal of trouhle with them, if great liberties with every one, even with the company's they should come there in large numbers. It is daily yachts, and all that want to go up the South River, for they reported among us, and we are informed it will happen must all, without exception, strike to this fort, and he soon, that many English families will resort hither, and sends two men on board to learn where they come from: it is thought that if these folks should get footing here, this is not much better than visiting them, as will appear they would soon overrun the whole country in such a in the end. Now what right these people have to do manner, that in a little time neither the Hollanders nor this we cannot tell: such an instrusion we do not under the Swedes would have any thing to say, at least we stand, as that the subjects of other states, (such they should be in great danger of losing the whole or the say they are, and what commission they have we know greatest part of the river, unless some remarkable prenot,) should assume such mastery and authority as to caution should be soon taken, and this would then be the possess themselves of lands and goods which belong to fruit of our settling; for the report now is, that the Engothers, and were purchased with blood, not to mention lish will build a village and a trading house there, and in 'our charter.

truth if they do begin in this manner, there is no one Up the river lies Maniquas-kil, t and there the Swedes here in behalf of the company who will hinder them, or have built their Fort Christiana. This is a well situated can possibly do it; and not longer ago than last year, place, for there large vessels can come close to the shore several free people (whereof some were amongst us who and lade and unlade: there is another place up the river had and could have good friends at home) begged for a called Schuyl-kil,

a good situation for navigation, former- place to set up in, a trading house, and some breweries ly settled by the Dutch, but of this the Swedes have now amongst the planters, upon condition that we should give got almost entire possession. There are also up this river them some suitable liberties and exemptions, but these several pretty and pleasant islands, and other places were refused by the General, who said he could not do heretofore settled by the Dutch, (from whom also they it, as he had no order or commission froin their excelgot their names,) and several other things, which are lencies, his superiors, about it, but if they chose to do it more than sufficient arguments to prove that the river without such freedoms, it might be winked at; and if we belongs to the Netherlanders and not to the Swedes; tell his excellency that we have such privileges offered their very beginnings will prove this, for eleven years us by the neighbours, if we will declare ourselves subago, in the year 1638, one Minne-wits, (who had the di- jects of their government, and that in settling here we rection at the Manathans,l in behalf of the West India run a great risk from the Swedes and the English, his Company) came up the river with a ship called the excellency answers that he knowsit, and is well convincd Kalme-Sleutel, and a yatcht called the Vogel-Gryp, who it is as we say, but that his orders from his superiors are told the Netherlanders who possessed the river, (in be such, that he cannot answer it to them. Now we are at half of the company and the Lord of Nederhorst, that a loss what to do; but one of the two must be true, that he had formerly made a voyage to the West Indies, $ and is, either the Director or the Company, or both, must be that he did some business with the savages, and furnished in fault; be it as it will, one throws the blame upon the bis vessel with water and wood, and they let him go other, and between them every thing is going to ruin: away again. Some time after that, some of our people strangers settle the country and fare very well, and ridiwent there again, and found that there was a little gar- cule us if we say any thing: they get privileges and exden made there already, containing sallads, potherbs, emptions, which, if our Netherlanders had and enjoyed and several other things, at which they wondered much, as they do, without doubt, with divine assistance (withasked how that happened, and whether they were re. out which we can do nothing,) we should flourish as well solved to stay there, which the apologized for in a shuf. if not better than they do. fling evasive manner, nevertheless some presumed that it was so.

Vessels cleared out from Philadelphia, from 1719 to 1725 The third voyage he said was to build a good fort, inclusive, and built from 1722 to 1724 inclusive. which was their intention and design: when the Director

“An aacount of the number of vessels with their tonKieft came to have knowledge of the affair, he protested age (as by register,) that have been cleared out to sea against it, but in vain; they had no notion of dropping from Philadelphia for these seven years by-past, was detheir design, as we saw very clearly in the sequel. It livered to the House by the Naval Officer, according to serves for a proof that above Maghchachansie, among the order, and is as followeth, viz. Sanhikans, the arms of their high mightinesses were set

Year of God. up, by order of the Director Kieft, as a token that the

Number of Vessels. Their Tonage. 128

4,514 river with all the neighbouring countries and farms with 1719, November 1.

1720 do

140 their appurtenances, were in possesion of and belonged

3,982 1721

111

3,711 to their high mightinesses. But what profit have they

1722 do

96 as yet yielded? only, a long continued contempt, and

3,531 1723 do

99 lessening their importance; for the Swedes by an over

3,942 1724 do

119

5,450 bearing haughtiness, threw them down, and now

1725 do

140 we let it remain, so they and the aforesaid governor think

6,655 it an heroic action. This is true, that we made several

“As also the number of vessels built in this port, with protests, as well against these as other things, but they their tonage, for the following three years. had just as much effect as a crow's flying over their Year when built. Number of vessels. Number of tons, heads, and it was apprehended that if this governor had 1722

10

428 had a passage for his people, we should have more sport 1723

13

507 with him than we had with the English or any of their 1724

19

959" governors; and this, in short, respecting the Swedes,

This probably alludes to proposed settlements of Hog-creek.

† Now Newcastle. English from New Haven colony, who claimed a rişght Now Christiana creek. | Now New-York. by purchase from the Indians, respecting which set tle$ The name given in that day to America in general. ment some documents will be soon published.-Ed.

do

6

COMMERCE

(JAX.

COMMERCE WITH GREAT BRITAIN. The annexed table of imports from, and exports to , with what few necessaries they required. The amount Great Britain, is extracted, principally, from a work, en. with which the table commences, both of imports and titled, “The Trade of Great Britain," by Sir Charles exports, is not as great as many an invoice imported, at Whitworth the residue we have supplied from Ander- the present day by individuals. The balance is uniformly son's History of Commerce. It exhibits an interesting against this country; and (towards the last of the series) view of probably the origin and progress of that trade, to an immense amount. This also appears to have been which occupies the most important rank in the com- the case between Great Britain, and New England and merce of the present day. The table commences with New York. While the balance is uniformly, and very the year 1697, only about sixteen years after the landing largely, in favour of Virginia and Maryland. The articles of Penn. Previously to this period, it is probable, the of export, from this state, at that time, were chiefly settlers were too much occupied with other matters, to timber, copper ore, iron in pigs and bars, grain and engage further in commerce than to supply themselves flour.

5

Exports Imports.

Excess
Exports. Imports.

Excess
of Imports.

of Imports. Year £ sterling s. d. £ sterling 8. d. £sterling s. d. Year £ sterling 8. d. £steriing 8. d. £ sterling s. d. 1697 3,347 16 1 2,997 16-4

1751

23,870 19 11 190,917 5 1 167,046 5 2 1698 2,720 610 10,704 12 1

7,984) 5 3 1752 29,978 8 3 201,666 19 11 1699

171,688 11 6 1,47715 6 17,064 11 73 15,556 6 13|1753 38,527 12 5 245,644 1311 1700

207,117 11 6 4,608| 9 83 18,529 6 21 13,920 16 5|1754 30,649 16 10 244,647 14 8 1701

213,997 17/10 5,220 6 3 12,003 16 10 6,783 10 7 1755 32,336 10 6 144,456 7 2 1702 4,145 2 9

112, 119 16 8 9,342 11 54 5,197 6 811756 20,09514 7 200,16919 9 180,074 5 2 1703

5,160 19 2 9,899 18 71 4,738/19 51|1757 14,190 0.9 268,426 6 6 254,236 5 9 1704 2,430 8 11,819 2 87 9,388 14 8}|1758 21,383 1410 260,953 11 1 239,569 16 3 1705 1,309 17 7 7,206 10 31 5,896|12 81|1759 22,404 13 1 498,161 5 3 475,756 12 2 1706 4,210 710

11,037 211 6,826 15 1 1760 22,754 15 3 707,998 120 1707

685,243 16 9 78619 8 14,365 17 13,578 17 41 1761 39,170 00 204,067 2 3 164,897 2 3 1708 2,120 081 6,722 161 11 4,602 15 43|1762 38,091 2 2 206,199 18 8 168,108 16 6 1709 61718 9 5,881 741 5,263 8 74|1763 38,227 10 2 284,152 16 0 254,924 510 17101

1,277 27 8,594 14 51 7,317|11101 1764 36,258 181 1 435, 191 14 0 398,932 1511 1711 38 10 9 19,408 2 31 19,369 11 64 1765 25,148 10 10 363,368 17 5 338,220 67 1712 1,471 2 3 8,464 891 6,993 6 6 1766 26,851 3 1 327,314 5 3 300,463 2 2 1713 178 15 0 17,037 4 34 16,858 9 33 1767 37,641 17 0 371,830 810 334,188 1110 1714

2,663 3 0 14,927 11 12,264 8 1 1768 59,406 8 5 432, 107 17| 4 372,701 811 1715

5,461] 4 9 16,182 7 7 10,721 210 (1769 26,11111 4. 199,909 1711 173,798 6 7 1716 5,19310 4 21,842 13 6 16,649 3 2 1770 28,109 511 134,881/15 106,772 96 1717 4,499 6 1 22,505 1 6 18,005 15 5 1771 31,615 19 9 728,744/19 10 697,129 0 1 1718 5,588/1311

22,716 410 17,127 1011 (1772 29,133 12 3 507,909 141 0 478,776) 1 9 1719 6,564 14 3

27,068 14 2 20,503 19 11 1773 36,652 8 9 426,448|17| 2 389,796 816 1720

7,9281410 24,531 15 2 16,603 04 (1783 30,853 18 2 245,258 11 8 214,404 3) 6 1721 8,037 01 21,548 4 11 13,511 410 1784 70,263 10 9 689,491 9 9 || 619,227 19 0 1722

6,882 11 6 26,397 96 19,515 8 0 1785 57,7051 61 5 369,215' 8 5 311,5101 210 1723 8,332 3 9 15,992 19 4 7,660 15 7 1724

4,057 2 1 30,324 16 1 26,267 14 0 1725 11,981 1 3 42,209 14 2 30,228 1211 1726 5,960 2 5 37,634 17 8 31,674 15 3

The following table exhibits the state of the same 1727 12,823 5 9 31,979 107 19,156 410

trade with New England, New York, Virginia and Mary1728 15,23014 6 37,478 19 11 22,248 5 5 1729 7,434 16 1 29,799 1010 22,364 14 9

land, at the same periods; from which it appears, that the 1730 10,582 1 4 48,592 7 5 38,010 6 i imports into New York, in 1697, only exceeded those of 1731 12,786 11 6 44,260 16 1 31,474 4 7 Pennsylvania by about £1,600, notwithstanding the for1732 8,524126

41,698 13 7

33,174

1

mer was settled eighty-two years before. And in 1773, 1733 14,77619 4 40,565 8 1 25,788 89 1734 20,217 3 2 54,392 710 34,175 4 8

the imports, into Pennsylvania, exceeded those of New 1735 21,919 6 3 48,804 11 4 26,885 5 i York £137,233 178. 8d.; and those of Virginia, (which 1736 20,786 4 3 60,513 18 4 40,727 14 1

was settled about 90 years prior,) £97,544 1s. 7d. New 1737 15,198|174 56,690 6 7 41,491,9 3 England was settled about 77 years before. 1738

11,918 11 6 61,450 4 3 49,53112 9 1739 8,134 11 9 54,452 11 11 46,318 02 1740

IMPORTS. 15,048 12 0 56,751 14 9 41,703 2 9

1697. 1741

1773. 17,158 0 8 91,010 1111

73,852 11 3 New York...... £4,579 3 5 1742 8,527 12 8 759295 3 4 66,767 10

£289,214 19 7

New England...... 68,468 17 9 1743 9,596 3 6 79,340 6 4

527,055 15 10 69,744,210 Virg. and Maryland. 58,796 10 11 1744 7,446 71 62,214 6 6 54,767 19 5 Pennsylvania.... .. 2,997 16 4

328,904 15 8 1745 10,1309 54,280 10 11 44,150 1 9

426,448 17 3 1746 15,779 7 73,699 12 2 57,920 4 10

EXPORTS. 1747 3,832 3 3 82,404/17| 7 78,572 14 4 New York. ...... 10,093 16 10 76,246 12-00 1748) 12,363 14 75,330 5 9 62,966 11 7 New England..... 26,282 2 3 124,624 19 6 1749 14,944 8 238,637 2/10 223,692 14 10 Virgs and Maryland 227,756 11 4 589,803 14 5 17501 28,1911 01 217,713) 0/10 189,522 olio | Pennsylvania .. 3,347 16 1 36,652 8 9

1828.)

INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.

7

UNION CANAL REPORT.

from thence through the State Canal to Harrisburgh, so

as to exhibit a Union Canal Boat at the seat of governNOVEMBER 20, 1827.

ment, and thus remove the prejudices which now exist Annual Report of the President and Managers of the in the minds of some, against the size and capacity of the

Union Canal Company of Pennsylvania, to the Stock- boats. holders.

In relation to what are usually denominated the narrow In obedience to the injunction of the charter, the boats of the Union Canal, the Board will remark, that Board of the Union Canal Company now make their the science and experience of the world are now enlisted annual statement:

on the side of narrow boats, as adapted to carry an adeIt is with great satisfaction they can say, that the Union quate quantity with greater facility and economy than Canal, which is to form the great link of communi- large boats. Upon the Union Canal, ten men and ten cation between the Susquehanna and Philadelphia, is boys, with ten boats and ten horses, will carry and bring now complete in all its parts, with the exception of the back 250 tons, with less labour and in less time, than planking on the summit, which will be finished in ten or can be done with boats which are usually denominated fifteen days.

“wide boats," whatever may be their size. The boats Notwithstanding difficulties and embarrassments which which are constructed for the use of the Union Canal, in the internal navigation of the United States are unpre- and which for some time have been used upon the eastcedented, the Board believe that the Union Canal pre- ern and western sections, are found, by actual experisents a work of improvement, which, for economy of ence, to be able to carry at least 26 tons, and to be eaexpenditure, for beauty, solidity, and adaptation to its sily drawn by one horse, and passed through each lock purpose, will be found unequalled in our country. in five or six minutes.

The Board will refrain at the present time from a The New-York Canal Commissioners, in their official minuteness of detail, as from former reports, when the report to the legislature, say, that by constructing two parts of the work were incomplete, a correct opinion sets of locks, they can pass 1,900,000 tons annually, and may be formed of what has been done in relation to with single locks one half that quantity. Now let us locks, dams, aqueducts, tunnelling, embankments, tow- suppose that the locks of the Union Canal will pass 8 ing paths, bridges, waste weirs, culverts, and excava- boats an hour, of 25 tons each, or one every 7} minutes; tion. It may moreover be said, that the picturesque then it follows that 200 tons will pass every hour, or 4800 country through which the canal flows; the judgment tons in 24 hours. If then the Canal is navigable but 250 with which it is laid out; the taste and style of beauty days a year, 1,200,000 tons may be passed in a single with which it is constructed, and the rational curiosity year. which is felt to see a work so intimately connected with It will be competent, as has been heretofore stated, the prosperity of our state and its fine metropolis, have to enlarge the capacity of the Canal, by raising the banks attracted many of the stockholders to the place of its and locks one foot, and boats of 40 tons each may then location, where all the parts have been personally in- navigate the Canal with facility, or 1,920,000 toris may spected.

pass in a single year. The whole commerce of all the The Board will proceed to explain the reason why it branches of the Susquehanna had been estimated at was impracticable to open an extensive trade during the 200,000 tons, and the Pennsylvania Canal Commissioners past season, and why they now confidently predict the say, in their report to the last legislature, that the total benefit of an uninterrupted navigation during the ensu- of the commerce which passes the mouth of the Juniata ing year, and thus accomplishing the most important by water, from the north and west, of a kind to be carstep towards developing the riches of Pennsylvania, and ried on a canal in preference to the river, is 125,000 giving to Philadelphia the advantages of her geographi- tons. cal position in relation to the interior of our state, and From the foregoing facts, the Board and the public of the western country generally, a position which will must be brought to the irresistible conclusion, that almake her the commercial capital of that country. though a liberal policy requires that no objection should

Early in the last summer, the whole canal was consi- be made to the accommodation of other districts of coundered in a state of completion, and preparations were try, either with rail-roads or canals, the Union Canal will making to fill the entire line with water, when unfortu- for many years to come, have the capacity of conveying nately, after the passage of the first boat, the steam-en- to market the whole produce of all the branches of the gine pump, which had been constructed in Pittsburg, Susquehanna. was broken, and the summit was found less retentive of The Treasurer's account, showing the sum of $31,702 water than had been anticipated. These unavoidable 16 cents to be the balance of cash in his hands on the accidents (against the recurrence of which effectual 1st inst. is herewith submitted, and the further sum of measures have been taken,) have been the prime cause $5000 will be received in a few days, as the last instalof the unexpected delay which has taken place. ment due from the commonwealth, which will completo

The steam-engine, as well as the great water wheel the whole amount subscribed under the act of 1821, by with the pumps, are now in perfect order, and before the state and by individuals. the opening of the spring, a second water wheel, and a In conclusion, the Board will remark, that the Union

second steam-engine, will be in readiness, for the pur- Canal Company are engaged in the construction of a :pose of rendering more certain, at all times, an abun- work which, in times that are gone by, from difficulties dant supply of water.

financial aud physical, failed in the hands of David RitThe Board, taking into consideration the limestone tenhouse, Robert Morris, and other master spirits of : soil through which the summit is constructed, and the Pennsylvania. Under the protecting and helping hand

immense advantage which will result from preventing all of the legislature, it is now on the eve of accomplishfiltration or soakage, have, with the advice of Canvass ment. The unavoidable difficulties, and which may be White, esq. their engineer, (as will be seen by his re- chiefly ascribable to the nature of the soil, have never port hereto annexed,) nearly completed the planking of disheartened the Board, and they have been sustained the sides and bottom of the entire summit, and it is be- and animated by a correspondent feeling on the part of lieved that the water may be admitted befnre the close the Stockholders, who have at all times, when called of the season. Every other part of the canal, including upon, freely paid their respective instalments. If any the navigable feeder, is now filled with water to the ex- new and now unforeseen difficulties present themselves, tent of about eighty miles, and used for the transporta- every resource of labour and art must be called forth to tion of coal, lumber, and other commodities.

overcome them. The Union Canal is the hope of PhiAs it is hoped the State Canal will, before the close ladelphia, and so far as the commercial greatness and the of the year, be navigable from Middletown to Harris- ample revenue Philadelphia affords the state, is a matter burg, efforts will be made to pass a boat through the of concern, it is the hope of Pennsylvania. Nature, by whole extent of the Union Canal to Middletown, and limiting the number of springs and streams of water,

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has fixed limits to which canals can be carried from the White, Esq. engineer in chief, and Mr. William Lehman, Susquehanna to the commercial capital of our state, principal superintendant: Therefore, and it is believed that no other direct water communica Resolved, That the thanks of this Board be presented tion can ever be made. Every faculty must therefore be to the gentlemen above named, together with the assuremployed to sustain and preserve the Union Canal; and ance that the members of this Board will always enters when the greatest and most useful enterprise the new tain for their services the highest consideration and the world has yet witnessed, and in which the common- most marked regard. wealth is now engaged—when the Pennsylvania Canal Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing be presented shall have reached the shores of the Ohio and the Lakes to each of the gentlemen above named.: the richest results to the Stockholders, and to the public, will be fully enjoyed.

Pottsville, (Mount Carbon,) Dec. 29. All which is respectfully submitted.

The canal navigation is almost closed for this season: By order of the Board of Managers.

It is true it is yet open and in fine navigable order. But SAMUEL MIFFLIN, President. few of our coal, and other merchants will veiiture down

it at this advanced stage of the season, lost their boats. The following gentlemen were chosen to conduct the should be frozen up at a disrance from• Irome. Last affairs of the company, for the ensuing year:

winter the canal closed on the 15th of Deceinher, and President.--Samuel Mifflin.

this season it has remained open an untisual length of Managers.-William Lehman, George Vaus, William time. Upwards of 31,000 tons have been sent down Boyd, William Read, Charles Graff, John C. Stocker, this season, more than double that of last. 'l'he amount William W. Fisher, John Gratz, Francis G. Smith, Peter transmitted from here exceeds that of the Lehigh. more Hahn, William F. Birch, Samuel Baird, of Reading. than 1000 tons, and we have every reason to believe that

the amount shipped from here next season, will be near:: Extract of a letter. received at the Union Canal Office, be many more persons engaged in the tragłe, more boat

ly, if not quite, double that of the present: There will dated, LEBANOX, Dec. 30, 1827.

built, and avenues opened to exhaustless regions of coal.

It is scarcely necessary to say that the sale of 31,000.Yesterday afternoon, the boat Susquehanna, of Le tons of coal has brought an immense deal of wealth into banon, captain May, passed this place with a load of our town and neighborhood; such is obviously the fact, Wilkesbarre Coal, froin the Susquehanna, bound for it speaks for itself. Philadelphia; at which place I expect she will arrive on We believe it almost impossible for human ingenuity: the first of January.

to conceive the degree of affluence and prosperity, There is three feet depth of water in the summit: thc which our town and country will ultimately airive atı supply, from reservoirs being more than sufficient to Our canal is capable of passing at least one million of keep up that depth.

tons annually. And should our coal trade increase in The navigation is now in good order, I may say per- the same ratio it has done, in five years it will exceed fect, from Lewis's pond on the Schulykill below Read that amount. ing, to Middletown on the Susquehanna; as well as the

What is to prevent this? Surely not an excess of navigable feeder to Jones-town on the Swatara.

supply or an exhaustion of the coal region. The demands Six boats have already arrived at this place, with lum- will exceed the supply either in the foreign or domestic ber and other articles, and to day I expect the beautiful market, and the coal region, from the best conjectuie. boat Hummelstow'n Enterprise, Capt. Richards will be we can form, contains a sufficient quantity to supply:the here from that place.

world for ages. An immense quantity will be shipped the next year to foreign countries, besides a vást deal'.

coastwise. Coal has been found admirably adapted to Extraet from the minutes of the Board of Managers, of the manufacture of sugar, and the consumption will be

the Union Canal Company of Pennsylvania, at an ad- very great in the West Indies, where a great deal has. journed meeting held on the 1st inst. William Read, already been sent for this purpose. Esq. in the chair.

The steamboats on the North river, alone, it has been “A letter from WILLIAM LEIMAS, superintendant of calculated, would consume during the season, (say eight, the works, dated Lebanon, December 30, was received navigable months,) 30,000 tons, provided the certainty and read, stating that the summit was now filled, and of supply could be depended on. There is little doubt, that the boat Susquehanna which had passed over but that anthracite will soon find a profitable market westward with her load of castings, and delivered it at England. A barrel of coal was recently sent by a geir the water works on Swatara, had then taken in a load of tleman in this country, to a cutler in England, who, git Wilksbarre coal from the Susquehannah, and had passed | making the experiment, pronounced it far superior for, the summit level on her way eastward, and may be ex- manufacturing edged tools, to any other coal then in eise pected to arrive in this city' this evening; and that the in England. Anthraciteis, comparatively, but littles navigation of the Union canal throughout its whole known; and when it shall be completely understog length, from Middletown on tne Susquehanna, to the every other species of fuel will give place to it. Schuylkill below Reading, and the navigable feeder are ners Journal. now in complete order.

On receiving this important intelligence the Board experience the most lively sensations of satisfaction, Schuylkill Company's Canal. -Reading Jar: 1.-7 being fully persuaded that under the favour of provi- day the water will be turned from the canal, and her dence they have been enabled to aecomplish a most navigation closed for the present season. It has been arduons undertaking, which in utility and importance in operation about nine months this year and the to the state of Pennsylvania and to the city of Philadel- amount of commodities which it has floated to make phia, can never be surpassed.

is immense. Under the impressions occasioned by this happy re Pennsylvania Canal.--Section nineteen, of the Sussult, and in a review of the various difficulties which quehannah division of this canal, which was let, in Allhave been met with and overcome, the Board would be gust last, has, we understand, been completed within unjust to their own feelings, did they not record their the last few days. It is, we believe, the first section conviction that the successful execution of this great which has been completed on the Pennsylvania Canal; enterprise, is mainly to be ascribed to the talents, indus- with a slope vatt founded in the river along its whole try, strenuous perseverance and faithful devotion of the length. The contractors, Messi's M'Cord, Ritner and principal officers of the Company, especially of Samuel Cameron, at a very low price, much below the estimate Mifflin, Esq. the president of this Board; of Canvas of the engineer. -Harrisburg Reporter.

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