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their successors, when they see occasion, to erect a goal the aldermen and common council-men for the time or prison and court house within the said city.

being, according to their discretion, to impose such And that the mayor and recorder for the time being, moderate fines upon such refusers, so as the mayor's shall have, and by these Presents have power to take fine exceed not furty pounds, the alderman's fire and recognizance of debts there, according to the statute of thirty pounds, and common council-men twenty pounds, merchants, and of action burnel; and to use and affix and other officers proportionably, to be levied by disthe common seal thereupon, and to all certificates con- tress and sale, by warrant under the common seal, or by cerning the same.

other lawful ways, to the use of the said corporation. And that it be lawful to and for the mayor of the said And in such cases it shall be lawful to choose others to city for the time being, forever hereafter to nominate, supply the defects of such refusers, in manner as is above and from time to time appoint the clerk of the market, directed for elections. who shall have assize of bread, wine, beer, wood and And that it shall and may be lawful to and for the other things; and to do, execute and perform all things mayor, recorder, and at least three aldermen for the time belonging to the clerk of the market within the said city. being, from time to time, as often as they shall find oc

And I will that the coroners to be chosen by the coun- casion, to summon a common council of the city. ty of Philadelphia for the time being, shall be coroners And that no assembly or meeting of the said citizens of the said city and Liberties thereof; but that the free shall be deemed or accounted a common council, unless men and inhabitants of the said city shall from time to the said mayor and recorder, and at least three of the al. time, as often as occasion be, have equal liberty with the dermen for the time being, and nine of the common inhabitants of the said county, to recommend or choose council men be present. persons to serve in the respective capacities of coroners And also, that the said mayor, recorder, aldermen and and sheriffs for the county of Philadelphia, who shall common council-men for the time being, from time to reside within the said city.

time, at their common council, shall have power to adAnd the sheriff of the said city and county for the mit such and so many freemen into their corporation and time being, shall be the water bailiff, who shall and may society as they shall think fit. execute and perform all things belonging to the office And to make (and they may make, ordain, constitute of water bailiff upon Delaware river, and all other navi- and establishı) such and so many good and reasonable gable rivers and creeks within the said province. laws, ordinances and constitutions (not repugnant to

And in case the mayor of the city for the time being, the laws of England and this Government) as to the shall

, during the time of his mayoralty, misbehave him- greater part of them at such common council assemself, or misgovern in that office, I do hereby empower bled (where the mayor and recorder for the time being, the recorder, aldermen and common council-men, or are to be always present) shall seem necessary and confive of the aldermen and nine of the common council. venient for the government of the said city. men of the said city of Philadelphia for the time being, And the same laws, ordinances, orders and constituto remove such mayor froin his office of mayoralty; and tions, so to be made, to put in use and execution accord. in such case, or in case of the death of the said mayor ingly, by the proper officers of the said city; and a for the time being, that then another fit person shall, their pleasure to revoke, alter and make anew, as occawithin four days next after such death or removal, be sion shall require. chosen in manner as is above directed for electing of And also, to impose such malcts and Amerciaments mayor's in the place of him so dead or removed. And upon the breakers of such laws and ordinances, as by lest there should be a failure of justice or government them in their discretion shall be thought reasonable; in the said city, in such interval, I do hereby appoint which mulcts, as also all other fines and amerciaments that the eldest alderman for the time being, shall take to be set or imposed by virtue of the powers granted, upon him the office of a mayor there, and shall exercise shall be levied as above, is directed in case of fines, to the same till another mayor be chosen as aforesaid; and the use of the said corporation, without rendering any in case of the disability of such eldest alderman, then account thereof to me, my heirs and successors; with the next in seniority shall take upon him the said office power to the common council aforesaid, to mitigate, reof mayor, to exercise the same as aforesaid.

mit or release such fines and mulcts, upon the submisAnd in case the recorder, or any of the aldermen orsion of the parties. Provided always, That no person common council-men of, or belonging to the said city, or persons hereafter shall have right of electing or being for the time being, shall inisbehave, him or themselves in elected, by virtue of these presents, to any office or their respective offices and places, they shall be remov- place, judicial or ministerial, nor shall be admitted freeed, and others chosen in their stead in manner following: men of the said city, unless they be free denizens of that is to say, The recorler for the time being may be this prorince, and are of the age of twenty-one years or removed (for his mebehaviour) by the mayor, and two upwards, and are inhabitants of the said city, and have thirds of the aldermen and common council-men respec. an estate of inheritance or freehold therein, or are worth tively; and in case of such remo: al or of the death of fifty pounds in money or other stock, and have been re. the recorder, then to choose another fit person skilled in /sident in the said city for the space of two years, or shall the law, to be the recorder there, and so to continue purchase their freedom of the mayor and commonalty during pleasure, as aforesaid. And the alderman so of the city of Philadelphia, aforesaid. misbehaving himself, may be removed by the mavor, re. And I do further grant to the said mayor and commoncorder, and nine of the aldermen and common council alty of the city of Philadelphia, that they and their succes. men; and in case of such removal or death, then within sors shall and may forever hereafter bold and keep withfour days after, to choose a fit person or persons to sup in the said city, in every week of the year, two market ply such vacancies; and the common council-men, con. days, the one upon the fourth day of the week, and the stables, and clerk of the market, for misbehaviour. shall other upon the serenih dav of the week, in such place of be removed and others chosen, as is directed in the case places, as is, shall, or may be appointed for that purpose, of aldermen. And I do also for me and my successors, i by the said commonalty or their successors from time to by these Presents, grant to the said mayor and common., time. alty, and their successors, that if any of the citizens of And also two fairs therein every year, the one of them the said city, shall be hereafter nominated, elected and to begin on the sixteenth day of the third month, called chosen to the office of maror, aldermen and common Jay, yearly, and so to be beld in and about the marketcouncil-men as aforesaid, and having notice of his or place and continue for that day,and heo days next followtheir election, shall refuse to undertake and esecute that ing; and the other of the said fairs to be held in the aforeoffice to which he is so chosen, that then and so often sad place on the sixteenth day of the ninth month year. it shall and may be lauful for the mayor, recorder, al. i ly, and for tro days best after. dermen and common council men, or the major part of And I do for me, my beirs and signs, by virtue of




the King's Letters Patent, make, erect and constitute Lett ye Laws you pass hold so long only as I shall not the said city of Philadelphia, to be a port or harbour for declare my Dissent that so my share may not be excludischarging and unlading of goods and merchandize ded, or I finally concluded without my notice, in fine out of ships, boats, and other vessels; and for lading and lett thein be Confirmable by me as you will see by ye shipping them in or upon such and so many places, Commission I left when I left the Province. keys and wharfs there, as by the mayor, aldermen, and And if you desire a Depty. Gover'r rather name three common council of the said city shall from time to time or fire and I shall name one of them so as you consider be thought most expedient for the accommodation and of a comfortable substance," that ye Governmt. may service of the officers of the customs, in the management not go a begging. I do not this to be a binding presi. of the king's affairs and preservation of his duties, as dent but to give you and ye People you represent the well as for conveniency of trade.

fullest pledges I am able at this Distance of my rogard And I do ordain and declare, that the 'said port or to them. Whatever you do, I desire, beseech, and harbour shall be called the Port of Philadelphia, and charge you all to avoyd factions and parties, Whispershall extend and be counted to extend intó all such ings and Reporting, and all Animosities, that putting creeks, rivers and places within this province, and shall your cornmou Shoulder to ye Publick work you may have have so many wharts, keys, landing places and members the Reward of good men and Patriots, and so I bid you belonging thereto, for landing and shipping of goods, as heartily Fairewell. Given at London this 12th of ye 6th the said mayor, aldermen, and common council for the mo 1689. time being, with the approbation of the chief officer or

W. PENN. officers of the King's Customs, shall from time to time W. P. P. G. think fit to appoint.

To my Trusty and well And I do also ordain that the landing places now and beloved Friends ye Provinciall Coun. heretofore used at the Penny-pot-house and Blue An- cill at Philadelphia in Pennchor, saving to all persons their just legal rights and proper. silvania. ties in the land so to be open, as also the swamp between Instructions for Lt. Governor Blackwell or whome else it Bud's buildings, and the Society-Hill , shall be left open

may concern: and common for the use and service of the said city and First, That things be transacted in my name vizt: ab. all others with liberty to dig docks and make harbours solute Proprietary of Pennsilvania (provided it agrees for ships and vessels in all or any part of the said swamp. with our Charter and Laws as I think it does) &c.

And I do hereby grant, that all the vacant land within 2. That all Commissions signed by me and sealed here the bounds and limits of the said city, shall remain open with ye Lesser Seal be taken for sufficient warrt's and as a free common of pasture, for the use of the inhabi. Directions for passing them under ye broad seal without tants of the said city, until the same shall be gradually any other Instrument of Authority: taken in, in order to build or improve thereon, and not 3. To Collect ye Laws that are in being and send otherwise. Provided always, that nothing herein con them over to me in a stitch'd book by ye very first op. tained shall debar me or my heirs in time to come, from portunity which I have so often & so much in vain desired. fencing in all the vacant lands that lie between Center 4. To be carefull that speedy as well as through and meeting-house, and the Schuylkill; which I intend shall Impartiall Justice be done, virtue in all cherisht, and be divided from the land by me allotted for Delaware vice in all punisht. side, by a straight line along the Broad street, from Ed 5. That Fines be in proportion both of the fault and ward Shippen's land through the Center-square by Dan- ability of ye party yt so they may be paid. iel Pegg's land: nor shall the fencing or taking in of any 6. That Fewds between perswasions or Nations or of the streets, happening to be within that inclosure on Counties be suppressed and extinguished, if any be, and Schuyleill, be deemed or adjudged to be an encroach. if none that by a good conduct they may be prevented. ment, where it shall not interfere or stop any of the 7. That ye Widdows Orphans and Absent may be streets or passages leading to any of the houses built or perticularly regarded in their Right, for their Cry will to be built on that side, any thing herein contained to the be loudest in all eares, but by absent I mean such as aro contrary notwithstanding:

so by necessity. And I do grant, that this present charter shall in all 8. To countenance ye Commrs. of Propriety where cases of law and equity be construed and taken most Land is unseated or people are vnruly in their settle. favourably and beneficially for the said corporation, ments, or comply not with reasonable obligations about

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and bounds. banks, Timber, &c. for though wee came to a caused my great seal to be affixed. Dated at Phi- wilderness, it was not that wee should Continue it so. ladelphia the five and twentieth day of October, Anno 9. That ye Sheriffs of ye Respective counties, be Domini one thousand seven hundred and one, and in the charged with the Receipt of my Rents, fines &c. as they thirteenth year of the reign of King William the Third doe in England and give Security to ye Receiver Gene. over England, &c. &c. the one and twentieth year of rall for ye same. my government.

10. To have a Speciall Care that Sheriffs and clarks WILLIAM PENN. of ye peace Impose not upon ye People, and that ye

magistrates live peaceably and soberly, for I would not LETTER FROM WM. PENN TO THE COUNCIL. endure one loose or litigious person in Authority; Lett From the Records of Council,

them be men haveing some fear of God, and hateing

coveteousness, whatever be their perswasions; to em. Friends I heartily wish you all well, and beseech ploy others, is to prophane an ordinance of God. God to guide you in the ways of righteousness and 11. That Care be taken of ye Roads and Highways peace. I have thought fitt upon my further stop in these in ye Country that they may be straight and commo. parts to throw all into your hands that you may all see dious for travellers, for I understand they are turned the confidence I have in you, and the desire I have to about by ye planters, which is a mischief yt must not be give you all possible contentment. I doe earnestly press endured. your constant attendance upon ye Governm’nt. and ye 12. Rule ye meek meekly, and those that will not so Diligent persuit of peace and Vertue and God Almighty be ruled rule with Authority. And God Almighty prosStrengthen your hands in so good a work.

I per all honest and prudent Endeavours. I also Recommend to you the perticular Discipline of Lastly, Consider by wliat means or methods ye good that Towne you meet in that Sobriety and Gravitie be and prosperity of ye Plantation may be promoted, and maintained and Authority kept in Respect.

what Laws in being are unnecessary or defective and As it comes in your Way Countenance my Officers in Collecting my small Revenue.

I suppose it should be Subsistence.




what are wanting, and in Each particular bereof Let There have been likewise some small essays towards me have advice as distinctly and as speedily as may be making pot ashes, and from what I have both beard and Given at London ye 25th day of ye 7th mo. 1689. seen, there is reason to conclude that a design of this was signed

WM. PENN. kind may, with industry, if encouraged, be considerably

advanced. A Letter from the Governor of Pennsylvania to the Lords What may be proper to be proposed as encourageCommissioners for Trude and Plantations. ments, on all or any of those commodities I have men

tioned, must be left entirely to your lordships, whose "My Lords,

The regard your lordships have shown for the wel great knowledge of the general trading interest of Brifare of his majesty's colonies on this continent, by giving and those nations from whence such merchandizes are

tain, and of the balance of trade between that kingdom them an opportunity of representing what may cher necessary for their encouragement in raising naval brought, enables your lordships to judge in this particustores, and other commodities tit for Britain, deserves of Great Britain and the good of its colonies.

lar more clearly what may best conduce to the benefit very particular acknowledgments, and I am in behalf of

I beg leave to acquaint your lord ships, that the cirthis province to make theirs to your lordships on this

cumstances of this province are so little varied from occasion. cate, did not reach my hands till the latter end of last in that answer appears at this time unnecessary. I am Your secretary's letter on this subject, with its dupli- what they were in the year 1731, when I returned an

answer to the queries then sent me, that any alteration month, and before I proceed to answer it by this first

with esteem, conveyance that has since offered for London, I must

My lords, beg leave to observe to your lordships, that it is the whole study of the merchants here to contrive ways for

Your Lordships,

Most obedient humble servant, making returns to Britain to pay for those great quanti

P. GORDON ties of their manufactures that are daily brought hither,

Minutes of Council, lib. I. October 31, 1734, and it is not without the utmost difficulty that they are able to accomplish it; whatever encouragements therefore are given for such commodities as this country is capable of prr. lucing, fit for returns directly to Britain,

We Widaaghi, alias Orytyagh and Auddggy.junkquagh will manifestly tend to increase our importations from Kings or Sachemas of the Susquehannah Indians, and of thence.

the river under that name, and lands on both sides of naval stores, my lords, this province produces thereof, doe declare, that for and inconsideration of a those two valuable commodities, hemp and iron. The parcel of English goods unto us given by our friend and first has not as yet been raised in any great quantities, brother, William Penn, proprietary and governor of the price of labour being high, though many are go- Pennsylvania, and also in consideration of the former ing upon it; but as there are large tracts of landofit much greater costs and charges the said William Penn · for that produce, it is to be hoped that a continuance of bath been at in treating about and purchasing the same, the same bounty now given may in time, when wages

we doe hereby give, grant and confirm unto the said are lowered by the number of inhabitants, enable us to William Penn, all the said river Susquehannah and all make considerable returns in it.

the islands therein, and all the lands situate, lying and As to iron, it is generally allowed, that what is pro- being upon both sides of the said river, and next adjoin. duced here is as fine and good as any whatsoever, but ing to the same, extending to the utmost confines of the the great expense that attends works of that kind, in a

lands which are or formerly were the right of the peocountry where labour is so dear, has given no small ple or nation called the Susquehannah Indians, or by damp to these undertakings: on a suitable encourager all lakes, rivers, rivulets, fountains, streams, trees, woods

what name soever they were called or known, and also ment, I am persuaded, that this province, and some of the adjacent colonies, may be able to import such quanries, hawkings, huntings, fishings, fowlings and other

underwoods, mines royal and other mines, mineral quartities of pig metal and bar iron, as may very greatly abate the necessity Britain bas hitherto lain under of royalties, privileges and powers whatsoever to them of supplying itself therewith on disadvantageous terms any of them belonging, or by them enjoyed, as fully and from foreign nations.

amply in all respects as we or any of our ancestors have, Flax is likewise found to agree so well with our soil

, also all the right, title, interest, possession, claim and

could, might or ought to have bad, held or enjoyed: and that it is not to be doubted, but a very considerable pro demand which we or any of us, or the said nation, or gress may soon be made in this commodity, of which great quantities are imported from other nations into any in right of the same have or hereafter can or may

claim to have in the same. And we do hereby ratify and Britain, and your lordships are so sensible of the con confirm unto the said William Penn the bargain and sale stant demand there is for it, that if large supplies can be of the said lands made unto Col. Thomas Dongan now furnished by his majesty's colonies, no manufacture may Earl of Limerick and formerly governor of New York, better deserve an encouragement, or contribute more to whose deed of sale to the said Gov. Penn we have seen. discharge the debt incurred by the importation of Bri- To liave and to hold the said river, land and premises tish goods. The mulberry tree is likewise so natural to our soil, their rights, members and appurtenances, unto the said

hereby granted and confirmed, with their and every of growing wild in the rich lands, and the silk worm thrives William Penn, his heirs and assigns forever. In witness so well, that there is a distant prospect of some advances whereof we have for ourselves and nation hereunto sett towards a silk manufacture, which as it affords employ our hands and seals, the tbirteenth day of September ment for the weakest hands, would be of the utmost ad


bis vantage. Some amongst us have shown how practica

WIDAAGH X ORYTYAGH. ble a design of this kind is by making some small quan

mark. tities, not interior, as I am informed, in goodness and

his fineness to the best from France or Italy, but persons are wanting to lead us into the way of winding it from


mark. the balls, which I understand to be the most difficult part of the work: but as in time this difficulty may be Sealed and delivered in the presence of surmounted, I cannot but recommend likewise a manu

Edw. Antill

David Powel facture of this kind, as deserving the greatest encour

L.S. Hen. Tregeny Jarnes Logan agement, since by the promoting it a valuable addition

Edward Singleton. may be made to the trade of Great Britain.

Min Coun. Aug. 2, 1735.






Indeed we have had some small differences with the (A Treaty with the Indians of the six nations was held Englislı, and during these misunderstandings, some of

their young men would, by way of reproaclı, be every at Lancaster, at which were present Governor Thomas,

now and then telling us, that we sliould lav perished if of Pennsylvania, and Commissioners from Virginia and Maryland. The Indians conceived that Virginia and they had not come into the country and furnished us

with swords, and hatchets and guns, and her things Maryland had encroached upon their lands, particularly

necessary for the support of life.

But we always gave upon the Potowmack, (by them called Cohongoroutas) them to understand that they were mistakeli, that we which formerly belonged to the Susquehannah Indians, lived before they came amongst us, and as well or betbut were now claimed by the Six Nations by right of ter, if we may believe what our forefathers told us. We conquest

. One of the Maryland commissioners, in ex: bad then room enough and plenty of deer, which was those lands, said, “Our great king of England and his easily cauglit, and though we had not knives, hatchets,

or guns, such as we have now, yet we had knives of subjects have always possessed the province of Mary, stone, and hatchets of stone, and bows and arrows, and iland, free and undisturbed from any claim of the six na. these served our uses as well then as the English unes do tions for above 100 years past, and your not saying any

We are now straitned and sometimes in want of thing to us before, convinces us that you thought you deer, and lyable to many other inconveniences since the had no pretence to any lands in Maryland; nor can we

English came among us, and particularly from that pen yet find out to what lands, or under what title you make and

ink work that is going on at the table [pointing to your claim.”—To which Canassatego, an Onondago the Secretary3] and we will give you an instance of this. chief, replied as follows.)

Our Brother Onas, a great while ago came to Albany to “Brother, the Governor of Maryland,

buy the Sasquahannah lands of us, but our brother, the

Governor of New Yorke, who, as we suppose, had not a When you mentioned the affair of the land yesterday, good understanding with our brother Onas, advised us you went back to old times, and told us you had been not to sell him any lands,

for he would

make an ill use in possession of the province of Maryland above one of it, and pretending to be our good friend, he advised parison to the length of time since our claim began us, in order to prevent Onas's or any other person's im

posing upon us, and that we might always have our land Since we came out of the ground? For we must tell you when we should want it, to put it into his hands and that long before one hundred years, our ancestors came told us he would keep it for our use, and never open his out of this very ground, and their children have remain- hands but keep them close shut and not part with any ed here ever since, you came out of the ground in a of it, but at our request. Accordingly we trusted him country that lies beyond the seas; there you may have a and put our land into his hands, and charged him to

just claim, but here you must allow us to be your elder keep it safe for our use, but some time after he wert brethren, and the lands to belong to us long before you away to England, and carryed our land with him, and knew any thing of them. It is true that above one there sold it to our brother Onas for a large sum of hundred years ago the Dutch came here in a ship, and money, and when at the instance of our brother Onas, brought with them several goods, such as awls, knives, we were minded to sell him some lands, he told us that hatchets, guns, and many other particulars which they he had sold the Sasquehannah lands already to the Govgave us, and when they had taught us how to use these ernor of New Yorke, and that he had bought them

from were so well pleased with them, that we tyed their ship how the Governor of New Yorke had deceived us, be to the bushes on the shoar, and afterwards liking them very generously paid us for our lands over again. still better the longer they stayed with us, and thinking

Though we mention this instance of an imposition put the bushes too slender, we removed the rope and tyed upon us by the governor of New Yorke, yet we must do it to the trees, and as the trees were lyable to be blown the English the justice to say, we have had their hearty down by high winds, or to decay of themselves, we, assistances in our wars with the French, who were no from the affections we bore them, again removed the

and tyed it to a strong and big rock, [here the in- sooner arrived among us than they began to render us terpreter said, they mean the Oneida country) and not uneasy and to provoke us to war, and we have had seves content with this

, for its further security we removed ceived assistance from the English, and by their means the rope to the big mountains, [here the interpreter

we have alwise been able to keep up our heads against says they mean the Onondago country] and there we

their attacks. tyed it very fast, and sowed Wampum about it, and to make it still more secure, we stood upon the wampum, deeds interpreted to us, and we acknowledge them to

We now come nearer home. We have had your and sat down upon it, to defend it, and to prevent any be good and valid, and that the Conestogoe or Sasquehurt coming to it, and did our best endeavours that it hannah Indians had a right to sell those lands unto you, might remain uninjured forever. During all this time, for they were then theirs, but since that time we have the

lands and solicited us from time to time to grant conquered them, and their country now belongs to us, them parts of our country, and to enter into league and of the lands comprized in those deeds; they are the cocovenant with us, and to become one people with us. After this the English came into the country, and as

bongoroutas lands. Those we are sure you have not we were told, became one people with the Dutch.- possessed one hundred years; no, nor above ten years.

And we made our demand so soon as we knew your About two years after the arrival of the English, an English Governor came to Albany, and finding what people were settled in those parts. These have never great friendship subsisted between us and the Dutch, I been sold, but remain still to be disposed of, and we are he approved it mightily and desired to make as strong a

well pleased to hear you are provided with goods, and league, and to be upon as good terms with us as the do assure you of our willingness to treat with you for Dutch were, with whom he was united, and to become those unpurchased lands. In confirmation whereof, we one people with us, and by his further care iir looking present you with this belt of wampum. what had passed between us, he found that the rope 16. June 26, 1744.

Which was received with the usual ceremony, which tyed the ship to the great mountain was only fastened with wampuin which was liable to break and rot, and to perish in a course of years.

He therefore told us, that he would give us a silver chain, which would be Gachadow, speaker for the Indians, in answer to the much stronger and last forever,. This we accepted and Commissioner's speech at the last meeting, with a strong fastened the ship with it, and it has lasted ever since.- voice and proper action, spake as follows:




Brother Assaraquoa, (the gov. of Virginia.]

some of the inhabitants living near the place where the The world at the first was made on the other side vault is proposed to be built attending, and representing of the great water different from what it is on this side, to the Board that the same would become a nuisance, as may be known from the different colours of our skin by the smell of the oil; the Board after some debate and of our flesh, and that which you call justice may not proceeded to vote whether a vault should be built unbe so amorijst us: you have your laws and customs and der the meal market or not—which was carried in the afso have we. The great king might send you over to firmative. But whether the said vault shall be made conquer the Indians, but it looks to us that God did not use of by the wardens for the purpose they desire, or let approve of it; if he had, he would not have placed the out by this Board for some other public use, is referred to sea where it is, as the limits between us and you,

the consideration of the Board at some future time. We then desired a letter might be sent to the Cataw. bas and Cherokees to desire them to come and confirm vault should be built under the whole meal market

It being afterward put to the vote whether the said the peace. It was long before an answer came: but we carried in the negative. met' the Cherokees and confirmed the peace, and sent

It being then put to the vote whether the said vault some of our people to take care of them, until they re should he built under one-half of the meal market-car. turned to their own country.

ried in the negative. The Catawbas refused to come, and sent us word that October 2d. - John Stamper, Esq. elected Mayor. we were but women; that they were men, and would be Thomas Willing and Daniel Benezet, chosen Aldermen. always at war with us. They are a deceitful people: November 27.--The Mayor delivered to the Board a our brother Assaraquoa is deceived by them, we don't letter from Richard Peters, Esq. Secretary of the Problame him for it; but we are sorry he is so deceived. — vince in the following words, viz. “Sir, I have it in Ib. June 30, 1744.

command from the proprietaries before I close with Mr.

Brown for a lease of the island opposite to the city, to ANNALS OF PHILADELPHIA.

acquaint the corporation with it. It is surmised that

the carrying out wharfs there, as well as other things 1759-May 28.–The Recorder informed the Board, which may be done by the lessee may be injurious that Mr. John Relfe and Lieutenant Clarke were some to the navigation of the river, especially if the island years ago indicted in the Mayor's Court and convicted continues to grow as it has done of late. You will be of having given and accepted a challenge, for which of pleased to communicate this to the Common Council, fence they were fined the sum of £20 each. That John who I understand is to meet to-day, and desire it may be Relfe having paid his fine, had complained that no steps taken into immediate consideration, that proper clauses had been yet taken to compel Lieutenant Clarke to do may be inserted in the lease now applied for to prevent the like. Wherefore the Recorder recommended it to any injury being done to the navigation of the river, or the Board to consider, whether the said Clarke's fine to the port.” should be exacted, or both fines remitted.

The Board on consideration unanimously Resolved, Year's rent of Dock Landing, £40–Rent for the Blue | That the Secretary be directed to get proper clauses in Anchor Landing from 23d October to 23d July, 1758, serted in any lcase he may make of the island opposite £26.

to this city to prevent the erecting any wharfs on the June 2.—The Board on considering the matter pro- western side of it, or doing any act that may tend to inposed by the Recorder at the last meeting respecting jure the navigation or obstruct or change the course of Lieutenant Clarke's fine, Resolved to suffer the matter the channel of the river. to remain in its present state for some time; and do think January 3, 1760.--The public wharf and ground near that whenever Lieutenant Clarke shall come to this town the Drawbridge leased at the rate of £60 per annum. the proper step be taken to recover his fine.

May 27.--On the petition of Samuel Austin setting The Board having taken into consideration a proposal forth that he bad erected a commodious building near formerly made for the increasing the number of stalls in Arch street wharf for the reception and entertainment of the markets, and being of opinion that the same would market people and others, coming from the Jersey greatly tend to the accomodation of the country people shore to this city, and was about making a slip for the and butchers, as well as be of general utility to the inha- more convenient landing of passengers and their horses; bitants of this city, They do appoint Alderman Stamper, and praying this Board to grant him their license to keep Henry Harrison, Wm. Bingham, and Wm. Rush, a com a public ferry at the place aforesaid, for the transporting mittee to provide materials and to agree with workmen passengers from this city for New Jersey, under such to erect a number of stalls at the west end of those al terms and yearly rents as should

seem reasonable to this ready erected to the westward of the Court House, to Board-It is considered by the Board, that the number extend as far as Third street: and the committee are re- of people crossing Delaware river to and from this city quested to get the same completed as soon as possible. having of late much increased, the erecting another ferry For their trouble in which, this Board will make them a may tend to the ease and convenience of such people. reasonable allowance.

They do, therefore, grant the prayer of the petitioner. September 11.- The Mayor informed the Board, That He paying a yearly rent of thirty pounds to this corpora: the collector of the provincial tax had demanded of him tion, and performing such covenants as shall be thought the tax laid on the estate of the corporation rated £476, reasonable and proper to be inserted in his lease. which appearing to be a sum higher than the income of 16th September. -Rent of the vendue stall under the this Board the mayor and Alderman Shoamaker the Court House for 3 years, ending July, 1758, £25 per Treasurer are desired to attend the commissioners and annum-Rent of Schuylkill ferry £175 per annum assessors, and lay an account of such income before them from 1758 to 1760, £200-Rent of Francis Rawle's ferty and endeavour to procure an abatement.

to Jersey, for 3 years ending March, 1759, at £30 per That the Wardens of the city were attending, to make annum. “Note that before building of the new stalls, some proposals to them—it is ordered that they be de- there were 31 stalls westward of the Court House, besired to walk in; and they now attending, do propose, sides one taken up by a fire engine, which were usually that as this Board are erecting new stalls to the west- let at £3 per annum each. Rent of the potter's field, . ward of the Court House, and a place is much wanted ending November 1759, at £10. Rent of "new wharf for storing oil for the use of the city lamps, it would be built at the charge of the corporation near the Draw. very convenient for them, if the Board would order a bridge,” £30. vault to be built under the meal market for that pur October 7.-The Recorder proposed that as the profits pose.

of the office of the Mayor of this city has of late fallen 12th Sept.—The Board resuming the consideration of short of the expenses attending the office, and as it is the proposal made yesterday by the city wardens and not reasonable the person who executes so troublesome

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