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was a potter's wheel, and men at work: a number of affixed to his head and feet, a garland of flowers round cups, bowls, mugs, &c. were made during the proces- his temples, and a caduceus in his hand. He distributed sion; the carriage was followed by twenty potters, head- among the spectators, some thousand copies of the foled by Messrs. Christian Piercy and Michael Gilbert, lowing odc, written for the occasion, by the hon. F. wearing linen aprons of American manufacture. Hopkinson, esq. and printed before and during the proLI.

cession at the federal press,

Oh for a muse of fire! to mount the skies,
Led by Mr. Andrew Tybout.

And to a list’ning world proclaim-
The standard borne by Mr. John Gordon, viz: on a white

Behold! behold! an empire rise! field a hat in hand, on each side a tassel band; the crest,

An era new, Time as he flies, a beaver.-motto, on a crimson garter, in gold letters;

Hath enter'd in the book of Fame. with the industry of the beaver, we support our rights;" followed by one hundred and twenty-four hatters.

On Allegheny's tow'ring head

Echo shall stand—the tidings spread,

And o'er the lakes, and misty floods around,

An era new resound.
A stage drawn by two horses, with five men working
upon it; making a plough, and a speed for a wagon See! where Columbia sits alone,
wheel. The standard a blue flag-motto, "the united And from her star-bespangled throne,
wheelurights." Followed by twenty-two of the trade, Beholds the gay procession move along,
headed by Messrs. Conrad Rohrman and Nicholas Reep. And hears the trumpet, and the choral songs

She hears her sons rejoice-
Tin-plate workers,

Looks into future times, and sees Preceded by Joseph Finaur and Martin Riser, carrying The num'rous blessings heav'n decrees, by turns, a flag, bearing the arms of the company pro And with her plaudit, joins the gen’ral voice. perly emblazoned, followed by ten workmen in green

“Tis done! 'tis done! my sons,” she cries, aprons.

“In war are valiant, and in council wise: LIV.

“Wisdom and valour shall my rights defend, Skinners, breeches-makers, and glovers,

“And o'er my vast domain those rights extend; Headed by Messrs. John Lisle and George Cooper; one “Science shall flourish; genius stretch her wing, carrying in his hand a beaming knife, and the other a

“In native strains Columbian muses sing; paring knife: the standard borne by Mr. Shreiner, viz

“Wealth crown the arts, and justice clean her scales, on one side a deer, and below it a glove; on the other,

“Commerce her pond'rous anchor weigh, a golden fleece, and below, a pair of breeches-motto,

“Wide spread her sails, "may our manufacture be equal in its consumption to its usefulness.Followed by fifty eight of the trade in

“And in far distant seas her flag display. buckskin breeches and gloves, and wearing bucks-tails “My sons for freedom fought, nor fought in vain; in their hats. To these, Mr. Joseph Rogers, parchment “But found a naked goddess was their gain: and glue manufacturer, attached himself.

"Good government alone can show the maid, LV.

“In robes of social happiness array'd." Tallow Chandlers. Mr. Richard Porter, master. Two standards: first, the

Hail to this festival! all hail the day!

Columbia's standard on her roof display: company's arms, on a blue field, trimmed with white, three doves with olive branches; over the arms, an an

And let the people's motto ever be, gel bearing St. John Baptist's head; on each side two

“United thus, and thus united, free." blazing lamps.—Motto, "let your light so shine." Se An ode, in the German language, fitted to the pur. cond standard, a representation of a chandelier of thir- pose, and printed by Mr. Steiner, was also throws teen branches, a lighted candle in each, and thirteen amongst the people as the procession moved along. Ten silver stars in a half circle. Inscription-"the stars of small packages, containing the English ode and the list America, a light to the world.Motto, at the bottom of of toasts for the day, were made up and addressed to the chandelier, "united in one.” The uniform, blue the ten states in union respectively; these were tied to and white cockades, blue aprons bound with white, and pidgeons, which at intervals rose from Mercury's cap, a dove painted in the middle of each; a white rod sur-and flew off, with the acclamations of an admiring mulmounted by an olive branch, in each person's hand. titude. Twenty in number.

Mr. William Sellers, senr. bore the standard of the uni. LVI.

ted professions; arms, --azure, a chevron argent, charVictuallers.

ged with an American bald-eagle volant, and two reams A fag; with this inscription—"the death of anarchy and of paper (corded, over blue covers) between three confusion. We feed the poor and hungry. Two axe- books closed; and in chief, perched on the point of the men preceding two stately oxen, weighing 3000 lbs. chevron, a dove with an olive branch; all proper. Sup. Ten boys dressed in white, five on the right, and five on porters, two Fames, blowing their trumpets, clothed the left of the oxen, carrying small flags, with the names with sky-blue flowing robes, spangled with stars, argent. of the states that have ratified the federal constitution; Crest, a bible displayed, proper, on a wreath azure and two cleaver men; a band of music. Conductors, Messrs. argent. Under the escutcheon, two pens placed saltier Philip Hall, George Welper, Philip Odenheimer, and ways, proper. Motto, "we protect and are supported by Conrad Hoff, followed by eighty-six master victuallers, liberty.After the standard, masters of the combined all dressed in white. The oxen were killed, and the professions, followed by journeymen and apprentices hides and tallow sold for bread, which was given with each carrying a scroll tied with blue silk binding, exhithe meat to the poor.

biting the word "typographer,” illuminated by ten stars LVII.

in union, Fifty in the train. Printers, book-binders, and stationers.

LVIII. These united professions had the federal printing press

Saddlers. erected on a stage nine feet square, which was drawn A saddler's shop dressed with saddlery, and a variety of by four grey horses; there were also, a frame, cases, and ready made work, elegant American plated fumiture, all other implements necessary for the business. On &c. drawn by two fine horses. In the shop Mr. Stephen the stage were two pressmen and a compositor at work. Burrows and a number of hands at work, one of whom Mercury, the god of intelligence, was personated by having the different parts in readiness) completed a Mr. Durant, who was dressed in character, having wings I neat saddle during the procession. The standard, care

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ried by Messrs. Jehosaphat Polk and John Young, was

LXIV. of green silk, with the company's arms elegantly painted

Distillers. and gilt. Motto, our trust is in God.The company On a standard of light blue silk, a still, worm tub, and was headed by Messrs. John Stephens and John Marr. other implements of the business, neatly painted: the Mr. William Healy, silver-plater, joined himself to this standard borne by Mr. Michael Shubert, and followed borps, carrying a federal bit, of his own workmanship. by twelve distillers. LIX.


Tobacconists. Three apprentices before with tools, and two with the Headed by Mr. John Riley: the standard of white orders of the operative lodge, one with the standard, in silk; a tobacco plant with 13 leaves, ten in perfection, mason's order; the rest followed with pieces of polish- 3 not finished, a hogshead of tobacco on one side of the ed marble. Twenty in number.

plant, a roll of plug tobacco, bottle and bladder of LX.

snuff; over the plant on the other side are thirteen stars, Bread and biscuit bakers.

ten silvered, and shining bright, the other three not A standard bearing the bread bakers' arms, properly finished-carried by Mr. Thomas Leiper:-mottom emblazoned; motto, “may our country never want bread." "success to the tobacco plant." Each member with a Uniform, white shirts and full plaited aprons, quite round green apron and blue strings, a plume of the different the waist, with a light blue sash. A stage, with a bak- kinds of tobacco leaves in his hat, and different tools of er's oven six feet in diameter, and three hands at work his profession in his hands. Conductors; Messrs. Haas the procession went on, directed by a master baker, milton, Few, Stimble and Murphy. Seventy in numwho distributed bread to the people as it came out of the ber. oven. Headed by Mr. George Mayer.

LVVI. Biscuit baker's standard-a white flag with the repre

Brass-founders. sentation of a bake-house and several hands working in

Mr. Daniel King, in a car drawn by four grey horses; the different branches of the business. Motto, "may with emblematical colours, and a furnace in blast during the federal government revive our trade.Messrs. Thos. the whole procession. He furnished a three inch howHopkins and Mathias Landenberger in front of twelve itzer, which was mounted and fired with the artillery on masters. Messrs. John Peters, sr. and Willtam Echart, Union Green; his journeymen and apprentices also closed the rear; each master carrying a small peale. The neatly executed several other articles in that ingenious number of bakers in procession one hundred and thirty. branch. The motto of the colours, in vain the earth LXI.

her treasure hides.The whole was executed by Mr. Gunsmiths.

King, at his own expense. A stage erected upon a four wheel carriage, drawn by

LXVII. four horses, being in length fourteen feet, and in breadth

Stocking manufacturers. eight feet, with a motto in large letters on each side, Headed by Mr. George Freytag; thirty in fiumber: federal armoury, with a number of hands thereon at their colours white, with a pair of blue stockings across, work, employed in different branches of the trade, con a cap above, finger mitt below, encircled with a gilded ducted by two senior masters, viz: John Nicholson and heart, a gilded crown with ten horns or points; on each Joseph Perkins; Abraham Morrow bearing a standard a blue star; above all-Motto-" the union of the Ameri. at the head of the company, in rear of the carriage; the can stocking manufacturers.standard decorated with sundry devices representing

LXVIII. the arms belonging to the trade. The standard, a large

Tanners and curriers. white silk fag, with cross guns in the middle, at the top

Tanners 25 in number, led by Mr. George Leib, car. of the cross guns the cap of liberty, with the letters c. rying the flag with the company's arms. Motto, God P. (city proof;) underneath the guns, the cross pistols, be with us." with the letter V, (viewed;) at the end nearest the staff, Curriers, led by Mr. George Oakley, carrying the a powder cask; at the opposite end, the representation flag with the company's arms. Motto, “Spes nostra of three balls. The uniform of the company, green Deus.Followed by 34 of the trade, each carrying a baize aprons with green strings.

currying knife, and wearing a blue apron and jeari LXII.

coatee of our new manufactory. Copper smiths.

LXIX. A car fourteen by seven feet, drawn by four horses, with

Upholsterers. three hands at work at stills and tea kettles, under the Headed by Messrs. John Mason and John Davis. In direction of Mr. Benjamin Harbeson.

front, a cushion with its drapery, on which fluttered a A standard with the arms of the trade, and other dove with an olive branch in its mouth, and on its head things emblematical, surrounded with thirteen stars, a double scroll. Motto, be liberty ne.Followed borne by two masters; seventeen masters of the profes- by a cabriole sopha decorated. sion following. LXIII.

Gold-smiths, silver-smiths and jewellers.

Sugar refiners.
William Ball, esq. senior member, with an urn.

Conducted by the honourable Christopher Kucher, capStandard bearers, Messrs. Joseph Gee and John Ger- tain Jacob Lawerswyler, Messrs. Benjamin Pennington, mon, carrying a silk flag with the silver-smiths' arms on John Morgan, David Miercken, Adam Cornman and one side of it; motto, "justitia virtutum regina.. And Henry Clause, wearing black cockades, blue sashes and on the reverse the genius of America, holding in her white aprons, with a blue standard: Arms—or, on a staff hand a silver urn, with the following motto. the purity, erect in pale, proper, a cap of liberty, azure, turned up brightness and solidity of this metal are emblematical of ermine; placed between two sugar loaves in sets, co. that liberty which we expect from the new constitution: her vered with blue paper; on a chief of the third, thirteen head surrounded by thirteen stars, ten of them very stars argent: crest, a lighted candle, in a candlestick in. brilliant, representing the states which have ratified; scribed on the foot with the word "proof," proper-two of them less bright, representing New York and motto, in a scroll over the crest,“ double refined." The North Carolina, whose ratifications are shortly expect. whole ornamented with sugar canes; two of which are cd; one with three dark points and two light ones, an placed, faltier ways, under the escutcheon, and extend. emblem of Rhode Island, and one of equal lustre with ing up the sides thereof. Under the arms, the words the first ten, just emerging from the horizon, near one American manufacture.The standard was followed half seen, for the rising state of Kentucky; after which by 36 persons of the trade, with white aprons, (on which followed the rest of the masters, with their journeymen were painted sugar loaves, marked ten) and bearing the and apprentices: in all thirty-five.

various implements of the business.






The gentlemen of the bar, headed by the hon. Edward Ten in number, headed by Reuben Haines, with ten Shippen, Esq. president of the common pleas, and ears of barley in their hats, and sashes of hop-vines, car: William Bradford, esq. attorney general, followed by the rying malt-shovels and mashing oars; one dray loaded students of law. with malt and hops; and one loaded with two hogsheads

LXXXV. and a butt, marked, “ beer, ale, porter," with the follow- The clergy of the different christian denominations, with ing inscription, "proper drink for Americans;" a stand the rabbi of the Jews, walking arm in arm. ard carried hy Luke Morris, decorated with the brew.

LXXXVI. ers' arms: motto, "home-brewed is best."

The college of physicians, headed by their president, LXXII.

Dr. John Redman, and followed by the students in phyPeruke-makers and barber-surgeons, preceded by sic.

LXXXVII. Messrs. Perrie and Tautwinc, full dressed. The stand. Students of the university, headed by the vice-provost, ard, a white field with the arms of the company, and and of the episcopal academy, and most of the schools other devices suited to the occasion, viz. a pillar, the in the city, preceded by their respective principals, proemblem of strength, with a cap of liberty, supported by fessors, masters and tutors; a small Aag borne before twelve hands, in gules, representing the twelve concur- them inscribed with these words, 'the rising generation.' ring states that called the grand convention; a pelican

LXXXVIII. and her young; in a field, azure, the arms of the barber The county troop of light horse, commanded by Major surgeons, a goat rampant, in full coat, argent, in a field, W. Macpherson, brought up the rear of the whole: sable; the arms of the perukemakers; with two arms ex Major Fullerton attended the right wing, and col tended at top, hand in hand, the emblem of union and Mentges the left wing of the line. friendship; supporters to the arms, a land and river Messrs. Stoneburner, Hiltzheimer and Jonathan Penhorse, with ornaments. Motto, united we stand.rose, furnished and superintended the horses for the

The treasurer of the company—the trustees—the carriages. company by seniority, hand in hand, six abreast, con This grand procession began to move from the place şisting of 72, each wearing a white sash, with a black re- of rendezvous about half past nine (as was before mentief down the middle, and cockades of the same, in ho- tioned) and the front arrived at Union Green, in front. nour of the first and great ally of the United States.

of Bush Hill, about half past twelve. The length of LXXIII.

the line was about one mile and a half; the distance Engravers.

marched through about three miles. As the procession' Their armorial insignia (devised for the occasion) came into Fourth-strecf, captain David Zeigler and lieut: were-Or, on a chevron engrailed, gules (between a John Armstrong had drawn up their company of contiparallel ruler sable, barred and studded of the first, and nental troops, and saluted the procession as it passed; two gravers faltier ways, azure, handle of the third) 3 according to military rule. plates: the crest, a copper plate on a sand bag proper, A very large circular range of tables, covered with inscribed underneath, in large capitals, ENGRAVERS. canvass awnings, and plentifully spread with a cold col. LXXIV.

lation, had been prepared the day before by the com: Plasterers. (No return.)

mittee of provisions. In the centre of this spacious LXXV.

circle the grand edifice was placed, and the ship Union Brush-makers.

moored. The flag's of the consuls and other standards A white flag, with a wild boar, and a bundle of bristles were planted round the edifice. over him; the motto, “federal brush manufactory.Oration by James Wilson, esq. from the Federal Edifice. The flag carried by Mr. Roger Flahavan, jun. LXXVI.

The several light companies were then drawn off by Stay-makers,

captain Heyshamto an eminence nearly opposite, where Were represented by Mr. Francis Serre, with his first they fired a feu-de-joie of three rounds, also three vollies, journeyman carrying an elegant pair of lady's stays. followed by three cheers, to testify their satisfaction on LXXVII.

this joyful occasion. Corps of light infantry, commanded by captain Rees, After the oration, the company went to dinner. with the standard of the second regiment.

No spirits or wines of any kind were introduced; LXXVIII.

American porter, beer and cyder were the only liquors. The civil and military officers of congress in the city. With these were drank the following toasts, announced LXXIX.

by the trumpet, and answered by a discharge of artilleThe supreme executive council of Pennsylvania.- ry—a round of ten to each toast, and these were in like (His excellency the president was too much indisposed manner answered by a discharge from the ship Rising to attend.]

Sun, at her moorings.

The justices of the common pleas and the magistrates. 1. The people of the united states.

2. Honour and immortality to the members of the late Sheriff and coroner on horseback.

federal convention. LXXXII.

3. General Washington. Board of city wardens.

4. The king of France. City treasurer, and secretary to the board.

5. The United Netherlands.' Clerks of the markets, with standard, weights and 6. The foreign powers in alliance with the united measures,

states. Constable of the watch, with his two assistants, bear 7. The agriculture, manufactures, and commerce of ing their staves.

the united states. Music.

8. The heroes who have fallen in defence of our lib. Twenty watchmen, with their flams decorated, and inerties. their proper drels.

9. May reason, and not the sword, hereafter decide Twenty silent watchmen, with their staves.

all national disputes. Watchmen, calling the hour ten o'clock and a glori 10. The whole family of mankind. ous star light morning.

It should not be omitted, that the several trades farThe hour and stars alluded to the ten states who have nished the devices, mottos, machines and decorations adopted the constitution.

themselves, and at the expense of their respective camLXXXIII. The street commissioners. panies—and that by much the greatest part of the work




exhibited on that day, was completed between Monday dows of the houses. This must be ascribed to the submorning and the Thursday evening following:

limity of the sight, and the pleasure it excited in every The military in general, horse, artillery and infantry, mind; for sublime objects and intense pleasure never fail were completely dressed and accoutred, according to of producing silence! the uniforms of their respective corps, and made a most În the course of the morning, many speeches were martial appearance; being distributed in various parts of made by different gentlemen, that arose out of the incithe line, they gave a beautiful variety to the whole, and dents of the procession. Mr. P who walked with the evinced that both soldiers and citizens united in favour farmers, just behind a man who was sowing grain, upon of the new government.

passing by the lawyers, said, "we sow, gentlemen, but The whole of this vast body was formed, and the en-you reap the fruits of our labours.” Upon the procestertainment of the day conducted with a regularity and sion being detained for a few minutes by an accident decorum far beyond all reasonable expectation. The having happened to the carriage of the black-smiths' footways, the windows and roofs of the houses were shop, it was said, “that this was all in order, for it was crowded with spectators, exhibiting a spectacle truly an emblem of the obstructions and difficulties the conmagnificent and irresistably animating. But what was stitution had met with in its establishment, from the arts more pleasing to the contemplative mind, universal love of bad, and the ignorance of weak men.” and harmony prevailed, and every countenance appear. "Tis done! We have become a nation. America has ed to be the index of a heart glowing with urbanity and ceased to be the only power in the world, that has derirational joy. This pleasing idea was much supported ved no benefit from licr declaration of independence. by a circumstance which probably never before occurred we are more than repaid for the distresses of the war, in such extent-viz: the clergy of almost every denom- and the disappointment of the peace. The torpid reination united in charity and brotherly love-may they sources of our country already discover signs of life and their fiocks so walk through life!

and motion. We are no longer the scoff of our eneIt is impossible to be precise in numbers on such an mies. The reign of violence is over, Justice has de occasion; but averaging several opinions, there were scended from hcaven to dwell in our land, and amplc about five thousand in the line of procession, and about restitution has at last been made to human nature, by, seventeen thousand on Union Green. The green was our New Constitution, for all the injuries she has sus. entirely cleared by six o'clock in the erening, and the tained in the old world from arbitrary governments, edifice, ship, and several machines being withdrawn, the false religions, and unlawful commerce. citizens soberly retired to their respective homes. The But I return from this digression, to relate one more weather was remarkably favourable for the season fact, from which I derived no small pleasure, or rather cloudy without rain, and a brisk wind from the south du- triumph, after the procession was over. It is, that out ring the whole day. At night the ship Riring Sun was of seventeen thousand people who appeared on the handsomely illuminated in honor of this great festival. Such is the account we have been enabled to give of one person intoxicated, nor was there a single quarrel or

green, and partook of the collation, there was scarcely this memorable exhibition—it is very probable there may even dispute, heard of during the day. All was order, be some omissions; if so, the commitice can only assure all was harmony and joy. These delightful fruits of the their fellow citizens that no neglect or ofi'ence was in- entertainment are to be ascribed wholly to no liquors tended to any individual or company whatever the being drank on the green, but beer and cyder. I wish shortness of the time, and the complicated nature of the this fact could be published in every language, and cirtask, they have undertaken, must be their apology. culated through every part of the world, where spirit

As the system of government (now fully ratified) has uous liquors are used. been the occasion of much present joy, so may it prove A small anecdote connected with the effects of the a source of future blessing to our country, and the glory procession, shall finish my postcript. of our rising empire.

A worthy German who carried the standard of one of Published by order,

the trades, when he came home, desired his wife to take Francis HOPKINSOX, Chairman

care of the flag till the next time he should be called upof the committee of arrangement. on to carry it, "and if I die, (said he) before I can have

that honour again, I desire that you would place it in Extracts from observations on the Federal Procession.

my coffin, and bury it with me." The Procession gave universal pleasure. Never upon

AUCTION DUTIES. any occasion during the late war did I see such deep seated joy in every countenance. Foreigners speak of The following is the amount of Duties, paid by the it in the highest terms, and many of them, who have seen different Auctioneers in this city for the last quarter. the splendid processions of coronations in Europe, de R. F. Allen,

10,297 66 clare, that they all yield, in the effect of pleasure, to Jno. Jennings,

5,900 80 our hasty exhibition instituted in honor of our Federal M. Gillingham,

5,113 95 Government.

P. Graham,

4,819 7 The first thing that struck me in viewing the proces J. F. Lewis,

4,499 93 sion, was, the occasion of it.

S. C. Ford,

4,486 88 It was not to celebrate a victory obtained in blood over J. Lippincot,

4,441 66 any of our fellow-creatures. No city reduced to ashes M. Nisbet,

4,090 60 no army conquered by capitulation-no news of G. W. Richards,

2,188 16 slaughtered thousands brought the citizens of Philadel M. Thomas,

1,428 30 phia together. It was to celebrate a triumph of know T. B. Freeman,

513 16 ledge overignorance, of virtue over vice, and of liberty S. B. Grant,

283 52 over slavery. It was to celebrate the birth of a free gov G. Riter,

94 84 ernment, the objects of which were to lessen the num Goodwin,

44 50 ber of widows and orphans, by preventing the effusion of human blood; to save human nature from the disgra

48,203 08 ces and desolations of war, and to establish and extend the blessings of peace throughout the continent of Amer The above table indicates only the extent of business ica.

done by the Philadelphia Auctioneers, in dutiable artiThe order of the procession was regular, and begat cles. Thus, Mr. Freeman's sales of real estate, &c. &c. correspondent order in all classes of spectators. A sol- &c., amounted last quarter to 130,000 dollars, though emn silence reigned both in the streets and at the win- I the amount of duties he paid was only 513 dollars.

No, 27.

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We regret extremely, that in the communication pub- pended in removing rocks, deepening channels, and lished in our last number on the subject of canals, some building wing walls, &c. the benefit derived from such

trifling and frequently pernicious labours, was sca

carcely expressions were used and statements made, particularly perceptible. In the year 1793, a company was incorin respect to the Chesapeake and Delaware canal, which porated to make a canal round the Conewago falls on our better judgment, and a more deliberate examina- this river; on the east side of this river; which work extion would not have permitted us to circulate; and tending 14 mile, and overcoming a fall of 21 feet, was

soon afterwards executed at an expense of 100,000 dolwhich, we understand, have justly occasioned some un lars. In the year 1813, an act was passed authorising pleasant feelings on the part of those more immediately James Hopkins of Lancaster county, to make a cana] interested in that important work. We have carefully, for the same purpose on the east side of the river; acand conscientiously endeavoured to preserve the Regis- cordingly in 1814, two dams, one of 800, the other of

500 feet were built. The canal is one mile in length, ter from being the medium of communicating any mat-excavated in rock. The ascent of 21 feet is overcome ters, personally offensive, or of a party nature, or calcu- by one guard and three lift locks, each 110 feet long lated to create a prejudice against individuals or com- and 18 feet wide. The cost of this work was $120,000. panies; and we are mortified, that notwithstanding these The water power obtained from these two canals was

the chief inducement which occasioned their construcfixed principles which we had established, we have, tion. from the circumstances under which the last number In 1826 the legislature commenced the execution of was published, been, innocently, the cause of produ- the Susquehanna division of the great Pennsylvania Ca

nal, which will extend from the New York line, on the cing the effects, against which we have always intended North Branch of the Susquehanna, to Columbia, e disto guard our work. But as it has gone forth to the world, tance of 244 miles, exclusive of the length of the we deem it but justice to ourselves to state, that, owing branches, &c.* to the manuscript being furnished to us at the very mo

We will briefly mention a few of the works which are

in ment when it was actually required by the compositors, sidered as the branches of this canal.

progress, or in contemplation, and which may be conand in detached portions, we had not the opportunity of 1. A company has been incorporated to improve the perusing it, previously, with our usual caution; and after Tioga river, for the purpose of transporting the valuable being printed, (the time for issuing the paper being ar- bituminous coal, which abounds on its head waters, to

market. The plan of the improvement has not been de. rived,) and confiding its correction principally to the cided—if a rail way can be made at less expense than a author of the communication; we did not notice the ob- slack water navigation, it will probably be adopted: a jectionable portions. The circumstance, too, of the au- survey has been made, but the company have not comthor sanctioning the communication by his name, and of menced operations. The future operations of this com


will depend on the mcasures which may be adoptcourse assuming upon himself any responsibility which ed by the legislature of New York in relation to some might attach to it, operated, in some considerable de projects which are connected wiih the plans of the comgree, to render us less particular than usual in revising pany in that state. Much will depend on the connexion the proof sheets. After making this candid statement by rail ways or canals. We have not the means of de

of the Cayuga and Seneca lakes with the Susquehanna, by way of apology for ourselves, and expressing our reciding whether these connexions, which have been 20gret for the occasion which renders it necessary; we thorised, will soon be effected. hope, that

any censure, which might otherwise attach to 2. We have previously stated that a company was auus, will be removed. After all, we presume, that the and dams, &c. Nothing has hitherto been effected - but

thorised to improve the Lackawannock by canals, locks, mere opinion of an individual, on points of policy and

we bave reason to suppose that operations will be comexpediency, in opposition to those of engineers and ma- menced before the completion of the state canal, and the nagers interested deeply in the ultimate success of the Lackawasen rail way, which are situated at each extreundertaking, cannot prevail

, to the prejudice of the writy of the projected line of improvements. work, in the view of the public. For ourselves, we * We have given in the table, in page 407, the length, deem it one of the most important improvements of the lockage, estimated cost, and some other particulars represent time; and we hope the day is not far distant, specting the canals, now being executed by order of when a practical demonstration will be afforded of the Susquehannah and North Branch are 90 feet long by.17

the state. We may here mention that the locks on the fallacy of the author's views upon the subject.

broad; on the Juniata, and on the canals west of the

mountains, the locks are 90 feet long, and only 14 wide: VOTES ON THE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT

a deviation in the width which will occasion much inOF PENNSYLVANIA,

convenience; the reasons which have been assigned for By G. W. SMITH, ESQ.- CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 416.

this variation are very unsatisfactory. On the Delaware

the locks are 90 feet long and 11 feet wide. 55 miles on We have now described all the works which are in the Connemaugh, and Alleghany, and 24 miles on the tended to connect the Delaware with the Susquehanna. Susquehanna are finished, or will be in the course of We will proceed to describe the works in the vicinity this month. The whole 780 miles of canals, and about of the latter river.

1404 of rail roads, now in progress, at the expense of This beautiful stream is the largest river which emp- the State will be finished in 3 years from the present. ties into the Atlantic, within the United States; and, with the exception of the St. Lawrence and the Missis * Viz. 1st, one of about 41 miles in length over the sippi, is the largest stream on the eastern coast of the Alleghany mountain-from Johnstown to Frankstown. union. It is the only river which at once stretches out 2d, the railway extending 84} miles from Philadelphia its arīns, if we may use the expression, to embrace the to Columbia, (thence to York, about 15 miles, which is streanıs which are the tributaries of the two great kin- not yet located) Major Wilson is the engineer of the dred rivers which we have just mentioned.

Columbia rail way. His talents and scientific attainMany efforts have been made to improve the naviga- ments are too well known to require our commendation of this river; but although large sums have been ex- / tion.

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