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Lewisburg bridge


No. 9. Conemaugh bridge


TAVERN LICENSES. Nescopeck bridge

240 Robert Graham, former treasurer of AlleSusquehanna and York borough turnpike road

gheny county

818 69 company

375 | William Blair, late


1,511 42 Lancaster, Elizabethtown and Middletown

John B. M'Pherson


761 16 turnpike road company

200 Alexander Colwell


240 73 Aaron La Rue, late Bucks

730 00 15,940 David Bright


1,965 05 James Williams, former Bedford

50 00 No. 6.

Henry Williams



Joseph Hemphill


467 52 Mechanics' Bank of Philadelphia

John Sullivan, late


290 00 2,563 87 Isaiah Niblock


241 11 Schuylkill Bank

2,400 00 York Bank

Andrew Irwine, late Bradford

183 92 1,889 66 James P. Bull


185 20 Bank of Gettysburg,

1,641 69 Commercial Bank of Pennsylvania

James Davis, late


1,149 24 1,600 00 Farmers' Bank of Lancaster

Alexander Nesbitt


826 634 1,509 68 Bank of Germantown

William Wilson, former Columbia

9 47 1,450 40 Andrew M'Reynolds

do. Easton Bank

392 92 1,304 21 David Todd, late

Cambria Bank of the Northern Liberties

400 00 1,280 00 Bank of Chambersburg

Stewart Steel


142 12 1,080 50 Harrisburg Bank

8 61 1,014 56

Patrick Cambridge, former Centre

James M. Petrikin, late do.
Bridge Company

250 00
985 44
John D. Petrikin


92 76 Carlisle Bank

856 01
James Ferguson

Farmers' Bank of Reading,

96 28 618 46 John P. Davis


291 10 Bank of Montgomery county

601 64 Westmoreland Bank of Pennsylvania

539 91
Peter Brua, late


976 76 John Russell, late

Delaware Bank of Delaware county,

354 69 496 06 Thomas Laird


202 693 Northampton Bank

453 28

Joshua Hart, former Monongahela Bank of Brownsville

10 00 449 33

James Boyle


183 92 Lancaster bank

411 40 Gettysburg Bank

307 67
Asa M'Clelland, late Greene

117 04

Samuel Steel, former Farmers' Bank of Bucks County

21 92 12 57

Walter Clark


516 84 William Lucas


158 40 23,466 34 Daniel Keller, former Lebanon

70 40 No. 7.

Jacob Goodhart


511 07 John Leonard, former Lancaster TAX ON OFFICES.

135 20 Emanuel Reigart, late


3,036 00 William Powell, late prothonotary Mont

John P. Babb, late


150 48 gomery county

$41 45
John Myers


209 00 Philip Messenkopp, late register Lancaster

Jacob Newhard, jr. lato Lehigh

683 55 county

164 023 Robert Stewart, late


139 32 William Williamson, late prothonotary Ches

Aaron Hackney


24 00 ter county

124 60
George Kline late

Montgomery 167 00 George W. Riter, recorder Philadelphia

William M‘Glathery late


1,114 75 county

2,135 00
Henry Kulp late


209 64 Randal Hutchinson, prothonotary district

Joseph B. Arp


300 00 court Philadelphia county

1,993 81
Michael Opp

Northampton 1,054 38 John Geyer, register Philadelphia county 1,270 43

Frederick Haas

Northumberland 519 69 N. W. Sample, jr. prothonotary Lancaster

Jacob Hornbeck


133 76 county

1,124 43

James S. Huber late Philadelphia 11,486 01 Samuel Rush, deputy attorney general may

John Patton


409 64 or's court Philadelphia

324 00
John Schall


526 43 Matthew Randall, prothonotary Philadelphia

Joshua W. Raynesford late Susquehanna 158 84 county

515 34
Jacob Kesler late


67 56 John Hershberger, prothonotary of Franklin

Samuel Wilson


468 16 190 00 John Evans late


10 00 William M'Candlass, prothonotary Allegheny

Hugh M'Clelland


62 83 county

140 64
Johnson Wilson late Warren

8 53 George M. Dallas, deputy attorney general®

Joseph Miller former Wayne

50 00 Philadelphia county

121 00
Rufus Grenell


35 00 John Conrad, clerk of the sessions Philadel.

Jacob S. Davis former do.

35 00 phia County

118 00
James Allison late

Washington 109 37 George Welsh, prothonotary, &c. Adams

Isaac Leet


856 03 county

114 474 Henry Welty late

Westmoreland 709 42 Samuel A.Smith, register and recorder Bucks

Alexander Johnson

193 24 76 77 John Voglesong late York

1,321 72 8,453 97

39,218 15

No. 10.
No. 8.


DISE. Amount of fees received and accounted for by

William Blair late treasurer Allegheny Issaac D. Barnard, secretary of the common


273 22 wealth

2,413 60 ) Alexander Colwell Armstrong 411 53







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Robert Smith late

38 00 Thomas Laird


14 25 John B. M'Pherson

612 694 | James Boyle


56 05 Aaron La Ruc late

1,205 69 Asa M'Clelland late Greene

114 00 Henry Williams

383 86 Walter Clark

Huntingdon 204 25 David Bright

1,366 94 Emanuel Reigart late Lancaster

170 00 Joseph Hemphill

334 64 Jacob Goodbart


19 00 Isaiah Niblock

412 41 Jacob Newhard, jr. late Lehigh

189 25 Andrew Irvine late Bradford 146 85 Robert Stewart late Mercer

80 75 George M'Feely late Cumberland

38 00
Henry Kulp late


103 55 Alexander Nesbit


761 381 George Kline late Montgomery 154 23 Andrew M'Reynolds Columbia

301 23
Michael Opp

Northampton 199 50 James Davis late

1,590 254 Frederick Haas

Northumberland 57 00 John P. Davis


102 31 James S. Huber late Philadelphia 736 25 Stewart Steel

58 98 Jacob Hornbeck


28 50 Patrick Cambridge former Centre

1 39 John Schall


61 75 James M. Petrikin late do.

100 00 John Patton


28 50 John D. Petrikin

365 75 Joshua W. Raynesford late Susquehanna

95 00 James Ferguson

14 12 Samuel Wilson


80 75 Peter Brua late

629 47 Isaac Leet


80 75 John Russell late

668 31 Henry Welty late

Westmoreland 91418) Thomas Laird

212 07 John Voglesong late York

99 75 James Boyle


546 01 William Clark, state treasurer, for maps taken Asa M'Clelland late Greene 312 59 by members of the legislature

60 00 Walter Clark

Huntingdon 572 49 William Trimble late Indiana 27 49

4,981 701 William Lucas


226 60 John Leonard former Lancaster

4 34

No. 12. Emanuel Reigart late


394 00 John Reynolds

622 25

Jacob Goodhart

458 02 John B. M‘Pherson, treas'r. Adams co.

12 50 Matthew Brown late Lycoming 3 80 Alexander Colwell Armstrong

21 36 John P. Baab late

179 55 Homer Eches


449 39 John Myers

215 85 Daniel Spangler


5 00 Jacob Newhard, jr. late Lehigh

568 54 John Reynolds


94 22 Robert Stewart late Mercer

340 49
Henry Daub


20 00 Aaron Hackney

139 00 William Moulder

Philadelphi 1,157 92 Henry Kulp late

147 00 Isaac Leet


30 00 Joseph B. Ard


200 67 Thomas M‘Glathery late Montgomery 1,536 75

1,790 39 Michael Opp

Northampton 1,290 47
Frederick Haas
Northumberland 327 75

No. 13.
James S. Huber late Philadelphia 6,223 55
Jacob Ilornbeck

142 50

John Schall

Schuylkill 332 44 William M'Clelland, deceased, former brigade John Patton


220 87}
inspector, second brigade, eleventh division

74 22 Joshua W. Raynesford late Susquehanna 255 36 John Baldy. deceased, late brigade inspector, Samuel Wilson


286 701
first brigade, eigth division

123 00 John Evans late


50 00 Caleb B. Campbell, late brigade inspector, 2d James Allison late Washington 66 88 brigade, eleventh division

49 93 Isaac Leet


873 51 Daniel Sha:p, brigade inspector, first brigade, Henry Welty late Westmoreland 601 98.1 first division

650 00 John Voglesong late York

815 68 Nathaniel W. Sample, jr. brigade inspector, 20 John Bacon City Philadelphia 9,158 65 brigade, fourth division

149 00 William Graham City Pittsburg 1,791 49 David Bright, treasurer, Berks co.

5 70 Jacob Long late City Lancaster 8 834 James Davis late


9 50 George Weitzel

491 85 William Wilson former Columbia

21 71 Peter Brua late


3 80 39,493 073 John Russel late


11 40 Asa M-Clelland late Greene

4 70 Samuel Steel former Huntingdon

6 60 No. 11. John Leonard former Lancaster


John P. Babb late


28 88 John B. M'Pherson, treas'r Adams co.

33 25 Henry Kulp late


75 10 Aaron La Rue late

422 75 James S. Huber late Philadelphia

262 20 David Bright


160 55 Henry Williams


42 75 Joseph Hemphill


71 25 Isaiah Niblock


104 50 Andrew Irvine late

85 50

No. 14.
James Davis late

311 60

Alexander Nesbitt Cumberland 228 50
Andrew M‘Reynolds Columbia
109 25 Henry Bohn's estate

1,201 34

456 15 John D. Petrikin Centre

Polly Wilson's estate
66 50
William Martin's estate

342 25 John P. Davis


80 75
William Wandlass's estate

40 611 Stewart Steel


19 00 Peter Brua late

261 25

2,040 351 John Russell late


270 04

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1,516 20




No. 15.

William White, sheriff of Lancaster county, UNITED STATES, INTEREST ON ADVANCES IN

fine recovered from a pedler


John Blair, one of the commissioners of the Thomas T. Tucker, Esq. treasurer, interest

Susquehanna lottery

10 00 on advances by the state of Pennsylvania,

Canal commissioners, on account of lumber during the late war

69 24
sold by them
$17,577 60

Interest on 1,285 dollars of the notes of the
Juniata Bank of Pennsylvania

578 25 No. 16.

Interest on 871 dollars, of the notes of the

Centre Bank of Pennsylvania

333 31 Bank of Montgomery county, per act of 1st

Interest on 640 dollars, of the notes of the April, 1826 30,000 Bank of Washington, Pennsylvania

293 15 Easton Bank, per act of 1st April, 1826 25,000 Interest on 200 dollars, of the notes of the Harrisburg Bank, per act of 1st April, 1826 10,000 Allegheny Bank of Pennsylvania

93 27 Jesse Beeson, Esq. former treasurer of Fay

65,000 ette county, per Thomas Irwin, Esq. atPhiladelphia Bank, stock loan pertaining to the

torney for the commonwealth

300 00 canal, per act of 1st April, 1826

100,000 Christian Mattes, Esq. former treasurer of Farmers and Mechanics' Bank, stock loan per

Montgomory county, per John H. Sheets, taining to the canal, per act of 1st April,

Esq. attorney for the commonwealth 226 00 1826

100,000 Premium on the above 7,250

7,630 20

207,250 Philadelphia Bank, stock loan pertaining to the

The following information respecting Huntingdon canal, per act of 9th April, 1827

40,000 Farmers and Mechanics' Bank, stock loan per

county, was published last year, and appeared originally taining to the canal, per act of 9th April,

in the H. Gazette, in three letters addressed to the mem. 1827

40,000 bers of the Legislature—we have imbodied them into Bank of Pennsylvania, stock loan pertaining to the canal, per act of 9th April, 1827

one article, and have inverted the order in which they

720,000 Premiums on the above


were published, by commencing with the second instead

of the first letter. We would be glad to see such state838,000 ments from every county in the state—it is from facts

of this kind that a knowledge of our resources must be 1,110,250

acquired—and while information is conveyed to those No. 17.

at a distance, real advantage may accrue to the neigborOLD DEBTS AND MISCELLANEOUS.

hoods which are described. William Eichbaum, per Ross Wilkins, Esq.

HUNTINGDON COUNTY. attorney for the commonwealth

1,960 89 Huntingdon county is situated in the heart of the Thomas R. Gettys, former treasurer of Bed.

state of Pennsylvania. It is finely watered by the Juniford county, per Wm. F. Boone, Esq. at

ata river, and the various streams discharging themselves torney for the commonwealth

962 19 into the Frankstown and Raystown branches, and into William Hamilton, deceased, former treasur

the Little Juniata, Aughwick, and Tuscarora creeks.' er of Lancaster county, per his suretics 835 74 The Frankstown Branch rises in the Allegheny Moun. Henry Baldwin, per Samuel Douglas, attor

tain, and passes through the centre of the county in a ney for the commonwealth

485 00 direction from the west to east. The Raystown branch, Frederick Conrad, late prothonotary of Mont

after passing through a part of Bedford county, runs in gomery, per William Powel, Esq. attors

a direction froin south west to north east, until it joins nay for the commonwealth

429 16 the Frankstown branch, about 4 miles below the borough Matthew Randall, Esq. prothonotary of Phi.

of Huntingdon, where the river is about 120 yards broad, ladelphia county, for tin pedlers' licenses 300 00 and properly assumes the name of Juniata. Aughwick Thomas Henry, Joseph Hemphill and Robert

creek,receiving many tributary streams, runs from south Moore, commissioners for the sale of lots,

west to north east, and empties itself into the Juniata, in the reserve tract, at the mouth of Big

about sixteen miles below Huntingdon. The Little Beaver, per act of 10th April, 1826 204 00 Juniata, also receiving many fine streams, particularly Nathan Palmer, former treasurer of Luzerne

the Little Bald Eagle, and Spruce creeks, passing from county, per A. Bidlack, Esq. attorney for

north west to south east, empties into the Frankstown the commonwealth

200 00 branch, about seven miles from Huntingdon, north west. Alexander Moore, Esq. late deputy attorney

Shavers creek and Stone creek are fine streams, passing general of Montgomery county, per John

through a highly cultivated country; the latter is navigaH. Sheets, Esq. attorney for the common

ble for about eighteen miles north east from Huntingdon, wealth

100 00 and at its junction with the Juniata the borough town is The administrators of Thomas Province, de

built. Tuscarora creek runs through the south eastern ceased, on account of the Susquehanna

section of the country and passing into Mifflin county, is lottery, per Robert Allison, Esq. attorney

navigable to its mouth. for the commonwealth

100 00 The greatest length of the county is 50 miles; its The administrators of John Steel, deceased,

greatest breadth 40 miles. It covers an area of 1338 on account of the Susquehanna lottery,

miles, containing 856,032 acres, of which upwards of per E. W. Hale, Esq. attorney for the

200,000 acres are first rate land. More than 550,000 acres commonwealth

70 00 are settled and well improved, and the remainder is Reuben Winslow, Esq.prothonotary of Clear

mountainous and covered with timber. The population, field county, for tin pedlers' license

30 00 according to the census of 1820, was 20,142. The valuaSolomon Moore, Esq. prothonotary of Wayne

tion of property, as by the late assessments, is about county, for tin pedlers' license

25 00 3,000,000. No. 3.


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The county is divided into eighteen townships, and 4 carding machines: 2 breweries; 1 hemp mill; 1 slitting contains a number of flourishing towns and vilages; and rolling mill; 1 nail factory. among these are Huntingdon, Alexandria, Williams

FURNACES. burghi, Shirleysburg, Petersburg, Frankstown, Hollidaysburgh, Newry, Birmingham, M'Connellsburg, and

iluntingdon Furnace, owned by Messrs. Gloninger, Smithfield. The natural productions are iron, coal, lead, Anholtz & Co. is situated 26 miles from Huntingdon, salt and alum. Marble is also found, of various colours, N. W. in the Warrior marks, on one of the branches of in many townships. Several very curious caves have Spruce Creek, which empties into the Little Juniata. been discovered in the limestone rallies, in which stal This Furnace manufactures about 1500 tons of Pig me.

tal annually. Actites and other petrifactions are found; and there are znany mineral springs throughout the county, of great | Lyon, is situated 20 miles from Huntingdon, north, near

Pennsylvania Furnace, owned by Messrs. Stewart and efficacy in their use in certain diseases. There are no manufactures of cotton or woollen in the 'This Furnace manufactures about 1500 tons of Pig metal

the Centre county line, on the head of Spruce Creek. county. The family of each industrious farmer is sup- and 50 tons of Castings annually. plied with domestic cottons, linens, and woollens of its own manufacture, in a proportion equal to the domestic

Springfield Furnace, owned by Messrs. D. & S. Roy. industry of any other part of the State. The cultivation

er, is situated 16 miles from Huntingdon, south west, in of Hlax, and the raising of sheep, is at this time rapidly the Juniata. This furnace manufactures about 1400 tons

Morrison's Cove, on Piney creek, which empties into increasing, and if it were possible to induce the capital of Pig metal and castings annually. ist to embark his funds in establishing manufactories of cotton, fax, or wool, Huntingdon county possesses ma- situated 20 miles from Huntingdor, S. W. in Morrison's

Rebecca Furnace, owned by Peter Shænberger, is terials, water powers, and facilities of transportation to Cove, on Clover creek which empties into the Juniata. market, equal to any in the interior of the state. But

This Furnace manufactures about 1200 tons of Pig metal under existing circumstances, unless the responsibility of the manufacturer should be limited to the amount of

annually. his capital invested, our prospect of success in establish

Etna Furnace, owned by Henry S. Spang, is situated ing works of benefit to the community, at least of this 14 miles from Huntingdon, west, in Canoe Valley, on nature, is rain and illusory. A law authorizing limited springs emptying into the Juniata. This Furnace partnerships would bring into operation, immediately,

manufactures about 1600 tons of pig metal annually. an abundance of capital, now dead, and only waiting the ated 30 miles from Huntingdon, west, near the foot of

Allegheny Furnace, owned by Robert Allison is siturisk to be removed, to be beneficially employed. In enumerating the varicus mills and works of public Furnace is now out of blast; it did manufacture about

the Allegheny mountain on the head of the Juniata. This improvement erected in the county, I shall examine the townships separately.

1000 tons of pig metal and castings annually. Dublin township. In this are 1 grist mill, 6 saw mills, is situated 14 miles from Huntingdon, N.W. on the Lit

Union Furnace, owned now by the Huntingdon Bank, 2 distilleries, 1 full ng mill, 1 oil mill, 1 tan yard.

tle Juniata. This Furnace has been for some years out Tell township. 1 grist mill, 1 saw mill, 2 distilleries. :

of blast. Springfield township. 2 grist mills, 5 saw mills, 1 distillery, 1 tan yard.

Bald Eagle Furnace, owned by Messrs. Gloninger, Union township. 4 grist mills, 4 saw mills, 3 distiller- Anshultz & Co. is situated 24 miles from Huntingdon, ies, 1 fulling mill, 1 tan yard, 1 carding machine.

N. W. on the little Bald Eagle creek, which empties

into the little Juniata. This establishment is now build. Henderson township; 3 grist mills, 9 saw mills, 7 dis ing, and will be finished the ensuing spring: tilleries, 1 fulling mill, 1 oil mi brewery, 4 tan yards,

The above furnaces at this time inanufacture upwards 1 carding machine.

Hopewell township. 4 grist mills, 3 saw mills, 7 dis- of 6000 tons of pig metal and castings annually. The tilleries, 2 oil mills, 1 hemp mill.

pigs for the most part are worked up, by the forges in distilleries, 2 fulling mills, 2 furnaces, 1 forge, 1 oil mill, market for the purpose of supplying the founderies. Woodberry township. 5 grist mills, 13 saw mills, 6 the county; A few years since a lucrative business was

carried on by transporting the pig metal to a western 1 brewery, 4 tan yards. Morris township. 3 grist mills, saw mills, 2 distiller

Some pigs also were annually sent down the Juniata to jes, 2 furnaces, 1 forge.

the forges in the eastern part of the state. Tyrone township, 3 grist mills, 6 saw mills, 8 distil.

FORGES. leries, 2 forges, 1 nail factory, 3 tan yards.

Juniat: Forge, owned by Peter Shænberger, is situat. Allegheny township, 3 grist mills, 6 saw mills, 5 dised 6 miles from Huntingdon, north, on the river Juniata, tilleries, 1 furnace, 1 fulling mill, 1 oil mill, 2 tan yards. at the mouth of Shavers creek. This forge manufac

Frankstown township. 9 grist mills, 6 saw mills, 15 | tures about 350 tons of bar iron annually. distilleries, 1 fulling mill, 3 tan yards.

Bairee Forge, owned by Henry P. Dorsey, is situated Porter township. 1 grist miil, 3 saw mills, 6 distiller- 9 miles from Huntingdon, N. W. on the little Juniata. ies, 1 tan yard, 1 carding machine.

This forge manufactures about 350 tons of bar iron anFranklin township. 4 grist mills, 7 saw mills, 1 ful nually. ling mill, 2 furnaces, 4 forges.

Sligo Forges, No. 1 and 2, and Colerain Forge. These W'est township. 5 grist mills, 10 saw mills, 7 distil. three forges form a fine establishment, owned by Messrs. leries, 2 forges, 1 tan yard.

Stewart and Lyon. They are situated 4 miles from HuntBarree township. 4 grist mills, 18 saw mills, 3 dis-ingdon, N. W. on Spruce creek, 2 miles above its junctilleries, 2 fulling mills, 1 tan yard.

tion with the Little Juniata. These works have lately Shirley township. 4 grist mills, 7 distilleries, 2 tan ceased making bar iron, and now manufacture about yards, 1 carding machine, 1 powder mill.

800 tons of blooms annually, which are sent to the rolling Warrior-mark township. 5 grist mills, 4 saw mills, 2 mill and nail factory established by the owners lately at elistilleries, 1 fiuling mill, 1 slitting and rolling mill, 1 | Pittsburg, under the name of Sligo Works. They did mill for clčaning cloversied, 1 paper will, 1 furnace now manufacture about 450 tons of bar iron annually. building

Tyrone Forges, No. 1 and 2, together with the rolling Antes township. grist mills, 3 sau mills, 1 distillery, and slitting mill, and nail factory form an extensive es1 powder mill.

tablishment, owned by Messrs. Gloninger, Anshultz & Thus it will appear that in the whole county are 62 Co. They are situated 20 miles from Huntingdon, N. grist mills; 84 distilleries; 24 tan yards; 8 furnaces; 10 W. on the Little Juniata. These two forges manufac. forges; 1 paper mill; 1 mill for cleaning clover seed; 120 ture about 500 tons of bar irons annually. The rolling saw mills; 11 fulling mills; 5 oil mills; 3 powder mills; I and slitting mill manufactures about 150 tons annually,




75 tons of which are cut into nails at the works; 50 tons It is customary with the farmer at all seasons of the year, are slit into nail rods and sent to the western market; when not engaged in the immediate business of his farm and about 25 tons are retained in the adjoining counties. to employ his team and wagon in the transportation of

Etna Forge, owned by Henry S. Spang, is situated 14 merchandize either for himself or his neighbour, or the miles from Huntingdon, west, on the Juniata river. This country merchant. Grain and whiskey and iron are artiforge manufactures about 300 tons of bar iron annually. cles commanding cash, or are taken in exchange by the

Maria Forge, owned by Peter Shænberger, is situated storekeeper for foreign commodities; an accumulation 25 miles from Huntingdon, S. W. on Cove creek, which / takes place of these articles; they are either sent to an empties into the Juniata. This forge manufactures | eastern, a western or a southern market by single loads about 300 tons of Blooms annually, which are sent to or are put into arks and boats at the time of the annual the owners extensive establishment at Pittsburgh, called rise of the waters. If the farmer wishes to obtain his Juniata works, consisting of puddling furnace, rolling annual supply of groceries, salted fish or plaister; or if and slitting mill and nail factory.

he is employed to bring from the sea port, goods for the Cove Forge, owned by J. Royer and G. Schmucker, country storekeeper, his eastern load is of iron, whiskey, is situated 14 miles from Huntingdon, west on Juniata grain or flour. Hence it is nearly impossible to ascertain river. This forge manufactures about 300 tons of bar to a certainty the amount of these articles exported from ison annually

the country, except as to the iron sent by the iron maMillington Forge, now tenanted by Messrs. Glonin- nufacturer. But as a means of arriving near the truth, ger, Anshultz and Co. is situated 14 miles from Hunting- first let us examine the statement of river craft now don, N. W. on Spruce Creek. This forge manufactures building, and perhaps we shall not be remote from acabout 150 tons of bar iron annually. There was former- curacy. ly at this place an extensive steel manufactory, establish On Stone creek there are 52 arks, on Spruce creek 7 ed by Mr. W. M'Dermitt. Steel of a fine quality was arks, at Williamsburg 12 arks, at Frankstown 6 arks, in made and commanded a ready market, but since the other parts of the county 10 arks now building, making death of the late proprietor, this branch of the Iron an aggregate of 86 arks. Of these about 15 or 20 are manufacture has been abandoned.

designed for the Lewistown market, to which place they The trade of the Juniata river in iron, grain, flour, pass empty. Of the remainder about 6 or 10 will carry whiskey and lumber, is of vast importance as regards the pig metal and bar iron, and the balance, being about 60 commercial interests of Pennsylvania. The calculation arks, will be laden with grain, flour and whiskey. A few is by no means excessive, that two-fifths of all the grain, boats are kept by regular river traders, which are able flour and whiskey which are exported from the cities of to navigate the river great part of the year. Philadelphia and Baltimore, find their way to market The general load of an ark from 80 to 90 feet in length by means of the Susquehanna river and its tributaries. and 16 in breadth, 31 feet in height, and drawing 23 in. A portion of these commodities are landed at various ches when laden is from 350 to 420 barrels—or from1200 points on the river, whence they are transported by land to 1500 bushels of grain. Of this number of barrels one to the sea ports. The valuable merchant mills erected fifth is generally of whiskey and the remainder of four. at York Haven receive a great portion of the wheat des Turning to the manner in which exchanges of merchan. tined for the Baltimore market. At Marietta and Colum- dize are made, and the course of trade conducted in the bia enterprising citizens have created a ready market to country, an ark load is often composed in proportions of the western trader; and the difficulties of navigation be- iron, wheat, corn, rye, flour and whiskey. Of late ycars low Columbia enhancing the rate of pilotage, occasions the carriage of flour in barrels is preferred to that of these points to be viewed as the most considerable de grain, as it is safer and less expensive. As an ark which pots on the Susquehanna within the lines of Pennsylva- will carry 1200 bushels of wheat will carry 350 barrels nia. No doubt exists that Middletown will be a place of cf flour, which is equal to 1775 bushels of grain. considerable trade; the transhipment of merchandize at It thus appears that if the arks load with fiour and the mouth of the Swatara, into canal boats, by the de- whiskey, they will in this spring transport about 21,001) scending river craft, will be very great, until the canal barrels, which allowing one-fifth to be of whiskey, will shall have been completed to the mouth of the Juniata, be 4200 barrels, or about 138,000 gallons. Four-fifths to and then it will become a central point of deposit be- be of Hour, will be 16,800 barrels, equal to 76,000 bush. tween Philadelphia and Pittsburg. Port Deposit is now els of wheat. To these calculations may safely be added the great point of transhipment for the river trade. one-third for the casual transportation during the year,

The splendid undertaking of the Chesapeake and De- and we may conclude that there is annually sent from laware Canal affords to the western trader the prospoet the county of Huntingdon by land carriage and river of a choice of markets. The obstacles heretofore exist. trade, about 100,000 bushels of wheat, and about18 1,000 ing to the prosperity of the river trade, were difficulties gallons of whiskey. of navigation, high rates of pilotage, an annual transpor To the above statement of river trade may be aclded tation only, and the consequent influx into the market rye, corn, lumber, locust posts, and even hoop-poles... exceeding the immediate demand. This latter obstacle Rye and corn are in small quantities still taken down the produced a sacrifice on the part of the western merchant river. Lumber has in a great measure ceased to be lucraor at least a delay of sale, with the concomitant expense tive, and the locust posts and hickory poles will not of storage and agencies added to the fluctuation of mar. now repay the labour of river navigation. The heads of kets, the risk of accident, and the loss of interest. The i the north branch of the Susquehanna annually send down Union Canal will give us at all times a safe, expeditious, immense rafts of the choicest lumber, shingles, pesto, and cheap conveyance to market. The farmer will find &c. which cannot find a ready market, as the demand is a ready sale at his own door for his produce because that not equal to the supply, and the extent of carriage is produce can be instantly sent to a sea port, where the destructive to the profits. demand and the price are not liable to be affected within Peach brandy and apple whiskey, and country gin, the short period required for transportation. Articles of are in small quantities distilled in Huntingdon county, merchandize not now considered as of value to the west- but the distilleries generally make rye whiskey; there. ern farmer, on account of the difficulties of conveyance fore, in the above calculation distilled liquors of all kinds to market, will form a considerable item in his list of are embraced.------Huntingdon, Teb. 18, 1826. S. productive property. Butter, eggs, beef, pork, poultry, hops, fruit and cider, will be viewed as of comparative vír. Benjamin Bakewell of Pitisburg, has been sum. value with his wheat, his flour, his ncat cattle, and his moned to attend before the Committee on Manufactures swine.

at Washington, under the resolution of Congress empow. It is diffcult to form an accurate statement of the an. ering that committee to examine persons on cath con. Lual trade of Huntingdon county in grain and whiskey. Icerning the present condition of of cur manufactures.

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