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34

PENNSYLVANIA CANAL

[Jan.

cost.

the south side at the White Horse; thence across the 1. From the mouth of Kiskiminetas, by the Allegheny, country to a point on the Lancaster road, about a mile French creek, and Waterford, to Erie Harbour, 162 from Philadelphia. Whether the railway shall cross the 3-10 miles--1103 lockage-2,339,427 dollars cost. Schuylkill, and what location should be selected for a 2. From the same point by the Allegheny, French creek, bridge, will be questions for mature consideration, and Conneaut summit, and Elk creek, to Erie Harbour, the present termination of the line will correspond with 166 4-5 miles_837 lockage-2,664,373 dollars cost. any future decision.

3. From Pittsburg by the Beaver and Chenango, Con. The estimate of a canal from the mouth of the Swa. neaut suminit and Elk creek, to Erie Harbour, 1673 tara to Columbia, furnished by Major Wilson is $192,000. miles_8524 lockage-1,730,015 dollars cost. It is his opinion, although a proper estimate is not yet 4. From Pittsburg by Beaver and the Chenango, Con. completed, that $1,000,000 will cover all the expenses neaut Lake, French creek and Waterford to Erio of a railway from Philadelphia to Columbia; and that Harbour, 186 miles_1118 lockage--1,576,131 dollars the same line may be extended (if thought advisable) to the mouth of Swatara for $100,000 more.

For the pur

As this table has been framed for the purpose of acposes of this report, these sums may be deemed suffici. curate comparison, and as the cost of lockage has been ently accurate, and as the legislature will be furnished variously estimated by the several engineers, according with a regular estimate long before a law can pass on the to their preference for wood or stone; this item has been subject, the necessary corrections can easily be applicd. reduced in each instance to the lowest price fixed by The commissioners would not hesitate in choosing be either, which is 150 dollars per foot. So much of the tween the places suggested by the foregoing facts. They French creck feeder as would become a part of the believe that a continuation of the Pennsylvania Canal as main canal, has been added to the distances respectively, far as Columbia, and a communication thence by railway and its whole cost is included in the aggregates of the to Philadelphia is decidedly preferable. Regarding this 2d and 3d routes. railway as an important feature in the system of improve After maturely weighing all the circumstances which ment, they have been gratified to find, that from the are worthy of attention, the Board are unanimous in exbank of the Susquehanna (for surmounting which a sta- pressing their belief that the communication between tionary engine will be required,) the limit of graduation the Ohio and Lake Erie should begin at Pittsburg, for locomotive machinery may be preserved the whole and pass thence by the Beaver and Chenango to the distance to the city of Philadelphia.

neighbourhood of Conneaut Lake. Thus far the choice A survey along the Delaware, from Carpenter's Point is indicated by considerations of economy, which cannot to Easton, was commenced by Mr. Sargent on the 17th be overlooked. Whether the line shail then continue of September, and finished about the first of the present across the Conneaut summit, and by Elk creek to Presmonth. He estimates the expense of the proposed canal que Isle, or shall reach the same point by way of French at $1,430,699 for a distance of 70 miles, or $20,438 per creek and the Waterford summit, becomes next a quesmile.

tion. The distance by the former is 47) miles, and by the The surveys of the past season, with a view to con- latter 66 miles. The difference of expense is not very nect the Ohio with Lake Erie, are next to be considered. I material—but the excess of lockage on the Waterford The arrangements with reference to this subject, were route, amounting to nearly 300 feet, is a decided disadgoverned by a wish that every possible route might be vantage. When the additional fact is remembered that, explored, and all the materials collected for a final deci- according to the reports both of Mr. Whippo and of sion. Surveys from the Conneaut summit, and from Major Douglass, the quantity of water to be obtained on Meadville' by way of French creek to the harbour of the Waterford summit, though it would probably answer Erie; from the mouth of French creek to the Conneaut at this time for the purposes of navigation, is yet a bare outlet, and from Pittsburg by the Beaver and Chenango supply, which a future diminution of the streams might to the Conneaut lake, were consequently provided for. render insufficient, the inclinaton of the Board is deciThe first has been completely executed by Major Doug- dedly in favour of crossing the summit near the Conneaut lass. The second and fourth by Mr. Whippo, and the Lake. The most scrious objection ever urged against third by Mr. Ferguson. These lines, in connexion with it, namely, the apprehended difficulty of crossing the the French creek feeder, as located last year, and with valleys of Elk and Walnut creeks, is satisfactorily rethe survey of Judge Geddes from the mouth of Kiski- moved by the report of Major Douglass, to which the minetas to that of French creck, embrace all the modes Bcard with much pleasure refer, as exhibiting unusual of communication to which the attention of the Board care in the investigation of his subject, and a perfect. has ever been directed. The expense of a route from acquaintance with all its details. Pittsburg by the Beaver and Chenango to the Conneaut In pursuance of the 13th section of the act of 9th April summit, is estimated by Mr. Whippo at $1,003,401; and last, the Board, during their session in Philadelphia, deif slack water be used for about eight miles along the voted a day to the examination of the proposed canal Beaver, as he recommends, it will reduce the cost to route, commencing on the Schuylkill, near the United $928,301 for 120 miles, or an average of $8,000 per States' Arsenal, and terminating below the Navy Yard, mile.

in the district of Southwark. Since then they have causThe proposed canal from the head of the French ed a survey to be made, under the direction of Mr. Sar. creek feeder, by way of Waterford to Lake Erie, is cs- geant, whose estimate is hereto annexed. Two modes timated by the same gentleman at 416,016 dollars, for a are proposed for effecting the improvement. If a tho. distance of 46 miles, with 7 miles of feeder-or some- rough cut be adopted, the expense will amount to 356,535 what less than 8000 dollars per mile. From the mouth dollars. If the summit be reduced to 20 feet, and steam of French creek to the Conneaut outlet, a distance of power be used for raising the water from the Schuylkill

, 19 4-5 miles, a canal may be constructed, according to the work may be accomplished for 108,000 dollars. The Mr. Ferguson, for 178,200 dollars, or 9,000 dollars per distance being a little less than three miles. mile. From the Conneaut summit, by way of Elk creek, It is difficult at this time to answer the question proto the harbour of Erie, is estimated by Major Douglass, posed by law, whether this improvement will constitute supposing expensive stone locks to be used, at 835,320 a necessary link between the Delaware and the western dollars for 47 } miles, or 17,620 dollars per mile. With waters. The exigencies of a great western trade wooden locks it would amount to 569,894 dollars or brought to Philadelphia by water, are as yet matters of 11,000 dollars per mile. Combining these results with mere conjecture. How far the Schuylkill part of the those ascertained by the surveys of the last year, we ob- city may become the seat of business, and how far the tain the following statement, which has been carefully cheapness of property there may counteract the adranprepared, that the relative merits of all the routes from tages which the Delaware holds out to foreign commerce, the Ohio to Lake Erie may be perceived at a single lare questions which can be answered only by experience. view.

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It is not improbable, however, that difficulties in naviga- cessary for the general information of the Executive and ting the Schuylkill, may render the communication very the Legislature, as well as the several statements which important to that portion of the western trade, whose are required by act of assembly. ultimate destination is beyond Philadelphia—and this With all these facts and documents before them, the view of the subject would derive additional weight from board have perceived no reason to change their opinions the construction of a canal between the Delaware and as expressed in the report of the 6th of February last. Raritan. The commissioners are, therefore, of opinion The system of improvement then proposed to the Lethat the probable expediency of the work ought not to gislature, was based upon the belief, that besides the be lost sight of. Whether it should be undertaken now, establishment of a great western communication with or at what future period is a question they are not pre- the Ohio and Lake Erie, it was the interest of the Compared to decide, and which indeed belongs more pro- monwealth, as far as possible, to develope its natural reperly to the Legislature.

sources and give encouragement to its industry and enAmong the documents annexed hereto, will be found terprise. Hence they recommend that the great avenues the copy of a report made by Judge Geddes to the canal of trade should all be improved, and that each should be commissioners of Maryland, in the year 1823, with his placed in the closest practicable connexion with the comestimate of the cost of a canal on the west side of the mercial emporiums. When that report was made, the Susquehanna, from the Conewago Falls, to the Maryland Commissioners, for want of more accurate information line, and an extract from the report of these commis- upon some of the lines which constitute the system, sioners to the legislature. The report of Major Wilson, were unable to propose them for immediate adoption. already referred to, exhibits the expense on the east side This want is now fully supplied, and the Board are refrom the mouth of Swatara to Columbia.

lieved from all the embarrassments on the subject, The remaining distance to the Maryland line on the by the annexed reports of the surveys performed east side, has been surveyed by Mr. Whippo, whose re- between the Ohio and Lake Erie; from the mouth of port is also annexed. By these documents it appears, Swatara to Columbia; and along the valley of the Delaihat a canal on the west side, from the mouth of Swatara ware. The results are of a nature so satisfactory and to the Maryland line, will amount to 1,660,000, for 61 so consistent with the expectations previously formed, miles, and that its execution must be attended with most that every suggestion of last year as to the nature, obformidable difficulties. The cost of a canal between jccts, and extent of the Pennsylvania system of interthe same points on the east side, (if it be practicable at nal improvement is now confidently expected. If the all to effect the communication,) will not fall short of Legislature shall again coincide with the views of the 1,245,408 dollars—of which, the distance below Colum- Board, it is respectfully asked, that the outline of the bia, will require 1,053,408. When, however, the char- plan which must govern their proceedings may be disacter of the river below Columbia, and the ruggedness tinctly marked. The uncertainty which has heretofore of its branches are considered, it may seriously be doubt. prevailed, as to the further extension of the several lines, ed, whether a safe and permanent work be practicable, has caused much inconvenience. To this source may within any limit of expense, not altogether extravagant. be traced nearly all their difficulties about crossing the

The original plan of the Board for the business of the Susquehanna, and similar embarrassments are anticipated season embraced the surveys directed by law, through on the North and West Branches, unless the Board can Franklin and Cumberland counties, and also examina- be informed to what extent those improvements will certions between the Delaware and north Branch, by the tainly be carried, and may feel themselves at liberty to heads of Broadhead's creek, and of the Lehigh. The fix the location of a part with reference to the whole. first would have been executed by Mr. Whippo, but for The Board, in pursuance of their opinion expressed his necessary and unexpected detention in the neigh- last year, would be disposed, without special directions bourhood of Lake Erie. The other two were defeated from the Legislature, to advance the several works which by the sickness of the party employed upon the Delaware constitute the system in a fair and reasonable proportion; who would otherwise have been able t finish them in urging each forward with the utmost rapidity consistent season.-In reference to the examination directed to be with the public good, and with the faithful execution of male between the Brandywine and Chester creek, it is the work. To accomplish this purpose, if its expediensufficient now to remark, that it was rendered wholly cy shall be sustained by the Legislature, a further apunnecessary by the facts which Major Wilson ascertain- propriation of 2,000,000 dollars, will be abundantly sufed while employed in that vicinity.

ficicnt for the next season. It is seriously regretted, that an accurate location of One or two additional remarks will close a report althe portage line across the Allegheny mountain, has not ready swelled beyond its usual limit. been practicable during the present season, without the It is believed that the organization of the cngineer sacrifice of objects more immediately pressing. This department, upon a regular and well digested system, is important subject will receive attention early in the necessary to insure economy of expenditure and excelspring. It is believed that an advantageous change in lence of construction. This object has not yet been the plan proposed last year, will shorten the distance to accomplished, nor is it believed to be practicable, while about thirty miles.

the provisions of the act of 16th April, 1827, continue in The engineers engaged upon the several surveys, force. In every instance, where an attempt has been have not been able to complete their drafts in time to made to engage an engineer, the terms of that law have be transmitted with this report.-Those of Messrs. Wil-proved a serious obstacle, and in no instance has the son and Mitchell, exhibiting the summits which they Board succeeded, without giving an assurance that the respectively surveyed, will be found among the papers necessity of a change should be wged upon the Legisannexed hereto.

lature. If no alteration should take place at the present Before taking leave of the surveys, it is proper to session, they cannot answer for the continuance of a sinmention, that the whole sum appropriated to those ob- gle individual whose services are valuable. It is, there. jects, has been drawn from the Treasury. As the ac- fore, most respectfully asked, that the Commissioners, counts of the season are not yet closed, and a portion of upon their responsibility to the Legislature and to the the engineers have not been paid, it is impossible to say public, may be permitted to organize this department what balance will remain for the service of another year. Jupon a footing at once permanent, efficient, and econoThe amount, however, cannot be sufficient for any im- mical. portant operations.

One feature in the Act of the 16th of April, 1827, the Having thus hastily glanced at the several subjects Board in justice to a portion of their engineers, are committed to their care, the board must refer for addi-bound to notice. In that law, while 2000 dollars per tional particulars, to the voluminous documents hereto year is fixed as the maximum for engineers permanently annexed. They will be found to contain all that is ne- ! engaged, those who may be employed for shorter periods

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are limited to four dollars per day. If any difference believed to be recommended by strong considerations of
were made, it should operate in favour of those indivi- public convenience.
duals whose expenses are heaviest and hardships greater,

By order of the Board, and whose engagement being temporary in its nature,

DAVID SCOTT, President is intrinsically less valuable. They are at least entitled

Of the Board of Canal Commissioners. to equal reward. The distinction thus created by law, has operated with

EARLY SETTLEMENT. great hardship on those who have travelled long distances in the execution of their duties, and whose season Protest against the Dutch West India Company. of arduous and incessant labour has been almost unproductive.

A Paper from the Swedish Resident to the States As the Board and the public have great reason to be

General. satisfied with the zeal and ability manifested by these The underwritten resident of Sweden doth find him. gentlemen, their case is earnestly recommended to the self obliged by express order, to declare unto their high consideration of the legislature.

and mighty lordships here with, how that the commisA provision allowing them to receive from the Trea- sioners of the West India Company of this country in sury so much in addition to the four dollars a day as will the New Netherlands, now the last summer did unexo place them at the rate of $2,009 a year for the days they pectedly assault by force of arms, the Swedish colony have served, would be gratifying to the Board, and satis- there, taking from them their forts, and drove away the factory to them.

inhabitants and wholly dispossessed the Swedish com• The extension of the surveys, and the increased mag. pany of their district. It is true and without dispute, nitude and iinportance of the duty arising from it, during that the Swedish company did acquire optimo titulo juris the past season, obliged the Board to consider seriously that part which they possessed, and did buy it of the naof some efficient plan for the organizing this branch of tives, and consequently have had possession of it for setheir business. It seemed to them indispensible for this veral years, without that the West India Company of purpose, that there should be an officer of known ability these countries did ever pretend any thing. Wherefore, and competent knowledge, in all respects worthy the the said resident doth not doubt but these hostilities will confidence of the Board to whom the general superin- very much displease their high and mighty lordships; tendance should be entrusted. The third section of the and doth desire in the name of his most gracious king Act of April 16th last gave them the requisite authority, and lord, that their high and mighty lordships would be and they found in their Secretary all the qualifications pleased to take some speedy order for the redressing of for the performance of this interesting duty. Their ex- such unlawful proceedings, as the justice, the mutual pectations have not been disappointed. The service has amity between both nations and the consequence of the been faithfully and ably rendered, in a manner to con- business require, and is expected from their high wistribute equally to the convenience of the Board and the doms, whereby the Swedish company may be restored advantage of the public. In speaking of this meritorious undamnified. officer, the Board deem it but common justice to bear

H. APPLEBOOM. their testimony to his unwearied devotion to the great Done at the Hague the 22d March 1656. (x.s.] objects committed to his care. His proper duties, as Thurloe's State Papers, vol. 4, p. 599. Secretary, are of a limited nature, and if he had been so disposed, he might with perfect justice have confined It will be recollected that in 1664, Sir Robert Carte his labours within those limits. The compensation allow- was dispatched from New York by Capt: Nicolls, &c. ed him by the Board would not have been more than with several ships to take possession of the Dutch settlesufficient even for such a construction. But regarding more the public interests than his own, he has willingly ments on the Delaware. The following are copies of applied his time and his talents wherever they could be the commissions and instructions to Carte, as also the aruseful, and has at all times rendered an amount of ser ticles of agreement entered into by the Dutch & Swedes vice, of which his office of Secretary would give but an who without opposition surrendered. imperfect idca. The reduced rate of the salary allowed by the Act of

(From extracts from the Records of New York, aulast session, deducting the necessary expenses of his I thenticated by the Governor and Secretary under the office, would have left him scarcely any compensation, great seal. In the land office of Pennsyl.-E.FP's MSS.} and the Board must have lost his valuable services but for the inducement they were able to offer by the addi- Commission to Sir Robert Carre for reducing the inhabitional appointment they have mentioned. The particular

tants on Delaware Bay and River. duty referred to, having been performed, the Board can Whereas we are informed that the Dutch have seated no longer offer this inducemeni. Yet it must be obvious themselves at Delaware bay, on his majesty of Great that the objects of their care are constantly multiplied Britain's territories, without his knowledge and consent, and enlarged, the necessity becomes greater for the aid and that they have fortified themselves there, and drawn of an intelligent and experienced officer, to receive a great trade thither, and being assured that if they be communications and effectuate the views of the commis- permitted to go on, the gaining of this place will be of sioners, and furnish them at their meetings with full, small advantage to his majesty: We his majesty's com. exact and digested information. They subunit this matter missioners, by virtue of his majesty's commission and in. to the consideration of the legislature, and respectfully structions to us given, have advised and determined to suggest the propriety of allowing them such a discre- bring that place and all strangers there about, in obetion in regard to compensation, as will enable them to dience to his majesty, and by these do order and appoint keep the office of Secretary efficiently filled, as it hithe. that his majesty's frigates the Guinea and the William to has been. They are persuaded it will be advanta- and Nicholas, and all the soldiery which are not in the geous to the commonwealth.

fort, shall with what speed they conveniently can, go Before closing this report, it is proper to mention that thither under the command of Sir Robert Carre, to reat the present session of the Board, the expediency of duce the same, willing and commanding all officers at changing the dimensions of the locks on the Susquehanna sea and land, and all soldiers to obey the said Sir Robert and Juniata divisions, has been fully discussed, and that Carte during this expedition. Given under our hands a resolution has been passed increasing their width to 17 and seals, at the fort in New York, upon the Isle of Manfeet, so as to correspond with those already built upon hatas, the 3d day of September 1664. the eastern division. No increase of expense worthy of

R. NICOLLS, notice will be the consequence of this change, which is

G. CARTWRIGHT,
S. MAVERICK,

1828.)

EARLY SETTLEMENT.

87

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Instructions to Sir Robert Carre, for the reducing of Dela. 4. That if any Dutchman or other person shall desire

ware Bay, and settling the people there under his majes. to depart from this river, that it shall be lawful for him ty's obedience.

so to do with his goods, within six months after the date When you are come near unto the fort which is pos of these articles. sessed by the Dutch, you shall send your boat on shore 5. That the magistrates and all the inhabitants (who to summon the governor and inhabitants to yield obedi- are included in these articles) shall take the oath of alleence to his majesty, as the rightful sovereign of that giance to his majesty, and of fidelity to the present gotract of land; and let him and them know, that his ma

vernment. jesty is graciously pleased that all the planters shall en 6. That all the people shall enjoy the liberty of their joy their farms, houses, lands, goods and chattles, with conscience in church discipline as formerly. the same privileges and upon the same terms which they

7. That whoever shall take the oath, is from that time, do now possess them; only that they change their masters a free denizen, and shall enjoy all the privileges of tradwhether they be the West India Company or the city ing into any of his majesty's dominions as freely as any of Amsterdam. To the Swedes you shall remonstrate Englishman, and may require a certificate for so doing their happy return under a monarchical government,

8. That the Schout, the Burgo-master, Sheriff and and his majesty's good inclination to that nation, and to other inferior magistrates, shall use and exercise their all men who shall comply with his majesty's rights and customary, power in administration of justice, within title in Delaware, without force of arms.

their precincts for six months, or until bis majesty's pleaThat all cannon, arms and ammunition which belongs sure is further known. to the government, shall remain to his majesty.

THE OATH. That all the acts of Parliament shall be the rules of

I do swear by the Almighty God, that I will bcare faith future trading

and allegiance to his maʼtie of Great Britain, and that I That all people may enjoy liberty of conscience.

will obey all such commands as I shall receive from the That for six months next ensuing, the same magis- governor, deputy governor, or other officer appointed trates shall continue in their offices, only that they and by his ma’ties authority, so long as I live within these or all others in authority must take the oath of allegiance any other of his maʼties territories. to his majesty, and all public acts be made in his majes Given under my hand and seale this Ist day of Octoty's name.

ber, in the yeare of our Lord God 1664. If you find you cannot reduce the place by force, nor

ROBERT CARRE. upon these conditions, you may add such as you find necessary upon the place; but if those, nor force will preselves and the rest of the inhabitants, the 1st day of Oc

Given under our hands and seales, in behalf of our. vail, then you are to despatch a messenger to the go: tober, in the year of our Lord God 1664. vernor of Maryland, with this letter to him, and request

FOB. OUT GOUT, his assistance and of all other English who live near the

HENRY JOHNSON,
Dutch plantations.
Your first care (after the reducing of the place,) is to

GERRET SAUNDERS VANTIELL,

HANS BLOCK, protect the inhabitants from injuries, as well as violence

LUCAS PETERSON, of the soldiers, which will be easily effected, if you set

HENRY CASTURIER. tlc a course for weekly or daily provisions by agreement of the inhabitants; which shall be satisfied to them either out of the profits, customs or rents belonging to their

After the reduction of the country by Sir Robert Carpresent master, or in case of necessity from hence.

re, Col. Nicolls was commissioned to repair to Delaware, The laws for the present cannot be altered, as to the to take such measures as he might think proper, till his administration of right and justice between the parties. To my Lord Baltimore's son you shall declare, and to his commission, extracted from the New York Records

majesty's pleasure should be known. The following is all the English concerned in Maryland, that his majesty hath, at his great expense, sent his ships and soldiers to (E. H'S. MSS.) reduce all foreigners in those parts to his majesty's obe. The Commissioners Warrant to Coll. Nicolls to go to Deladience, and to that purpose only you are employed.But the reduction of the place being at his majesty's ex

“Wee his Maties, Commission'rs under written for pense, you have commands to keep possession thereof the present Settlement of his Maties. affaires in Delafor his majesty's own behoof and right; and that you are ready to join the governor of Maryland upon his majes- der and appoint, and by these presents doe order and

ware Bay and Delaware River, have thought fitt to orty's interest on all occasions; and that if my Lord Baltimore doth pretend right thereto by his patent, (which is appoint Colonell Richard Nicolls, to repaire to Delaa doubtful case,) you are to say, that you only keep pos- Governmt of the said Place, and to depute such officer

ware Bay, and there to take special Care for the good session till his majesty is informed and satisfied otherwise. In other things I must leave you to your discre- or officers therein, as hee shall thinke fitt for the Mantion and the best advice you can get upon the place.

agement of his Maties Affaires, both civil and military, until his Maties Pleasure be further known. Given under

our hands and Seales this 24th of October 1664 at New ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT

Yorke on Manhatans Island. Between the honourable Sir Robert Carre, knight, on

GEORGE CARTWRIGHT the behalf of his majesty of Great Britain, and the

SAML. MAVERICKE.
Burgo-masters on the behalf of themselves and all the To Colonel Richard Nicolls.
Dutch and Swedes inhabiting on Delaware bay and
Delaware river.

In 1668, Nicolls and his Council, at New York, gave 1. That all the burghers and planters will submit them- the following directions for the better settlement of the selves to his majesty's authority without making any resistance.

government on Delaware. 2. That whoever, of what nation soever, doth Directions for the better Settlement of the Government on: submit to his majesty's authority, shall be protected in

Delaware. their estates, real and personal whatsoever, by his ma “That it is necessary to hold up the name and counjesty's laws and justice.

tenance of a Garrison on Delaware, with twenty men 3. That the present magistrates shall be continued in and one commission officer. their offices and jurisdictions, to exercise their civil pow. That the commission officers shall undertake to proer as formerly.

vide all sorts of provision for the whole garrison, at the

ware.

38

AUDITOR'6 REPORT.

(Jas,

1,000 1,000

rate of 5d. per day, viz. wholesome Bread, Beer, Pork,

No. 1. Pease or Beef, that no just complaint be made of either:

LANDS, FEES ON LANDS, viz: That the soldiers (so far as conveniently they may,) be lodged in the Fort, and keep the stockades up in de

Amount of purchase money, with interest fence: that the civil Government in the respective planta- Fees on warrants and patents

thereon

$64,614 85 tions be continued till further orders.

8,245 42 That to prevent all abuses or oppositions in civil ma

Office Fecs, &c. gistrates, so often as complaint is made, the commission Surveyor general's office

699 58 officerCapt. Carre, shall call the scout, with Hans Block, Secretary of the land office

307 85 Israel Holme, Peter Rambo, Peter Cock, Peter Ald. rick, or any two of them, as counsellors to advise, hear,

73,867 70 and determine by the major vote, what is just, equitable and necessary in the case and cases in question.

No. 2. That the same persons also, or any two or more of

AUCTION COMMISSIONS. them, be called to advise and direct what is best to be Samuel C. Ford done in all cases of difficulty, which may arise from the Joshua Lippencott

$2,000 Indians, who must obey and attend their summons upon John F. Lewis

2,000 such occasion.

2,000 'That two thirds at least of the soldiers remain in and | Samuel Wagner

John Jennings

2,000 about New Castle at all hours.

2,000

Richard F. Allen That the fines or preminures and light offences, be Peter Craham

2,000 executed with moderation, though it is also necessary Mahlon Gillingham

2,000 that ill men be punished in an exemplary manner.

2,000

Michael Nisbett That the commission officer Capt. Carre, in the De. Tristram B. Freeman

2,000 termination of the chief civil affairs, whereunto the Moses Thomas temporary beforementioned councellors are ordained, John D. Goodman

200 shall have a casting voice where votes are equal. Isaac Billings

200 That the new appointed councellors are to take the George P. Bonnin

200 oaths to his Royal Highness.

Charles J. Wolbert

200 That the laws of the Government established by George Riter

100 his Royal Highness, be shewed and frequently communicated to the said Councellors and all others, to the end that being therewith acquainted, the practice

20,900 of them also in convenient time be established; which

No. 3. conduceth to the public welfare and common justice. That no offensive war be made against any Indians,

AUCTLON DUTIES. before you receive directions from the Governor for Benjamin Tevis

22,307 57 your so doing

Mahlon Gillingham That in all matters of difficulty and importance, you

John F. Lewis must have recourse by way of appeal, to the Governor Joshua Lippincott and Gouncil, at New York.

John Jennings

15,596 87 Dated 21st April, 1668.-Smith's N. Jersey.

Peter Graham

12,230 00
Samuel Wagner
Michael Nesbitt

Richard F. Allen
AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT.

Samuel C. Ford

Moses Thomas
SUMMARY STATEMENT

Henry F. Bowen
of the Receipts at the State Treasury, for the year com- Tristram B. Freeman

Jacob Hanson mencing the first day of December, 1826, and ending the 30th day of November, 1827.

George Riter

253 41

Isaac Billings Lands and land office fees, No. 1. $73,867 70 William Anderson Auction commissions

2. 20,90 00

Charles J. Wolbert Auction duties

3. 142,928 84 John D. Goodman Dividends on bank stock

4. 76,289 00

John Ashmead Dividends on bridge and turnpike stock5. 15,940 00

James B. Oliver Tax on bank dividends

6. 23,466.34 George P. Bonnin Tar on offices

7. 8,453 97 Fees, secretary of state's office 8. 2,413 60 Tavern licenses

9.

39,218 15 Duties on dealers in foreign merchan

No. 4. dize

10. 39,493 07

DIVIDENDS ON BANK STOCK. State maps

11. 4,981 704 Collateral inheritances

12. 1,790 39 Bank of Pennsylvania Militia and exempt fines

13. 1,516 20 Philadelphia Bank Escheats

14. 2,040 353 Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank United States, interest on advances in the late war

15. 17,577 60 Loans and premiums on loans 16. 1,110,250 00 Old debts and miscellaneous 17. 7,630 20

No. 5.
DIVIDENDS ON BRIDGE AND TURNPIKE STOCK.

1,588,757 121 Balance in the treasury, 1st Decem

Harrisburg bridge

Columbia bridge company ber, 1826

155,022 051

Allegheny bridge
1,743,779 18

Monongahela bridge
Northumberland bridge

19,578 46 19,565 24 17,768 87

9,482 74 8,077 07 5,492 53 4,068 34 3,155 37 3,063 13 1,090 81

664 93

251 68 122 10 56 63 37 48 26 46 25 29 15 86

142,928 84

45,000 26,165 5,124

76,289

4,950 4,500 2,400 1,600 1,000

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