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TO SUBSCRIBERS AND THE PUBLIC. We received last week, the first number of a periodiOn the termination of the first volume of the Regis- gister of Pennsylvania.” If the plan be pursued in

cal work to be published in this city entitled “The Reter, we beg leave to return to our subscribers, our ac- subsequent numbers which appears marked out in the knowledgements for the patronage they have afforded one before us, we have no hesitancy in saying the Regisus, and to remind them that agreeably to the terms of ter will deserve extensive patronage, and we believe and the prospectus, payment for the first year is now due hope that it will meet with such reception.

U. States Gazette. From the Aattering expression in favor of this work, and from its entire devotion to the interests of this state, We are extremely gratified by the receipt of the first we must confess, we were prepared to anticipate a much nnmber of the “Register of Pennsylvania," published at larger share of public patronage, than it has been our great importance, and will no doubt, find a place in the

Philadelphia by Samuel Hazard. It is a paper of good fortune to experience; and we candidly acknow library of every man who wishes to be thoroughly acledge, that we have for some weeks, been hesitating as quainted with the past as well as the present statistics of to the propriety of continuing a publication for the pub- Pennsylvania. This work has been brought into existlic benefit, which to this period has not defrayed the dured for a publication of the kind, and consequently it

ence by the necessity which the public have long encurrent expenses. But encouraged by the wishes of will meet with ample support. --States' Advocate. many of our subscribers, for its continuance, and in the hope, that as it proceeds, and becomes better known,

We have just received the · Register of Pennsylvania, its value will be more highly appreciated, and relying a weekly paper devoted to every kind of useful inforupon the public spirit of the citizens, we have conclu- mation respecting the state,' published at Philadelphia, ded to publish another volume, which must terminate for the promotion of objects distinctly avowed in the


The first number now before us, is sufficient our labors, unless our list of subscribers be considerably evidence of the talent and judgment with which it is augmented. It is no doubt in the power of our subscri- conducted. The paper is printed on an imperial sheet bers to assist us very much in extending the circulation in an octavo form and gives promise of very great use

appropriated. of this paper; and if each one would upon an average, fulness in the department to which it is

Miner's Journal. procure one new subscriber we would deem ourselves justified, in prosecuting our work with some prospect of

The 'Register of Pennsylvania,' promises to be a very its permanence. To this object, we therefore respect. deratum in this state. it will be interesting as a week.

useful work, of a description long known to be a desifully invite their attention, and solicit their aid.

ly publication, and highly valuable and convenient in afAverse as we are to whatever may have the appearance ter times as a book of reference. It ought to be well of self praise, we should not have presented to view, the patronised in every county. The first number can be favorable testimonials respecting this work, which have examined at this office. — York Recorder. occasionally, and unsolicited, appeared in the papers

Register of Pennsylvania.—Thirteen numbers of a throughout the state, had it not been with a view to exhi-weekly paper, under the above title, have been publishthe general sentiment which prevails of the need of such a ed in Philadelphia. From the numbers we have exam. work, to record in a permanent form, the eventful oc- ined, we think the paper highly deserving of patroncurrences of the past and present period. Sanctioned age. Besides much curious and valuable miscellaneous also as we are, by the practice of the day, we hope we appeared, contains some very important and interesting

matter, the portion of the Register which has already may without the charge of ostentation, invite atten- statistical and historical information, respecting the early tion to a few of the many favorable notices which settlement of Philadelphia. The editor, Samuel Ha. have been taken. With these remarks we present the bour which he has so successfully commenced; and we

zard, is, we think, peculiarly qualified for the la. index and first volume to the public, and resume our la- have no doubt that he will furnish an accurate and va bors, with a sincere wish to render each future volume, luable stock of information to the politician, the histo more useful and interesting than the past.

rian, and the antiquary.--Dr. Green's Christian Adr. Editors of newspapers throughout the state will confer a favor on us, by their endeavors to procure subscri On our last page, we have some ancient and curious bers for the Register.

facts under the head of our Ecclesiastical Record, from

Mr. Hazard's Register of Pennsylvania. As we have NOTICES OF THE REGISTER.

not before offered our friendly respects to this paper,

we think the present a proper occasion to bear our tesThe first number of the “Register of Pennsylvania," timony to its merits. It embraces and embodies a class published weekly in this city by s. Hazard, has been re- of historical and statistical facts in relation to this state, ceived. It is designed as a repository for every kind which we think will scarcely be found in any other sinof useful information respecting the State of Pennsyl- gle work, and is neatly and judiciously methodized. vania. The object of the work and the talent and judg- We should judge that every intelligent Pennsylvanian ment displayed in the number before us, entitle iť to a would feel it important to be possessed of the informa very favourable reception.- Penn. Gaz.

tion contained in this Register. -Columbian Star. S. Hazard of this city has issued the first number of Pennsylvania. - A valuable work is now publishing in a weekly periodical entitled “the Register of Pennsyl- Philadelphia called the “Register of Pennsylvania" vania, devoted to the preservation of every kind of devoted to the preservation of every kind of useful useful information respecting the state”—an article head- information respecting the state;” and which, if contied chronological sketches of events prior to 1682, as nued with its present ability and zeal, will, indeed, be. well as several others in the number before us, exhibits come an important work. It is edited by Mr. Hazard, and proof of talent, industry and judgment, which we hope we heartily wish him success in his ‘Register;' that it may will be rewarded by an extensive patronage.

be profitable to him, as it will profit the public. Democratic Press.

Niles' Weekly Register.

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NO. 1.

With considerable solicitude, we this day issue the first of interest, to persons residing in those states. To natives · number of THE REGISTER. From the nature of the of this state, who have been induced to settle there, or work, it is impossible that its character can be determin- elsewhere, and who have not lost their attachment to ed by an inspection of a single number; several must be their native soil, it must be desirable to know what is issued before the whole plan of it will be fully develop- passing at home. Without further introduction, we subed. Our design has not been to render the present num- mit the Register to a candid public; promising, on our .ber the most attractive. We have selected those articles part, every exertion to render it useful and hoping which happened to be the most convenient-indeed we from them the encouragement necessary to its continuhave experienced no little difficulty, amongst the mass of ance. materials, to determine with which to commence. We For the benefit of those who have not seen our proshope, therefore, our readers will not make a hasty de- pectus, we make the following extracts from it, exhibitcision upon the merits of the publication—but defer it ing a brief sketch of the plan upon which it is intended until several numbers shall have appeared. It is also to to be conducted. be recollected, that the Register is designed to be a It will be a depository for every kind of useful informawork to be referred to hereafter, and to be permanently tion respecting the state of Pennsylvania, and will em

brace useful, rather than to be merely amusing for the present

State Papers and Public Documents. moment. We are aware, that as in this respect, it differs Facts and Documents relative to the early settlement from the character of most publications of the present and progressive improvements of the State. day-to a large class of readers it must prove uninterest Indian History, Treaties, Anecdotes, and Antiquities. ing; but still we have too much confidence in the judg Revolutionary Documents, Anecdotes, and Facts. ment and good sense of the public, not to believe that Tables and Comparative views of the Finances, Comour services will be duly appreciated. Many of our friends

merce, Manufactures, and Agriculture of the State. have expressed their fears that the design is too limited,

Topographical descriptions of the Cities, Towns, and

Counties. and ought to embrace a larger section of our country, Biographical Memoirs, Anecdotes, and interesting our object in this respect has been to render it a STATE Letters of Men who have distinguished themselves

in the State. work. We are naturally most interested with whatever more immediately affects us. Our attachments are

Reports, Documents, and Facts, relative to the rise,

progress, and present state of Internal Improvestrongest to the place and staie which gave us birth, or in which are our homes, and our business; and we can Reports (entire or partial) of the various Benevolent, not but feel a pride, in seeing that state or placę, rising

Scientific, Literary, and Religious Societies--exhi

biting their rise, progress, receipts, expenditures, into importance; and commanding the attention and

and such other facts as are calculated to show their admiration of others. While, therefore, other states are relative importance and usefulness: particular attenemploying every method, to render the advantages and tion will be given to the institutions devoted to the resources which they possess, generally known, it is in.

support, employment, or education of the poor-or

to the reformation or punishment of the criminal. cumbent on us, to exhibit to the world, the advances we

Proceedings of the Legislature, and City Councils. have made; the improvements we are contemplating and Interesting legal decisions. pursuing; and the future eminence to which we are Meteorological Tables-Facts and Comparative Views

of the Climate. destined. We appeal, therefore, to this national feeling,

Bills of Mortality — Tabular and Comparative State. which ought to exist in the breast of every Pennsylva ments of Population. nian; and trust, that while our exertions are making, to So much of the proceedings of Congress, and Speechadvance the interests and the honour of our state, we

es of Members from this State, as have a more im

mediate influence on the interests of the State. shall meet with the patronage necessary to continue and

Mineralogical Notices—Natural History of the State. support this work. To the man of liberal views and

Essays, original and selected, furnishing plans or views feelings, every where, and especially to those who occu for the improvement of the State or City. py public stations, it must provę useful and interesting. On the subject of Politics, only such facts will be And though our views have a particular reference to

given as are necessary to a complete History of the

State--entirely avoiding controversy, which may be this state, yet, as in its infancy it was connected with, offensive to any party. and its interests may still be affected by proceedings in Chronicle of events occurring in the State. several of our neighboring states; we shall necessarily, occasionally, introduce documents and facts respecting week, in an octavo form, on a sheet of imperial paper

TERMS.The Register will be published once a une states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware and Mary containing 16 pages-forming two volumes a year, each land, which will render the Register, not altogether void 'volume to be accompanied with a complete Inder.





It will be delivered to subscribers, in the city, on every Saturday; and be forwarded to those at a distance by the first mail after publication.

The price, to subscribers, will be five dollars per an. num-payable by those resident in the city and neighbourhood, and in places where the editor may have an agent, in six months from the commencement of the publication, and annually thereafter-other subscribers to pay in advance.

Should sufficient encouragement be afforded-the work will be accompanied by engraved views of the principal public buildings which may be described.

We take the liberty of forwarding this number, and perhaps also will transmit a few of the subsequent ones, to gentlemen,in different parts of the state, to afford them an opportunity of becoming acquainted with the existence and nature of the work, and with the hope that they will favor us with their names. Should they feelinclined to do so, they are requested to direct a line to the Editor, No. 51 Filbert street, Philadelphia; with informa. tion how the papers are to be forwarded. We would observe further, that as the work is intended to be preserved, and it is desirable to have the numbers from the commencement, the sooner they forward their names, the greater the probability that they can be supplied. We have printed only a limited number for this purpose.

We will feel obliged by communications from gentlemen throughout the state, on any subject calculated to throw light upon its history—or of general interest.

The commencement of every work is liable to some irregularities; if any of our subscribers are not furnished with their papers, they will, on application at the Printing Office of W. F. Geddes, Locust street—or to the Editor, be supplied.

planted. The first, “The London Company," was to reach from 34 to 41° The second, or “Plymouth Company," was to extend from the end of the first, to 45° north latitude. The London Company fitted out several ships, and arrived and planted a Colony; but being complained of for bad management, a quo warranto was issued, in 1623, against the patent, and it was declared forfeited to the crown. The Plymouth Colony effected a settlement in 1620. 'Notwithstanding the ancient right of the crown of England-New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and other lands adjacent, had two pretenders, the Dutch and Swedes.

(Holme, in his History of New Sweden, (1702) says, that Delaware Bay was discovered this year; and that it was named after Mons. de la Ware, one of the Captains under Jacques

Chartiers—that its native name was Poutaxat.] 1609. The Dutch claimed, under color of a dis

covery made this year, by Henry Hudson, an
Englishman, commander of a ship called the
Half Moon, fitted out from Holland, by the East
India Company, to discover, by a North West

passage, a nearer way to China. 1610. This year Delaware Bay was discovered, by

Thomas West, (Lord Delaware,) who named

it after himself. 1621. The Dutch government, having purchased

the right of Hudson's discoveries, incorporated a company for trading to the country—to all which, from New York to the Delaware, they

gave the name of New Netherlands. 1623. The Dutch take possession of the Delaware,

calling it Zuydt, or South River and build Fort Nassau, at, or near Gloucester, on the

Jersey shore. 1627. This year the Swedes and Finns arrive; hav

ing been induced to it by the representations of an eminent merchant, named William Useling, who had previously visited the country, They landed at the interior Cape, and named it Point Paradise—it is said, they purchased of some Indians, all the lands on both sides of the river, (which they called New Swedeland

Stream,) as far as the falls of Delaware. 1630. The Dutch, continuing their pretensions,

David Pietersz de vries, their countryman, built a fort, within the Capes, on the west, about two leagues above Cape Cornelius—at the place now called Lewistown, then named Hoarkill-(a pamphlet, entitled New Albion, says, this creek was called by the English

Roymount-and by the Indians Cui Achomoca. 1631. The Swedes built a fort on Manquas creek,

and called it after their queen, Christiana; here their engineer, Peter Lindstrom, laid out a small town, which was their first settlement; and which was afterwards demolished by the Dutch.

The Swedes also, this year, built another fort on Tinnecum Island, 16 miles above Chris. tiana, which they named New Gottenburghhere their Governor Jno. Printz, built a fine house, &c. planted an orchard, and called his settlement Printz Hall. --The principal freemen had, also, their plantations on this Island.About this time, they built forts at Chester and other places.

This year, the ambassador of Sweden, chancellor Oxesteim, applied to King Charles I. to yield up the right of the English, claimed by being first discoverers; which the Swedes assert was accordingly done—and that they had also purchased from the Dutch all their pretentions. But it appears, that shortly after, the Dutch disturbed the Swedes, and both together joined to dispossess the English, 'who also


TO 1682. As we design to publish some documents respecting this section of country, previous to the arrival of Penn, and, as to most persons very little more is known of the the transactions of that period, than that a few Dutch and Swedes were found here; we have concluded to make a hasty chronological sketch of the events of that time-believing that the documents, to be hereafter given, will be better understood by connecting them with the general history of the times in which they occurted—especially, as in a work like the present, we do not intend to be always confined by dates. 1584. Sir Walter Raleigh obtained a patent from

Queen Elizabeth, granting “to him, his heirs and assigns, forever, free liberty and license, from time to time, and at all times forever hereafter, to discover, search, find out, and view, such remote heathen and barbarous countries and territories, not actually possessed by any christian prince, nor inhabited by christian people, as to him shall seem good,” to

have and enjoy forever. 1606, King James, without any regard to Raleigh's April 10. right, granted a new patent of Virginia; (as the

whole country was called,) in which were included New England, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Maryland. The extent of land granted was from 34 to 45 degrees north latitude; with all the islands, lying within 100 miles of the coast. Two Colonies were to be

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attempted to settle the Eastern side of the Delaware. One Keift, a director under the States of Holland, assisted by the Swedes, drove the English away; and hired the Swedes to keep them

out. About this time Fort Elsinburgh was built by the Swedes, on the place from which the English had been driven—and from which they used great freedom with their vessels, by boarding them. Here, however, the Swedes did not long remain, owing to the annoyance of the moschettoes; they accordingly removed,

and named the place Musketoe-burgh. 1638. The Dutch assert their right to the country

on the Delaware, as appears by a letter of Gov. Keift, to P. Minuitts, governor of New Sweden, in which he asserts “that the whole South river of New Netherland, had been in Dutch possession many years, above and below beset

with forts, and sealed with blood. 1640. It appears, that this year “a large purchase,

for a number of plantations, was made for £30 sterling, by Captain Nathaniel Turner, agent for New Haven, on both sides of Delaware Bay or river; with a view to trade, and for the settlement of churches in gospel order and purity. The colony of New Haven erected trading houses upon the lands, and sent nearly fifty families to make settlements upon them; the settlements were made under the jurisdiction of New Haven, “and in close combination with that colony, in all their fundamental

articles.”—Trumbulls Conn. 1642.

The Dutch seem to have been much irritated by this settlement from New Haven; and Gov. Keift, “without any legal protest or warning, dispatched an armed force, and with great hostility burned the English trading houses. Violently seized, and for a time detained their goods, and would not give them time to take an inventory of them. They also took the Company's boat, and a number of the English planters, and kept them as prisoners. The damages done the English, at Delaware, were estimated at £1000 sterling. This year, also, the Swedish government and Dutch agent, uniting in a crafty design against Mr. Lamberton, a principal gentleman of New Haven, made an injurious attempt upon his life. They accused him of having joined in a plot with the Indians, to cut off the Swedes and the Dutch. They attempted, by giving his men strong drink, and by threatenings, and allurements, to influence them to bear testimony against him; they proceeded so far as to imprison and try him for treason. Notwithstanding they were both his judges and accusers—they could find no evidence against him; they arbitrarily imposed a fine upon him, for trading at Delaware, though within the limits of the purchase, and jurisdiction of New Haven. At another time, when Mr. Lamberton was occasionally at Manhatoes, in the capacity of an agent for New Haven, the Dutch governor (Keift) by force and threatenings, compelled him to give an account of all his beaver within the limits of New Haven, at Delaware, and to pay an impost upon the whole. The Dutch did other dama

and insulted the English in various other instances. Both New Haven and Connecticut, from year to year remonstrated, but could obtain no redress.

This year, also, Keift fitted out two sloops, to drive away the colonists, from Maryland,

who had settled on Schuylkill. 1646. The Swedes erect a church, of wood, at Sept. 4. Tinnicum. At this time they had several set

tlements higher up the river; and a few forts

viz. at Korsholin, or Passaying another on Manajung, (Schuylkill;)-one at Chinsessing, (Kingsess.)

At a meeting of Commissioners at Boston, Gov. Eaton, in behalf of the N. Haven colony, proposed that effectual measures might be immediately adopted for the settlement of Delaware Bay. The title which the merchants had by virtue of fair purchases from the Indians, was laid before them. The Commissioners de cided it would not be prudent at that time to encourage the settlement, from the danger of involving the colonies in a war, and having scarcely men enough at home for their own defence. It was therefore recommended to the merchants and gentlemen at New Haven either to settle or make sale of the lands which they had. The commissioners resolved, that if any persons in the united colonies should attempt, without their consent, to make settlements on the lands, or to do any thing injurious to the rights of the purchasers, that they would neither own nor protect them in their unjust attempts.

The Dutch erected a trading house on the present scite of New Castle. The Swedish Gov. Printz protested, and was disregarded. Risingh,his successor, came before the fortress, fired a salute and landed thirty men, who were entertained by the commander as friends; but discovering the weakness of the garrison, seizcd upon it, and compelled the people to swear allegiance to the queen.

This year also "fifty men from New Haven and Tohoket, made preparations to settle their lands at Delaware. This spring, they hired a vessel to transport themselves and their effects into those parts. They had a commission from Goy. Eaton, and he wrote an amicable letter to the Dutch governor, acquainting him with their design, assuring him that according to their agreement at Hartford, in 1650, they would settle upon their own lands and give no disturbance to their neighbours;” but no sooner had Goy. Stuy ve sant received the letters, than he arrested the bearers and committed them to close confinement under guard. Then sending for the master of the vessel to come on shore that he might speak with him, he arrested and committed him; others as they came on shore to visit and assist their neighbours, were confined with them. The Dutch governor desired to see their commission, promising it should be returned when he had taken a copy; but when demanded of him, he would not return it to them, nor would he release the men from confinement, until he had forced them to give it under their hands, that they would not prosecute their voyage, but without loss of time return to New Haven. He threatened if he should afterwards find any of them at Delaware he would not only seize their goods, but send them prisoners to Holland. Petitions were presented to the commissioners seeking their interference, and they remonstrated with the Dutch governor, and at the same time for the encouragement of the petitioners, they resolved, that if at any time within 12 months, they should attempt the settlement of their lands at Delaware, and at their own charge, transport a hundred and fifty or at least one hundred men well armed, with a good vessel or vessels for such an enterprize, with a sufficient quantity of ammunition, and waranted by a commission of authority at New Haven, that then, if they should meet with any opposition from the Dutch or Swedes, they would still afford them a sufficient force for their defence. They also

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