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CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

(Mar

SECTION I.

within the limits aforesaid, clear of all charges. And of “Know ye, therefore, that we, (favouring the peti- our further grace, certain knowledge, mere motion, We tion and good purpose of the said William Penn, and have thought fit to erect, and we do hereby erect, the having regard to the memory and merits of his late fa- aforesaid country and islands into a province and seignither, in divers services, and particularly to liis conduct, ory, and do call it Pensilvania, and so from henceforth courage and discretion, under our dearest brother James will have it called. Duke of York, in that signal battle and victory, fought

SECTION IV. and obtained, against the Dutch ficet, commanded by And, for as much as, we have hereby made and or the leer Van Opdam, in the year 1665: In considera- dained the aforesaid William Penn, his heirs and assigns, tion thereof, of our special grace, certain knowledge, the tre and absolute proprietaries of all the lands and and mere motion) bave given and granted, and, by this dominions aforesaid; Know ye, therefore, that we (reour present Charter, for us, our heirs and successors, do posing special trust and confidence in the fidelity, wisgive and grant unto the said William Penn, his beirs and dom, justice and provident circumspection of the said assigns, all that tract, or part, of land, in America, with William Penn) for us, our heirs and successors, do grant the islands therein contained, as the same is bounded, free, full and absolute power, by virtue of these preon the east, by Delaware river, from twelve miles dis- sents, to him and his heirs, to his, and their deputies and tance northwards of New Castle town, unto the three lieutenants, for the good and happy government of the and fortieth degree of northern latitude, if the said river said country, to ordain, make and enact, and, under his doth extend so far northward, but if the said river shall and their seals, to publish any laws whatsoever, for the not extend so far northward, then, by the said river, so raising of money for public uses of the said province, or far as it doth extend; and from the head of the said river, for any other end, appertaining either unto the public the eastern bounds are to be determined by a meridian state, peace, or safety of the said country, or unto the line, to be drawn from the head of the said river, unto private utility of particular persons, according unto their the said forty-third degree, The said land to extend best discretion, by and with the advice, assent and approwestward five degrees in longitude, to be computed bation of the freemen of the said country, or the greater from the said eastern bounds; and the said lands to be part of them, or of their delegates, or deputies, whom, bounded on the north by the beginning of the three and for the enacting of the said laws, when and as often as fortieth degree of northern latitude, and, on the south, need may require, we will that the said William Penn, by a circle, drawn at twelve miles distance from New and his heirs shall assemble, in such sort and form, as to Castle, northward and westward, unto the beginning of him and them shall seem best, and the same laws duly to the fortieth degree of northern latitude; and then by a execute, unto and upon all people, within the said straight line westward to the limits of longitude above country and limits thereof. mentioned.

SECTION V.
SECTION II.

“ And we do likewise give and grant unto the said “We do also give and grant unto the said William William Penn, and to his heirs, and their deputies and Penn, his heirs and assigns, the free, and undisturbed lieutenants, full power and authority to appoint and esuse, and continuance in, and passage unto, and out of all tablish any Judges and Justices, Magistrates, and other and singular ports, harbours, bays, waters, rivers, isles officers whatsoever, (for the proates of wills, and for and inlets, belonging unto, or leading to, and from, the the granting of administration within the precincts aforecountry, or islands aforesaid, and all the soils, lands, said, and with what power soever, and in such form, as fields, woods, underwoods, mountains, hills, fenns, isles, to the said William Penn, or his heirs shall seem most lakes, rivers, waters, rivulets, bays and inlets, situated, convenient: also to remit, release, pardon and abolish or being within, or belonging to the limits, or bounds, (whether before judgment or after) al crime and offenaforesaid, together with the fishing of all sorts of fish, ces whatsoever, committed within the said country, whales, sturgeon, and all royal, and other fishes, in the against the laws, (treason and wilful and malicious mur seas, bavs, inlets, waters, or rivers, within the premises, der only excepted, and, in those cases, to grant re. and all the fish taken therein; and also all veins, mines, prieves, until our pleasure may be known therein) and minerals and quarries, as well discovered as not discov: to do all and every other thing and things, which unto ered, of gold, silver, gemms, and precious stones, and all the complete establishment of justice, unto courts and other whatsocver, be it stones, metals, or any other tribunals, forms of judicature, and manner of proceedthing or matter whatsoever, found, or to be found, with ings do belong, although, in these presents, express in the country, isles. or limits, aforesaid.

mention be not made thereof; and by judges, by them

delegated, to award process, hold pleas, and determine, Section III.

in all the said courts and tribunals, all actions, suits and “ And him, the said William Penn, his heirs and as.

causes whatsoever, as well criminal as civil, personal, signs, we do by this our royal charter, for us, our heirs real and mixt; which laws, so as aforesaid, to be publishand successors, make, create and constitute the true and ed, our pleasure is, and so we enjoin, require and comabsolute proprietary of the country aforesaid, and all mand, shall be most absolute and available in law; and other the premises; saying always to us, our heirs and that all the liege people and subjects of us, our heirs successors, the faith and allegiance of the said William and successors, do observe and keep the same inviolaPenn, his heirs and assigns and of all other proprietaries, bly in those parts, so far as they concern them, under tenants and inhabitants, that are, or shall be, within the the pain therein expressed, or to be expressed. Proterritories and precincts aforesaid; and saving also unto vided nevertheless, That the same laws be consonant to us, our heirs and successors, the sovereignty of the afore: reason, and not repugnant, or contrary, but, (as near as said country; to have, hold, possess and enjoy the said conveniently may be) agreeable to the laws and statutes, tract of land, country, isles, inlets, and other the pre- and rights of this our kingdom of England; and saving mises, unto the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, and reserving to us, our heirs and successors, the reforever, to be holden of us, our heirs and successors, ceiving, hearing and determining of the appeal and ap kings of England, as of our castle of Windsor, in the peals of all, or any person, or persons, of, in or belong county of Berks, in free and common soccagę, by fealty ing to the territories aforesaid, or touching any judg. only, for all services and not in capite, or by knight ser, ment to be there made, or given. vice: yielding and paying therefore to us, our heirs and

SECTION VI. successors, two beaver skins, to be delivered at our castle of Windsor, on the first day of January, in every “ And, for as much as, in the government of so great year; and also the fifth part of all gold, and silver ore, a country, sudden accidents do often happen, wherewhich shall, from time to time, happen to be found unto it will be necessary to apply remedy, before the

1828.)

CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

205

freeholders of the said province, or their delegates, or present and future, of us, our heirs and successors, (ex-" deputies, can be assembled, to the making of laws; nei- cepting those, who shall be especially forbidden) to ther will it be convenient, that instantly upon every transport themselves and families unto the said country, such occasion, so great a multitude should be called with such convenient shipping, as, by the laws of this together; Therefore (for the better government of the our kingdom of England, they ouglit to use, and with said country) we will ordain, and by these presents, for fitting provision; paying only the customs therefore due, us, our heir's and successors, do grant unto the said and there to settle themselves, dwell and inhabit and William Penn and his heirs, by themselves, or by their plant, for the public, and their own private advantage. magistrates and officers, in that behalf, duly to be ordained, as aforesaid, to make and constitute fit and

SECTION IX. wholesome ordinances, from time to time, within the “ And furthermore, that our subjects may be the rasaid country to be kept and observed, as well for the ther encouraged to undertake this expedition, with reapreservation of peace, as for the better government of dy and cheerful minds, Know ye, That we, of our spethe people there inhabiting; and publicly to notify the cial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, do same to all persons, wliom the same doth, or may any give and grant, by virtue of these presents, as well unto wise concern. Which ordinances our will and pleasure the said William Penn, and his heirs, as to all others, is shall be observed inviolably within the said province, who shall from time to time, repair unto the said coununder the pains therein to be expressed, so as the said try, full licence to lade and freight, in any ports whatordinances be consonant to reason, and be not repug- soever of us, our heirs and successors, according to the nant nor contrary, but (so far as conveniently may be) laws made, or to be made, withiú our kingdom of Enagreeable with the laws of our kingdom of England, and gland, and unto the said country, by them, their servso as the said ordinances be not extended, in any ants or assigns, to transport all and singular their goods, sort, to bind, change, or take away the right, or interest wares and merchandizes, as likewise all sorts of grain of any person, or persons, for, or in, their life, members, wbatsoever, and all other things wbatsoever, necessary freehold, goods, or chattels

. And our farther will and for food, or clothing, not prohibited, by the laws and pleasure is, That the laws for regulating and governing statutes of our kingdom and dominions, to be carried of property within the said province, as well for the out of the said kingdom, without any let, or molestation descent and enjoyment of lands, as likewise for the en- of us, our heirs or successors, or of any of the officers joyment and succession of goods and chattels, and like of us, our heirs or successors; saving always to us, our wise as to felonies, shall be and continue the same, as heirs and successors, the legal impositions, customs, or they shall be for the time being by the general course other duties and payments for the said wares and merof the law in our kingdom of England, until the said chandizes, by any law or statute, due, or to be due, to laws shall be altered by the said William Penn, his heirs us, our heirs and successors. or assigns, and by the freemen of the said province,

SECTION X. their delegates, or deputies, or the greater part of them.

“And we do further, for us, our heirs and successors, SECTION VII.

give and grant unto the said William Penn, his heirs and "And to the end that the said William Penn; or his country and islands into towns, hundreds and counties,

assigns, free and absolute power, to divide the said heirs, or other the planters, owners, or inhabitants of and to erect and incorporate towns into burroughs, and the said province may not, at any time hereafter (by burroughs into cities, and to make and constitute fairs misconstruction of the power aforesaid) through inad- and markets therein, with all other convenient privivertency, or design, depart from that faith and due al- leges and immunities, according to the merits of the inlegiance, which by the laws of this our realm of England, habitants, and the fitness of the places, and to do all, they and all our subjects, in our dominions and territo- and every other thing and things, touching the premises, ries, always owe to us, our heirs and successors, by co- which to him, or them, shall seem meet and requisite; lour of any extent, or largeness of powers hereby given, albeit they be such, as of their own nature might otheror pretended to be given, or by force or colour or any wise require a more special commandment and warranty laws hereafter to be made, in the said province, by vir- than, in these presents, is expressed. tue of any such powers; Our farther will and pleasure is, that a transcript or duplicate, of all laws, which shall be

SECTIOX XI. so, as aforesaid, made and published within the said “We will also, and, by these presents, for us, our province, shall within five years after the making thereof, heirs and successors, we do give and grant licence, by be transmitted and delivered to the Privy Council, for this our charter, unto the said William Penn, bis heirs the time being, of us, our heirs and successors; And if and assigns, and to all the inhabitants and dwellers in any of the said laws, within the space of six months after the province aforesaid, both present and to come, to that they shall be so transmitted and delivered, be de- import, or unlade, by themselves, or their servants, facclared by us, our heirs and successors, in our, or their tors, or assigns, all merchandizes and goods whatsoever, Privy Council, inconsistent with the sovereignty, or that shall arise of the fruits and commodities of the said lawful prerogative of us, our heirs or successors, or province, either by land or sea, into any of the ports of contrary to the faith and allegiance, due to the legal go us, our heirs, or successors, in our kingdom of England, vernment of this realm, from the said William Penn, cy and not into any other country whatsoever: and we give his heirs, or of the planters and inhabitants of the said him full power to dispose of the said goods, in the said province, and that thereupon any of the said laws shall ports; and, if need be, within one year next after the unlabe adjudged and declared to be void by us, our heirs ding of the same, to lade the said merchandize and goods and successors, under our, or their privy seal, that then, again, into the same, or other ships, and to transport and from thenceforth such laws, concerning which such the same into any other countries, either of our own dojudgment and declaration shall be made, shall become minions, or foreign, according to law; provides always, void; otherwise the said laws, so transmitted, shall re- that they pay such customs and impositions, subsidics inain and stand in full force, according to the true intent and duties for the same, to us, our heirs and successors, and meaning thereof.

as the rest of our subjects of our kir.gdom of England, SectioX VIII.

for the time being, shall be bound to pay, and do ob“ Furthermore, that this new colony may the more

serve the acts of navigation, and other laws, in that bc

half made. happily increase by the multitude of people resorting thither; Therefore, wc, for us, our heirs and successors,

Section XII. do give and grant, by these presents, power, licence, “ And furthermore, of our ample and special grace, and liberty unto all the liege pcople and subjects, both I certain knowledge and mere motion, we do, for us, our

295

CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

us,

our

heirs and successors, grant unto the said William Penn, neither the said William Penn, nor his heirs, nor any his heirs and assigns, full and absolute power and au- other, the inhabitants of the said province, shall at any thority, to make, erect and constitute, within the said time hereafter, have or maintain, any correspondence province, and the isles and inlets aforesaid, such and so with any other king, prince or state, or with any of their many seaports, harbours, creeks, bavens, keys, and subjects, who shall then be in war against us, our heirs other places, for discharging and unl ng of goods and and successors; nor shall the said William Penn, or his merchandize, out of the ships, boats, and other vessels, heirs or any other inhabitants of the said province, make and landing them unto such, and so many places, and war, or any act of hostility against any other king, prince with such rights, jurisdictions, liberties and privileges, or state, or any of their subjects, who shall then be ist unto the said ports belonging, as to him and them shall league or amnity with heirs and successors. seem most expedient; and that all, and singular the

SECTION XVI. ships, boats and other vessels, which shall come for merchandize and trade, into the said province, or out of

“And because, in so remote a country, and situate the same, shall be laden, or unladen, only at such ports,

near many barbarous nations, the incursions as well of as shall be created and constituted by the said William the savages themselves, as of other enemies, pirates and Penn, his heirs, or assigns, (any use, custom or thing to robbers, may probably be feared; Therefore, we have the contrary notwithstanding.) Provided, that the said given, and, for us, our heirs and successors, do give William Penn and his licit's, and the Lieutenants and power, by these presents, to the said William Penn, his Governors, for the time being, shall admit and receive heirs and assigns, by themselves, or their captains, or in and about all such bavens, ports, creeks and keys, all other their officers, to levy, muster and train all sorts of officers and their deputies, who shall from time to time, men, of what condition soever, or wheresoever born, in be appointed for that purpose by the farmers, or com the said province of Pensilvania, for the time being, missioners of our customs for the time being.

and to make war, and to pursue the enemies and rob

bers aforesaid, as well by sea as by land, eren without Section XIII:

the limits of the said province, and by God's assistance, “And we do further appoint and ordain, and by these to vanquish and take them, and being taken, to put presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we do grant them to death, by the laws of war, or to save them; at unto the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, that their pleasure, and to do all and every other thing, he, the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, may, which unto the charge and office of a captain general from time to time, for ever, have and enjoy the customs of an army belongeth, or hath accustomed to belong, as and subsidies, in the ports; harbours and other creeks, fully and freely as any captain general of an army hath and places aforesaid, within the province aforesaid, pay: cver had the same. ·able, or due for merchandize and wares there to be laded and unladed, the said customs and subsidies to be rea

SECTION XVII. sonably assessed, upon any occasion, by themselves and “ And furthermore, of our special grace, and of our the people there, as aforesaid to be assembled, to whom certain knowledge and mere motion, we have given and we give power by these presents, for us, our heirs and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, upon just cause, and due proportion, to as- successors, do give and grant unto the said William sess and impose the same; saving unto us, our heirs and Penn, his heirs and assigns, full and absolute power, successors, such impositions and customs, as, by act of licence and authority, that he the said William Penn, Parliament, are, and shall be appointed.

his heirs and assigns, from time to time hereafter for

ever, at his or their own vill and pleasure, may assign, SECTION XIV.

alien, grant, demise, or enfeoff of the premises so many, “ And it is our farther will and pleasure, that the said and such parts and parcels to him, or them, that shall William Penn, his heirs and assigns, shall from time to be willing to purchase the same, as they shall think fit; time, constitute and appoint an Attorney or agent, to re

to have and to hold to them, the said person, or persons side in or near our city of London; who shall make known willing to take and purchase, their heirs and assigns, in the place where he shall dwell, or may be found, unto fee simple, or fee tail, or for the term of life, lives, or the clerks of our privy council, for the time being, or years, to be held of the said William Penn, his heirs or one of them, and shall be ready to appear in any of our assigns, as of the said seigniory of Windsor, by such ser. courts, at Westminster, to answer for any misdemeanor, vices, customs or rents, as shall seem meet to the said that shall be committed, or by any wilful default, or ne. William Penn, his heirs or assigns, and not immediately glect, permitted by the said William Penn, his heirs or of us, our heirs or successors. assigns, against the laws of trade and navigation; and after it shall be ascertained, in any of our courts, what

Section XVIII. damages we, or our leirs, or successors, shall have sus

“ And to the same person or persons, and to all and tained by such default, or neglect, the said William every of them, we do give and grant, by these presents, Penn, his heirs or assigns, shall pay the same within one for us, our heirs and successors, licence, authority and year, after such taxation, and demand thereof from such power, that such person or persons, may take the preattorney; or in case there shall be no such attorney by mises, or any parcel thereof, of the aforesaid Willian the space of one year, or such attorney shall not make Penn, his heirs or assigns, and the same to hold to them payment of such damages

, within the space of a year, selves, their heirs and assigns, in what estate of inheritand answer such other forfeitures and penalties, within ance soever, in fee simple, or in fee, tai), or otherwise, the said time, as by acts of parliament, in England, are

as to him the said William Penn, his heirs or assigns, and shall be provided according to the true intent and shall decm espedient: the statute made in the parliameaning of these presents; then it shall be lawful for us, England, our predecessor (commonly called the statute,

ment of Edward, the son of King Henry late King of our heirs and successors, to seize and resume the vernment of the said province or country, and the same

Quia Emptores Terrarum," lately published in our to retain, until payment shall be made thercof: but not kingdom of England,) in any wise notwithstanding. withstanding any such seizure, or resumption of the go

SECTIOX XIX. vernment, nothing concerning the propriety, or ownership, of any lands, tenements or other hereditaments, unto the said William Penn and his heirs, and likewise

“And by these presents, we give and grant licence goods or chattels of any of the adventurers, planters or owners, other than the respective offenders there, shall said William Penn, or his heirs, shall at any time here

to all, and every such person or persons, to whom the any ways be affected or molested thereby.

after, grant any estate or inheritance, as aforesaid, to SECTION XV.

erect any parcels of land, within the province aforesaid, Provided always, and our will and pleasure is; that into manors, by and with the licence, to be first had and

1828.]

CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

207

TO ROBERT TURKER.

obtained, for that purpose, under the hand and seal of to the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns: Prothe said William Penn, or his heirs; and in every of the vided always, no interpretation be admitted thereof, by said manors, to have and to hold a Court-Baron, with all which the allegiance due unto us, our heirs and succesthings whatsoever, which to a Court-Buron do belong, sors, may suffer any prejudice or diminution; although and to have and to hold View of Frank Piedge, for the express mention be not made, in these presents, of the conservation of the peace, and the better government of true yearly value, or certainty of the premises, or any those parts, by themselves, or their stewards, or by the part thereof, or of other gifts and grants, made by us, lords for the time being, of the manors to be deputed, and our progenitors, or predecessors, unto the said when they shall be erected, and, in the same, to use all William Penn: Any statutc, act, ordinance, provision, things belonging to the View of Frank Pledge. And proclamation, or restraint, heretofore had, made, pubwe do further grant licence and authority, That every lished, ordained, or provided, or any thing, cause, or such person or persons, who shall erect any such manor, matter whatsoever, to the contrary thereof in any wise or manors, as aforesaid, shall, or may, grant all, or any notwithstanding. In witness whereof we have caused part of his said land to any person or person, in fee sim. these our letters to be made patent: Witness Ourself, at ple, or any other estate of inheritance to be held of the Westminster, the fourth day of March, in the three and said manors respectively, so as no further tenure shall thirtieth year of our reign, Annoque Domini one thoube created, but that upon all further, or other aliena sand six hundred and eighty-one. tions thereafter to be made, the said lands so aliened

By writ of Privy Seal, shall be held of the same lord and his heirs, of whom

PIGOTT." the aliener did then before hold, and by the like rents and services, which were before due and accustomed.

LETTER FROM WILLIAM PENN.
SECTION XX.

The following Letter, copied (with several others) * And furthermore, our pleasure is, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we do covenant

some years ago from the original, then in possession of a and grant to and with the said William Penn, his heirs gentleman in this city, exhibits the origin of the name, and assigns, that we, our heirs and successors, shall at and Penn's feelings on the occasion of having the grant no time hereafter, set, or make, or cause to be set; or for the province confirmed to him under the great seal made, any imposition, custom, or other taxation, rate, or contribution whatsoever, in and upon the dwellers and of England. We cannot but admire his modesty. inhabitants of the aforesaid province, for their lands, tenements, goods or chattels, within the said province, or in and upon any goods and merchandizes within the

5th of 1st Mo. 1681. province, or to be laden, or unladen within the ports, or DEAR FRIEND, harbours of the said province, unless the same be with

My true love in the Lord salutes thee, and dear friends the consent of the Proprietary, or Chief Governor, or that love the Lord's precious truth in those parts. Assembly, or by act of parliament in England.

Thine I have, and for my business here, know that after SECTION XXI.

many waitings, watchings, solicitings and disputes in

council, this day my country was confirmed to me under “ And our pleasure is, and, for us, our heirs and suc- the great seal of England, with large powers and privicessors, we charge and command, that this our declara- leges, by the name of Pennsylvania, a name the king tion shall be from henceforth, from time to time, he re-would give it in honour of my father. I chose New ceived and allowed, in all our courts, and before all the Wales, being as this, a pretty hilly country, but Penn judges of us, our heirs and successors, for a sufficient being Welsh for a head, as Penmanmoire in Wales, and lawful discharge, payment and acquittance; command Penrith in Cumberland, and Penn in Buckinghamshire, ing all the officers and ministers of us, our heirs and suc- the highest land in England, called this Pennsilvania, cessors, and enjoining them upon pain of our highest which is the high or head woodlands; for I proposed displeasure, that they do not presume, at any time, to when the secretary--a Welshman-refused to have it attempt any thing to the contrary of the premises, or called New Wales, Sylvania, and they added Penn to that do, in any sort, withstand the same; but that they it; and though I much opposed it, and went to the king be, at all times, aiding and assisting, as is sitting, to the to have it struck out and altered, he said 'twas past, and said William Penn, and his heirs, and unto the inhabi. would take it upon him; nor could twenty guineas tants and merchants of the province aforesaid, their ser- move the under secretary's to vary the name, for I fearvants, ministers, factors and assigns, in the full use and ed least it should be lookt on as å vanity in me, and not fruition of the benefit of this our charter.

as a respect in the king, as it truly was to my father,

whom lie often mentions with praise. Thou mayst comSection XXII.

municate my graunt to friends, and expect shortly my “And our farther pleasure is, and we do hereby, for proposals: 'tis a clear and just thing, and my God that us, our heirs and successors, charge and require, That, has given it me through many difficulties, will, I believe, if any of the inhabitants of the said province, to the num- bless and make it the seed of a nation. I shall have a ber of twenty, shall, at any time hereafter, be desirous, tender care to the government, that it will be well laid and shall, by any writing, or by any person deputed by at first: no more now, but dear lov: in the truth. them, signify such their desire to the bishop of London, for the time being, that any preacher, or preachers, to

Thy true friend,

W. PENN. be approved of by the said bishop, may be sent unto them, for their instruction; that then such preacher, or preachers, shall and may reside within the said province, The Society whose report is inserted below, was inwithout any denial, or molestation whatsoever.

stituted during the past year- for the important object Section XXIII.

of promoting “Education throughout the State: by en“And if perchance hereafter any doubt or question couraging the establishment of public schools in which should arise concerning the true sense and meaning of the elementary branches of education shall be taught in any word, clause, or sentence, contained in this our pre; the respective counties.” Its object and plans are so sent charter, we will ordain and command, that at all times, and in all things, such interpretation be made fully developed in the Report, &c. that we deem it only thereof, and allowed, in any of our courts whatsoever, as necessary to invite the serious attention of our readers shall be adjudged most advantageous and favourable un to the statements there made.

No, 19.

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heirs and successors, grant unto the said William Penn, neither the said William Penn, nor his heirs, nor any his heirs and assigns, full and absolute power and au- other, the inhabitants of the said province, shall at any thority, to make, erect and constitute, within the said time hereafter, have or maintain, any correspondence province, and the isles and inlets aforesaid, such and so with any other king, prince or state, or with any of their many seaports, harbours, creeks, havens, keys, and subjects, who shall then be in war against us, our heirs, other places, for discharging and unlading of goods and and successors; nor shall the said William Penn, or his merchandize, out of the ships, boats, and other vessels, heirs or any other inlrabitants of the said province, make and landing them unto such, and so many places, and war, or any act of hostility against any other king, prince with such rights, jurisdictions, liberties and privileges, or state, or any of their subjects, who shall then be int unto the said ports belonging, as to him and them shall league or amity with us, our heirs and successors.' seem most expedient; and that all, and singular the

SECTION XVI. ships, boats and other vessels, which shall come for merchandize and trade, into the said province, or out of

“And because, in so remote a country, and situate the same, shall be laden, or unladen, only at such ports, near many barbarous nations, the incursions as well of as shall be created and constituted by the said William the savages themselves, as of other enemies, pirates and Penn, his heirs, or assigns, (any use, custom or thing to robbers, may probably be feared; Therefore, we have the contrary notwithstanding.) Provided, that the said given, and, for us, our heirs and successors, do give William Penn and his heirs, and the Lieutenants and power, by these presents, to the said William Penn, bis Governors, for the time being, shall admit and receive heirs and assigns, by themselves, or their captains, or in and about all such havens, ports, creeks and keys, all other their officers, to levy, muster and train all sorts of officers and their deputies, who shall from time to time, men, of what condition soever, or wheresoever born, in be appointed for that purpose by the farmers, or com the said province of Pensilvania, for the time being, Inissioners of our customs for the time being.

and to make war, and to pursue the enemies and rob

bers aforesaid, as well by sea as by land, eren without Section XIII.

the limits of the said province, and by God's assistance, “And we do further appoint and ordain, and by these to vanquish and take them, and being taken, to put presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we do grant them to death, by the laws of war, or to save them; at unto the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, that their pleasure, and to do all and every other thing, he, the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, may, which unto the charge and office of a captain general from time to time, for ever, have and enjoy the customs of an army belongeth, or hath accustomed to belong, as and subsidies, in the ports, harbours and other creeks, fully and freely as any captain general of an army hath and places aforesaid, within the province aforesaid, pay ever had the same. able, or due for merchandize and wares there to be laded and unladed, the said customs and subsidies to be rea

SECTION XVII. sonably assessed, upon any occasion, by themselves and

« And furthermore, of our special grace, and of our the people there, as aforesaid to be assembled, to whom certain knowledge and mere motion, we have given and we give power by these presents, for us, our heirs and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, upon just cause, and due proportion, to as- successors, do give and grant unto the said William sess and impose the same; saving unto us, our heirs and Penn, his heirs and assigns, full and absolute power, successors, such impositions and customs, as, by act of licence and authority, that he the said William Penn, Parliament, are, and shall be appointed.

his heirs and assigns, from time to time hereafter for

ever, at his or their own will and pleasure, may assign, SECTION XIV.

alien, grant, demise, or enfeoff of the premises so many, And it is our farther will and pleasure, that the said and such parts and parcels to him, or them, that shall William Penn, his heirs and assigns, shall from time to be willing to purchase the same, as they shall think fit; time, constitute and appoint an Attorney or agent, to re

to have and to hold to them, the said person, or persons side in or near our city of London; who shall make known willing to take and purchase, their heirs and assigns, in the place where he shall dwell, or may be found, unto fee simple, or fee tail

, or for the term of life, lives, or the clerks of our privy council, for the time being, or years, to be held of the said William Penn, his heirs of one of them, and shall be ready to appear in any of our assigns, as of the said seigniory of Windsor, by such sercourts, at Westminster, to answer for any misdemeanor, vices, customs or rents, as shall seem meet to the said that shall be committed, or by any wilful default, or ne. William Penn, his heirs or assigns, and not immediately glect, permitted by the said William Penn, his heirs or of us, our heirs or successors. assigns, against the laws of trade and navigation; and after it shall be ascertained, in any of our courts, what

Section XVIII. damages we, or our heirs; or successors, shall have sus "And to the same person or persons, and to all and tained by such default; or neglect, the said William every of them, we do give and grant, by these presents

, Penn, his heirs or assigns, shall pay the same within one for us, our heirs and successors, licence, authority and year, after such taxation, and demand thereof from such power, that such person or persons, may take the preattorney; or in case there shall be no such attorney by mises, or any parcel thereof, of the aforesaid William the space of one year, or such attorney shall not make Penn, his heirs or assigns, and the same to hold to them. payment of such damages within the space of a year, selves, their heirs and assigns, in what estate of inheritand answer such other forfeitures and penalties, within ance soever, in fee simple, or in fee, tui), or otherwise, the said time, as by acts of parliament, in England, are as to him the said William Penn, his heirs or assigns, and shall be provided according to the true intent and shall deem expedient: the statute made in the parliameaning of these presents; then it shall be lawful for us, England, our predecessor (commonly called the statute,

ment of Edward, the son of King Henry late King of our heirs and successors, to seize and resume the government of the said province or country, and the same

Quia Emptores Terrarum," lately published in our to retain, until payment shall be made thercof: but not kingdom of England,) in any wise notwithstanding. withstanding any such seizure, or resumption of the go

SECTION XIX. vernment, nothing concerning the propriety, or ownership, of any lands, tenements or other hereditaments, unto the said William Penn and his heirs, and likewise

" And by these presents, we give and grant licence goods or chattels of any of the adventurers, planters or owners, other than the respective offenders there, shall said William Penn, or his heirs, shall at any time here

to all, and every such person or persons, to whom the any ways be affected or molested thereby:

after, grant any estate or inheritance, as aforesaid, to SECTION XV.

erect any parcels of land, within the province aforesaid, "Provided always, and our will and pleasure is; that into manorë; by and with the licence, to be first had and

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