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REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. ,
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION Or EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATIOX RESPECTING THE STATE.
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD, NO. 51, FILBERT STREET.
PHILADELPHIA, MAY 10, 1828.
really pretty skilful; were both U-e Doctors, (acOf the Early History of Germantown.
cording to the superstition then so prevalent in Europe)
and were renowned also as conjurors. Then the cow's (CONCLUDED FROM PAGE 284.]
and horses, and even children got strange diseases, and
if it baffled ordinary medicines, or Indian cures and Reminiscenses.
herbs; it was not unusual to consult those persons for
relief, and their prescriptions which heated them, as reOld Mr. J. W. about the year 1720, purchased 500 sulting from witchcraft, always gave relief! Doctor icres of land at 2s. per acre, adjacent to where his de. Frailey dwelt in a one story house very ancient, now scendant now lives; when he afterwards sold much of it standing in the school house lane. On each side of his at £3 per acre, he thought he was doing wonders some house, were lines of German poetry painted in oil colours of it has since been worth 200 dollars to 300 per acre. (some of the marks are even visible now); those on one
The price of labour in and about Germantown 60 side have been recited to me, viz. years ago, was 38. a day in summer, and 2s.6. in winter. The price of hickory wood was 108. to 11s. per cord,
Translated thus: and oak was 88. to 98. Hickory now sells at $8, and oak Las neider neiden Let the envious envy me at $6, and has been $2 higher.
Las hasser hassen Let the hateful hate me In 1738, a county tax was assessed of 11d. per pound Was Gott, mier gibt What God has given me on the city and county, (including Germantown) for Mus man inier lassen By man shall not be let-ide. "wolves and crows destroyed, and for assembly men's
hindered.) wages” at 5s. per day.
An idea was very prevalent, especially near the DelaThe blackbirds formerly were much more numerous
ware and Schuylkill waters, that the pirates of Black than now; a gentleman mentioned to me that when he Beard's day bad deposited treasure in the earth. The was a young man, he once killed at one shot, (with mus- fancy was, that sometimes they killed a prisoner and intard seed shot) 119 birds which he got; some few of the terred him with it, to make his Ghost keep his visits wounded he did not get; they had alighted in an oat there and guard it. Hence it was not rare to hear of field after the harvest, and he was concealed in a near persons having seen a sphoke or ghost, or of having hedge and shot them as they rose on the wing; there dreamed of it a plurality of times, which became a strong was a law in 1700, made to give 3d. per dozen for the incentive to dig there. To procure the aid of a pro heads of black birds, to destroy them:
fessor in the black art was called Hexing; and Shronk A person, now 63 years of age, relates to me that he in particular had great fame therein. He affected to well remembers seeing colonies of Indians of 20 to 30 use a diviner's rod (a witch-hazel); with a peculiar angle persons, often coming through the town and sitting in it, which was supposed to be self-turned in the hands, down in Logan's woods, others on the present open when approached to any minerals; some use the same field, s. E. of Lorain's place. They would then make kind of rod now to feel for hidden waters, so as to dig. their huts and stay a whole year at a time, and make and for wells. The late Col. T. F. used to amuse himself sell baskets, ladles, and tolerably good fiddles. He has much with the credulity of the people. He pretended seen them shoot birds and young squirrels there with he could Hex with a hazel rod, and often he has had sutheir bows and arrows. Their huts were made of four perstitious persons to come and offer him shares in upright saplins with crotch limbs at top. The sides and spoils, which they had seen a sphoke upon! he even tops were of cedar bushes and branches. In these they wrote and printed a curious old play, to ridicule the lived in the severest winters; their fire was on the thing. Describing the terror of a midnight fright in dig. ground and in the middle of the area; at that time wild pi; ging, he makes one of the party to tell his wife, geons were very numerous, in flocks of a mile long, and
was very common to shoot 20 or 30 of them at a shot. “My dearest wife, in all my life They then caught rabbits and squirrels in snares.
Ich neber was so fritened;
De spirit come and Ich did run The superstition then was very great about Ghosts and Witches. “Old Shrunk," as he was called, (George
'Twas juste like tunder, mid de lightening." S. who lived to be 80) was a great conjuror, and numer Mr. K. aged 78, and his wife nearly the same age, ous persons from Philadelphia and elsewhere, and some mentioned to me, that in their youthful days they used even from Jersey, came often to him to find out stolen to feel themselves, as if at double or treble the distance goods and to get their fortunes told. They believed he they now do from Philadelphia, owing to the badness could make any thieves who came to steal from his orch- and loneliness of the roads; they then regarded a rido ard, “stand,” if he saw them, even while they desired to the city as a serious affair. The road before it
run away. They used to consult him where to go was turnpiked, was extremely clayey and mirey, and and dig for money, and several persons, whose names I in some places, especially at Penn's Creek, there was suppress, used to go and dig for hidden treasures, of a fearful quicksand. nights. On such occasions if any one spoke," while In those times the sleighing used to continue for 2 or digging, or ran, from “ terror," without “the magic 3 months in the winter, and the pleasure parties from ring,” previously made with incantation round the the city used to put up and have dances at old Mackplace, the whole influence of the “spell,” was lost. - inett's tavern, where his son now lives. It was then Dr. De Witt, too, a sensible man, who owned and dwelt very common for sailors to come out in summer to have in the large house, since the Rev. Dr. Blair's, as well as old Mr. Frailey, who also acted as a physician, and was * A copy of it is in the Athenäum library.
frolics, or mirth and refreshments at the inns. The was then a wood there through all the low ground, young men also made great amusement of shooting at a which now forms his meadow ground and mill race target. They used no wagons then in going to inarket, course. Some of the old Indians died and were buried but the women usually went, and rode a horse with two in Concord burying ground, adjoining Mr. Duval's paniers slung on each side of him. The women too place. After they were dead the younger Indians all carried baskets on their heads, and the men whceled moved off in a body, when Keyser was about 14 or 15 wheel-barrows--being six miles to market! Then the years of age. Indian Ben among them was celebrated people, especially man and wife, rode to church, fune- as a great fidler, and every body was familiar with Indian rals and visits, both on one horse; the women sat on a Isaac. pillion behind the man. Chairs or chaises were then In going to the city there was a thick woods on the unknown to them; none in that day ever dreamed to south west side of the turnpike below Naglee's hill, live to see such improvements and luxury as they now (where Armat's house now stands, called Logan's witness.
swamp and woods. The road then went on the low The first carriage of the coach kind they ever saw or ground to the south westward of said hill and house, at heard of belonged to judge Allen, who had his country Penn's Creek, (or 3 mile run, now Albanus Logan's seat at the present Mount Airy college; it was of the place) and at the opposite side of Norris's place began Phæton or Landaw kind, having a seat in front for child a deep lofty wood, which extended on both sides of the dren, and was drawn by four black horses: he was of road nearly into the suburbs, and from thence
the woods course a very opulent man, and a grandee in his genera- continued many miles up the Delaware. There was tion. The country seats then were few. Penington then no inlet into the city but by the Front street road. had his country house where Chew's now stands, and The Second and Third street were not then formed. the present kitchen-wings of Chew's house, sufficed for On the 20th of October, 1746, a great public fair was the simplicity of gentlemen of those days. Another held at Germantown. country house was Shoemaker's, and is the same now In 1762, the Paxton Boys from near Lancaster halted forming the kitchen house, &c. of Mr. Duval's place, at the market square, preparatory to their intended in. near his mansion house, built for Col. T. Forrest. In vasion of Philadelphia, to kill the friendly Indians sheltheir early days, all the better kinds of houses had balco-tered there; they yielded to negociation and went home nies in the front, in which, at the close of the day, it was there were several hundred of them. common to see the women at most of the houses sitting Rittenhouse; the celebrated philosopher, as well as and sewing or knitting; at that time the women went to Godfrey, the inventor of Hadley's quadrant, were of their churches generally in short gowns and petticoats, Germantown. The latter lies buried on the farm next and with check or white faxen aprons. The young to Roberts’s mill. Captain Miller who was basely killed men had their heads shaved, and wore white caps; in at Fort Washington, after its surrender, was of Germansummer they went without coats, wearing striped trow- town. sers, and barcfooted; the old Friends wore wigs.
The old road of Germantown continued in a line with In their day every house was warmed in winter by the first bank of Germantown to the S. W. of the pre"jamb stores,” and Mr. Sower of Germantown, (the sent; ran near the poor house, by S. Harveys, up through printer) cast the first stoves thus used perhaps in the U. R. Haines's low lands, and came out by the Concord 8. They were cast at Lancaster; none of them are now school house, by the Washington, or Abingdon lane.up and in use; but many of the plates are often seen ly. Some of the logs now lie sound under ground, back ing about the old houses as door steps, &c. A jamb of Justice Johnsons, on which the road runs by the stove was set in the chimney jamb, (or side) in the swamp. kitchen fire-place; it was made something like the box The quantity of Indian arrow heads, spears, and batchform of the present ten plate stoves, but without a pipe still ploughed up in the fields are very great. I have or oven, and it passed through the wall of the chimney ets, all of Aint, and attached to wooden or wythe handles, back into the adjoining sitting-rooms, so as to present seen some of a heap of 200 together, in a circle of the its back end (opposite the fire door) in that room. The size of a bushel; some of them, strange to tell, are those plate used to be made sometimes red hot; but still it was taken from chalk beds and not at all like the flint of our but a poor means of giving out heat, and could not have country. answered but for their then hardly coustitutions and the The creek on which Wm. L. Fisher's mill stands is general smallness of their rooms in that day. -Mr. K. the head of Frankford Creek, and was called by the Intold me that when he was about 13 years old, Betty dians Wingohocking. The creek at Albanus Logans callChandler of Burlington, then 82 years of age, used to ed Penn's Creek, was called Tumanaxamaming, and visit his fathers house, and used to say she had seen Phi- goes out at the upper end of Kensington. ladelphia before Penn and his colony came in 1682. Anthony Johnston, who died in 1923, aged 78, when She said it was a great place to gather blackberries and a lad, saw a large bear come across the road in day time huckleberries; she said there was a great place for from Chew's ground, then a wood; he has seen abundshooting wild ducks in a pond or marsh near where the ance of wild turkies, and has often heard the wolves old court house at Second afid High street is; (no doubt howl at night near his fathers house; the one rebuilt at alluding to that great low ground and deep pond which the corner of S. Harveys lane. The woods then came long within the memory of some of the present aged up near the house. He has seen several deer in the citizens existed, back of Christ's church and the Baptist woods, but they were fast going off when he was young meeting, and extending from Church Alley to Arch Near that same house, when the old road passed in the street. I have conversed with old men who remember-swamp behind it, his father told him he once saw six ed skaiting upon it 60 to 70 years ago, and when the wolves in day time. present Reuben Haines, Esq. was building his store at After James Logan's house was built in 1728, at Sten112 feet west from Second street, in his lot adjoining ton, a bear of large size came and leaped over the garChrist church on the north side, he was obliged to dig den fence there. 24 feet for a foundation, and at 14 feet deep he came to Jacob Keyser, now 68, tells me that he and others to an old subterrene horse stall.)
pursued and killed a small bear, about 50 years ago, on Mr, K. remembers very well, that when he was a lad, one of the backlots; it was however then matter of surthere was yet a little company of Delaware Indians, (say prise and sport. 25 or 30 persons) then hutted and dwelling on the low Mr. Keyser remembers that a Mr. Axe, in his time, grounds of Philip Kelly's manufactory ground. There killed a bear on Samuel Johnson's place, not far from
the Wissahiccon. Foxes and raccoons were then quite • There were three or four earlier carriages in Philadel. plenty. phia, viz. Norris, Logan, and Shippen.
Only about 40 years ago a flock of six wild turkies
came to Enoch Rittenhouse's mill, and remained about cans in the following order: Washington with the divithere till his family shot the whole of them; and last win- sions of Sullivan and Wayne, flanked by Genl. Thomas ter, (1822) they shot a lynx there.
Conway's brigade, entered the town by Chesnut Hill In 1721, a Bear was killed in Germantown, and so road. Genl. Armstrong with the Pennsylvania militia, published, and two more nearer to Philadelphia. attacked the left and rear, near Schuylkill. The divi.
In the house where Reuben Haines now lives, built by sion of Genls. Green and Stephens flanked by General Dirk Johnson, a chief and his 20 Indians have been shel. M‘Dougall's brigade, were to enter by taking a circuit tered and entertained.
at the market house, and attack the right wing, and the Anthony Johnson, when a boy, has seen near 200 In- militia of Maryland and Jersey, under Gens. Smallwood dians at a time on the present John Johnson's place, in a and Freeman, were to march by the old York road and woods in the hollow adjoining to the wheelwrights shop. fall upon the rear of the right. General Sterling with They would remain there a week at a time, and would Genls. Nash and Maxwell's brigade, formed a corps, of make and sell baskets, ladles, fiddles, &c. He used to reserve. Admirably as this attack was planned, it fail. remain hours with them and see their feats of agility.-ed from those fortuitous events in warfare, over which They would go over fences without touching them, in General Washington had no possible control. Lieut. nearly a horizontal attitude, and yet alight on their nim- Col. Musgrave, of the British army, as the Americans ble feet. They would also do much at shooting of advanced threw himself, with six companies of the 40th marks.
One Edward Keimer imitated them so closely regiment, into Chew's large stone house which stood full as to execute' all their exploits. Beaver and beaver in front of the main body of the Americans. Musgrave, dams A. Johnson has often seen.
before the battle, encamped back of Chew's house in The carliest settlers used to make good linens and excellent huts, and Col. Websters regiment, (330) lay vend them in Philadelphia. They were also distinguish back of John Johnson's in huts also; they were as regu. ed, even till modern times, for their fabric of German- lar and neat as a town. General Read was for pushing town Stockings. This fact induced the bank of Ger. on immediately, but this was opposed by Genl. Knox as mantown to adopt a seal, with such a loom upon it.- against all military rule, to leave an enemy in a fort in The linen sellers and weavers used to stand with the the rear. Thus in attempting to induce the surrender goods for sale on the edge of the pavement in Market of Lieut. Col. Musgrave, the precious moments were street, on the north side, near to Second street corner. lost, and gave Genls. Grey, Grant and Agnew, (who The cheapness of imported stockings is now ruining dwelt in Germantown) time to come up with a rein. their business.
forcement. Much blame, too, was attached to Gen. S.'s An obituary notice in the Gazette of the 6th of March, division, who was said to have been intoxicated, and to 1823, (we had two years ago a newspaper
in German- have so far misconceived and broken his orders as town) illustrates the former savage state of our woods, to have been afterwards tried and broken. The morn. viz.
"Samuel Jeffries died the 28th February, in the ing was exceedingly foggy, which would have greatly borough of West Chester, (only 17 miles from Philadel- favoured the Americans, had not those, as well as part phia) in the 87th year of his age; he was one of the of Green's column remained thus inactive. Col. Mafew who could remember so long back as the time when thews, of Green's column, attacked with great spirit and Deer were plenty in Chester county; when a hunter routed the parties opposed to him, and took 110 prisonofcasionally killed a bear, and when a few of the native ers; but, through the fog, he lost sight of his brigade, Indians still inhabited the original fields; he was fol- and was himself taken prisoner with his whole regiment, lowed to his grave by his brother, now aged 92. (on P. Kelly's hill) and his prisoners released. Green
Professor Kalm, who visited Germantown in 1748, and Stephens's division, formed the last column of the says: “The inhabitants were so numerous, that the retreating Americans. Count Pulaski's cavalry carried street was always full.”
Washington retreated to Skippack creek Old Mr. W. in 1718 or 20, shot a stout deer between -his loss amounted to 152 killed, and 521 wounded, Germantown and Philadelphia, and the rifle he used is upwards of 400 were made prisoners, amongst whom now in possession of his grandson.
were 54 officers. General Nash of North Carolina was John Seelig predicted mens' lives when requested, slain (a ball struck him and broke his thigh as he rode, by the rules of nativities; and he had a mysterious cane and the same ball drove the brains of his aid (Wotheror rod, which he commanded to be cast into the Schuyl- spoon*) against the present Sadler's house, near the kill in his last sickness, and which, as the tradition goes, front corner; it was formerly Walker's Inn in Beggar's exploded therein! Kelpius too kept his diary by noting town. the signs of the Zodiac.
The cannon which assailed Chew's house, were plantDoctor Witt left all his property to strangers by the ed in front of the present John Johnson's house; Chew's name of Warmer, saying, they had been kind to him on house was so battered that it took 4 or 5 carpenters a his arrival
, in bestowing him a hat in place of his, lost on whole winter to repair and replace the fractures. The ship board.
front door was replaced and was filled with shot holesit is still preserved there.
A cousin of mine who was intimate with General Newspaper.
Washington's aid de camp, told me that he told him he The Germantown newspaper, by C. Sower, was print, had never heard the General utter an oath till that day, ed but once a quarter, and began in the year 1739, and and then he seemed deeply mortified and indignant, and what was curious, be cast his own types and made his expressed an execration at General S'as a drunken ownink! It eventually was printed monthly; but from rascal. and after the year 1744, it was printed every week, un The daughter of Benj. Marshall, Esq. at whose house der the title of the “Germantown Gazette,” by C. Gen. Washington stopped after the battle, told me he Sower, junr. and was not discontinued till some time reached there in the evening, and would only take a
A copy of these papers would be a kind dish of tea, and pulling out the half of a biscuit, assured gift
to the Germantown Library. Sower published first the family, the other half was all the food he had taken in the United States, a quarto Bible, in German. since the preceding day.
The general opinion then was, that but for the delay Battle of Germantown.
at Chew's house, our armies must have been victorious, Germantown was a place of great interest during the and we should have been sufficiently avenged for our war of the revolution, and at the celebrated battle there. losses the preceding month at the battle of Brandywine, It occurred on the morning of the 4th of October, 1777. The main body of the British army under Gens. Howe, • He was buried in the Lutheran ground, and has a Grey, Grant and Agnew, were attacked by the Ameri head stone.
in the war.
and would have probably caused the British to evacuate structure in that day, and was surprisingly well built. Philadelphia. But Gen. Wilkinson in his late memoirs, Gen. Howe staid part of his time there. who has described minutely the battle therein, and was A fence is now standing of cedar boards in Peter but a few years ago here on the spot, examining the Keyser's yard, which is very much perforated with muswhole ground, has published his entire conviction that ket bulleis in the time of the battle. it was a kind providence, which overruled the disaster for On the 19th of October, the British army removed our good: for had we been successful and pushed on for from Germantown to Philadelphia, as a more convenient the city, Gen. Howe was coming on with a force suffi- place for the reduction of Fort-Island. cient to have captured or destroyed the whole Ameri After the battle the British Surgeons made use of the can army. He states, that Washington relied on infor- present Reuben Haines's hall as a room for amputating mation from a deserter, that Howe intended a movement and other hospital operations requiring prompt care; of his troops towards Fort Mifflin, which unknown to and the Americans who were wounded were carried to Gen. Washington he had countermanded, and so ena- the hill where Thomas Armatt's house is, and were there bled him to come out in full force.
temporarily attended by Surgeons, previously to being There were as many as 20,000 British, &c. in and sent to the hospital in the city. about the town under Gen. Howe. He was a fine large Major Bennett informed me, that Col. Nash, Col. man and looked considerably like Gen. Washington:he White, Col. Boyd, and another officer killed of the lived in the present Perot's house, and walked abroad Americans, were all taken to near Montgomery square, in plain clothes in a very unassuming manner.
Gen. and buried side by side at Baptist Meeting-house. Col. Grant occupied the house now Jacob Bruner's, near the White died on the litter. lane. The artillery lay on the high ground in rear of Capt. Turner of N. Carolina, and Major Irvine, and the Poor house; two regiments of Highlanders half a six men, were all buried in one grave, at the east corner mile in the rear of Reuben Haines's house: and the Hes- of the burying ground by Keyser's. sians lay on the Ridge Hill above Peter Robeson's, near
On the N. E. side of three mile run (Fox Chase Inn the road; all the infantry were on the commons about now) was a wood in time of the war. In them were 30 where J. Price's seat now is.
Oneida Indians, and 100 of Morgan's riflemen, who raisIn the time of the battle Gen. Howe came as far as the ed a war whoop and frightened Lord Carthcart when in
a conference with M'Lane. market square, and staid there giving his commands. Gen. Agnew rode on at the head of his men, and when here give an abstract from Gen. Howe's report of the
Having thus stated facts as related by ourselves, I shall he came as far as the wall of the Menonist grave yard, he was then shot by Hans P. Boyer who lay in ambush,
same battle, to wit: and took deliberate aim at his star on the breast: he fell
The British account of the Battle at Germantown.from his fine horse, and was carried to Mr. Wistar's 1500 men from Peeks-kill, and 1000 men from Virginia,
“ The Americans having received a reinforcement of house where he died in his front parlour. He was a and presuming the British were weakened by detachvery civil and gentlemanly man. him was not an enlisted soldier, and died not long since ments, thought it a favourable time to risk an action, in the poor house.
They accordingly marched all night from their camp at At that same place is a rising hill, at which the severest The 20 battalion and 40th regiment lay in a line trans
Skippack to Germantown, a village of two miles long. of the firing and battle was waged, except what occurred so disasterously for us at Chew's house. The British this line of encampment, Lt. Gen. Knyphausen, Major
verse with this place near a mile from the head of it. In advanced no farther than the said hill on the road, until Gens. Stern and Grev, Brig. Gen. Agnew, with 7 British after the retreat.
and 3 Hessian battalions, the mounted and dismounted Several have told me who saw the dead and dying chasseurs, were upon the left of the village, extending after the action, lying on the ground there, that some in to the Schuylkill
, the chasseurs being in front. their last moments were quite insane: but all who could “Major Gen. Grant and Brig. Gen. Matthews, with speak were in great thirst from angiush, &c. In Samuel the corps of guards, six battalions of British and two Keyser's garden many bodies were lying: and in the squadrons of dragoons were upon the right. The first rear of Justice Johnson's, Genl. Morgan of the rifle corps battalion of light infantry, and the Queen's American came up with a small body after the action was supposed rangers were advanced in the front of this wing. to be closed, and very daringly and unexpectedly killed “At 3 o'clock of the morning of the 4th the patroles 19 Hessians and an officer there, all of whom were bu- discovered the enemy's approach, and the army was ried there, save the officer who was next day removed immediately under arms. Soon after the break of day to the city. Boys were suffered to get very near the the Americans began their attack upon the 2d light incombatants on the flanks. Benj. Lehman was one, who fantry which was supported by the 40th regiment. As has told me, there was no order, no ranks after the first these were overpowered they retired into the village, fire, and soon every face was as black as negroes about when Lieut. Col. Musgrave with 6 comps. of the 40th the mouth and cheeks from biting off the cartridges; regiment, threw themselves into Chew's stone house, and British officers, especially aids-de-camp rode at full which although surrounded by a brigade and attacked rate up and down through the men with entire uncon- by four pieces of cannon, he gallantly defended until cern as to running over men. The ranks however gave Major Gen. Grey at the head of 3 battalions of the 3d way.
brigade, turning his front to the village, and Brig. Gen. When the British burned 17 houses at one time, be. Agnew who covered Gen. Grey's left
, with the 4th bri tween Philadelphia and Germantown, in retaliation gade, by a vigorous attack repulsed the enemy that had for some aggressions made they said, by Col. Ayres, penetrated the upper part of the village, which was done from some of those houses, they ordered Stenton house with great slaughter: the 5th and 55th regiments from to be included: two men came to execute it, they told the right engaging them at the same time, on the other the housekeeper there to take out her private things— side of the village, completed the defeat of the Ameri. while they went to the barn for straw to fire it, a British cans in this quarter. officer rode up, inquiring for deserters—with much pre “The regiments of Du Corps and Donop, being formsence of mind she said, they had just gone to the barned to support the left of the 4th brigade, and one batto hide themselves in the straw—oft he went, crying talion of Hessian grenadiers in the rear of the chasseurs come out you rascals, and run before me back to camp. were not engaged, the flight of the enemy preventing In vain they protested, and alleged their commissions, the two first corps from entering into action, and the and thas Logan's venerable house was spared. This success of the chasseurs in repelling all efforts against house was built in 1727--8, by James Logan, secretary them on that side, did not call for the support of the for Penn, and in which he resided; it was a palace-like / latter.
“The first light infantry and pickets of the line in There are 4 Academic Instructors. front of the right wing were engaged soon after the at
259 Have graduated of whom 245 are now tack began.*
living “The pickets fell back: but the infantry being sup
120 Have been Ministers, of whom 111 are ported by the 4th regiment, sustained the enemy's at
29 Graduated in 1827. tack with spirit, till the army's approach, put in motion the two battalions of British and one of the Hessian gre
101 Under graduates, viz. 29 seniors. nadiers, with a squadron of Dragoons: and with these
34 juniors. Gen. Howe (who was at Logan's) arrived just as the
29 sophomores. Americans were forced out of the village. Placing him.
9 freshmen. self at the head of the troops, and with Major Gen. Grey
43 Students profess religion. (who commanded I presume until his arrival,) they fol
9 Indigent students. lowed the Americans 8 miles on the Skippack road. The College library contains 500 volumes, and that of
“ The grenadiers from Philadelphia, who had run the students 1600 vols. most of the way to join the action, did not arrive in time. Washington College, at Washington, founded in 1806 The cavalry had little chance to charge. By the best by the state, President Rev. Andrew Wylie, D. D. accounts the Americans lost from 2 to 300 killed, 600 There are 3 Academic Instructors. wounded, and 400 prisoners. Among the killed was
135 Alumni of whom 125 are now living. Gen. Nash and other officers.
26 Have been Ministers, 24 of them now “ Brig. Gen. Agnew and Lt. Col. Bird are among the
living killed. Lieut. Col. Walcot of the 5th regiment was
11 Graduated in 1827. wounded. The return of killed and wounded is stated
39 Under graduates, viz. 8 seniors. to haye been:
11 juniors. Of British, killed 2 Lt. Cols. and 2 ensigns, and 66
8 sophomores. soldiers.
12 freshmen. Wounded 1 Lt. Col. 6 capts. 13 lieuts., 10 ensigns,
9 Students professing religion.
3 do. and 416 soldiers.
are indigent. Missing 1 capt. Speke, and 13 soldiers.
The College library contains 400 vols. Students liOf Hessians, wounded 1 serg., and 23 soldiers." brary 525.
Western University, at Pittsburg, founded 1820 by It is remarkable that the Americans should have lost the state, Principal, Dr. R. Bruce. 54 officers as prisoners—while capt. Speke was the only There are 4 Academic Instructors. prisoner taken from the British!
29 Alumni, all living. The British state no deaths of Hessians, although An
5 Ministers do. thony Johason told me 19 were killed at the close of
7 Graduated in 1827. the action, and buried in the rear of the present Justice
50 Under graduates, viz. 9 seniors. Johnson's garden.
17 freshmen. • A British picket lay in the present yard of Philip
7 Students professing religion. Weaver, and several were shot and buried there. The
Students library contains 500 vols. most advanced picket stood at Mr. Airy's and was wounded there.
Alleghany College, at Meadville, Pennsylvania, found+ Gens. Agnew and Bird are both buried in the low: ed in 1815, by Individuals. Rev. Timothy Alden, Preer burying ground, side by side, next to Mrs. Lamb's sident. grave stone, (s. W. side of it) at 10 feet from Rapp's There are 2 Academic Instructors. wall, in a line with the S. W. end of his stable. Gen.
10 Alumni, all living. Agnew showed great kindness to the present old Mrs.
12 Under graduates. Summers. Col. Bird died in Bringhurst's big house,
1 Student professes religion. and said to the woman there, “woman pray for me, I College library contains 7000 vols, leave a widow and 4 children.” The present Burrill, whose father was grave-digger, told me he saw them
CHARTER OF PENNSYLVANIA. buried there.
The boundaries of the province having been settled,
as we have seen by the proceedings published in the two STATISTICS OF COLLEGES IN
last numbers, a charter was obtained by Wm. Penn from PENNSYLVANIA.
King Charles the second, dated 4th of March 1681, and In the last number of the “Quarterly Journal of the is as follows: American Education Society," there is commenced a “ Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Statistical Table of the Colleges in the U. S., from which Scotland, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. we extract some particulars respecting those enumerat- to all, to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
“Whereas our trusty and well-beloved subject Wil. ed in this state.
liam Penn, Esquire, son and heir of Sir William Penn Dickinson College, Carlisle, founded by Individuals in deceased, (out of a commendable desire to enlarge our 1783; President Rev. Wm. Neill, D. D.
British empire, and promote such useful commodities,
as may be of benefit to us and our dominions, as also to There are 6 Academic Instructors. 22 Graduated in 1827.
reduce the savage natives, by just and gentle manners,
to the love of civil society, and christian religion) hath 109 Under graduates, viz. 23 seniors.
humbly besought leave of us, to transport an ample co38 sophomores.
lony unto a certain country, herein after described in the 21 freshmen.
parts of America, not yet cultivated and planted; and
hath likewise so humbly besought our royal Majesty to 12 Students professing religion.
give, grant and confirm all the said country, with cer. 6 Indigent students asssisted.
tain privileges and jurisdictions, requisite for the good Jefferson College, Canonsburg, founded 1802 by the government and safety of the said country and colony, state, President Rev. Matthew Brown, D. D.
to him, and his heirs forever.