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per day.


it will be completed within this year, and is expected

to yield water sufficient for fifteen hundred bushels of We would be glad to receive any communications on

salt the subject of the following paper, which, though pub. The progress and increase of the manufacture of salt lished some time since, contains facts and statements has been rapid beyond example; and these are the surest worthy of preservation. The number of salt works es- evidences of the certainty and permanency of the suptablished, and springs discovered since that period, and plies which will be afforded, when a market will be furthe whole number of works now in operation, their situ “In the year 1823, at the Connemaugh and Kiskiation, the quantity of salt made, and the price at which minetas salt works, there were made 20,000 barrels of it is sold at the manufactory, would form an interesting salt-in 1824, 35,000 barrels—and in 1825, 75,000 bar

rels.” Without the expected productions from the well article of intelligence; and we hope persons in the west-of Mr. Boggs, we are assured that if a reasonable price ern parts of the

state possessed of the necessary informa- and steady market were within the command of the protion, will have the goodness to communicate it to us. prietors of these works," they would be fully competent

to manufacture 150,000 barrels per year;" which, at Jan. 10, 1826.

five bushels per barrel, would be Barrels - 750,000 At a meeting of the acting committee of “ The Penn- Add for Mr. Boggs' new well, 1,500 bushels sylvania Society for the Promotion of Internal Im

per day, say 300 days per year,

· 450,000 provement,” the following original paper was read by one of the members, and ordered to be published.

Making from these works only, - bushels, 1,200,000+ The importance and value of an easy and cheap com The quality of this salt is excellent. It is universally munication between the eastern and western waters, to in use in the west, and, with but few exceptions, is emthe citizens of the whole commonwealth, has been fre- ployed for the preservation of meats and for domestic quently exhibited, and are now well understood, and purposes by the citizens of the whole county. almost universally admitted. There are, however, parts The quality of the salt is daily improving, as increased of the state which, from their local situation, and their care is used in its production, and it will continue to imdistance from the sea-board, will derive from such a work prove. The cost of manufacturing will also diminish, advantages peculiarly their own, and which benefits have as the works shall be enlarged, and the methods of maknot heretofore been brought sufficiently into the viewing it shall obtain more attention. The price is now 20 and consideration of our fellow citizens.

and 25 cents per bushel at the works, and on the river it It is also a fact, and it is one which is stated with pe has been sold for much less. It is said it has been purchasculiar satisfaction, that those benefits and advantages ed for 12 cents per bushel at or near Pittsburg. will be peculiarly and more extensively felt and enjoy. The usual price of salt in the middle counties of Penned, by those parts of the commonwealth, where objec sylvania is one dollur per bushel. In some counties more tions to plans of internal improvement have been made distant from the metropolis, and from Baltimore, the with most apparent force, as they have not considered cost per bushel is one dollar and twenty-five cents. themselves immediate partakers in the rich results of The owners of the salt works on the Connemaugh and such works.

Kiskeminetas, “will contract to deliver at Harrisburg, The citizens of Pennsylvania, separated by mountains salt manufactured in the best manner, at forty cents per from one another, and communicating only by the most bushel, if a canal to connect the Allegheny and the Suscostly of all means of intercourse, turnpike roads; have quehanna shall be made.” not hitherto known, nor do they yet know, the abundant The writer of this paper has submitted to many intelsources of wealth, prosperity and comfort, which exist ligent and respectable citizens of the interior counties of within the borders of the state; and which will be fully Pennsylvania, queries to ascertain the exact quantity of and equally enjoyed by all, as soon as those mountains salt consumed in those counties. It was expected that shall cease to be obstacles to intercommunication, and the precise number of bushels could have been known: canals or railways shall be substituted for those roads. but some difficulties interposed, and he is obliged to re

It is the exclusive purpose of this paper, to exhibit ly upon estimates made by those gentlemen. The estithe advantages which will be derived by the middle coun mates are the results of careful and diligent inquiries, ties of the state

, from the facilities and reduced rates at and they all agree in representing, that the average use which they will be supplied with only one of the pro- of salt in the middle parts of the state, including that ductions of our state; a necessary of life, and which they used for agricultural purposes, is half a bushel per person. now obtain from abroad; and for which, until the improve. If this estimate shall be deemed incorrect, it will be in ment of the state shall be accomplished, they will con- the power of any one to reduce or increase the sums tinue to depend on importation. This article is SALT. which are the results of it, in the following calcula

It was not until within a few years ascertained, that tions. west of the Alleghany mountains and upon the waters It is proposed to show the particulars and amount of which communicate with the Allegheny river, as well as the annual saving to many of the counties of Pennsylvaupon the margin of that river, any quantity of salt water nia, those in which the average cost of salt is one dollar may be obtained by penetrating the earth to the depth per bushel, which will result from the introduction and of from four to five hundred feet. Almost every where, consumption of the salt of the west, by means of a canal upon the Connemaugh, Kiskiminetas, and Allegheny or railway: The calculations are not made as favourably, salt works are established; and the facilities and cheap to the desired purpose as they should be, as forty cents ness with which salt is made, in consequence of the per bushel is assumed to be the price at which the westabundance of coal in that country, will enable the manu- ern salt will be delivered in all the counties, although in facturers to furnish it to the middle and eastern parts of many of them, as they are nearer the place of producof the state, at a price less than salt can be brought from abroad into our cities on the sea-board, and for much *This gentleman, who now makes 200 bush. salt daily less than the price which is now paid for it in our interi- at his works, recently sent to a friend in this city some or counties.

of the coarse and fine salt manufactured by him. It has There are, upon the Connemaugh and Kiskiminetas been found to be of excellent quality, and the fine salt thirty-five salt works; upon the Allegheny river there is highly approved of for table use by a number of our are three, and many more are “in the course of prepa- citizens. ration on those waters.” One gentleman, Mr. Boggs, † The whole quantity of salt made at the Saline a public spirited citizen of Westmoreland county, is now Springs, in New York, in 1824, was 820,962 bushels-in sinking at Kiskiminetas a well of enlarged dimensions; I 1825, only 736,632.




tion than Harrisburg, the cost will be less. Ten per cent. habitants during the 5 years since

that census was taken. is also added to the charge of forty cents per bushel on This addition is more than justified by the average inwestern salt, for the expense of carriage, from the place crease of the population of Pennsylvania, and particuof delivery on the line of communication to the places of larly of the middle counties, between the census of 1810 consumption.

and 1820. Franklin county is inserted in the table; as a

canal through Cumberland valley will connect that counIn the following table, the estimate of the population ty with the Susquehanna. Bedford county will also be of the several counties is taken from the census of 1820, benefited by that canal; and if the Juniata route is adding thereto fifteen per cent for their increase of in- I adopted, she will enjoy the advantages of both.

Sums which will be Sums annually paid paid annually, for Salt

Number of bushels by each county for from the west, supplied Middle Counties of Population in 1825. of Salt consumed in Salt, estimating the by a canal or a rail-way; Pennsylvania.

each county, at a half same at one dollar per the salt estimated at 40 bushel per head. bushel.

cents' per bushel, with an addition of ten per cent. on the same.




11,774 7,877 1,396 9,632 13,573 12,400 18,337 7,771 9,306 9,504 8,968 6,495 10,205 21,785

$ 11,774 00

7,877 00 1,396 00 9,632 00 13,573 00 12,400 00 18:337 00 7,771 00 9,306 00 9,504 00 8,968 00 6,495 00 10,205 00 21,785 00

$5,176 66
3,465 88

614 24
4,248 60
5,967 70
5,056 00
8,068 20
3,419 24
4,084 46
4,203 76
3,945 40
2,757 80
4,490 40
9,585 40

o of Staffords me sincere pleasure to be the organ to con

Making an actual saving annually to these counties of tertained by its representatives for your patriotic devothe following sums by the use of western salt, viz. tion and distinguished military services in the cause of Bedford county....

$6,597 54 your country, during the late war. Centre county...

. 4,411 12 As Pennsylvanians, we feel a pride that one of her Clearfield county.

781 76 native sons, so early in life, and in a distant state, should Columbia county.

.5,383 40 have had assigned to him the important commands enCumberland county.

7,605 30 trusted to your charge, and executed by you with a Dauphin county..

.7,344 00 zeal courage and ability, alike honourable to yourself Franklin county.

..9,269 60, and the national character. It is also a source of high Lebanon county..

..5,221 54 gratification, that the state of Tennessee, properly sen. Lycoming county.

..4,351 76 sible of your worth, talents and devotion to her interests, Mifflin county..

..5,340 24 elevated you at a subsequent period, to the first office Northumberland county.

..5,022 60 of the state. Perry county.

..3,738 20 Union county.

.5,714 60 vey these feelings and sentiments to you; and permit me York county.

..11,199 54 to add my wish, that your merits and services may con

tinue to be duly appreciated and rewarded, and to asTotal, 81,981 20 sure you of my individual respect and consideration.

I have the honor to be, A total annual saving of eighty-one thousand nine hun

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant, dred and eighty-one dollars to fourteen counties of Pennsylvania, on the consumption of Salt.

J. ANDW. SHULZE. It would lessen the force of these facts were any comments offered upon them. They are respectfully sub

Nashville, June 15, 1827. mitted to the provident wisdom of the citizens of the

SiR-1 have the bonor to acknowledge the receipt of commonwealth.

your communication, of May 15th, enclosing an official

copy of a resolution, relating to myself, passed at the DOCUMENTS

last session of the legislature of Pennsylvania. Accompanying the Gavernor's Message.

To say that the communication and the document it contained, are extremely grateful to my feelings, would

be but a faint and inadequate expression of the emotions Correspondence with Governor Carroll, of the state of they have excited in my bosom. That my humble, Tennessee

though hearty and zealous exertions in the stations to EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,

which I was called during the last war have been thus

long recollected in my native state, and are thus highly WILLIAN CARBOLL, Esq.

appreciated by its distinguished citizens, its statesmen Governor of Tennessee.

and legislators, are circumstances well calculated, not Sir I have the honour to herewith transmit to you an only to inspire me with gratitude for the partiality and official copy of a resolution, passed at the late session kindness with which the sentiments communicated by of the legislature of Pennsylvania, and to communicate you have been expressed, but to create within any breast, to you, on behalf of the state, the very great regard en. an enthusiastic glow of pride and joy, which it would

Hurrisburg, May is, T:27.}




ill become me to attempt to disguise. The approbation 433 Entries in the fee book. and esteem of his fellow-citizens, especially of those Transcribing the same quarterly, and settling with distinguished for wisdom and virtue, must ever be the

the Auditor General. most grateful and satisfactory reward of the faithful pub 36 Minutes of the Board of Property, recorded and lic servant. How peculiarly gratifying, then, must it be indexed. to me, thus remotely situated from the place of my na 30 Transcripts of entries of warrants, &c. for the use tivity, to have my attention drawn, after so many years of the Surveyor General's office. absence, to the scenes of my earliest and most delightful 50 Searches for the use of the Surveyor General's recollections and associations, by assurances of regard Office. for my exertions and public services, and even by a de Business done in the Office from the 1st of October, 1826, liberate expression of approbation, from the grave, en

to 1st October, 1827, for which fees were receivable: lightened, and patriotic legislature of such a state as

179 Searches. Pennsylvania-a state so conspicuous for patriotism and

121 Calculations. intelligence and universally regarded as one of the most

88 Exemplifications of patents. important and valuable links in the great chain of our

110 Office copies with seals. national union.

24 Caveats entered. To have been deemed worthy of the high honor con

9 Citations issued. ferred upon me by the resolutions communicated by you,

24 Certificates discharge of liens. will constitute one of the proudest recollections and

8 Orders for re-survey: most grateful events of my life: and in connection

22 Orders for valuing islands. with the unequivocal assurances of friendship and per. sonal attachment, by which I have been so highly favor.

3 Judgments of Board of Property. ed in this, the state of my adoption, will be a support to of the balance of the appropriation for clerk hire, for me through all the perplexities and responsibilities of the year 1826, which remained unexpended on the first life, and a source of consolation amidst the difficulties of October of that year, there was expended in compenand embarrassments, from which it is not the lot of man sating clerks to the first of April, 1827, the sum of sixto be exempt.

teen hundred forty-nine dollars and ninety-six cents, Permit me, sir, in conclusion, to assure you of my per leaving unexpended three hundred dollars and eight sonal respect for the members of the legislature of Penn- cents. sylvania. With most of them I have the pleasure of an By the Act of the 16th April, 1827, there was approacquaintance, and all of them I know by reputation and priated for clerk hire for one year, commencing the 1st character. Permit me also to add, that I feel peculiar April, three thousand dollars, of which there has been satisfaction in receiving the testimonial of regard from expended for clerk hire up to the 1st October, seventeen my native state, through a medium so distinguished, and hundred forty-nine dollars and ninety-six cents; leaving that I most cordially reciprocate the kind wishes and unexpended to compensate clerks to the first of April, friendly sentiments contained in your communication. 1828, eighteen hundred and fifty dollars and four cents. I have the honor to be,

of the appropriation for the contingent expenses of Very respectfully,

the office for the year 1826, there was expended from Your obedient servant, the first of October 1826, to the first of April 1827, the

WM. CARROLL. sum of one hundred fifty-two dollars and fifty-two cents, His Excellency,

leaving unexpended two hundred thirty-six dollars and JOHN A. SHULZE,

ten cents. Harrisburg

By the Act of 16th April 1827, there was appropriated for the contingent expenses of the office, for the year

commencing the first day of April, seven hundred and STATEMENT.

fifty dollars, of which there has been expended up to

the first of October, four hundred and nine dollars, To the honourable the Senate and House of Represen leaving a balance unexpended to meet the contingent

tatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in Ge- expenses to the first of April 1828, of three hundred neral Assembly met:

and forty-one dollars. In conformity to the requisition of the several Acts of Contingent expenses of the Office, from the 1st of October Assembly in that case made and provided, I respectfully

1826, to the 1st of October 1827. report to the House of Representatives, the situation of Paid for paper, parchment and printing

309 75 the office of the Secretary of the Land Office, and also,

38 59 the business done in the office during the year ending

Postage on letters on public business

25 52 with the 30th day of November, 1827.

Messenger's wages

132 00 Business done for which no fees are receivable.

Washing office, repairing stoves and 597 Patents written, sealed, &c.


17 55 597 Patents recorded.

Binding laws and record books

27 12 580 Returns from the Surveyor General, filed.


11 00 480 Orders to the Surveyor General for returns. 117 Warrants to accept surveys issued.

$561 53 378 Warrants to survey issued. 17 Applications for islands entered and filed.

As respects the state of the Office, I can only state, 378 Applications for new warrants entered and filed.

that the books are posted and indexed, and the vouchers 10 Warrants to survey islands.

regularly filed up to the present time. 1173 Calculations of amount due.

Respectfully submitted, by 1173 Certificates to the Treasurer of amounts due on


Secretary Land Office, 1173 Treasurer's receipts entered and delivered to the Auditor General accompanied with lists.

COAL TRADE. 617 Vouchers written and filed.

Extract from Governor Clinton's Message. 556 Tickets from the Surveyor General filed.

I have formerly and frequently solicited legislative en1173 Accounts journalized.

couragement for the discovery of coal, which from vari1100 Accounts posted and indexed.

ous geological indications, must exist in vast quantities 69 Mortgages and bonds written and executed. within our territory; but this subject has been entirely




nut st.

overlooked, and we are now compelled to resort to the Russia. Theodore Ivanoff consul general, No. 70 Walanthracite beds of Pennsylvania; we must also draw our supplies from the bituminous coal of Tioga, in that state, Great Britain. Gilbert Rebertson consul, No. 4 Libraand on the opening of the Ohio canal, from the vast de

ry st. posits of the same fossil which are embosomed in the Brazil. Francisco Joaquim de Lima consul general, No. regions adjoining the Muskingum river and its head 107 S. Front st. waters: the toll on wood amounts to an interdiction of Spain. Francisco de Tacon minister resident, No. 270 its transportation by the canals, beyond a moderate dis Walnut st. tance, and its rapid consumption by steam boats, by our Francisco Hernandez de Nogues consul, No. 50 S. increasing population, and by the various uses to which 5th st. it is applied for human accommodation, is so extensive, France. Mr. Pillovine consul, No. 44 Pine st. that its expense has become very onerous in our places Mexico. Don Jose Tolon consul, N. 138 South Second of concentrated population. That branch of rural econo street. my which embraces the plantations of forests ought to Frankfort. (free city in Germany) A. Halbach consul, be fostered, and the reproduction of our wood, is an ob No. 81 S. Front st. ject of primary importance. Peat and turf which abound Saxony. Robert Ralston, jr. consul, No. 11 South Front in many place, have been found useful to a certain ex street. tent. It has been estimated that in the ratio of the con- Netherlands. Lewis Krumbhaar agent, No. 217 Market sumption of London, this state will require two millions street. of tons of coal annually, if coal is exclusively used, but Austria. Baron Lederer consul general for New York, as this is not the fact a great deduction must be allowed. Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, residence NewThere is, however, no doubt that the augmentation of

berg, N.Y. all our manufactories, and of all machinery impelled by Wirtemberg. Christian Mayer consul general, residence steam, will increase the demand with the progress of Baltimore. Inquire of Mayer & Lohman, back of No. time and population. We can now, or soon will procure 95 N. Water st. anthracite coal from Pennsylvania by the ocean, by the Rome. Charles Picot vice consul, Washington Square, Hudson and Delaware, and by the Mouris canals, and two doors above 7th st. other channels may be opened by the Chenango, by the Naples and Sicily. William Read vice consul, Dock Orange and Sussex, and by the Delaware and Raritan near 2d st. canals. Bituminous, and in some instances, glance coal may be obtained by the following proposed avenues; by the Chenango, by Chemung and by the Ohio canals, by elected by the Commissioners of the Northern Liberties,

On Tuesday 1st January, Frederick Wolbert, esq. was the rail road from Oswego to Ithaca and by the Susque- Police Magistrate of the District for the ensuing year. hanna canal, and a rail road from the head of the Otsego lake to the Erie canal, The importance and magnitude of this interest, require that every source of supply

The legislature on the 8th inst. elected Alexander should be encouraged and every means of acquisition Mahon (speaker of the Senate) State Treasurer in the attempted. All the great projects of communication I place of Mr. Clark, removed. have specified, ought with this view alone to receive your favourable notice. Great revenue as well as great A man has been drowned at dam No. 2, in the Kiskeaccommodation; invariably results from the conveyance minetas. of coal by hydraulic communication. The coal beds at Canal Port or Peter's Camp, in Tioga county, Pennsylvania, have been accurately explored and examined, and in the upper part of this city, was yesterday morning

A coloured man of the name of Jacob Marsh, who lived competent judges concur in opinion as to the excellence brought before Alderman Bartram, charged with having of quality, abundance of quantity; facility of approach drowned his wife, by throwing her into the river Delaand easiness of procurement—besides they are accompa- ware on Friday night the 4th int. He was remanded for nied and environed by sulphuret of iron, bismuth, galena further examination. and almost all the varieties of the best iron ores.

The tendency of the proposed communications to diminish the price and to increase the supply of coal must

On Sunday last an elderly gentleman employed a carbe palpable.

riage to take

a ride; when on the Schuylkil Permanent Bridge, he offered the driver a bank note in payment for

his fare, requesting him to call back with the change in CHRONICLE.

about an hour, stating that he intended to remain there;

but before the carriage had got off the bridge, he was FOREIGN MINISTERS,

seen to leap from one of the windows and was drowned.

No cause is assigned for this rash act. His body floated Consuls &c. resident in Philadelphia.

down to Gray's Ferry Bridge, and was there picked Denmark. John Bohlen Vice Consul, office No. 67 s. up.

4th st. Hamburg. Charles N. Buck Consul General, office No. Appointment by the Post Master General.

30 Walnut st. Colombia. Alexander Velez charge d'affairs and con- Millerstown, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania. The name

Colonel Jonas Rodock, is appointed Postmaster at sul general, office cor. of 5th and Library sts. Edward Brady vice consul, office No. 33 Walnut st.

of the Post Office is changed from Millersville, to MaPrussia. L. Niederstetter charge d'affaires, Arch near

cungy. 12th st. Jacob Sperry consul, No. 99 S. Front st. Portugal. Chevalier I Barrozo Pereira charge d'affaires Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GEDand consul general, No. 218 Chesnut st.

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at John Vaughan vice eonsul, No. 107 S. Front st. the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, SubscripSweden and Norway. Chevalier S. Lorich consul gene- tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per ral, No. 218 Chesnut st.

annum--payable in six months after the commencement John Vaughan vice consul, No. 107 S. Front st. of publication—and annually thereafter, by Subscribers Sardinia. Chevalier Caravadossy de Thoet, No. 294 resident in or near the city-or where there is an agent. Walnut st.

Other Subscribers pay in advance.








NO. 3.


the locks. The Board are therefore compelled to say, OF THE CANAL COMMISSIONERS OF in the most explicit manner, that a navigable commuicaa PENNSYLVANIA.

tion between the eastern and western waters of Penn

sylvania, sufficiently permanent to justify the expense, (FROM PAGE 24COXCLUDED.)

is wholly impracticable. By the first section of the Act of 9th April, 1827, the The survey of Mr. Randal, along the north branch of canal commissioners are required to make further exa- the Susquehanna, was commenced in the month of July, minations, in order to determine the practicability of a He began his line of levels at the New-York line, and continued water communication between the 'west carried it simultaneously on both sides of the river until branch of Susquehanna and the Allegheny rivers. In he arrived at Northumberland, a distance of 161 miles. compliance with this section, and with the request of a He has since furnished the Board with an estimate of the number of members of the legislature, who felt an inte costs of each mile on either side, and also of the expense rest on the subject, Messrs. William Wilson and John of a complete line formed in the manner most consistent Mitchell were appointed at the meeting in May, with with economy, by crossing the river at several points, so instructions to examine all points on the dividing ridge as to avoid serious obstacles and take advantage of more not previously explored, and to report whether any and favourable ground. which afforded in their opinion a prospect of success.

The whole distance located in this way, will amount Mr. Wilson, to whom the most northern section of coun. to $1,820,587 78 or 11,308 per mile. From Northumtry was assigned, commenced operations about the first berland to the Wyoming Valley, keeping on the west of July, and after following the dividing ridge from the side all the way, the cost for 56 miles will not exceed New York line to a summit between the head of Bennet's $8,500 per mile. Branch and that of Sandy Lick, reported this summit as

The Board have not found themselves materially dethe only one within his district worthy of attention. Mr. ceived in the calculations which they presented to the Mitchell commenced his survey on the 26th of July, and Legislature in their last report, and further reflection and directed his attention to the southern portion of the di- information have confirmed their impressions of the ima viding ridge. By a letter dated September 20th, he portance of this communication as a part of the system informed the superintendant of surveys, that a summit of improvement. between the head of West Branch and that of TwoLick, The surveys directed by law between the Susquepresented the most reasonable hope of a water commu- hanna and the Delaware, were commenced by Major nication, and requested that a professional engineer Wilson in the latter end of June. He began his examimight be sent to examine and report upon the subject. nations on the Schuylkill, and continued thence through Upon the receipt of this letter, Mr. Whippo, in whose the valley of Chester county to the Gap of Mine Ridge, qualifications for the service the Board have entire con- which divides the waters intended to be connected. fidence, and who was then engaged in the neighbour. Having established this summit, the height of which cor. hood of Lake Erie, was directed to repair as soon as responds in a remarkable degree with the report of possible to Bellefonte, and thence with Messrs. Wilson the first canal commissioners, he proceeded to ascertain and Mitchell to proceed to the points which they had the quantity of water which could be brought for its sup: designated. This order was executed as early as prac. ply. The result of these inquiries, which are believed ticable, and a report has been received from Mr. Whippo to have been conducted with great fidelity, render the of which a copy is annexed. It appears that the whole impracticability of a navigable communication so comsupply on the Sandy Lick summit, for 14 miles is equal pletely manifest, that the survey was abandoned. In to 8 88.100 cubic feet per second; while the necessary conformity with his instructions Major Wilson next prodemand for filtration and evaporation in that distance cceded to the mouth of Swatara, and commenced the would be 12 cubic feet per second-and that a reservoir location of a railway line, thence to Philadelphia; a duty proposed by Mr. Wilson for collecting the drainage of which was finally accomplished by the 29th of Novemthe country in aid of the feeding streams, would be ber. It was the misfortune of this party to be visited wholly insufficient for the purpose. In regard to the with sickness of such extreme severity, that for several TwoLick summit, its distance is so great from the points weeks but a single individual was fit for duty. In conof supply, that Mr. Mitchell announces the entire impos- sequence of delay thus produced, a regular estimate of sibility of furnishing it with water, unless some mode the cost of a railway is not yet prepared. can be devised which will obviate the loss by filtration Since his return to Philadelphia, Major Wilson has and evaporation. With this view he proposes the intro- laboured with the utmost assiduity, and has furnished duction of iron pipes as a means of conducting water to the Board with a full report of his canal examinations the summit. In the report of Mr. Whippo it is demon- through the Chester Valley, with an estimate for a canal strated that the expense of such an experiment cannot along the Susquehanna, from the mouth of Swatara to be less than four millions of dollars. Against its adoption Columbia, and with a minute and most satisfactory de. at such enormous cost, two considerations are believed scription of the railway line from Columbia to Philadelto be conclusive. First, that, supposing the whole sup- phia. This line reaches the northern boundary of the ply introduced upon the summit, it would barely be suf. I city of Lancaster, in a distance scarcely exceeding that ficient for the passage of 23 boats a day, or less than one of the turnpike road; thence crossing the Conestoga, Pe. to the hour-and second, that if by the failure of the quea and some smaller streams, arrives at its greatest streams relied upon, which froin experience and analogy elevation at the Gap; thence descending into the Chester there is every reason to expect the quantity should be Valley on the north side, and crossing the branches of moulerately reduced, none would remain for the use of | Brandywine, it reaches the valley summit, and passes to

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