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duty of the Board to make contracts on some portion of struction of the Delaware and Raritan canal at the exthe line not exceeding in amount 100,000 dollars. The pense of the state. Meeting as they had anticipated lower end being recommended for this purpose by with a corresponding feeling, there was no difficulty in strong considerations of convenience and economy, it removing those erroneous impressions as to the motives was also necessary to fix a point of communication with of Pennsylvania which had previously existed, and they the tide water of the Delaware. After full reflection became convinced that the two states might advantage. upon the subject, they were unanimously of opinion that ously agree for the mutual use of the Delaware, upon a to terminate for the present at Bristol, keeping such a basis at once equal and just. level as to allow a future extension to Philadelphia, was The indications of public opinion in New Jersey have preferable to any other plan proposed. They therefore produced a very general belief that the construction of located a line of 18 miles, commencing at Bristol, and the Delaware and Raritan canal at the expense of the extending upwards; and directed Mr. Kennedy, whom state, cannot long be delayed. It is thought not impro. they then appointed superintendant of the division, to bable that the approaching session of their legislature advertise its excavation immediately for contracts. may produce a law for its immediate commencement.

On the 13th of October, contracts for excavating the Of the capacity of the Delaware to furnish water for whole distance were made, at a rate somewhat below the both canals, without injury to its natural navigation, the estimate of the engineer, and since then nearly all the Board hare no doubt. That it is the policy of the two sections have been actually commenced. The engage states, to cultivate the most harmonious feelings, arid to ments thus made are estimated by the engineer to extend the facilities of mutual intercourse is equally amount to 71,922 dollars, and do not include the build- certain. The propriety of authorizing this board under ing of locks, bridges or culverts, all of which have been proper restrictions to enter into an arrangement with N. postponed to another season. No payments were made Jersey for the use of the Delaware, is therefore most on account of work till the last week, too late to be in respectfully submitted to the wisdom of the legislature. cluded in the superintendant's report, and not of suffi. The particulars of the plan most advisable to be adopted cient magnitude to be noticed here. For all practical need not now be specified. It should be based on the purposes it may be assumed, that the sum above stated principle of equal rights and concurrent jurisdiction, will be required to fulfil the existing contracts on the and its details so adjusted that the separate interests and Delaware line.

exclusive sovereignty of both may be preserved from To one or two remarks connected with this subject, violation. It is believed that the state of New Jersey the attention of the legislature is particularly invited. In would cordially meet us on this equitable footing, and the Act of Assembly which authorized the commence that thus a series of acrimonious and unprofitable conment of a canal on the Delaware, a proviso is contained tention, limited only by the period when the waters of “ that the existing natural navigation of the river shall the Delaware shall cease to flow, may be happily prenot be obstructed or injured by the construction of the vented. eanal.” What particular class of works in the Delaware are forbidden by this clause, and what would amount to obstruction or injury within its meaning, would perhaps

EMIGRANT SOCIETY. be a question of considerable difficulty. To avoid touching upon doubtful ground, and to keep from colli. To all those who may be desirous of Emigrating to the sion with the state of New Jersey, the board have pro

Western Country. ceeded on the idea that the whole line of canal shall be A number of the inhabitants of western Pennsylvania, supplied from the Lchigh, there being no intermediate many of them formerly from different parts of Europe, stream tributary of the Delaware, whose aid could be the New England states, the states of New York and depended upon in the summer season. That the quan. New Jersey, and the eastern counties of this state, having tity afforded by the Lehigh is abundant for the purpose, taken into consideration the embarrassments and diffiand that the use of its water will not so lessen the volume culties to which emigrants are too often exposed for of the Delaware as sensibly to injure its natural naviga- want of proper advice and assistance; have formed them. tion, is confidently believed. It is nevertheless true that selves into an association, under the name of the “Westto supply such a distance from a single feeder at the ern Pennsylvania Emigrant Society.upper end, is a serious inconvenience, which a resort to The object of the society is to furnish to emigrants all the Delaware at some middle point would entirely obvi- the information and assistance in its power, in procuring ate, and that a great saving might be effected in the employment for them, locating them to the best advanineighbourhood of Easton, accompanied by considerable tage, according to their different situations, trades or advantage to that Aourishing town, by drawing the ori- | occupations; in aiding them to make a judicious choice ginal supply from the Delaware also. From these facts of the lands they may wish to purchase; in procuring the observations about to be made, will derive additional these for them on the most advantageous terms; and in importance. The intention of this commonwealth to rendering them all such services in establishing therconstruct a canal along the valley of the Delaware, has selves, that they may need. Believing that the induceattracted the more notice among the people of New ments this country holds out to emigrants, only require Jersey, from their recollection of the course pursued by to be known, to be duly appreciated, the society have the legislatures of the two states, in reference to the appointed a committee of correspondence, to make you Delaware and Raritan canal, by which the principle was acquainted with this portion of the United States and understood to be recognized that neither state had a right its advantages, natural and artificial; and to point out a to use the water of the Delaware without the consent of | few of the errors into which emigrants, particularly those the other. The citizens of New Jersey regarded our from Europe, are liable to fall, on their arrival in this late act of assembly as a departure from that principle country. and were not aware of the distinction between appro The United States of America possess advantages priating the water of a tributary stream whose course is which are not to be found in Europe, nor in any other wholly within the limits of Pennsyvania, and drawing quarter of the globe. Enjoying an almost total exempmore directly from the common highway. The exist- tion from taxation, the whole earnings of the inhabitants ence of such opinions to a considerable extent having ensure to their own use, and every emigrant who settles early come to the knowledge of the Board, they con- here, can by industry and economy not only provide ceived it to be their duty by proper explanations to re. amply for the wants and comforts of himself and family, move all cause of excitement or alarm.

but render himself independent, provided he is careful In this spirit of conciliation and friendship they em- in the first instance in choosing a proper situation. braced the first opportunity of an interview with some It is an error into which emigrants too frequently fall, gentlemen of New Jersey, who were urging the con- to settle in the large citics on the coast, or in the thick

1828.)

EMIGRATION.

25

ly settled country in their vicinity, where property is bring to perfection many productions to which that of high and competition great, instead of moving directly Europe is not congenial—such as the Indian corn, the to the west, where an excess of lands, and a less abun- peach in open-field culture, melons, apples, pumpkins, dant population create a greater demand for labour; and &c. of the finest kinds, and in the greatest abundance. where in the course of a few years industry, he may As a grazing country for raising cattle, this portion of become the independent proprietor of property sufficient Pennsylvania is perhaps unrivalled in the world. for the wants and comfort of himself and family.

Our local advantages are also great. By means of our In the western country, not only the labours of the connection with Lake Erie, we have an easy water comfield, but those also pertaining to the mechanic arts, are munication with the vast extent of country on the upper in great demand. The emigrant therefore, immediately lakes, and with Montreal, Quebec and New York mar. on his arrival, should move thither; but in so doing, he kets. Our communication with this last city has been should avoid another error into which many have fallen, immensely facilitated by the completion of the great by moving too far to the south and west, down the Ohio western canal, which has now for upwards of two years and Mississippi and their tributary streams, not only be been in successful operation throughout its whole extent. cause in that case the length of the journey tends to ex. We are enabled by means of it to carry the most bulky haust too much the means of the emigrant; means which of our products to an advantageous market, at a cheap are essential to his welfare in procuring him cattle, im- and easy rate. To the east we are connected with the plements of husbandry, and subsistence for his family, cities of Philadelphia and Baltimore, by excellent turnwhile making his improvements; but because this south- pike roads; and to the south, we have an easy water ern portion of the United States is subject to other and communication with Pittsburg, New Orleans and the in. more serious objections. It has but one market, and termediate cities, by the French creek and the Allethat a very distant one, viz: New Orleans; and which, gheny, Ohio and Mississippi rivers. The grand Pennsituated as it is, in a very hot and moist climate, is calcu-sylvania canal which is intended to unite the waters of lated to destroy almost every description of produce the Delaware and the Susquehanna with the Ohio and which may be stored there for any length of time: and Lake Erie, is now vigorously progressing, both on the neither the consumption, the trade, nor the capital of eastern and western side of the Allegheny. That part that city, will bear comparison with those of the great of the line which passes through this country, has been commercial emporiums of the middle states. Hence the placed under contract. Already has the ground been produce raised to the south-west will always go to a bad broken, and the work commenced. There now is and market, and the cultivator will never be able to dispose will continue to be an immediate demand for labourers of it to the same advantage as those whose export trade of every description, who will meet with constant emis to Quebec, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore. ployment and liberal wages. But the last objection to a settlement in the south-west The government of the United States have it also in part of the United States is the most formidable. The contemplation to unite the Chesapeake and Potomac climate of that country is inimical to men from more with the Ohio at Pittsburg. When these great works northern countries, subjecting them to agues, fevers, shall be completed, which there is every reason to be. and bilious disorders, which, though they do not al- lieve they will be at no distant day, this section of the ways prove immediately fatal, yet tend to undermine country will stand upon enviable ground. Situated in the constitution and bring on premature old age; and the centre of trade and navigation, we can carry our as these seize on the emigrant during the first years of produce to the east, or to the west, to the north, or to his residence, they deprive him and his family of the the south, according to the fluctuations of the market, power of exerting themselves in the commencement of while at the same time we can procure the articles we their settleinent, when all their efforts are needed to need, whether for comfort or luxury, in the shortest time clear their farm, and provide for their support-Hence and at the most reasonable prices. many are plunged into a state of poverty and want, Nor will the emigrant here find himself transplanted from which it requires years to recover.

to a dreary wilderness, secluded from intercourse with The principal requisites for which the emigrant mankind. Already are these five counties inhabited by should look, in determining the place of his future re a population of from fifty to sixty thousand souls. Many sidence, are a healthy climate, good water, a large ex. Aourishing villages, such as Erie, Meadville, Mercer, tent of fertile land, not too thickly settled, and a good Franklin, Waterford and Warren, have been founded; market. Now, an experience of more than twenty-five roads of communication through every part of the counyears enables us to assert with confidence, that no por- try have been opened; churches for the different denotion of the United States possesses these advantages in minations of christians have been built; schools organiza higher degree than the western parts of Pennsylvania. ed for the instruction of youth; in short he will find every The counties of Crawford, Mercer, Erie, Venango and thing requisite to supply the real wants, or that can miWarren, bounded on the north by New York and Lake nister to the real comforts of civilized life. Erie, on the west by Ohio, and having the beautiful Al With all these advantages, unimproved land of the legheny river on the east, contain a body of uninterrupt- best quality can yet be had at very moderate prices, say ed good land, equalled by few, and perhaps surpassed at from two to four dollars per acre, and on such a liberal by no district of the same extent, in the United States. credit, that an industrious man can pay for his land by Situated between the 41st and 420 degree of north lati- the produce of it, while to the person whose means enatude, the climate is delightful and perfectly healthy. It ble him to pay cash, a generous deduction is made for requires no seasoning to habituate the emigrant to it; prompt pay. and those agues and fevers and other bilious disorders to Such are the inducements which this country presents which the southern and even some of the more northern to emigrants in general. To Irishmen it holds out an settlements have always been subject, have been totally additional one, which must be dear to them on their arunknown since the first settlement of this country. This rival in a strange land. country too, is better watered than any part of the Unit This country is already in part settled by emigrants ed States we are acquainted with. Besides the Alle- from Ireland, and the Irishman, on his arrival here, will gheny, the French creek, the Shenango and their tribu- find countrymen from every county of his native land, taries, the small rivulets, and springs are so numerous who with their characteristic hospitality, stand ready to that few farms of one hundred acres can be found which welcome him, and to use their best endeavours to proare not provided with a spring or rivulet of the best and mote his views and secure his interests, in this happy most wholesome water during the whole year. The country. emigrant can here cultivate with success, those fruits, To emigrants from other parts of Europe and the difgrains and grasses to which he has been accustomed in ferent sections of the United States, it may be remarked, his own country, while the climate is warm enough to that they too will meet with friends and acquaintances,

2

26

WEATHER

[Jas.

35

who will not be behind-hand in the offices of kindness season, and in some respects resembled it, as will be and hospitality. The Germans in particular, are informed shown by the following extracts:that there is a large and respectable body of their coun- Dec. 31, 1801—Very little cold weather, thus far, this trymen already settled in this country, which is receive

season—this day pleasant, Wind S. ing almost daily accessions.

Jan. 1st. 2d. and 3d.-Wind S. and weather moderate. To those who intend emigrating to the western coun- Jan. 4th. Rainy, wind S. and warm. try, this is the most favourable time. The projected im- Jan. 6th. 8th. and 9th. do. provements have given a spur to the industry and enter- Jan. 10th.-Cloudy and moderate wind, S. W. prise of the inhabitants, and the money they will distri- Jan, 11th.-Morning cold and clear, tolerably pleasant. bute among us, will furnish a brisk circulating medium, Jan. 12th. -- Morning cold and add considerably to the wealth of the country. With Jan. 14th. and 15th.—Remarkably pleasant, wind S. W. these additions to the manifold advantages this country

no Skaiting for the Boys this season, not one already possesses, it must flourish. Those who come

cake of ice in the Delaware, and even the first will have it most in their power to profit by the op

ponds have not been frozen hard enough to portunities it offers.

hear for two days together. It now only remains to point out the most eligible Jan. 16th.-A remarkably pleasant day, clear, and wind routes for reaching this country. By the way of Quebec

S.W. the route is as follows:

Jan. 17th. 18th, and 19th.-Moderate. From Quebec to Montreal

190 miles. Jan. 20th.-Clear and beautiful day, wind S.W. Montreal to Lachine

15

Jan. 21st. 22d. 23d. 24th. &c.-Moderate. Lachine to Prescot

150

Feb. 5th.—By far the.coldest morning this season, wind Prescot to Fort George

300

west. Fort George to Buffalo

Feb. 6th.-Morning clear and very cold, Schuylkill Buffalo to Erie

80

Frozen over. Erie to Meadville

37

Feb. 7th.—Moderate and cloudy.
The whole of the above route is by water carriage, Feb. 9th. and 10th. Moderate and pleasant.

Feb. 8th.-Morning cloudy, day clear and very pleasant. except about 40 miles.

Feb. 12th.-Snow on ground this morning four inches By the way of New York.

deep, day cloudy with rain, and moderate, From New York to Albany, by water 160 miles.

wind S.E. Albany to Buffalo, by canal

300 Feb. 13th.-Dull and cloudy, wind E. Buffalo to Erie, by water

80

Feb. 14th. and 15th.-Dull and cloudy. Erie to Meadville, by turnpike

30

Feb. 16th.-Clear and pleasant.

Feb. 17th. and 18th.-Pleasant and moderate.
By the way of Philadelphia.

Feb. 19th.—Morning cold, a fine shad in Market on the From Philadelphia to Meadville by the way of Belle

morning of the 17th; this is considered refonte, is about 350 miles by land, by a good turnpike

markable, but the following is still more so, road.

“Extract from the Diary of an aged gentleBy the Schuylkill Navigation and Union Canal to

man of this city; Jan. 19, 1793, the extreme Middletown, by water, the distance is about the same.

temperature of the weather, exceeds all Emigrants on their arrival will apply to John Brooks,

winters I have known, the present may be egq. one of the judges of the court of common please

compared to part of April, as one day this formerly from the county of Donegal, in Ireland, and

week a shad was caught, and carried to Erpresident of the society, or to any of the persons referred

win's tavern,”-H.-Poulson.
to below.
JOHN BROOKS,

WM. PENN's LETTERS.
ROBERT L. POTTER, Committe of
DAVID DERICKSON, Correspondence. The following letters from Wm. Penn, are extracted
J. STUART RIDDLE,

from the 2d vol. of the Memoirs of the Historical Society Meadville, Crawford county, Aug. 31, 1827.

of Pennsylvania, lately published. The first letter was REFERENCE.

addressed to King Charles II. and the second to the Earl J. B. Wallace, esq. from Burlington, New Jersey. of Sunderland. They were copied in London from the William Wikoff.

originals, by J. R. Coates, esq. and are accompanied by Hon. Henry Shippen, Lancaster, Pa.

certificates of the fact from the possessor of the original, Andrew Wilson, Bucks co. Pa. C. Meredith, Doylestown, Pa.

P. A. Hamott: Dr. A. N. M‘Dowell, Franklin co. Pa.

Great and Gracious Prince. J. Stuart Riddle, esq. do.

It is a barren Soyle that yields noe returns to the dew J. N. Conrod, Northumberland co. Pa.

that feeds it, and they are mean and ungrateful Mindes David Derickson, esq. do.

that are oblivious of the favours they receive. I would Thomas Atkinson, esq. Dauphin Pa.

fain excuse this freedom, if I were not bound to use it, Daniel Saeger, esq. Lehigh co. Pa.

for being destitute of better ways, Gratitude makes it Christian Blystone do.

necessary to me, and necessity is a Sollicitor that takes Daniel Shryock, Franklin co. Pa.

no deniall. Lett the King then Graciously please, to Frederick Brown, Berks co. Pa.

accept my most humble thanks for his many Royall faJacob Shantz, Lancaster co. Pa.

vours, conferr'd upon mé, more especially this of PennJames Hamilton, Lycoming co. Pa.

silvania, I only lament my selfe, that my own Inability William Foster, esq. Chesterco. Pa.

will not suffer me to express my selfe, in a way suitable John Lupher, Cumberland co. Pa.

to the sense I have of the great obligations I lye under. H. J. Huidekoper, esq. Amsterdam, Holland.

But because the Alter was not ordain'd for the Rich & (Penn. Gaz. Great only, and that Offerings are to be accepted by the

heart that makes them; I perswade myselfe to hope that WEATHER.

the King will please to receive my dutifull AcknowI was yesterday looking over a journal of the weather ledgements by the integrety that humbly sends them, kept by a friend, for many years past, and find, that the And to beleive, that among the numerous subjects, as winter of 1801 and 2, was equally as mild as the present I well of his Goodness as of his powr, there is none that

1828)

PENN'S LETTERS.

27

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with more truth, zeal and affection loves and honours 8 fathom water. there is built about 80 houses, & I have him.

settled at least three hundred farmes Contiguous to it. Give me leave next, to say, so soon as I was arriv’d and we have had wth passengers 23 Ships, & tradeing 40 made any settlement of this Province, I thought it my great and small since the last Summer. not amiss for one duty to waite upon the King by some Person of the Pro- year. the Country is in Seýle good, aire sereen (as in vince, In Condition of an Agent extreordinary, which Languedock) & sweet from the Cedar, Pine & Sarseis the Bearer my kinsman, Markham (formerly deputy frax, wth a wild mertile yt all send forth a most fragrant in this Government) and tho this would not look wholy smell

, wch every brees carrys wth it to ye Inhabitants free of vanity, (Considering my late private Capacity) where it goes. Cyprus, chesnutt cedar, Black walnutt, yet I take it to be the duty of those Persons whom the & poppler (ye largest in ye world) Oake of six sorts, Goodness of the Kings of England hath at any time white, Red, black, Spanish Chesnutt and Swampe, are cloathed with extreordinary Powrs in these Parts of the the timber of thes parts, ash there is also, but not so world, to show their deferrance, to the Imperiall Majesty frequently here is a hickery nut tree, mighty large, they are tributarys to, and their dependence upon it, by and more tough then our ash, ye finest white and famethe Mission and Attendance of Agents in their Names at ing fire I have ever seen. the Court.

I have had better venison, bigger, more tender, & as I have only now, Great Prince, to pray pardon and fatt as in England. Turkys of the wood, I had of 40 & acceptance for a poor Present, of Country produce, and 50 pound weight. Fish in abundance, especially of Shad that it would graciously please the King to take me and Rock, wch are here an excellent Fish. pearch & still into his favour, his young Province into his Protec- trout; but no Salmon hereaways yet as I hear of, but tion; and God, the Bountefull Rewarder of good and oysters, yt are monstrous for bigness, tho there be a gracious Acts, Retaliate them both with temporall and lesser sort. here are of Fruits, divers wild, the Peach, Eternall Glory. I am with Reverence and truth Grape, & plum, & yt of divers sorts. We have also in Great and Gracious Prince

ye woods, flowers, yt for Colour, largeness & beuty exThy most thankfull, humble

cell, I intend a Collection of ye most valluable of wt this and obedient Subject and

place affords for Arstrope ye next Season. For the peoServant in all I can

ple; they are Savage to us, in their persons, & furniture;

WM. PENN. all yt is rude; but they have great shape, strength, agiliPhiladelphia

ty; & in Councel (for they (tho in a kind of Community 13th Aug. 83.

among themselves)observe property & Governmt)grave, Philadelphia

speak seldom, inter spaces of silence, short, elegant, fer

28th 3mo* July 1683 vent, thc old sitt in a halfinoon upon the Ground, the My Noble Friend

middle aged in a like figure at a little distance behind It is an unhappiness incident to great men, to be them, & the young fry in the same manner behind them. troubl’d with the respects of ye small folks their kind- None speak but the aged, they having Consulted the ness obleidges, howeyer, I had rather need an excuse rest before; thus in selling me their land they orderd then be wanting of gratitude to my noble Benefactors, themselves; I must say, yt their obscurity consider'd, of wch the Lord Sunderland was one of the first, in ye wanting tradition, example & instruction, they are an business of my American Country; & tho I have nothing extraordinary people, had not the Dutch Sweeds and to turne, but humble thanks and good wishes for all his English learn'd them drunkenness (in wch condition, generous favours, yet they have engaged me in a most they kill or burn one another) they had been very tracfirm resolution to embrace all occasions by wch I may table, but Rum is so dear to them, yt for 6 penny worth express my sense of them & gratitude to him. And of Rum, one may buy yt fur from them, yt five shillings, being thus obleidg'd to interest myselfe in his success in any other Commodity shall not purchase. Yet many and prosperity, I must take leave to Congratulate the of the old men, & some of ye young people will not happy restoration of the King's grace & favour, in wch touch wth such spirits; & Because in those fitts they without fattery I take the freedom to say I think he has mischief both themselves & our folks too, I have forbid done right to ye Lord Sunderlands abilitys & his own to sell them any. business; for ever since he yielded me the advantage of Pardon my Noble Freind this length (longer too in his acquaintance in France (a Time of twenty years my scrawling hand then in it selfe) I thought it my duty Standing, or running rather) I have said, many times, to give an account of ye Place to one whos favour had to many people, I remember not to have mett a young helpt to make it myn, & who was pleas'd more then Nobleman, promessing a sharper and clearer Judgemt once to discourse the settlement of it. & of closer & better sense, and pardon me if I wish I have only to recommend the Bearer my Kinsman, that this occasion may give thee time to prove it yet Capt. Markham, & to pray access in my affaires, yet not more abundantly to the world.

fully fixt, by ye unkindness of my Neighbour, ye Lord I was a little elevated wth the hopes of a free discours Baltimore, & yt it would please thee to accept a poor & censure upon my American enterprize, when it pleas'd present, of our growth, remembring, yt the Ancients thee to give me to beleive I might meet thee some vallued offerings by ye heart yt made them; & finally to evening at Col: Henry Sidneys; but some greater Af- give me leave to ware the character of faire diverting rob'd me of the advantage I had reason My Noble Friend to promess my selfe from so correct a Conversation. But

Thy very sensible an: faithfull tho I mist that expression of thy favour, lett me not

Frd. & Servt. to my powr want the effects of it: I am now in a station, where my May I present my humble

W». PENN. own weakness or my Neighbours envy may happen to duty to the King? hurt my honest interest, & the good work I have in my For the Earle of SUNDERLAND. eye: please to take me & my poor feeble Concerns into thy Protection, & give us thy smiles & Countenance, The Bank of the U.S. yesterday declared a dividend of and I will venture to say; yt by ye help of God & such 3 per cent. on the capital stock for the last 6 months. noble Freinds I will show a province in 7 years equall to The Bank of Pennsylvania last week declared a diviher Neighbours of 40 years planting.

dend of three per cent. for the previous six months. I have lay'd out the Province into Countys, Six are The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company yesterday begun to be seated, they lye on ye Great River, & are made a dividend of 3 per cent. for the last 6 months; and planted about 6 miles back the Town platt is a mile the Schuylkill Permanent Bridge Company a dividend long & two deep-has a Navigable River on each side, of 4 per cent for the same period. ye least as broad as ye Thames at Woolwych, from 3 to The Bank of North America yesterday declared a divi. • Or 5 mo.

dend of 2 per cent. for the last 6 months.-- Aurora.

[blocks in formation]

Warpers

MANUFACTURES.

35 bbls. flour used for sizing per week or For the following information respecting the number 81,000 yds. goods per day,

or per year of 300 1820 per annum, at 5 dols

9,100 of hand Looms in the city for weaving cotton goods, we

working days 24,300,000 yds. at 16 cents 3,888,000 are indebted to a member of the Pennsylvania Society which at 4 yds. per lb. of cotton, would require for Promoting Domestic Manufactures, who addressed a 6,075,000 lbs. or 20,250 bales of 333} lbs. eachnumber of queries to the Society of Weavers, of whom

or about 67 bales per day, or 400 bales per week

6,075,000 lbs. cotton at 10cts. is 607,500 dols. thirteen of the most extensive and respectable, have signed the certificate. As all facts connected with this

The gentleman from whom we have obtained the subject, which occupies at present so large a share of above information, further imformed us, that these goods public attention, especially in this state and city, are im- are of the denominations called ginghams, checks, bedportant, we give place to this article with pleasure; as

tickings and stripes,and are exported in large quantities we will also to all articles communicating facts calculated for the supply as well of the eastern and western, as of to exhibit the real situation and extent of the various the southern states—large quantities being sent to Bosbranches of domestic industry throughout the state.

ton by almost every packet. “We, the undernamed, having to the best of our knowledge inquired diligently, give the following statement in reply to queries sent us:

INFORMATION REQUESTED. “There are in Philadelphia and its vicinity 104 warping mills at work, each of which is sufficient to employ

In the article in our last number, entitled “Commerce from 40 to 50 weavers, making the number of weavers with Great Britain,” we have mentioned upon the auabout 4500. Dyers over 200; spoolers 3000, bobbin thority of the work there quoted, that copper ore was one winders 2000. WAGES.

of the exports of the state. As this is a curious fact, if it Weavers can now average 5 dollars per week.

be a fact, we would be glad if any of our readers could Dyers

5
do.

inform us from what mines the ore was obtained—we do 5 do.

not recollect to have ever heard, that copper ore existed Spoolers from 50 cents to 1 50 do.

in this state, of the quality and in the quantity necessary Bobbin winders 1 do. and found.

to render it an object of export. Upon examining HOUSES OCCUPIED.

“Cleveland's Mineralogy,” we find the following species Manufacturing establishments over 50, average rent 180 of copper noticed as found in this state, with their localidollars per year.

ties, viz. Houses occupied by weavers about 1500, average rent 60 to 80 dollars per year.

Native Copper.-In Hamilton Ban, Adams county-at Indigo used per week 2200 lbs.

Morgantown in Berks county-at Pottsgrove in MontgoFlour used as sizing per week 30 to 40 bbls.

mery county, and at Perkiomen lead mine. Quantity of goods produced per day 81,000 yards, aver. son's Gap on the Blue Ridge.

Sulphuret of Copper.-Two miles north from Nicholage value 16 cents per yard.

Pyritous Copper.-At Perkiomen lead mine, Montgo" The above is an estimate for this season—in the mery county; and near Chester in Delaware county, with winter, when other employment ceases, the number in- sulphuret of molybdena. From this species a large porcreases considerably, say one third.

tion of the copper of commerce is extracted, which “ Philad. 25th June, 1827.

yields only from 2 to 20 and sometimes 36 per cent. (Signed)

Red Oxide of Copper.-AtPerkiomen lead mine, where THOS. HUGHES,

it presents small octaedral and translucent capillary JOHN WATERS,

crystals; also near Lancaster with malachite. JOHN STEEL,

Carbonate of Copper.—Blue, at Perkiomen lead mine, JOHN FUNSTON,

in minute, dark blue crystals in veins, which contain JOHN MAGUIRE,

galena and blende and traverse the red sand stone formTHOMAS FORD,

ation; the earthy variety occurs at the same place. ROBERT WILSON, Green, both fibrous and compact, at Perkiomen; the RENING & AUSTIN,

latter also two miles from Nicholson's Gap. PATRICK M'BRIDE, The Schuyler mines in New Jersey were worked maTHOMAS LAIRD,

ny years since: but we presume the ore would not have ABRAHAM CUMMING, been sent to this city. HUGH CLARK,

JAMES BROWN, jr.” From the foregoing data we have made the following

NORRISTOWN BRIDGE. calculations:

The Governor of this Commonwealth last week issued 4500 weavers at $5 p.week, amounts p.an. to 1,170,000 letters patent agreeably to the provisions of the act 200 dyers

at $5
do.

do.

52,000 for erecting a Bridge over the river Schuylkill, at De 3000 spoolers at 75 cents do.

do. 117,000 Kalb street in this Borough. It now becomes the duty 2000 bobbin winders at $1 do. do. 104,000 of the Commissioners of the county to subscribe on be. 104 warpers at $5 do.

do.

27,040 half of said county, for one thousand shares of stock of

the aforesaid Bridge—and the six persons first named in 1,470,040 the letters patent to proceed to organize the said com

pany, and hold an election for one president, six mana50 establishments average rent 180 9,000

gers and one treasurer, who are to serve until others 1500 houses occupied by weavers 70 105,000

are lawfully chosen, and make such bye-laws, rules,

114,000 orders and regulations, as shall be found necessary for 2200 lbs. of indigo per week or114,400 lbs.

the well-ordering of the affairs of the said Company.per annum at 2 dols.

228,800 | Herald.

In wages

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