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would be most consistent with economy to finish the Q.8. male whites one hundred and eighty whole at once, and they believe it can be done in the three; female whites one hundred and course of the ensuing year if adequate funds are pro forty; male blacks one hundred and sixvided.

teen; female blacks one hundred and If it should however be deemed best to dispense at four

543 present with the four blocks of cells above mentioned, M. C. male whites one hundred and fortyit will thenrequire the sum of 89 thousand one hun. four; 'female whites fifty-seven; male dred and twenty-four dollars and nine cents, as is stated blacks seventy-seven; female blacks sixty in estimate No. 2, annexed, to finish the rest of the

339 work and pay outstanding debts.

Number total for trial

914 GEO. RUGAN, Clerk. August 12, 1826.

1825. 0. & T. male whites eleven; female

whites five; male blacks six; female Returns received from the Arch street Prison.

blacks none

22 1st. The number of persons committed as vagrants Q. S. male whites one hundred and fiftyand disorderly persons, in the following years, colour eight; female whites eighty-six; male and sex.

blacks eighty-nine; female blacks one
TOTAL.
hundred and twenty one

454 1823 Vagrants: male whites, two hund'ed

M. C. male whites two hundred and thir. and fifty-six; female whites, two hun.

teen; female whites fifty; male blacks dred; male blacks, two hundred and

eighty-seven; female blacks fifty-two 402 fifty; female Llacks, two hundred,

906 Disorderly male whites, one hundred and

Number total for trial

878 fifty-one; female whites one hundred and sixty; male blacks, 134; female

1826. 0. & T. male whites ten; female whites blacks, one hundred and forty,

585 one; male blacks seven; female blacks 1824. Vagrants: male whites, three hundred

three

21 and ninety-five, female whites, three

Q: S. male whites one hundred and eighty hundred and twenty, male blacks, three

four; female whites ninety-eight; male
hundred and one; female blacks, tyo

blacks ninety-five; female blacks one
hundred and forty-one,
1257 hundred and twenty-four

501 Disorderly male whites, one hundred and

M.C. male whites one hundred and thirtyforty-nine; female whites, one hundred

three; female whites thirty-four; male and eighty; male blacks, one hundred

blacks fifty-six; female blacks forty-nine

272
and seventy; female blacks one hun.
dred and sixty,

659
Number total for trial

794 1825. Vagrants: male whites, three hundred

and sixty; female whites, three hundred
and thirty-five; male blacks, four hun-

Return of the number of Indictments, ignoramused, dred; female blacks, three hundred and

tried, &c. in the Quarter Sessions of Philadelphia eighty,

1475

county, for 1821, 2, 3, 4, & 5. Disorderly male whites, one hundred and

sixty-eight; female whites, one hundred
and sixty: male blacks, one hundred
and eighty; female blacks, one hundred

Years.
and ninety-two,

700 1826. Vagrants: male whites, four hundred

and thirty-seven; female whites, two
hundred and twenty; male blacks, two
hundred and forty; female blacks, tbree

1821.
hundred and thirteen,

1210 March Sessions

42 18 23 15

22 | 120 Disorderly male whites, one hundred and

June

27

22 19 27 | 42 137 forty-nine; female whites, one hundred

September

37 28 24 30 45 164 and twenty-one; male blacks, one hun.

December

63 9 14 12 29 127 dred and fifty-nine; female blacks, qne

1822.

548 hundred and seventy-one,

16 8 15 12 19 70 2. The number of prisoners returned on the calendar June

30

29 16 18 104 of the courts of oyer and terminer, quarter sessions and September

33 16 30 17 32 128 Mayor's Court, for the folllowing year, sex and colour.

December

9 2 18 15 27 71 1823. Oyer and terminer; male whites, seven;

1823.

3731 female whites; thrce; male blacks, seren;

March

14 | 17
29

19
female blacks, six

37 9 16 16 27 105 Qilarter sessions; male whites, one hundred

September 35 15 23 13 32 118 and sixty-nine; female whites, one hun

December 27 4 23 8 | 32 94 dred and thirty-four; male blacks, one

1824.

401 hundred and ten; female blacks, one

March

40 18 18 8 40 119 hundred and seventeen

60 20 22 18 61 181 Mayor's court; male whites, two hundred

September

33 41 144 and one; female whites, fifty-nine; male

December

15 8
16 | 17

22 78 blacks, one hundred and thirty-five; fe.

1825.

522 male blacks, one hundred and one

38 12 19 18 24 111 June

19 19 12 28 13 91
Number total for trial

1049 September 78 13 17 31 32 171
December

22 21 39 | 26 33 141 1824. O.&T male whites twelve; female whites

514 seven; male blacks nine; female blacks 4,

32 | Aggregate 1672 285 1426 365 1610 2358

600 March

84

23 June

330 June

20 | 20

496 March

1828.)

PENITENTIARY DOCUMENTS.

248

15

Return of the number of Indictments ignoramused, &c. Principal, fuel, &c. as before

$800 in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, Philadelphia, Four assistants, fuel, &c. $400 each

1,600 in 1821, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6. Clerk,

500 Two Physicians

400 Yeary Billsigno- True bills Convicted Acquitted Sentenced

Contingent services

300 framused. found. to death.

$3,600 1821 7 40 18 10

1 18221 28 12 10

3d. Query. What will be the probable expense of 18231 2 18 12

5

keeping a convict for one year in clothing, subsistence 1824

6
4
2

and incidental expenses? 1825 1

5
4
3

In reply to this the clerk informs me that at the pre1826 5

10
4
4

sent time the expense of maintenance and clothing of

a convict for one year, in the western penitentiary, in107 54 34 1

cluding washing, cooking and fuel is $77 57, medical

attendance not included." As the number of convicts A List of weavers discharged from the Prune street Prison increases this expense will be less, probably $60 a man. from the 19th June, 1824, up to the present date 1826,

No part of the cost of the government of the penitentia1824.

ry, such as salaries, is included in the foregoing estiHenry Patton, time up, June 19th

mate. Jonathan Blake do. 21st

4th Query. What would be the probable aggregate Joseph Mitchell pardoned July 24th

expense of the whole establishment, supposing the priJohn Williams do. October 25th

son to be full of convicts and completely officered? John High time up December 18th

Answer. 190 convicts at $60 per annum, is $11,400 Edgar Butler do.

21st
Officers salaries, &c.

3,600 1825. Robert Rice do. January 1st

Total annual expense,

$ 15,000 Henry Whitting do. 22d Joseph Johnson do. June 18th

5th and 6th Queries. What further improvements are Elisha Eckret pardoned July 11th

required in the prison for the security of the prisoners; William Mick time up August 29th

and what further expenditures would be required to Thomas Cutler pardoned September 9th

adapt the establishment to labour? John Jones time up

What are your opinions as to the suitableness of your kobert Henderson pardoned October 6th

prison for solitary confinement, either now, or in the James Johnson time up

29th

event of its becoming full; and what are the opinions of 1826.

your board, individually and collectively on this subject; Thomas Ellwell do. Dec. 29th, re-convicted March 16th and how far have you tested, or attempted to test the David Evans do. March 19th

principle of solitary confinement? John Coyle do. 28th

The penitentiary is now nearly completed according William Collins pardoned May 22d

to the prescribed plan. Defects in the plan have alreaJohn Bennett time up

23d

dy occurred to the inspectors, all of which can be remeJames Glunt pardoned June 12th.

died without much inconvenience, or unreasonable exJOSEPH S. KITE, KEEPER, pense. The want of ventilation for the cells; some ad. Philadelphia, August, 1826.

ditional walls subdividing the yards before some sections

of cells; separate privies for the keepers apartments; a Pittsburg, August 24, 1827. considerable alteration in the interior of the main or front Gentlemen-Since the receipt of yours of yesterday, building, so as to render it capable of accommodating I have directed my attention to your inquiries relative to an additional keeper, are the prominent improvements our western penitentiary and now communicate briefly required. From 1500 to 2000 dollars would accomplish the result, as answers,

the whole, and render it well adapted to its design-so1st Query. What are the number of prisoners in the litary confinement. state penitentiary in Alleghenytown at this time?

As respects a system of labour, I was at first appreThe number of convicts now in the penitentiary is hensive that considerable alterations would be necesthirty.

sary for this purpose, but I have made a full inquiry and 2d Query. What are the number of officers of that in- examination, and am satisfied that little else than the stitution, what salaries do they receive, and how many erection of workshops is necessary to make it a most will be required in the event of the prison becoming full admirable establishment, uniting the two systems of laof convicts, and at what salaries.

bour and strict confinement. For such workshops, there The officers at present are

are ample spaces left, and in the most desirable posi1. One principal keeper furnished with fu

tions. "Three large workshops each about 40 feet by 50 el, light, house room, and a salary of

$550 may be erected, on each side of the central yard. These, 2, 3. Two assistant keepers furnished as

in my opinion, will contain ample room for the exercise above and salaries $400, $350

750 of all the convicts, in every kind of trade that can be (The place of one of the assistant keepers

profitably employed in an establishment of this kind.is yet vacant.)

$3000 would build these six work shops, and enable the 4. One clerk; fuel and light and salary 400 board to introduce the discipline of labour, either entire5. Two physicians each $100

200 ly or partially. To furnish you with the views of the Add for contingent services

100 board of inspectors upon this subject, I annex a copy of

their report, transmitted to the legislature last winter. $2,000 As to my own opinion, individually, I am decidedly in

favour of compelling convicts to severe labour. I have It is believed that the foregoing organization will be no idea of supporting a parcel of rogues in idleness at adequate to the custody and management of treble the the public expense, under the visionary notion of senda number of convicts now in the penitentiary.

ing them out to society again virtuous and regenerated, In the event of the prison becoming full of convicts,

Yours, &c.

A BRACKENRIDGE. (190) the establishment will require an increase of offi. Hon. EDWARD King and Chas. SHALEN, cers and expense, as follows:

Commissioners upon the Penitentiary system.

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1828.]

CONVICTS

347

No. 4.

A TABLE

Shewing the number of persons (tried and untried) in the Prisons of the several counties of this state, in July, 1826, with their places of birth, sex and colour, as far as could be ascertained; with the population

in each county, in 1820, compiled from the returns of the sheriffs.

(No returns from seven counties.)

Names of Counties. Population. No. of Pennsyl- Other Foreign-) Males. Females. Whites. | Blacks.

Prisoners vania. States.

ers.

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Adams

19,370 Allegheny

34,921 Armstrong

10,324 Berks

46,275 Bradford

11,554 Butler

10,193 Cambria

3,287 Centre

13,796 Clearfield,

2,342 Chester

44,451 Columbia

17,621 Crawford

9,397 Cumberland

23,606 Dauphin

21,653 Delaware

14,810 Erie

8,553 Fayette

27,285 Franklin

31,892 Greene

15,554 Huntingdon

30,142 Indiana & Jefferson 9,443 Lancaster

68,336 Lebanon

16,088 Lehigh

18,895 Luzerne

20,027 Lycoming

13,517 Mercer

11,681 Mifflin

16,618 Montgomery

35,793 Northumberland 15,424 Perry

11,342 Philad. city & county 137,097 Schuylkill

11,339 Somerset

13,974 Susquehanna

9,960 Union

18,619 Venango

4,915 Warren

1,976 Washington

40,038 Wayne

4,127 Westmoreland 30,540 York

38,759

3 1 17

3

1 uncertain

3

2 1 14 3

3
1

1 1 11 3

1

6 1

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TABLE shewing the number of Prisoners in the Old Penitentiary at Philadelphia, the annual charge to each county, &c. 1820. 1821.

1822. Convicta Debit. Credit. Balance. Am't rec'dConvicts Debit. Credit. Balance. An't rec'd Convicts! Debit. Credit.

248

Counties

Balance. Am't rec'd

1332 38
559 89

579 39
350 87

752 99
209 98

750 00
273 15

23
9

1146 27
369 72

649 50
148 52

496 77 1057 64
221 20 201 00

13
8
5
3

21
9
1
8
10
5
3
6
30
2
1
4
17
4
3

45
5
2
1
19
4
3
7
6

680 62 364 88 315 74 411 04
534 25 322 91 211 34
256 11 175 92 80 19
116 60 68 10 48 50
314 48 147 87 166 61 129 13
2410 60 1084 80 1325 80 1283 00
172 48 71 42 101 06 2 00
75 68 71 70 3 98

5 97 3 60 2 37
1418 21 804 78 613 43 447 46
231 07 68 82 162 25 1366 38
171 48 131 80 39 68
332 11 161 77 170 34
213 41 77 94 135 47 135 00

Allegheny
Adams
Armstrong
Bucks
Bedford
Bradford
Beaver
Berks
Chester
Centre
Crawford
Cumberland
Delaware
Dauphin
Erie
Fayette
Franklin
Greene
Huntingdon
Indiana
Lancaster
Luzerne
Lehigh
Lebanon
Montgomery
Mifflin
Mercer
Northampton
Susquehanna
Schuykill
Tioga
Union
Venang
Washington
Westmoreland
Wayne
York
Lycoming
Pike
Somerset
Butler
Northumberland
Perry
Cambria
(Philadelphia

1297 00
516 58

31 19
506 20
772 85
213 51
100 94
324 87
1864 47

89 22
78 88
297 91
1182 52
290 98
281 96
201 40
175 80
187 29
189 84
219 61
1328 90
366 37
348 31

75 11
439. 62

11 34
166 40
212 38
200 27

77 63
158 93
286 56

6 84
566 96
665 23
337 09
764 50

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447 74 849 26 1263 50
244 43 272 15 64 25

2 10 29 09
167 35 338 85 421 34
180 98 591 87
145 80 69 71 190 00

54 92 46 02 264 23
106 49 218 38 1301 78
441 29 1423 18 887 97
40 47 48 75 58 44

78 88
116 48 181 43 174 05
379 06 803 46 708 27
124 06 166 38 465 45
58 62

223 34 120 00
131 54 69 86
29 04 146 76 301 85
46 89 140 40
33 33 156 61
48 01 171 60
504 59 824 31 1783 35
125 48 240 89 849 74
48 30 200 01 97 64

7 50 67 61 85 41
89 35
350 27

307 61
4 52 6 82
144 55 21 95
39 00 173 38
36 98 163 29
54 30 23 33
62 32 96 61
92 92

193 74
3 90 2 94
117 94 449 02 6 25
213 89 451 34 334 79
195 87 141 22
322 03 442 47 486 68

150 00

685 39
654 79
227 71
108 06
194 43
2288 90
204 11
107 21
146 27
1398 74
237 75
143 34
378 57
172 21

94 13
165 98
211 38
1264 65
446 32
172 52

94 69
719 87

18 78
168 74
136 19
334 53
71 93
82 63
373 38

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265 36 420 03 336 85
331 94 332 65
81 82 146 39 54 42
36 04 72 02 157 07
90 96 103 41 218 38
958 73 1330 17 | 1418 68
64 19 139 92 22 45
25 85 81 36 110 00
36 53 109 74 280 68
705 62 693 12 360 00
82 32 155 43 220 00
62 10 81 24
199 97 178 60
33 16 149 05 80 00
24 20 69 93
52 87 113 11
79 94 131 44
667 36 600 29 7 00
204 68 241 64 123 42
51 32 120 20 200 01
30 30 64 39
313 561 406 31 350 27

18 78 205 23
123 81 44 93

52 55 84 64 159 94
183 60 150 93 222 16

9 00 62 93
25 45 57 18
134 17 249 21 301 21

4
2
24
5
2
1
14
1
4
2
4

242 46 126 16
133 14 80 40
1257 62 752 98
261 71 184 66
161 971 88 20

18 54
824 66 518 34
77 43 46 99
73 25 6 60
114 31 74 98
225 00

115 33

116 30

52 74
504 65
77 05
73 77
18 54
306 32
30 44
66 65
39 33
119 76

771 70
400 12
121 20

2 55
420 00

PRISONERS IN THE OLD PENITENTIARY.

265 43

1
6

55 54
205 06

20 47
113 96

35 07
92 10

426 96

516 67
617 55
336 11
652 60
184 56
88 24
32 19

153 04
248 09

65 55
242 43
76 35
46 80

363 63
369 46
270 56
410 17
108 21
41 44
32 19

0 12

0 12 446 47

15
6
4
19

652 43 220 14
226 42 59 13
272 97 148 47
912 75 416 59
225 02 133 28

432 29
167 29
124 50
490 16
91 74

300 00
401 00

1 00

3

78 32

21 26

57 06

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