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1828. ]



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1 Machine factory.

them. The action lasted for about four hours, without 5 Snuff mills.

much damage being done on either side. During the 2 Plaister, or gypsum mills

engagements Captain Alexander, on board the Wasp 3 Clover mills.

schooner of six guns, came out of Christeen creek, into 3 Bark mills.

which she had been chased, the day before by the men 1 Mill for sawing stone.

of war, and retook a brig which had been taken by the

Liverpool. On Thursday afternoon, the Gondolas renew158

ed their attack upon the ships with so much spirit and 42 Mill seats unimproved on the principal streams, of skill, that they were obliged to hoist sail and return various fall.

down the river; the Gondolas pursued them, ander a

constant fire for five hours, after which they quitted the 200 Mills and mill seats.

chase, and moored at Newcastle. Numbers of balls were Making in the whole 158 mills and factories in opera- were made the next day of considerable damage being

heard to strike the ships in this action, and discoveries tion, and 42 mill seats unimproved, in a district of coun- done to them. Several of the Gondolas were slightly try not exceeding 12 miles square, in the five kinds of damaged-one man killed in the first, and three woumdmanufactories which have returned the number of hands, ed in the second engagements. The novelty of the viz. Paper, Woollen, Cotton, Powder, and Edge Tools, fight, the gallant behaviour of the soldiers and sailors, employ 1,038 hands. There are many particulars relating both to this report a most interesting spectacle to several thousand specta

and the important consequences of the contest, afforded and to other branches of industry, which your committee tors, who stood on the shores. felt anxious to obtain, but owing to several circumstances they found it impossible to do so. It was, therefore, re- tion of Row-gallies, as being the best mode of defence

This engagement sufficiently establishes the reputaluctantly abandoned; but with a hope that the inquiry practicable in a river; especially, if we consider, that will be further pursued in due time.

although the whole thirteen were employed, yet not G. G. LEIPER,

more than one half can be said to have been engaged at W. MARTIN.

any one time: and this circumstance, though it shows a

want of judgment somewhere, in stationing them proCENSUS

perly, and at proper distances, is at the same time an ad

ditional argument in favour of the real service of boats. OF THE RESIDENT POPULATION OF MAUCH 'The officers and men have done their duty with credit, CHUNK AND ITS DEPENDENCIES.

and many of them have distinguished themselves nobly. The proper distance to engage at is now known, which is, the nearest distance you can approach a ship, without coming within the reach of grape shot; and, beyond that, is a waste of powder. But if it should at any time be necessary to approach within grape shot, then in that case, the nearer you are, so as to be out of the reach of the musketry, it is the best shot both for service and safety; because grape shot, like small shot, does the most execution at the greatest killing distance, and the

least execution at the least distance. 1822 46 481 61|1641 23 39

41 395

1823 62 72 87|177| 30 50] 18 14 44|10| 502
1824 96 106.142 185! 41 95! 27! 30 83 25! 734

OMITTED BY THE AUDITOR, 11825 143 153205|221) 53 87 70 38 84|46957

A Statement of the Farmers' Bank of Reading, 1826213 221 284|229 99 140|104 70 121 961364 118271224 123413131611 93 11411171 78 1120186 1343

November 6, 1827.
Amount of stock paid in .

$300,350 00 The whole property at Mauch Chunk and its depen.

Amount of notes in circulation

143,687 00 dencies belongs to the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Com


81,393 21 pany, the existing improvements on their property were


525,430 21 made to accommodate the incipient stages of the coal business, as growing out of the descending navigation. Amount of Bills discounted

302,109 61 The company are now, and have been engaged for the

Bonds and notes past year making the ascending navigation, and which

31,145 84 Bank Stock

82,374 00 they hope to complete in about 12 months; the farther

Real Estate

19,894 85 improvements on their property will of course be sus

Amount due from other banks

49,513 69 pended until that is effected.

J. W.
Notes of other banks

12,000 00 Specie



525,430 21 Gallant affair of the Gondolas, in an attack on two British men of war.

PHILADELPHIA, May 7, 1776.

At a meeting of the Pennsylvania Society for the ProThe Roebuck

man of war of 44 guns, and the Liver- motion of the Culture of the Mulberry and the Raising of pool frigate of 28 guns, arrived near the mouth of Chris- silk Worms, April 2, 1828. teen creek, either

for the purpose of procuring a supply On motion Resolved, that the following premiums be of fresh water, or on their way to this city. Orders were offered by the Society, in order to promote the objects immediately sent down to the Fort for the Gondolas to for which it is organized. proceed down the river, and attack them, and accord 1. A premium of sixty dollars for the greatest quantiingly on Wednesday afternoon, about half past one ty of sewing silk, of the best quality, produced within o'clock, the boats began a very severe cannonading on this state from coccoons raised within the same, and prothe ships, which was returned with equal warmth byl duced by one family, not less than twenty pounds; for

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ty dollars for the next greatest quantity, and best quali. Coloured Organist.-An organ has recently been pur. ty, produced under the same conditions, not less than chased by the vestry of S!. Thomas's Church; a coloured fitteen pounds, and twenty-firedollars for the next great ford?', a number of the congregation, acts as organist. est, quantity and best quality, not less than to pounds. Larg !'recéuct ----Ucre rusca last season by a farmer

2. A premium of fitty dollars for the greatest quanti- in Sulessary township, Bucks county, on 12 acres of ty of good coccoons, raised within this state, not less than land, 163 bushels of good clean clover seed. one hundred pounds; thirty doiles for the next greatest Newspapers. The last number of the National Pallaquantity, not less than fifty pounds; to be claimed be- dum was published on the Sth inst. fore the 1st ot Sprinter.

The firsi number of the Daily Chronicle, an evening 3. A premium of fiicy dolias for the largest number paper, was published by Charles Alexander on the 7th of the best white mulberry tics, raised within twelve instant. miles of this city, not less than four hundred; thirty dol. Greek Collections.-It appears by the report of the lars for the next greatest quantity, not less than three Greek committee, that the amount of collections up to hundred; and twenty dollars for the next greatest quan- | the 2d inst. in this state, were, in cash $24,056 71, in tity, not less than two hundred.

provisions 1,429 11—making 25,485 82—of which have The trees to be of two years growth-and planted at been expended 23,700. Of the above amount collected, about equal distances--say about twenty-five feet apart. Pittsburg contributed nearly $1,800, and Chester coun

The premiums for the mulberry trees to be claimed ty about $3,400. within three years from the 2d day of April, 1823. Two cargoes have been forwarded, consisting of 963

BENJAMIN R. MORGAN, PRESIDENT. bbls. and 254 half bbls. four, 503 bbls. corn meal, 1692 M. Caner, Secretary.

bbls. navy bread, 300 bbls. rye flour, 40 tierces rice,

45 bbls. beef and pork, 200 bbls. fish, 39 bbls. beans, a PATENTS.

quantity of domestic goods, made up clothing, mediThe following table will exhibit the States whose citi- cines, surgical instruments, &c. zens have been most prolific in Inventions, during the

Distribution of Bibles. By the Association of Young year 1827, as registered in the Patent Office of the U. Men, viz. In the New Market Ward, 365. Dock, 145. States.

Walnut, 50. Chesnut, 94. High, 53. South Mulber

Number of Patents. ry, 146. North Mulberry, 203. Lower Delaware, 259. Maine

17 Upper Delaware, 133. North, 126. South, 80. MidNew Hampshire

3 dle, 100. Locust, 239. Cedar, 2:0. Total, 2414. Vermont


Cotion and Wollen Goods.- In the last week of DeMassachusetts

cember, 1827, there were exported from Liverpool to Rhode Island

5 Philadelphia, 132,000 yards cotton and 420 ends of Connecticut


woollen goods. New York

103 Shad. --The average number caught last week at Mar. New Jersey

6 cus Hook amounts to 2000 a day. Pennsylvania

33 Lehigh Chain Bridge, at Allentown, was partially des. Delaware

2 troyed by fire on the night of the 13th ult. supposed to Maryland

16 have been the act of an incendiary. The superstrucDistrict of Columbia

4 ture on which the middle pier, from which the chains Virginia

15 were suspended, that sustained the principal part of North Carolina

24 the bridge was entirely consumed, and that portion South Carolina

3 which was thus deprived of its support, fell into the riGeorgia

1 ver with a tremendous crash. The bridge will be imn. Alabama

1 passable for some time. Ohio


Panther hunt.-A few weeks since, Mr. John Vliet, Tennessee

living on the Pocono mountain, Northampton co, discov. Kentucky

1 ered the traces of panthers in his neighbourhood. He Indiana

3 started in pursuit, and soon came up with them. - How.

ever extraordinary it may seem to some of our readers, 320 Mr. Vliet destroyed threc of these ferocious animals in


space of half an hour, with no other companion than

his rifle. He received $12 for each scalp; which is a MISCELLANEOUS.

pretty good half an hour's work for a hunter of the PoNavy Officers from Pennsylvania.--It appears by ta North Branch Canal.–At a late meeting of the canal bles accompanying a report of the Secretary of the Navy commissioners, a resolution was adopted by the board, to Congress, that there are in the different states 813 for locating and putting under contract the Penn. Canal warrant and commissioned officers of the U. S. Navy, on the North Branch, from Northumberland to Fishing viz. 33 captains, 28 master commandants, 227 lieute. creek, by the 1st of July; and from thence to Berwick nants, 36 surgeons, 37 surgeons' mates, 43 pursers, 8 by the first of August next. It is also stated that the lochaplains, 401 midshipmen; of which are from Penn-cation will extend as far as the Nanticote Falls during the sylvania, 9 captains, 4 master commandants, 25 lieute present season. nants, 6 surgcons, 10 surgeons' mates, 7 parsers, 1 chap 1145 persons were committed to the jail in Philadellain, 38 midshipmen, total 100—about of the whole. phia, in 1827, as vagrants, and for profane swearing and The proportion of midshipmen to which this state is en intoxication-and 948 were commmitted as disturbers titled, according to representation in Congress, allowing of the peace, idle and disorderly, 14 to cach representative, (28) is 42—there being 38 in service, there is a deficiency of 4.

Weather. The Thermometer at Harrisburg on the Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GED28th ult. stood in the shade at 75 degrees, and at 8 DEs, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at o'clock in the morning, in the sun, rose as high 94o. the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, Subscrip

In this city there were falls of Snow on the 4th, 5th, tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per and 6th inst.

annum-payable in six months after the commencement Longevity.—Tiney Cormey, a coloured woman, a of publication-and annually thereafter, by Subscribers member of the St. Thomas African Church, died in this resident in or near the city-or where there is an agent. city on the 5th inst. aged upwards of 114 years. Other subscribers pay in advance.








NO. 16.


in a variety of instances, and the police of the prison is Accompanying the Commissioners' dependent on the cells as a place of punishment. We REPORT

know of no instance in which mental derangement has ON PUNISHMENTS & PRISON DISCIPLINE.

been produced by confinement in our solitary cells. The bodily health is in most instances affected if the corfine

ment is protracted, and the diet is not moderately in Answer of the Inspectors to Questions proposed by the creased, but on being released they soon recruit. Commissioners.

6th. Persons are admitted to visit the prison by an orThe board of inspectors of the prison of the city and of such prisoners as behave well, are permitted to see

der from a visiting inspector; and the relatives and friends county of Philadelphias having received a communica and converse with them through both the grates; the tion from Edward King and Thomas J. Wharton, esq's. wooden grated door being shut, and a keeper in the entwo of the commissioners appointed by the Governor of try to hear all that passes-the interview not to last more the Stäte of Pennsylvania, to revise the Penal Code, and than fifteen minutes; this is allowed once in three months referred the same to a committee of three of its mem- by an order of the visiting inspectors. bers, who made the following report, which was read; approved, and ordered to be transmitted to the commis- in one room at night is twenty-six-the greatest number

7th. The average number of male prisoners confined isioners above named.

at one time in a room 18 by 20 feet was 53. The num(Extract from the minutes.]

ber of female convicts confined in one room is twelve The committee to whom was referred the letter of averaged. The boys are kept in an apartment distinct Edward King and Thomas J. Wharton, esq's. two of the from the mass of the prisoners, called the Prune street commissioners appointed to revise the penal code, re- apartment, which is separated by a wall froin the Walport the following as answers to the questions proposed, nut street apartment, where they work, eat and lodge viz.

a few aged men are also kept there. To the first point. We answer that the prison in Wal.

8th. Prisoners have been punished in the cells for unnut street was built in 1774, as appears by the stone in natural crimes committed in the prison; but we do not front of the building. The lot is 200 feet front on Wal- recollect of any prisoner having been convicted for any nut street, and runs southwardly to Prune street 400 ft. such offence committed in the prison. There have been

There are 24 cells for the men, and 12 for the women, convictionis in our courts for such offences. intended as solitary cells when built.

Gambling is a vice to which convicts are very much 2d point. The salary of the physician is $300 per an- addicted, and when detected are punished by confine. tum-he visits the prison once every day, and oftener if ment in the cells on low diet. Drunkenness has ocnecessary. The medicines are purchased from different curred in a few instances, from the introduction of lidruggists in the city, by quantities at wholesale prices, quor by draymen and carters, who visit the prison yard as they are wanted.

on business, but it is rare. The prisoners are locked up 3d point. There is a principal keeper, and eleven de in their rooms at sun-down, winter and summer; a lamp puties. The salary of the principal keeper is $900 p. an. is suspended from the centre of the ceiling of each room and he has the use of three rooms, a kitchen and yard, by which light is afforded sufficient to read by, and they and his washing and ironing done.

are permitted to converse and read until 9 o'clock, when

a bell is struck and silence ensues. The deputies receive different compensations, viz.

gth. The working hours in summer are from 6 A. N. 2 keepers in front, each $700 per annum;

to 7 P. M.; in winter from 7 A. M. to 5 P. M. 6 keepers in the yard, $750 per annum; 1 superintendant of weavers, $600 per annum;

The number employed sawing stone varies according 2 keepers in prune street apartment, $700 p. annum. 1 of men suited to it, say from 160 to 200; so also in the

to the demand for that kind of labour, and the rfumber To the 4th point. There are now within the walls 592 weaving and other trades. The labour of a prisoner in convicts, of these there are 501 males 91 females; white sawing stone is various, according to the quality of the males 338, black males 163; white females 34, black fe- stone, the strength of the man, the state of the weather males 57.

and the necessity of shifting the stone from one position For further answers to this question we refer you to to another, from time to time. Good workmen have the papers made out for the Prison Society, now annex. sawed 30 ft per week, so with weavers and other trades. ed to Mr. Roberts Vaux's pamphlet.

An industrious weaver has in some weeks wove 120 yds. To the 5th point: We are not able to say with cor- The convicts are not allowed to work for their own benerectness, what is the greatest length of time that a con. fit, although if they are industrious and healthy, and as vict has remained within the walls of the prison, since regards stone cutters, have good weather and constant the establishment of the present system, but so far as the employment, they may have a balance to their credit ini knowledge of the present meinbers of the board extend, the accounts, which are kept according to law with each eleven years is the extent.

convict. Instances have occurred, of considerable sums One prisoner was sentenced for life, but the judg, having been paid to convicts orr their discharge from ment was reversed, owing to a defect in some part of prison. the proceeding's. We have known a convict to have The shoes, and wearing apparel are manufactured iny been confined within a solitary cell upwards of sixteen the prison by the convicts, the institution finding the months, and this is the longest time. The effect of con- raw materials. Shoes and a few other articles are mafinement is to make them ubedient and good prisoners Inufactured for customers, which are paid for to the











keeper, but we do not manufacture goods for public or every working day in the year, which for 313 days, is
private sale, on prison account. It has been deemed $93 90 for each man. To give a proper view I will
most profitable to work for others at certain prices for give the statement which was rendered, for one quar-
the labour of the prisoners. By this means we do not ter, to my department, making the calculation for the
require a capital, except what is employed in tools, &c. year-
From the manner in which the penitentiary was origi- | 15 cooks and bakers, at $93 90, is

$1,408 50 nally engrafted on the gaol of the county of Philadel.

5 barbers,

469 50 phia, the commissioners will perceive, that by law, the

7 wood cutters, labourers, &c. employed commissioners of the county of Philadelphia furnish all

in the wood dungeon,

657 30 funds necessary to carry on the prison, which included, 15 nurses and runners,

1,408 50 as well the convicts as the untried prisoners, and is un 12 women, employed in washing, who are der the government of one board of inspectors, except.

credited at 20 cents per day,

751 20 ing such balances as may be due from the different counties, for their prisoners beyond what their labour

$4,695 00 produces, and such sums as are received from the work done by the prisoners. These accounts are made out according to the provisions of the act of assembly, which You must be aware that the number sometimes yaries. is no doubt familiar to the commissioners. From I suppose 40 persons would be about the average num, seven to eight thousand dollars are received annually ber employed. These are, as before stated, credited from the counties alone, and the county of Philadelphia by jail-general. The counties from whence they come pays from twenty to twenty-five thousand dollars per derive the benefit, and we are of course deprived of any annum, for the institution under our care, which as above receipts for their cost. The propriety of the charge to stated includes both prisons.

house expenses is thus explained. 10th. The quality of the food is good; each prisoner

PRISONERS has three meals per day. For breakfast

, rye coffee Received from the Courts of Quarter-Sessions, Oyer and sweetened with molasses and 1 pound of rye bread; dinner, beef soup, a small piece of boiled beef, i pound rye

Terminer, and Mayor's-Court, in the years 1821, 1822, bread; supper, mush made out of Indian meal, and mo

1823, 1824, 1825 and 1826, for the following of

fences. lasses and water. This is their food all the year round.

11th. Religious worship is held in the chapel every Sunday, by ministers of the gospel of different religious

Quarter Sessions. denominations, who volunteer their services, principally presbyterians and methodists. Benevolent christians Accessary to burglary

1 visit the sick at all times, to talk to, and pray with them. Larceny

56 781 70 67 68 78 Religious worship is also performed in the female apart. Assault and battery


1 ment generally every Sunday morning. A society of Forgery

1 1 ladies of the methodist and presbyterian denominations Receiving stolen goods


4 have for many years faithfully attended every Sunday Perjury afternoon, to teach the female convicts to read and gene- Conspiracy

3 rally to give them religious instruction. A bible class Bigamy

1 has been formed among the men, by a few religious Disorderly house

1 young men of our city, who attend every Sunday. If the Passing counterfeit money


3 convicts in the solitary cells request the aid of a clergy- Assault to murder

1 man, it is always granted, but they are not visited by a clergyman while thus confined, except it be when they

Oyer and Terminer. are under sentence of death,

Accessary to burglary

1 2 12th. We are not able to answer, as no enquiry has Burglary

7 713 ever been instituted.


1 1

3 13th. There was a general insurrection in the spring Larceny.

6 1 6 of 1821, in which one convict was killed and another Concealing death of bastard

1 wounded. Some few attempts to escape have been Manslaughter


1 1 made; some few have succeeded in getting over the Robbery


1 wall, but have always been re-taken and brought back. Assault and to murder

1 Conspiracy

2 Answers to certain additional questions proposed to the In- Forgery

1 spectors of the Philadelphia Penitentiary,

Assault and battery 1. A statement of the receipts for goods manufactured Arson

1 and sold cannot be ascertained without an expense of Receiving stolen goods time, labour and attention, which the actual business of Misdemeanor

1 the institution must prevent.

Assault and battery to rape 2. The employment of the prisoners depends entire

to rob

1 ly upon the wants of individuals unconnected with the institution. The inspectors, having no capital as a cor

Mayor's Court. poration, do not purchase the raw material in any case, Larceny

137 132 143 118 152/ 75 except what is necessary for convicts clothing. We Receiving stolen goods

2 have no agreements with persons employing the men, Conspiracy


1 2 2 which can justly be construed into a contract. Farming Misdemeanor

1 1 2

3 1 the men out is not thought of, and it is scarcely practica- Assault and battery

2 ble, from the nature of occupations which are carried Passing counterfeit money

4 3 68 6 1 Stone in blocks, from the quarry, is sent to us to Disorderly and baudy house

3 1! 8 2 be sawed, for which we receive 18 and 20 cents per Forgery

3 2 24 1 foot. Yarn is sent to be dyed and worked into cloth, Conspiracy to break prison

10 27 for which we receive six cents per yard; and in no case Bigamy

1 is there any agreement but that the prices shall not be Adultery raised without due notice.

Assault and battery to kill 3. I will preface this article by stating that the men employed for the jail are credited 30 cents per day, for

to sodomy|

10 12


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to rape

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358 | Report of the Commissioners for the erection of a new

penitentiary to the Legislature in 1825-6. For the following offences: To the Senate and House of Representatives of the ComHorse stealing


monwealth of Pennsylvania.
Escape & conspiracy 10


The commissioners appointed to superintend the erec

tion of a Misdemeanour


a penitentiary within the city and county of Phi

ladelphia, respectfully report: that in obedience to the Rape

5 Burglary


provisions of an act of Assembly passed March 1, 1825,

they directed their Architect and Superintendant, to Passing counterft.

money 16

prepare the necessary estimates, which are herewith Bawdy house

submitted. First Conviction 270 Receiving stolen goods 1

From these estimates it appears that the probable exSecond do 67 Arson

6 Third 15 Robbery

2 pense for the completion of the penitentiary, will be Fourth do 4 Manslaughter

one hundred and eighty-six thousand seven hundred and

1 Fifth do

twenty dollars. 2 Perjury


The probable cost of the Centre Building including a Conspiracy to defraud

3 358 Assault and battery

reservoir for holding water, is stated at three thousand

six hundred and sixty dollars; and a block of cells, conSodomy

1 Assault to murder

taining thirty-eight cells, with the iron pipes necessary

2 Larceny

thereto, is estimated to cost twenty-four thousand and

263 Murder 2nd degree

One block of cells is nearly finished, forty-two dollars. 3 and the foundations of two more laid.

The value of materials on hand is estimated at six thou. 358

sand six hundred and sixty dollars.

The amount appropriated by law for the erection of

the penitentiary was two hundred and forty thousand Convicted and brought to the Philadelphia Prison in the dollars, of which sum the Commissioners have received year 1826–296 prisonersfrom the following two hundred and thirty-nine thousand dollars. The recounties:

mainder, one thousand dollars, was received by Peter Philadelphia 236 | Washington

2 Mierken, formerly President of the Board, which he alYork 4 Susquehanna

i leged he had lost, and the Commissioners never could Cumberland 3 Tioga

2 recover it. In addition to the above sum received from Venango 1 Montgomery


the State Treasurer, the Commissioners have received Chester 6 Union


from the sale of two city lots the sum of fifteen hundred Mifflin 1 Lancaster

10 and twenty-five dollars, making in all two hundred and Dauphin 2 Centre

i forty thousand five hundred and twenty-five dollars.Northampton 1 Beaver

2 They have expended two hundred and forty thousand Bucks 10 Berks

5 one hundred and eleven dollars fourteen cents. They Fayette 3 Lebanon

i owe for materials purchased and delivered twenty-three Allegheny 1 Bradford

i hundred and eighty-two dollars and nine cents; and the

balance in the treasury is four hundred and thirteen dol. 296

lars eighty-six cents.

The Commissioners further report: That in their opi. Whites 179 | Males

232 nion four blocks of cells which form part of the original Blacks 117 Females

64 plan may be dispensed with for the present, without

material loss or injury, but how long depends upon cir296

296 cumstances not in their power to calculate, but while

they express this opinion they cannot but state, that it

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