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1775; and in consequence of the event, the paper was the department as available as possible, in the dissemidiscontinued.

nation of accurate and useful information. This was the last attempt to establish a newspaper in The committee have further to state, that the semithe city befere the American revolution. At the con- annual examination of the pupils took place in the third clusion of the war another paper by the same title was week of February; that it occupied three days of labopublished by D. Humphreys, handsomely and correctly rious investigation into the progress made by the classes, exccuted, and was continued for several years.

and was principally comprised under the following heads: (To be continued.)

1. Reculing. Perhaps no accomplishment is of more difficult attainment than the art of reading well. A ma

jority of gentlemen, even of good and elaborate educaFRANKLIN INSTITUTE.

tion, show forth, in reading aloud, the manifest deficien

cies of the common modes of instruction on this point; Report of the Committee of Instruction. the committee were, therefore, much surprised to find March 12, 1828.

many excellent readers in course of the examination.

The voice, of even very young scholars has assumed un. The Committee of Instruction of the Franklin Institute, der a correct guidance, something of the fulness and Report:

power of riper years. A great attention to pauses, a deThat regarding the high school as a most important liberate and distinct pronunciation, and an unembarrassauxiliary to the general design of the Franklin Institute, ed employment, of the natural powers of elocution, inthey have, in order more effectually to promote the views dicated to us the care with which their habits in this esof the board, arranged themselves into committees of sential point of education are formed. supervision, who are charged with the duty of visiting Writing. The specimens presented for our inspection the school at least once every day, and of presenting re- were, for the most part, good. gular statements of the condition of that department. Arithmetic. The classes were examined either in new The board may rest assured, that, under this arrange-examples or in those contained in Colburn's Arithmetie, ment, the committee will use their best endeavours to and not only the committee, but the visitors generally, advance the interests of the school, by sustaining genc- noticed the rapidity with which problems were solved rally, the authority of the worthy principal, and his seve- in vulgar and decimal fractions, of which the meming, ral assistants, and by sedulously culvating that happy as well as the methods, seemed to be clearly comprespirit of emulation and industry, which has characterised hended by the pupils. the pupils hitherto, and occasioned much gratification to Geography, ancient and modern;—the use and constructheir parents and friends.

tion of Maps;—Globes. A very satisfactory examination At the present juncture, in addition to the laborious was made on the above named subjects. Very consideduty of general superintendence, which occupies six and rable and accurate knowledge was manifested by many; often eight hours a day; the principal, Mr. W. R. John- some of the maps presented for our inspection were of son, gives instruction in the Greck language, Elocution, remarkable beauty and correctness: the use of the globes Composition, History, Natural Philosophy, and some appeared to be well understood by many individuals, other branches taught in the school.

who solved for us various problems in latitude, longitude, The teacher of Mathematics is Mr. S. C. Walker, who time, &c. &c. Our common opinion is, that very enis in constant attendance during the day; and gives in- couraging progress has been made in these departments

. struction in Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Trigono Lain and Greek Langiuges. The higher classes ap. metry; and in the higher departments of his particular peared to possess a correct knowledge of Latin, evinced branch; as also in the Latin language, English grammar, not only in pronunciation and in their translations, but in Book-keeping, &c.

parsing, &c. Tacitus was read with facility. Their Mr. Belmar, who continues to teach the French lan- knowledge of Greek was creditable, particularly as guage, is occupied every forenoon in instructing his nu- shown in the examinations in the the poetry of the merous classes.

Græca Majora, and Sophocle's Tragedies. Generally, The class of pupils in the Spanish language, is under it may be remarked of the larger proportion of those the guidance of M. Jose Elijio de la Puente who devotes who were examined in these languages, that, however the forenoon of each day to that task.

differing in stages of advancement, they appeared to M. J. Martin Jakubowski teaches the German lan- have been taught on a system, combining with great guage to a class in the forenoon, and gives assistance to accuracy the most expeditious progress. Credit is due the geographical classes in the afternoon.

to Mr. Johnson for his successful efforts to acquire a faThe younger classes are taught penmanship by Mr. miliar use of the modern Greek, whereby he has been William Adams; who gives instruction in the same enabled to teach his classes such a pronunciation as will branch, and also in geography, at the preparatory school greatly and advantageously concur in abolishing the prowhich is under the care of Mr. Eli Griffith.

vincialism which renders that noble language unintelligiMr. William Mason has the department of Drawing. ble when spoken or re:d by persons of different nations. By him the scholars are taught knear drawing, landscape German Language. Several boys, (not less than 30) and map drawing. He attends at the school three times make satisfactory progress under the tuition of Mr. Jaa week, and is charged solely with communicating a kurbowski. It is exceedingly to be desired that an in. knowledge of his beautiful, attractive, and most useful creased attention should be paid to this branch in the art.

American schools; in Pennsylvania it is commonly used In addition to the above named materials for promot. by a great number of our fellow citizens, a circumstance ing your views in regard to the diffusion of knowledge which, leaving out of view the vast stores of erudition it among the rising and hopeful members of your depart contains, ought to commend it to the special favour of ment of instruction, we may state, that there is an abun. the public. dant furniture of globes, maps on rollers, pasteboard French and Spanish Languages. Mr. Bolman, the maps, atlasses, gazetteers, dictionaries and other books teacher of French, has about ninety, and M. de la Puente of reference; besides tasteful and very remarkably dis- about thirty pupils. The French pupils have made very tinct patterns for drawing, an efficient chemical appa-creditable progress; many of them read French with faratus, and a valuable philosophical apparatus recently cility; and, with a good pronunciation, have acquired, procured. These materials, the whole of which have under the assiduous care of M. Bolman, a competent 'been obtained at an expense of upwards of $3000 to the knowledge of the grammatical construction and idiom Principal, afford evidence, not only of the facilities scat- of that most useful language. The Spanish scholars tered in the path of his scholars; but also of his libe read, and pronounced with case and correctness, pas. rality and anxiety to co-operate with you, in rendering sages which they translated from Spanish into English,






and again into Spanish. We may safely refer to parents a footing, in respect of moral and intellectual worth, generally for proofs of the satisfactory progress made with the offspring of his wealthier fellow citizen, finds here.

in this truly republican institution every facility for the English Grammar;-Elocution; -Composition. The gratification of so laudable an ambition. Such'in fact is committee wish not to bestow indiscriminate praise; but the design and operation of the High School of the they can not withhold their commendation of the re- Franklin Institute. markable progress, made particularly in the first of these All which is respectfully submitted. branches; in which several pupils displayed a ripe and (Signed.) pregnant scholarship. One of the monitors

A. G. Ralston, placed on an elevated stage; and directed to ask ques

J. B. GanbIGUES, tions in English grammar, of any boy in the school ; it is

George Fox, believed he found not one unprepared with the correct

Henry Hons, answer; then being in turn subjected to a severe scrutiny

C. C. BIDDLE, by pupils from various parts of the house, he clearly

J. R. MITCHELL, vindicated, by the correctness and fluency of his replies,

R. E. GRIFFITII, his undoubted claim to the rank of monitor.

CHARLES WHEELER, In Geometry, Algebra, and Trigonometry, and other

C. D. Meigs. mathematical studies, the classes reflect credit on their March 12, 1828. instructors.

Drawing. Those of the board who are familiar with the productions of Mr. Mason's pencil, will easily be con

ANNALS OF PHILADELPHIA. vinced that under his tutelage a good progress will be from the recovered minutes of the Common Council, made: some of the specimens were very gratifying to

from 1704 to 1776; extracted for the Pennsylvania the committee who recognise in them the care of a teach

Gazette. er whose pencil for truth, beauty, and grace, is scarcely

¡Continued.) exceeded by any in this country.

The committee, without particularising various other Evan Owen and John Cadwallader are appointed to subjects on which the scholars were examined, will pro- Imploy workmen to fill up the old well at the Centre, ceed to state, that it was a source of regret, that a larger Also to speak to Jas. Posturns to Remove the old Pump attendance of their fellow-citizens, and especially of pa- and fill up the old well at the end of Jones's alley. rents and guardians of the students could not be obtained. 26 June, 1727.–The persons appointed to get the They were persuaded that the system adopted in the stack of chimneys in the house fformerly Thomas Emley's. high school would, by dint of facts, have commended pulled down, now report that the second stack of chimitself to their hearty and unbiassed approval. In fact, neys are pulled down. the monitorial system, which has found some opposition 17 Aug, 1727.–Alderman Hill, alderman Plumstead, out of doors, appears to us to be most happily adapted and Anthony Morris, are desired to view the bridge over to produce a contagious spirit of emulation among young the Dock at the south end of Front street, and to calcupersons, who holding converse chiefly with those of late the charge of putting the same into good order, and equal age, receive from them more cheerfully and un- to calculate the charge of putting the same into good derstandingly, the necessary explanations, which have order, and make report to next council; and in the mean among them a sort of technicality, lost in riper years. time to get subscription towards the doing thereof. Your teachers have found that if they once succeed in 25 Sept. 1727.-C. Read, Mayor. imparting to an intelligent monitor the meaning of any William Chancellor applying to this Board for the sum problem, a short interval of time only is required to of thirteen pounds ten shillings, due to him for making make it the common property of his particular class. the fflag Presented to the Gov'r by this Corporation, the

As to the degree of responsibility under this system, Mayor is desired to pay him for the same out of the Mowhich has been objected to, it is manifestly very great; neys in his hands belonging to the Corporation. and its demands are rigidly enforced. A boy can not go 6 Feby. 1728. T. Lawrence, Mayor. to this school unprepared for his exercise without the A motion being made that a flag staff should be Erectknowledge of the principal: the deportment of that gen. cd on Society Hill,* the old one being rotten and taken tleman towards the scholars being at once dignified and down, and there being a necessity for ye same to be done respectful, produces in them the corresponding fruits of immediately, Ordered, that one be provided upon this respect and attention to duty. No industrious boy can emergencie at the charge of the Corporation. be overlooked; his claims to distinction are recorded in 22 March 1728, the daily and weekly reports: he knows, that to take Richard Armitt Represented to this Board that many rank of his monitor, it is only necessary to excel. The Hucksters in this City buying provisions in the Market, rule of challenging for places, therefore inculcates, by a & often mect the people coming to Markett at the ends natural line of distinction, an industrious spirit, which of the Strect, and then buy up provisions, which might may reign over the longest periods of after life; a spirit be prevented by appointing an Hour both Winter &Sumwhich, while it grounds him in the elements of knowledge, mer, for the Ringing the Bell. The Board took the lays to them the broad bases of virtue and happiness. same into consideration, & order that Ordinance of this

Finally, the committee represent to the board as a city should be forthwith put into execution & published reason why it should spare no pains to foster and patron- for suppressing the sd practice. ise the high school-its cheapness-talents in learned 16 May 1728. professions and pursuits ought to be libcrally rewarded; The Board having heard that a lottery was Intended we would not, therefore, be supposedl to recommend to be Erected by Samuel Keimer in this city, during this any system in place of instruction, merely on account of present Fair, he having sett fforth several printed papers its cheapness. In the present case, owing to the com- for that purpose, the Board sent for the said Keimer, prehensive and prudent nature of the plan, we find com- who came & having heard what he had to say in behalf bined with liberal compensation for superior talents and of the said Lottery. Ordered that no Lottery be kept devotedness, the most moderate charges. For the very during the said ffair. small sum of $28 per annum, pupils may be taught six 7 Oct. 1729. The Keeping of a Tavern in the Prison languages, together with the various other branches of being under the Consideration of this Board, they are of knowledge that are required to fit them either to enter opinion that the same is a great Nuisance and ought to the colleges advantageously, or engage at once in the active duties and callings of life. The man in moderate Society Hill was the eastern part of what is now circumstances, therefore, who wishes to place liis son on I called Southwark.






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be suppressed & that the Removal thereof be Recom. 1816


145 mended to the Magistracy.

1817 do to 2d Tuesday of Dec. 145 5 Jany. 1729. The Board having now resumed the Consideration of Building a Number of Market Stalls for

1016 the accommodation of such as bring Provisions from the

By Governor Findlay. Jerseys as well as our own Inhabitants, having occasion In 1817. From 20 Tuesday in Dec. to 31st inclusive 9 to buy, It is agreed by a Majority of this Board, that 1818 1st Jan. to 31st Dec.

do. 150 'Twenty Stalls shall be erected between the Court House 1819 do to 19th May

49 & the River, to begin One hundred ffeet eastward from the steps of the Court house.

208 16 Sep. 1730.--Thomas Griffiths Mayor.

FALL OF RAIN. It is ordered by this Board that the Vendue Master An account of the water that fell in Rain and snow, in for the time being do not sell any goods at Vendue un- Lancaster, Pa. from 1812 to 1819 inclusive, and the der the value of fifty shillings in one Lot Except wear. number of days, in each year, in which there was falling ing apparel or second hand goods & except as in the Law weather.

1819. for regulating Vendues is Excepted.

Years. Inches. Days. Months, Inches.

Days 28 Sep. 1730.--Patric Baird the Vendue Master now 1812 33 4-8ths, 69 January O 1.8 attended this Board to agree with them for the rent of 1813 40 1-8 75 February 2 5-8 his standing in the north west corner of the Court house 1814 52 2-8 74 March 3 6-8 8 to Vendue goods. And he now agrees to pay the sum 1815 37 7-8 57 April 2 1-8 5 of Eight pounds per an. in ffour quarterly payments. 1816 30 7-8 70 May 3 1-8

1817 40 9-8 70 June 1
18:8 36 4-8

July 4 9-8 9

August 8 3-8 11 That the Commissioners assessed a tax of one hundred

September 1 4-8 and twenty thousand nine hundred cighty-two dollars

October 1

2 and forty-three cents, to meet the expenditures of the

Novembe 1 2-8 3 year 1827. The assessment for the County Tax upon

December 2 2-8 5 the several districts of the county, results as follows: City of Philadelphia $71,391 75

31 4-8 66 Northern Liberties, incorporated 11,886 93 Northern Liberties, unincorporated 2,642 14 The following is a correct statement of the bequests Kensington, East and West 3,360 40 made by the late John Grandom, of Philadelphia to Penn Township

7,374 88 Public Institutions :Southwark, East and West 6,657 96 To the Orphans' Asylum,

$5,000 Moyamensing

2,072 37
Widows' Asylum,

5,000 Passyunk

1,813 74

Friends' Asylum for Insane Persons, 5,000 Kingsessing

1,205 40
Deaf and Dumb Institutions,

5,000 Blockley

2,903 05
Pennsylvania Hospital,

3,000 Roxborough

1,484 75

Philadelphia Dispensary, per an. $80 007 Germantown

2,562 56
Southern Dispensary,

111 10 Bristol

1,156 35
Northern Dispensary,

120 00 Oxford

1,681 35
Ap ntices' Library,

75 00 Lower Dublin

1,621 19 Of the residue of his estate he bequeathed the princiByberry

774 05 pal parts to such of his relations as he thought stood in Moreland

393 56 need of an increase of fortune. To some of his tenants

he made liberal bequests. Total

120,982 43

Board of Health.The following gentlemen were on

Monday elected members of the Board of Health for the PARDON OF OFFENDERS.

ensuing year: viz.. Pardons granted by the Governors of Pennsylvania,

By the Select and Common Councils.

Cornelius Comegys, from the second Tuesday of December 1799, to the 19th

Capt. E. Wallington,

James Kitchen of May 1819.

Chas. Lukens, M. D.

Robert E. Griffith,
By Governor D'Kean.

Saml. J. Robins.

By the Commissioners of Spring Garden-Charles In 1799. From 20 Tuesday in Dec. to 31st inclusive 4 Souder. 1800 1st Jan. to 31st Dec.

do. 140

By the Commissioners of Kensington-John Harrison, 1801



Esq. 1802



By the Commissioners of Southward-Dr. Jesse R. 1803


do 1804 do


By the Commissioners of Moyamensing-R. L. Loug1805

do 1806 do

129 1807


The Select and Common Councils, on Thursday eren1808 do to 2d Tuesday of Dec. 174 ing, decided to erect a Steeple on the State House,

agreeably to Mr. Strickland's plan, and appropriated for 1180

that purpose, and purchase of a Clock & Bell, $12,000. By Governor Snyder. In 1808. From 20 Tuesday in Dec. to 31st inclusive 2 Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GED

1809 1st Jan. to 31st Dec. do 125 nes, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at 1810


104 the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, Subscrip1811


130 tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per 1812


111 annum-payable in six months afterthe commencement 1813


68 of publication-and annually thereafter, by Subscribers 1814


86 resident in or near the city-or where there is an agent. 1815


99 other subscribers pay in advance.



185 Burden.


do do

152 head, Esq.








NO. 12.


on the proceedings of their body, and resolved that "it Published in Pennsylvania prior to the Revolution.

was a libel.”

The assembly were desirous of discovering the author CONTINUED FROM PAGE 174. (Extracted from Thomas's History of Printing, 1810) doctor Smith; the three printers of newspapers and se

of the German translation. They were suspicious of GERMAN NEWSPAPERS,

veral other persons, were summoned to give their testi

mony before the assembly. Hall and Bradford, printers Printed in Philadelphia previously to the year 1775. of the English newspapers knew nothing of the German A newspaper in the German language was published, translation and were dismissed. Armbruster was interroweekly, in Philadelphia, as early as May 1743. The gated; and committed to the custody of the sergeant-atprinter of it was Joseph Crellius, who first lived in Mar- arms, for a contempt to the house in prevaricating in his ket street, but during this year removed to Arch street, testimony, and refusing to answer a question put to him; where the paper was, probably, printed and published but he was the next day discharged, on his asking parseveral years." In November 1743, Crellias advertised don, giving direct answers, and paying fees. in the Pennsylvania Journal, that he had opened his

The reverend doctor Smith, the editor of the Germani “Winter Evening German School, and continued to paper, and judge Moore, were on the 6th of January, print his Weekly German Newspaper,” the title of which 1758, apprehended and brought before the house. I am informed, was The High Dutch 'Pennsylvania Jour- Moore was charged by the assembly with maladministranal. I have not been able to procure a copy of this tion in his office as a magistrate, and with writing and newspaper, but I believe it was the first that was printed publishing the address. In respect to the first charge, in Philadelphia in the German language.

he denied the jurisdiction of the house; at the same timo

declaring his desire to obtain an impartial hearing before By an advertisement in The Pennsylvania Gazette of the governor, the usual tribunal in such cases; or, before . September, 1751, I find there was at that time, "A a court of justice, where he could be acquitted or conDutch and English Gazette, containing the freshest Ad- demned by his peers. To the second charge he acvices, foreign and domestic, with other entertaining knowledged that he wrote and published the address to and useful Matters in both Languages, adapted to the the governor, and claimed a right to do it. He was imConvenience of such as incline to learn either,” printed prisoned for refusing to acknowledge the jurisdiction of at the German Printing-Office, in Arch-street; price the house, and for writing the address. Doctor Smith five shillings per annum.”—“At the same place Copper

was also committed for printing and publishing the ad. plate Printing was performed in the best manner." The dress, although he pleaded “that the same thing had name of the publisher of this paper is not mentioned; been done four weeks before by Franklin and Hall, but, it is supposed to be Gotthan Armbruster.

printers to the house, in the Pennsylvania Gazette; and

afterward, by Bradford, printer of the Pennsylvania A press for the German language was established in Journal; neither of whom had been molested.” this city as early as 1755, and probably before this time, The house, by two resolves, fixed the nature of the at the expense of a society in London, formed for the crime, and their own authority to try it. Smith, before benevolent purpose of “ promoting religious knowledge he left the house, offered to appeal to the king in counamong the German emigrants in Pennsylvania.” School cil; but this was not taken notice of by the assembly. It books and religious tracts in the German language were was intimated to Smith that he could escape confinement printed at this press; and, in order to convey, with the only by making satisfactory acknowledgment to the greater facility, political and other information to the house; to this he replied, " that he thought it his duty to German citizens, a newspaper was published at this keep the Dutch press as free as any other press in the establishment. The title of this paper I have not been province; and, as he was conscious of no offence against able to ascertain; nor whether it was the paper before the house, his lips should never give his heart the lie; mentioned. I am, however, inclined to think, that the there being no punishment, which they could inflict, old paper was discontinued, and that this was a new es- half so terrible to him as the thought of forfeiting his vetablishment. It was printed by Anthony Armbruster. racity and good name with the world.” He spoke more

The reverend doctor William Smith, provost of the to the same purpose, which was so highly approved by college at Philadelphia, was agent for the English so. a large audience, that on this occasion had crowded inciety, and had the direction of the press, and of the to the hall of the assembly, as to produce a burst of apnewspaper.

plause. Some gentlemen who gave this token of their Formal complaints having been made to the house of approbation, were taken into custody, examined, repri. assembly respecting the official conduct of William manded and discharged. Smith and Moore determined Moore, esq. president of the court of common pleas for to petition the king for redress. * the county of Chester, the assembly applied to the governor to remove him from office. Moore, in his vindi. Another German paper was established about the year cation, presented "a humble address” to the governor, 1759, by Miller and Weiss, conveyancers, the others bewhich was expressed in terms that proved offensive to ing discontinued. It was printed for them about two the assembly. It was published both in the Gazette and years by Armbruster, and then discontinued. in the Journal; and, application was made to doctor Smith to publish a German translation of it in the Ger * See American Magazine for January, 1758.-See man newspaper, with which he complied. The house also, Journals of the house of assembly of Pennsylvania of assembly considered this address as a high reflection for 1757 and 1758.





Anthony Armbruster in 1762, began a new German which he would print and publish it. The consequence paper, and published it weekly several years in Arch was, that Franklin began the Magazine above mentionstreet.

ed, and published it a month sooner than Webbe could H. Miller's German paper was commenced also in bring his forward. 1762. And for some time there were two German and 'I cannot find that Bradford and Webbe printed inore two English newspapers published in Philadelphia. than two numbers of this work.

III. Der Wochentliche Phladelphische The American Magazine, or Monthly Chronicle for the

British Colonies. By a Society of Gentlemen. VeriStaatbote.

tatis Cultores Fraudis Inimici. Price 12s. per anThis newspaper was first published in the German language at Philadelphia, in January, 1762, printed by print—"Philadelphia: Printed by William Bradford.”

This Magazine was first published October, 1757. ImHenry Miller, with German types, very similar to, though

It was discontinued soon after the appearance of The handsomer than English blacks. It was, as occasion re- New American Magazine, printed January, 1758, by quired, printed on a whole or half sheet of foolscap; Parker, and edited by Nevil, at Woodbridge. I camot the size of the paper was, afterward, enlarged to a crown find that Bradford published more than three numbers. sheet. The day of publication, at first, was Monday, but

IV. it was frequently changed.

The Penny Post. In 1775, the paper was enlarged to a demy size, and

This was a small work of a few pages 12mo. published published twice a week, on Tuesday and Friday. In for a short time by Benjamin Mecom, in 1769. I hare 1776, only once a week, on Tuesdays, at 68. per annum.

not seen a copy of it. His design was to print it week. In 1765, a cut of a postman on horseback, was intro- ly; but it came from the press in an irregular manner. duced into the title; the postman was on a gallop, and

V. held in his left hand a newspaper, on which appeared

The American Magazine. the word “ Novæ." In 1768, the title was altered to " Pennsylvanische its author Lewis Nichola; each number contained forty

Was published monthly, through the year 1769, for Staatsbote,in English, Pennsylvania Postboy. In 1775, the cut was omitted, and the paper entitled, transactions of the American Philosophical Society, of

eight pages. To this Magazine were subjoined the Henrich Miller's Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote. With this which Nicola was a member. The work was begun and alteration in the title, it was printed until the British ended with the year. It was printed in octavo, price army took possession of the city in 1777; the publica. 138. per annum. tion of it was then suspended, but was revived soon after that army evacuated Philadelphia, and continued till in Ireland. He had some appointment in the British

Nicola was born at Rochelle, in France, and educated May, 1779, when the publisher retired from business, army, but quitted it. He was the author of one or more and the Postboy was no longer issued from the press. small military treatises, written about the commence

Beside these, I believe there were one or two other ment of our revolution, to which he was friendly. He German newspapers published for a short time in Phila. obtained military rank in Pennsylvania, and eventually delphia, before 1775; but, my most diligent inquiries became a general officer in the militia. after an account of them have been unsuccessful.

VI. Styner and Cist began a German paper in 1775, but The Royal Spiritual Magazine, or the Christian's Grand for want of proper encouragement it was soon relin

Treasury. quished.

This work was begun in 1771, and published monthJames Robertson, who before 1775, printed at Alba- ly, for a few months only, by John Mac Gibbons, in ny; and, afterward, at Norwich and New York, pub. Front street, between Arch and Race streets. lished in Philadelphia, whilst the British army occupied

VII. the city, a paper entitled, “The Royal Gazette.”

The Pennsylvania Magazine, or American Monthly Mu. MAGAZINES, &c.

This magazine was first published in January, 1775,

by Robert Aitken. The celebrated Thomas Paine, auI.

thor of Common Sense, &c. was one of the principal The General Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, for all compilers and writers of the Museum. It was a work

the British Plantations in America. — 128. per annum. of merit; each number contained forty-eight pages, oc12mo.

tavo, with an engraving. The war put a period to it. This was published monthly. No. 1, appeared in Aitken contracted with Paine to furnish, monthly, for January, 1741. It has for a frontispiece, the prince of this work, a certain quantity of original matter; but he Wales' coronet and feather, with the motto, Ich Dien. often found it difficult to prevail on Paine to comply It was published only six months.

with his engagement. Imprint-"Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Benja On one of the occasions, when Paine had neglected to min Franklin."

supply the materials for the Magazine, within a short II.

time of the day of publication, Aitken went to his lodgThe American Magazine, or a Monthly View of the Bri- ings, and complained of his neglecting to fulfil his contish Colonies.

tract. Paine heard him patiently, and coolly answered, First published January, 1741. Foolscap 8vo. forty “You shall have them in time.” Aitken expressed eight pages. 128. per annum.

some doubts on the subject, and insisted on Paine's ac. Imprint-"Philadelphia: Printed and sold by Andrew companying him and proceeding immediately to busiBradford.”

ness, as the workmen were waiting for copy. He acThis work was edited by, and published for, John cordingly went home with Aitken, and was soon seated Webbe, who having issued the prospectus from the at the table with the necessary apparatus, which always American Mercury of November 6, 1740, gave offence included a glass, and a decanter of brandy. Aitken obto Benjamin Franklin, and produced a short, but smart served, “ he would never write without that." The paper war between Franklin, Webbe and Bradford. first glass put him in a train of thinking; Aitken feared Webbe had employed Bradford to print the work. the second would disqualify him, or render him untract. Franklin asserted that it had previously been engaged able; but it only illuminated his intellectual system; and to him. This was contradicted by Webbe; but he ac. when he had swallowed the third glass, he wrote with knowledged he had conversed with Franklin on the great rapidity, intelligence and precision; and his ideas gubject, who had given to him in writing the terms on l appeared to Aow faster than he could commit them to



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