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154

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

(MARCH

clock is thirty or forty years old.-Within a few years, look at that building with its new steeple, and be able owing to the rewards offered by the British Parliament to persuade himself that it represents the ancient State for the discovery of the longitude, great improvements House. When with feelings of mortification, gentlemen have been made in horology. With such accuracy are shall look at the new steeple, I beg they will recollect watches now made in London, that a person may sail the eagerness with which they are pressing this quesround the world, and after entering the Delaware, tell, tion. If the original features of the building cannot be by reference to his time piece, on which side of the cur- preserved, I would much rather the whole were demorent the vessel is. If there is any thing proverbial, it is lished, that we might by some handsome monument the badness of the clock at the state house. It is an ex- point out the spot where the glorious declaration of our cusing, not a regulating clock. It is a clock which national Independence was agreed upon. affords no rule to go by, but a rule not to go by, for Mr. Tilghman. No man shall ever say of me that I took every body knows it can never go right

advantage of the excitement of the moment to press Mr. Troth wished it distinctly understood that he was through a favourite measure. I again say that I regard for the steeple house, the steeple, the clock and the the rebuilding of the steeple as the entering wedge for bell. He had not misconceived the report of the com- restoring the builing to its original state. The restoramittee. The resolution bound them down, to carry up tion of it is now possible, as persons are now living who the steeple, according to the plan submitted by Mr. remember the exact appearance of every part. Fifty Strickland, and it was to this plan he objected. He years hence it will be impossible. The old door, the old thought more extensive inquiry ought to be made, be- roof-all the ancient characteristics of the building might fore engaging in the work.

be restored at the expense of a few hundred dollars, and Mr. Tilghman. The plan of Mr. Strickland has been I, for one, am determined to make the effort. preferred, on account of its being a restoration of the Mr. Walmsley had come to the Council Chamber preold steeple. If there were a spot on earth on which pared to vote for steeple, clock and bell, but he was space might be identified with holiness, it would be the now convinced that carrying up the turret with two stospot on which the old state house stands. It is a sacred ries of brick, would destroy the effect of the original spot,-a sacred building: I regret that unhallowed plan. hands were ever permitted to touch it, and I regard the Mr.Johnson had conversed with a number of respect, rebuilding of the steeple as an entering wedge for re-able persons on the subject, and found them all in favour storing the building to the state in which it stood in of the clock and bell, and careless of the expense of re1776.

building the steeple, provided the building were restorMr. Smith. I must correct a small error of my friend ed to its original form. He moved to postpone the fur on the right. The plan of rebuilding coincides with the ther consideration of the resolution for the present. original plan as far as is possible, consistent with dura Mr. Smith said the committee would like to know bility, and the use for which the steeple is intended. - precisely what the members of Council desired. Two stories of brick work are substituted for the wood Mr.Lowber had no difficulty in answering for himself; work, which used to be a part of the superstructure of he wished to see the old steeple restored; with two stothe present tower. Brick has been preferred to wood, ries of brick work, to receive the clock and bell, but of to prevent a vibration which would damage the clock as precisely the same form as the old wood work, and to be a time keeper; and to bear the great weight of the bell. painted in resemblance of it, I would prefer rebuilding the steeple cxactly according Mr. Smith replied this would be impossible; as the to the original plan, but that would not be possible if an walls of the turret are only eighteen inches in thickness improved clock and bell are to be placed therein. The at top, it will not be practicable to make the different cupola and spire, are exact copies of the original. offsets in brick work, without carrying up a new wall

Mr. Troth. It has been alledged that the plan submit. from the foundation, inside of the present tower. ted is a copy of the original steeple. If it were I would Mr. Lowber. I should like to know the expense of cheerfully vote for it. But regard to my own character completing the steeple in this way. A picture of the compels me to say, that it is not a copy of the original original steeple has just been in my band, that I may steeple. That was very handsome, this is very far from contrast it with the plan reported by the committee.being so. By carrying up the turret two stories higher Why, no man who had ever seen the original, and who with brick, without any offsets, instead of the old wood was called to look on the state house, with the new stee. work, the effect of the original is entirely destroyed.-ple, could believe he was in the same country; he would Our character is at stake, as men of taste, and as admire suppose he was on a different side of the Atlantic. The ers of antiquity, and I hope we will not proceed hastily ancient steeple was very handsome, this is a mammoth in this business.

chimney—so it would be called if it was ever erected The question to postpone the original resolution, for a straight mass of walls—a shot tower—there is no beauthe purpose of introducing the subject proposed by Mr. ty, no symmetry about it. Troth, was negatived by the casting vote of the Presi Mr. Keyser hoped the condition of the financial condent.

cerns of the city would not be lost sight of in this busiThe question on the adoption of the original resolu- ness. tion then recurring, Mr. Lowber made certain inquiries, The question was then put, and the further consideto which Mr. Smith replied that the object of the com- ration of the resolution, was, by general agreement, mittee had been to unite economy, convenience and postponed. beauty, and make as few changes as possible in the ancient appearance of the building. The plan they had submitted was in their opinion the best, all cireumstances considered.

ERIE COUNTY. Mr. Lowber. I am perfectly satisfied with the explanation of the chairman, and regret exceedingly that I am The following is th result of a recent census, taken under the necessity of not voting for the plan reported by the assessors of Erie county, Pa. by the committee. So far from being an ornament to the The number of males was found to be 6915; females city, it would be a deformity: so far from recalling to 6411-total 13,326. mind the venerable pile that stood on that spot, it would Number of horses 2,883; neat cattle 25,844; sheep efface the remembrance of it altogether. It is not the 25,936. ancient design. I would rejoice to see that building re. In 1810, the population of Erie county was 3,758; in stored to its ancient state to the precise state in which 1820 it was 8,553. it was when the glorious event to which it owes its cele Increase from 1810 to 1820, 4,795; from 1820 to 1827 brity was consummated. But no man will be able to | 4773.

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THE Controllers of the Public Schools for the First School District of the State of Pennsylvania, in obodience to the direction of the act of the general assembly, submit their tenth annual report: Three thousand nine hundred and three pupils now attend the following schools, viz:

Boys.
Girls.

Totak.
Model School,

371
261,

632
Lombard-street,

290
185

475
North Western,

104

74

178
South Western,

110
101

211
Northern Liberties,

252
302

554
Kensington,

208
204

412
Southwark,

363
299

662
Moyamensing,

196
184

380
Spring Garden,

84

131 Mary-street, (coloured,)

163

268 Gaskill-street, (coloured,)

105 2141 1762

3903

47

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Exclusive of the alphabet and spelling departments, and those who are beginning to write on slates, the classes are arranged as follows:SCHOOLS.

Reading Writing on Paper. Arithmetic.
Model,

Boys,
301
125

185
Girls,
179
81

103
Lombard-street,

Boys,
201
104

201
Girls,
95
64

95
South Western,

Boys,
69
14

31
Girls,
64

13
North Western,

Boys,
53
25

40
Girls,
62
6

8
Northern Liberties,

Boys,
151
53

98
Girls,
119
65

118
Kensington,

Boys,
131
74

116
Girls,
106

106
Southwark,

Boys,
228
138

158
Girls,
160

85
Moyamensing,

Boys,
96
64

121
Girls,
136
65

95
Spring Garden,

Boys,
44
16

36
Girls,
29
12

23
Mary-street, (coloured,)

Boys,
117
24

92
Gaskill-street, (coloured,) Girls,

56
30

70
2397
1168

1811

92

93

The Girls, in addition to the foregoing branches, are taught sewing and knitting, and in some of the schools, needle-work on canvass has been executed in a style of great neatness and elegance.

The whole number of pupils are distributed thus:
In the Model Schools, Chester street,

632
First Section, comprising the city of Philadelphia,

1132 Second Section, comprising the Northern Liberties and Kensington,

966 Third and Ninth Sections, comprising Southwark and Moyamensing,

1042 Fourth Section, comprising Spring Garden,

131 Total,

3903

At the Common Schools in the country parts of the ages of 5 and 14 who have partaken of the benefits of District, seven hundred children have been taught, and education in ten years twenty-seven thousand two hun. these, added to those instructed on the Lancasterian dred and fourteen. method, give an aggregate of

four thousand six hundred From the annexed accounts, examined by the audiand three, who, during the official year now terminated. tors, it will appear that the controllers have drawn or. have been educated at the public expense.

ders upon the county treasurer for twenty-nine thousand Since the present system was organized in 1818, five hundred and ifteen dollars and cleven cents, of 24,574 pupils have passed through the schools of mutual which sum sixteen thousand seven hundred and sixtyinstruction, and 2,640 have been taught at the country nine dollars and seventy-nine cents, is chargeable to the schools; making the number of children between the l support of the Lancasterian schools; five thousand seven

156

PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

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hundred and forty-two dollars and seventeen cents to in those establishments, they have never doubted that the
real estate and school furniture, and seven thousand and wisdom and benevolence, and power of the legislature
three dollars and fifteen cents to education in the country would be exerted, for the protection and welfare of that
sections. The actual cost of instruction of each pupil, large and dependent portion of the youth of our com-
in the schools on the Lancasterian plan, is four dollars monwealth.
per annum, wbile

hose taught at the ordinary schools The Controllers would again impress upon the minds is ten dollars per annum, furnishing additional proof of of the parents of children who are entitled to the privithe economy of the improved system, and which ought lege of public education, the great duty which they owe to recommend it to adoption wherever the population is to their offspring, in causing them to partake of the libe. suficiently dense.

ral and efficient means afforded for the instruction of all At the request of the Directors of the first Section, an our indigent youth. To the faithful discharge of this appropriation was made in the early part of last year for primary obligation, they are most seriously urged, with the purchase of a lot, and the erection of a commodious an assurance that it is the anxious care of those entrust. building on the corner of Locust and Twelfth-streets, to ed with the government of this institution, that the puwhich the pupils attending the Lombard-street schools pils shall not only be instructed by competent preceptwill be removed. The coloured children, at present ors in useful literary knowledge, but that they also be crowded in the inconvenient apartments of Mary and taught respect for moral order and truth, and without Gaskill streets, are to occupy the Lombard-street house, any sectarian bias, reverence for the fundamental and a measure which will enable the Directors to give in- enduring principles of Christianity. struction to several hundreds of that class of persons The judicious training of the large number of young who could not hitherto be accommodated. It is very persons of both sexes, whom the law intends shall be satisfactory to observe the improved manners and morals, educated in the First School District of Pennsylvania, is and proficiency in elementary branches, of the negro a purpose of high importance. To the individuals them. scholars, affording incontestible evidence of the effect selves, the value of such training cannot be easily estiof intellectual culture upon a degrade i race, by some de mated, and it would he still more difficult to calculate nied the possession of any attribute of humanity. the happy influence which must be exerted upon the

The most gratifying and striking benefits have resul- general condition of society, by cultivating correct prin ted from the schools recently established 'west of Broad ciples in the minds of this numerous description of per. street. The character and condition, not only of the sons. Virtuous education constitutes the moral strength children who have been there brought under instruction, and beauty of every state, and forms the only sure basis but that of many of their parents, Howing from the im- upon which good government can rest. In a governprovement of their offspring in branches of knowledge to ment, therefore, happily constituted like our own, which they were before strangers, abundantly confirm, which exists in the will, and must partake of the characwhat is elsewhere manifested, that education has a most ter of its citizens, it is of infinite moment to its success, elevating influence upon its subjects. Encouraged by and durability-that individual independence should be these invaluable fruits, the controllers feel authorized to preserved—that intelligence should be universally difextend the means of instruction, wherever it is required fused—and that the best qualities of the understanding, throughout the district; fully convinced that the public and the noblest feelings of the heart, should be assidufunds cannot be more advantageously employed, than in ously cultivated among all classes of the people. teaching the rising generation placed under the guardian.

ROBERTS VAUX, President. ship of the law which they administer, the great duties they Attested–T. M. Pettit, Secretary. owe to their Creator-to themselves—and to Society. Chamber of the Controllers, 2mo. (Feb.) 28, 1828.

The experiment mentioned in their last report as then recently commenced in the Model School, of furnishing TESTIMONY RESPECTING MANUFACTURES. several permanent monitors better educated than those Oriskany Manufacturing Company,” at Whitesusually employed in that service, has been amply made, boro', Oneida county, New York, represented by Simon and the Controllers satisfied of the utility of the arrange- N. Dexter. Capital paid in 83,750 dollars. Commenced ment, recommend it to the attention of the respective about 1810. Makes principally kerseymeres of about Sections.*

31 inches wide, and some broad cloths from the two The indefatigable Principal of the model school, pre- higher qualities of wool. Sales from 1826 to 1827, pared during the past year, a short, but comprehensive would amount to 45 or 50,000 dollars; sales preceding manual, by which the operations of the Lancasterian year, probably 10,000 dollars less. mode of instruction can be easily understood, and con Tuft's Manufacturing Company,” at Dudley, Masducted; the Controllers have had an edition printed for sachusetts. Incorporated.

Represented by Hon. the use of this district, and can supply the work at a very Aaron Tufts. Capital employed 40,000 dollars. Comcheap rate for other parts of the state. They would also menced 1824. Sustained a loss of more than 5,000 dol. bring to the recollection of their fellow citizens of Penn- lars, exclusive of interest on capital, during 1826 and up sylvania, that individuals desirous of becoming qualified to 1st July 1827, by the badness of the business. Real to teach on the system of mutual instruction, will be ad estate and buildings 5,000 dollars; and machinery about mitted free of expense for that purpose, into the model 5,000 dollars of capital

. 50 to 60 hands. school.

The Shepherd Woolen Manufacturing Company." The Controllers rejoice to observe that the subject of Represented by Col. James Shepherd. Capital now guarding the morals, and affording instruction to the actually employed 130,000 dollars, of which 50,000 is minds of children employed in manufactories, is now be active capital. "They manufactured usually broad cloths fore the general assembly of the state. They have for and cassimeres. He and Mr. Robbins were alone conseveral years in succession, endeavoured to show the ne. cerned, and made a very fair business from 1809 to 1824, cessity for especial and efficient legislation in this re- and 1825 was a tolerable year. Since, it has been a spect, and though they may have incurred the displea- losing concern. Loss, from Jan. 1, 1826, to present sure of contracted and interested minds, by proclaiming time, 30,000 dollars. 120 hands. the dangers to which the rising generation are exposed "Phillipsburg Factory." Wallkill, Orange county,

New York. Represented by Wm. Phillips. Whole The improvements alluded to, were originally intro- capital 20,000 dollars; active capital 11,000 dollars. duced into the Public School, at Lancaster, Pa. and were Makes broad cloth. Made in 1825 and '26 about 5,000 suggested by William Augustus Muhlenberg, by whose yards each. Now make at the rate of 10 or 11,000. 25 benevolent zeal the school itself was established, and to hands. the best interests of which, he devoted much time and Factory of Abn. Marland, at Andover, Massachusetts. talent as a Director.

Represented by himself. Capital invested 42,000 dol

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lars; of which 31,000 is active. Now makes flannels menced up to 1st July 1827, a loss of $26,394 28, exaltogether. In 1825 and 6 made a few bockings. In clusive of interest on stock; last public sale of stock in 1825, made 2,200 pieces, of 46 yards each, Aannels—June 1827, $505 for $1000; private sales since at $429 same in 1826. In 1827 about 3,200 pieces; sales better. per share. Number of persons employed 230 to 240.70 hands.

Monthly labour 3300 to $3500 at present time. Factory of Wm. W. Young, Brandywine, Del. Repre Factory of Eleuterre Irenee Dupont near Wilmington sented by himself. Capital upwards of 100,000 dollars; Del. capital upwards of $70,000, buildings, &c. valued of this about 20,000 dollars is now in raw material and at 40 to 45,000; makes coarse cloths and kerseys for the manufactured articles. Upwards of 21,000 dollars in army of common country wool, makes sattinetts of machinery alone-residue real estate, mill gear and Smyrna and South American wool; and of the coarsesť buildings. 25,000 dollars of it in dwellings, &c. for kind of country wool makes coarse cloths and a cloth workmen. Been in operation since 1813. Make prin called linsey for negro clothing. 20 to 25,000 yds. of cipally blue cassimeres; and work up their coarse wools all these kinds annually. The coarse cloths and kerseys into sattinets. For last 3 years been curtailing business, are about 6-4 yds. wide when finished. The sattinetts in consequence of low prices. On the close of the part- and negro clothing are generally about 3-4 wide, but the nership of W. Young & Son, in 1825, the partner's did linsey is much wider. The business has always been a not receive two per cent. on capital. Since 1825 the losing one. business has been a losing one. 50 hands.

Salmon Falls Manufactory, Somersworth, N. H. reFactory of Wm. R. Dickinson, Steubenville, Ohio. presented by Joshua W. Pierce; incorporated; capital Represented by himself. Capital vested in real estate, on 24th Nov. 1826, $362,000, of that $140,000 in real buildings and machinery, estimated at 100,000 dollars, estate, &c. 30,000 in mills, store, &c. 60,000 in machibut cost more; of which he thinks machinery cost nery, 131,000 active; make broad cloths only, 40,000 50,000 dollars. Active capital 40 to 50,000 dollars. yds. annualiy, increased each year from 1825. In 1825 Commenced in 1819. Make broad cloths, 6 to 7-4 wide. there was a gain of $6,772 78, and in 1826 a loss of A few fannels from the common wool. Quantity of $17,059 34. 200 hands. cloths 13,500 to 15,000 yards, at 2 dollars 50 cents to $4.

Number of hands employed and wages. Work about 3,000 pounds coarse wool into flannels annually. Estimates losses in 3 years at 8,000 dollars. machinist $1 50 per day; 1 superintending weaver 1 37}

Oriskany Factory, 1 head carder $400 'per annum, 1 Upwards of 100 hands. *Glenham Company,” at Matteawan, Ductchess co. and i dyer each at 1 25; 10 hands in spinning and card

1 principal fuller, 1 presser, 2 hands in finishing room New York. Represented by Abraham Schenck, In- ing rooms, 2 assistant carders, and 1 assistant dyer, each corporated in 1824. Capital, on 3d June last, 91,531 at 1 00; 1 watchman at 1 00; 1 fireman 80 cts. 2 or 3 dollars. Active capital 43,383 dollars 98 cents. Made labourers 75 cent: 1 girl to letter cloth 4 00 per week; between 3d June 1826 and 1827, 30,640 yards of 64 24 women and girls at 3 00; 18 or 20 women and girls broad cloths; a few fine 74. Market New York. Lost: 2 50 per week; residue boys and girls at 1 25 to 2.00 in the above time, 5,501 dollars 93 cents. Between 3d June 1825 and 6, lost 1,795 dollars. Made, also, ma

p. w. an assorter of wool at 30 dls. p. month, and assistchinery, in year ending 3d June last, amounting to 30 or 800 p. annum, store clerk 120, Treasurer 50.

ant at 20. In all 80 to 100. A superintending agent at 40,000 dollars; this last is a profitable business. Wolcott Woolen Manufactory,South Bridge, Mas- 1000, 27 men, 19 women, 7 children from 11 to 15 yrs,

Tuft's Manufacturing Co. Clerk 250 p. annum, agent sachusetts. Represented by James Wolcott, jr. Incorporated about 7 years ago. Capital 126,000 dollars; wages of men on an average 73 cts. p. day, women and all absorbed in real estate, buildings, and machinery.

children 2 33 p. w. find themselves. Machinery cost 40,000; have no active capital, but bor: 500, superintending carder 39 p. mo. 2 do. of looms,

Shepherd's Factory. Agents 2. p. c. on sales, clerk row money on interest. The stock generally wont sell each 24 p. mo. 32 men 21 p. mo. 16 young men 18 to 20 for more than 50 for 100 paid. Make only broad cloths; produced in 1826, 30,995 yds. of which they sold 25,454 yrs, 14; 16 boys 8 to 12 yrs. 6; 54 girls or young women yds. for 58,774 18, nett average per yd. 2 309, from at 13, board included at 1 50 p. w. for men, and 1 00

for boys and girls. In all 120. Jan. to July last, (7 mos.) sold 12,534 yds. which netted 26,553 95, average 2 12. These cloths principally in

Philipsburg Factory. 26 bands: 11 men 26 p. mo. digo blues. Aggregate loss on the business in 1826,14 men at 20; 4 boys at 7; 3 women at 7; 1 man at 30; 3

at 18; board included. 23,095 31, this was exclusive of interest on capital, &c but not exclusive of the borrowed active capital. In 12 men 5 to 7 p. w. males including under 21 yrs. 62.

Young's Factory. Superintendant 800; clerk 1 p.day; 1827 still a losing business, it will not pay its expense; cts: to 3 p. w. 'females 50 cts. to 3 50; about 50 in all. 121 hands. Goodell Manufacturing Company at Millbury, Mtts, males, about 20 boys 12 to 14 yrs. a foreman in each de

Dickinson's Factory, upwards of 100 bands chiefly ferepresented by Jonas B. Brown, incorporated, capital $83,460 77, in machinery $30,000, active capital 30 to partment at 18 to 20 p. mo. females 5 to 7 p. mo. boys 50,000. In 1826 made 42,000 yds. broad cloths, and in 4; clerk 300 p. an. to common work hands 12 to 14 per

month. 1825, 31,000, also 12,000 yds. sattinetts. In 1826–27 made no sattinetts, finding it a losing

business, owing to 12 children; wages men average 75 cts. p. day, young

Wolcott Factory, 121 hands; 71 men, 38 young women domestic and foreign competition; 150 hands.

women 40 cts. children 25 cts. Joshua Clapp, factory at Litchfield, Conn. has also one at Northampton, Mtts. has no capital in real estate, or 15 women 2 25 to 2 50 p. w. residue boys and girls

Marland's Factory, 70 hands; 30 men at 1 p. day; 14 and $6,000 in machinery; rented this factory in 1821 for 5 years, did not renew the lease, but owners allow him to 8 to 12 yrs. of age 25 cts. p. day, except about 10 apuse it free of rent. In the first year of which he speaks, prentices at about 130 p. annum. he made 17,293 yds. broad cloths, 2d year 15,551 yds. 16, 25 under 16.

Goodell Factory, 150 persons, 72 men, 53 boys above from 12th Nov.1825 to same 1826, he sold to the amount of $50,987 50, at a loss of $8,995 35 including commis: 15 boys from 10 to 15; 21 girls 10 to 15 and 104 women,

Salmon Falls Factory. In 1826, 200 hands; 60 men, sions; from same time 1826 to 1827, sold $53,397 76 at a loss of $3,895 82; first sales averaged $3 26, 2d sales average wages of the whole, including superintendants, 92 90; expects to relinquish his factory in 6 or 8 months clerks and all other officers and hands 68 cts. p. workif no further protection is afforded.

ing day in the year, including board. Saron and Leicester factories in Worcester and Middle

Working hours. ser counties, Mtts. represented by Benj. Poor, capital In general commence at 5 o'clock in summer and end $150,000 chiefly paid in; there has been since they com- at sunset, allowing 1 hour for breakfast and if to din

138

WOOLLEN MANUFACTURES:

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ner; winter work from day light till 8 or 9 o'clock, P.M. tion, in New York, 2 dollars per yard. That is blues Mr. Young requires 68 hours per week the year round. made of 3d quality wool, some as high as 2 dollars 30

cents, and none less than 2 dollars, netting that. SeQuantity of wool to yard of fabric and relative weight of cond quality mixtures and drabs,

and other colors (not cloth to the wool.

blue,) netted, on an average about $1 45. In 1826, best 24 to 2} lbs. of wool American and Saxony, washed, quality netted about 1 dollar 40 cts. And, in 1827, to l yd: broad cloth or 2 lbs. of Spanish; 1 to 14 lbs. about 1 dol. 60 cts. Second quality, in 1826, netted wool to yd. of cassimere; 17 lbs. wool to 1 piece of 46 about 80 cts. and, 1827, about 95 cts. to 97. yds. of Hannel; broad cloth when it comes from the loom Tufts—The goods sold in Boston, in 1825, 25 to 30 is 21 to 21 yds. wide, when finished 11 to 11; cassimeres per cent higher than sales at any time since. Speaking when come from loorn is 51 to 6-4, when finished 3-4 from memory, thinks his broad cloths sold, on an aver. to 3.-4. To make broad cloth of thick felt 7-4 wide, Mr. age, in 1825, at 3 dols. per yd. nett. Cassimeres, same Shepherd gives out 80 lbs. of scoured wool, this yields year, 1 25 to 1 30 per yard. From 1st June 1826, to 44 yards of finished cloth, weighing 50 lbs. with its 1st July 1827, broad cloths averaged, nett. 200, and listing. The cloth of thin felt requires 75 lbs. of wool, cassimeres 80 cts. which makes 44 yds. of cloth and weighs 44 to 46 lbs. Young-Blue cassimeres, average price in 1825, 1 40. when finished; 100 lbs. of unwashed merino wool, as In 1826, 1 30. In 1827, 1 25. Sales more brisk in shorn unwashed from the sheep usually loses in washing fall of 1826, or spring of 1827, but prices no better. and scouring about 50 lbs. when washed on the sheep's Coarse cloths, called sattinets, sold in fall of 1827, at s back it loses about 25 lbs. in scouring; of 70,419 lbs. of fair price, compared with 1825 and 1826; owing to the American and 31,740 lbs. foreign wool, say 102,1591bs. market not being crowded with them, by reason of the he made 52,354 lbs. of cloth.

depression in these years.

Dickerson-Prices at factory, for cloths, for picklock Cost of weaving a yard.

10 dols. prime 7. No. 1–5. No. 244. No. 3—3 50. Mr. Dexter hires 3 female weavers, who find them. No. 443. No. 5—2 50, less, for cash, 5 per cent. Priselves and are paid 2 p. w. each attends 1 power loom ces at Baltimore and Philadelphia, in 1825, from 1 dol. or perhaps 2; each loom weaves 75 yds. of cassimere p. to 10. In 1826, 1 30 to 13 50. In 1827, 1 10 to 4 35. w. generally, broad cloths 9 to 15 cts. cassimeres 6 to Schenck-Sales in New York, in 1825, 250, 3 25, 11 cts. formerly paid as high as 20 to 30 cts. Mr. Mar. 4 and 5. Which same were estimated at factory, 3d land pays for flannel 1 00, has paid 3 00.

June 1827, 1 50, 2, 2 50 and 3 50. Cost of washing, fulling, dying and dressing each yard In 1826

Dupont--Indigo blue army clothing, in 1825—2 30.

-2 24. In 1827 -2 121. and preparing for market.

Grey Kersey,

in 1825-1 35. In 1826 1 25. In 1827– Mr. Shepherd says 1 man scours all the cloth of his 1 10. Sattinets, in 1825 -75). In 1827 40 establisliment, pays him $21 p. mo. including board; it to 50. Negro clothing, 1825–35 to 40. 1827—25 to formerly cost double; a man and boy do the fulling, the 30 cents per yard. first 32 p. mo. boy 16. Raising and knapping (gigging) Poor Decline of broad cloths from 33 13 to 40 per is nest operation, requires 1 superintendant at 26 p. mo. cent. Sales more ready in 1827 than 1826; but no imand 6 for his board, and 9 young men 14 p. mo. a teazle provement in price. setter 16 p. mo. who prepares the teazles for knapping. Peirce The same cloth which sold in Boston market, The cloth is then ready for shearing, and requires 1 su in 1825, at 4 dollars, we now sell at 3 dollars; and these perintendant at 32, and 7 girls at 8 p. mo. these attend actually costs him, when ready for market, 3 dollars 50 20 pair of shears, 7 other girls in burling, linting and cents_6} quarters wide. And cloths, which sold in marking cloth 8 p. mo. a press man and boy at 24 and 1825 at 3 dollars, now sell for 2 dollars; which is the cost 14 p. mo. All colours except black are dyed as soon as of it to him. These are gross sales, commission to be the wool is assorted, black is dyed after the cloth is ful. taken off. led; dying blue costs 60 cts. p. yd. blacks and all other Marland-Sales, in 1825, of Aannels 10 dollars 50 cts. colours 10 cts. p. yd.

per piece of 46 yards. In 1826, 11 dollars. 1827, 13 Expense of converting wool into yarn.

dollars (finer quality.) In fall of 1826, as an experiMr. Shepherd—1st process assorting wool 1} cents ment, he and some others sent 400 bales of Aannel to per lb. to 2 cents. Roving, which includes oiling, card. New York, each 16 peices of 46 yards; to convince mering, roping, &c. comprises all the expense from sorting were sold at some loss—but had the effect to discourage

chants there that they could supply the market. They to its delivery to the spinner, for which he pays 6 cents per pound for fine, and 5 cents for middling work: (he importations the next fall. Intends to reduce his busi

ness one third. does no coarge work.) Next process is spinning, finest warp 14 cents per pound; filling same quality 7 cents duced by foreign importations; and added to the em

These fluctuations in prices are believed to be proper lb. For second quality wool 12 cts. and for filling barrassment of the domestic manufacturer. It does not same 6 cts. Third quality, warp 10 cts. and filling 5 cts. Fourth quality, which is the lowest he spins, 8 cts. for appear, that domestic competition has produced much, warp, and 4 for filling Machinery lately introduced

if any of this effect. reduced the expense of spinning 3d and 4th qualities 50 did not get more for fannels now, than when he paid

Mr. Marland, in reply to the inquiry, "whether be per cent or more-he uses jinnies for the finer qualities, higher for wool and weaving,” replied, there have been Warping and dressing follow next after spinning, and times when he did, but he then sold at a great loss. And for these he uses lately invented machinery, which has to the question, "do you get as much for your goods lessened the expense 75 per cent; and reduced these items collectively to 14 cents per lb. for fine broad now, as when the duties were lower; and what were the

duties when you made most by your factory?" answered, cloth, twelve quarters wide.

"I do not-but got the highest price for goods when Proportion that cost of labor bears to cost of raw ma- duties were highest during the war. Also, that suffiterial in making blankets?

cient protection would enable the American manufacMr. Marland says, every pound of wool, washed on turer to supply our own markets to the fall demand, at sheeps back, on an average can be manufactured into steady prices and lowest rates. blankets at 6 cents per lb. including nothing but labor,

Do purchasers prefer English goods, and why? Do and nothing allowed for profit or use of machinery.

they complain of the dyes? Comparative prices of fabrics in different years. Mr. Shepherd — They do. I consider prejudice more Dexter--In 1825, best kerseymeres brought at auc-than 25 per cent. against the domestic. No complaint

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