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1828.)

REPORT ON THE CRIMINAL CODE.

149

in the progress of a journey of considerable extent, on our intelligent neighbour the state of New York. Prowhich occasions it is often impracticable to fix the pre- secutions, where the accused is readily accessible to cise locality of the crime. As the facilities for com- justice, can rarely be delayed from good motives. Somemunication between different and distant parts of the times a prosecutor will find it to his advantage to keep commonwealth continue to increase, and the transit of his charge suspended over the head of the accused, and articles of value becomes more frequent, these difficul. thus retain him in a state of moral subjection, well calties will necessarily be enhanced. The commissioners culated to subserve his own ends. An unhappy man so hope and believe, that in the enactments alluded to situated is more the object of sympathy than the prothey all have been anticipated and provided against. claimed offender. The fate of one is ascertained, and Insane Offenders.

when he has either propitiated the community, or paid

the penalty of his crimes, he again becomes a new man The absence of any provision, authorising courts to with untrammelled opportunity afforded him of again restrain these unhappy persons from further mischief, becoming a better citizen. But the wretch who from has been frequently felt. In Great Britain and in seve- year to year feels all that is valuable to existence depend ral of our sister states, the subject has received legisla- upon the caprice of an incensed and partially satisfied tive attention, and provisions have been framed, with a adversary, is without inducements to better his condition due regard, as well to public security as to the sympa from the uncertainty of enjoying the advantages resultthy excited towards those afflicted by this most dreadful ing from it. In the instance of misdemeanors, experience of human maladies. In Pennsylvania, however, no au- frequently shows that the cause of the prosecution is but thority exists which would authorise a court to restrain its ostensible object, its real one being a spirit of malice of his liberty the most dangerous madman, whom they and uncharitableness. Permitting prosecutions to be had just acquitted of an act of cruelty or violence, be instituted for long by-gone offences of this kind is furcause of his legal irresponsibility for crimes committed nishing food to such feelings, the repression of which is under the influence of his infirmity. In the county of of the first importance to the peace and happiness of soPhiladelphia, very recently a shocking case of this kind ciety. It is believed, that unlimited liability to prosecuoccurred, in which the lunatic made a dreadful though tions for offences, is made the instrument of extortion unsuccessful attack on the life of a relative, whom his and oppression, under which the guilty man becomes distempered imagination led him to believe an enemy. often more injured than he who was originally aggrieved. The court being fully satisfied of his insanity, could not To redress such results is the object of the proposed liinflict any punishment on him in the shape of restraint or mitations. otherwise, and had not the managers of the alms house The subject of "outlawry" forming in itself an iminterfered, and conveyed him to the public asylum, he portant feature, in a general system of criminal procemust again have gone at large. The victim of his fe- dure, has been left untouched. The three first sections rocity still lives in dread of his escape, lest in that event, of the act of the 23d of September 1791, form in themhe should complete his almost effected purpose. The selves as good a system, as could be now suggested, and adoption of some remedy to meet the evil is of absolute being embraced in a single enactment are easy of access necessity.

and can readily be understood. These circumstances, Challenges of Jurors in Capital cases.

together with the rareness of their practical use, lead the

commissioners to the conclusion, that no absolute necesThis subject has already attracted much public atten-sity exists, of re-enacting them in the proposed bill. tion, and since the contemplated provision in the act re- Should the legislature think that the introduction of gulating criminal procedure was prepared, has received these provisions, into the act regulating criminal procethe adjudication of part of the supreme court of the dure, would tend to render this enactment a more percommonwealth, and is now in the progress of final de- fect system in itself, such an amendment of the bill can cision in that tribunal. It is difficult to anticipate what at any time be effected without difficulty, It will also will be the decision of the court, and hence the commis- be observed that in framing the repealing clauses of both sioners have deemed it proper to submit the propriety the acts referred to in this report, the commissioners have of remedying the existing system to a body whose deci- avoided interfering with any of the existing laws regusions are not limited by precedent or controlled by au- lating the present penitentiary in Philadelphia. This thority. It is of course obvious from reporting the pro- establishment must necessarily proceed for some time; vision alluded to, that the commissioners agree in the certainly until the state penitentiaries are in a state of abstract propriety of the decision, made by the majority preparation to receive convicts; and even afterwards, if of the judges, who ruled in favor of the commonwealth the legislature exclude from those establishments conin the case alluded to. It appears to them a mockery of victs for short periods, whom all experience has proved justice and a cruel restraint upon conscience, to force a to be the least productive, and consequently most excitizen into the jury box who avers his fixed determina-pensive class of prisoners. tion to find against the commonwealth, let her case be The commissioners in submitting the result of their what it may, and who conceives that an obligation, supe- labours to the legislature, are conscious that in a work of rior to human laws, coerces him to so extraordinary a such extent and importance, embracing so great a divercourse. A common outcry would be raised against any sity of subjects, all of the greatest interest to the comlaw which submitted the decision of the least important munity, errors and imperfectious must unavoidably exrights of the humblest citizen to a judge of such deter- ist. The candour and magnanimity of the legislature mined prejudices, Surely the commonwealth is entitled will they trust, assign them to their true causes, the nato as much, though no more justice, than her citizens in ture and intrinsic difficulty of the work, while the wisevery case, and peculiarly so in a case which involves dom of that body will readily suggest their remedy. one of the chief ends of her existence, the conservation

CHARLES SHALER, of the public security.

EDWARD KING,
Limitations of Prosecutions.

T. J. WHARTON,

Commissioners. The commissioners feel that this is probably the most Philadelphia, December 20, 1827. important addition to the penal jurisprudence of the commonwealth embraced in their plan of improvement. The Huntingdon Gazette, of Wednesday last, says It has certainly no analogy in the common law code of the Bald Eagle Furnace, under the care and managecrimes and punishments, and may therefore, be obnoxi-ment of Mr. M‘Cormick, one of the most industrious, ous to the imputation of novelty. But although a stran- persevering men we know of, will, we are informed, ger to the common law, it is not so to more modern clear, to her owners, John Gloninger & Co. during the codes, and now forms a distinguished feature in that of present blast, (her first) the sum of 15,000 dollars.

1

150

FINANCES OF THE COMMONWEALTA.

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ANNUAL SICK REPORT
three. The deaths having been twenty-seven, gives the

It is of co of the Philadelphia PRISON, for the year 1827. mortality for 1827, at four and a half per cent.

sual Grid

(Signed) 1. Sick in Hospital.

FRANKLIN BACHE,

remarkt Remaining sick on the 1st of January 1827

13

Physician. Taken under treatment during the year 237 Philadelphia, January 21, 1828.

jus.btract Total under treatment

250

REPORT

ON THE FINANCES OF THE COMMONWEALTH. of this number there were, Cured

173

Read in the House of Representatives, Discharged, relieved

based into 19

Feb, 23, 1828. Discharged, convalescent to sick in quarters 9 Mr. Harrison, from the committee of Ways and Means, action fr Discharged, time of sentence expired 4 to whom were referred the several subjects connected

орег. Discharged, pardoned 3 with the finances of the commonwealth, made the

canal loa Died 27 following report:

receiv

From the annual report of the Auditor General, Total terminated cases

me in the 235 made to the legislature, it appears that the receipts and

The ordin Remaing under treatment on the 31st of Decem

payments made at the treasury, during the last fiscal ber 1827

15 year, ending 30th November 1827, were
Total amount of receipts during that

sing item 250 time

$1,588,757 121

To which add balance in the treasury, Monthly Statement of Admissions and Deaths.

Dec. 1, 1826

155,022 05 Admitted. Died. January 20 1

18

26,666 February

The payments during the same time were 1,575,881 301. March

22

20 April

be variatio 4 Leaving a balance in the Treasury, Dec. May

18 2
1, 1827, of

167,897 871 Junc

14 2 July

3

The committee proceed to show the most important August

19 7 sources of revenue from whence those receipts are de September

21 2

rived, with some remarks thereon. October

25 1

Those derivable from lands during the last yea November

13 1 amounted to $73,867 70, and show an increase over the pts to a December

21 2 preceding year of 30,277 204. Those from auction do sept of the

ties during the same time, to 142,928 84—increase Total

237 27 34,108 78. Those from auction commissions to 20,900, Diseases in the Fatal cases,

increase 200. Those from tavern licenses, to 39,218 15, With the number of Deaths from each disease. increase 4,643 93. Those from tax on bank dividende

Deaths. to 23,466 34-increase 194 26. Those from dividends Consumption caused

12

on bank stock 76,289 00—shows a decrease of 45,000. Dropsy of the chest

4

Those from retailers of foreign merchandise, also a de Chronic inflammation of the lungs

crease of 2,052 80. From the remaining sources, some Remittent fever

2 of which being of a permanent and some of a contingent Typhus

1

character, there has been but little variation. Upon the Atrophy

1

whole, however, after deducting the decrease above Scrofula

1 mentioned, there has been an average gain of about Inflammation of the Bowels

1

$50,000. First, of the increased receipts on lands, the Bilious Cholic

1

amount is very considerable, and the anticipations since Dysentery

1

the passage of the act of 1826, for the collection of those Abscess of the Chest

monies, have been fully realized, and it may be safely

estimated to give a continued increase for several sucTotal

27 ceeding years, should the collections be persevered in, Males 21-Females 6.- Total 27.

Any relaxation of the existing laws would produce a 2. Sick in Quarters,

contrary result. Second, the receipts from auction duRemaining on the list of sick in quarters on the 1st of ties give a handsome increase, and a similar increase may January 1827

15 be expected, unless the proposed modification of the Received on the list during the year

864 auction laws, by removing the existing duty on the pri

vate sales of the auctioneers on commission should have Total under treatment during the year

879 the effect of reducing them. If that measure should be

adopted no material reduction is, however, anticipated. Of this number there were

Third, the increase on the auctioneers' commissions is in Cured

776 amount but small. No reduction thereof is to be appreDischarged, relieved

2 hended. Fourth, the increase on the receipts from taTransferred to sick in hospital

86 vern licenses is not very material; but it is to be remarkDischarged, time of sentence expired

1 ed, that the annual receipt therefrom, maintains its sta

tion without much variation, and it is deemed inexpedient Total terminated cases

865 to make any change therein. Fifth, the tax on bank Remaining under treatment on the 31st of De

dividends gives a small increase and maintains its perinacember 1827

14 nent character, and if change takes place it will most

probably be favourable. Sixth, the decrease on the re879 ceipts from bank dividends, which have heretofore been

the most certain and permanent source, is deficient to & The average number of convicts confined in the pri- large amount. The causes have already been explained son for the year 1827, has been five hundred and ninety- l in a report of the committee, made a few days since, and

will be seer

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it is of course unnecessary to report them here. The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal stock,

usual dividend has since been made, and therefore may to be transferred to the State, in about ACHE be estimated as in former years. And it is proper here ten years from this time

100,000 00 'brec. to remark that a portion of the customary receipts, estimated to amount in the current year, to $101,000, will Amounting to

4,568,363 14 be subtracted from the ordinary operations of the treasury and passed into the internal improvement fund; and It will be proper to remark that the bank stock, owned

that the premium on the canal loans, which amounted in by the state, is worth at this time a considerable amount WEAN

the last year to 48,875, (a small part of which, however, above its par value. he was received in the preceding year) will also have to be The turnpike stock is a very unprofitable stock, yield

passed into that fund, which will make a considerable ing but a very small amount of dividend to the state.and it

reduction from the total amount of receipts from the or The turnpike companies are incumbered with debts, dinary operations of the treasury in the current year; some very heavily, and until those debts are discharged and it will be seen that the above amount of premiums little can be expected from them in the shape of divion canal loans, and the 65,000, part of the loan of 260,000 dends, and it is therefore, impossible to estimate its prebeing received, constituted the principal part of the ba- sent value. lance in the treasury, at the end of the last fiscal year: The ordinary expenses have, during the last year, in

The bridges have yielded for the last year dividends e les

creased over the preceding, about $35,500, on the fol amounting 1o $15,865, being about 4 per cent. and may lowing items. First, internal improvements, chiefly of a

be expected to improve. local nature, 12,631 57—the whole amount of which

The canal stock above mentioned will, it may be exwas about 67,700. Second, expenses of government, pected, after the expiration of a few years, become a

19,779 813; the whole amount of which was 202,127 24. profitable source, the stock being at par in the market. 155,

Third, the militia, 3,428 70-the whole amount of which The amount of monies due the state for lands cannot, was 26,666 75. Fourth, pensions and gratuities—there as appears by the report of the secretary of the land has been no increase. The other items of expenditure office, lately made to this House, be estimated with any are chiefy of a temporary and contingent character, and degree of certainty, yet from the measures in progress the variation not material.

for their collection, and from the increased receipts durOne considerable item of expenditure last year will ing the last year, it may be inferred that a very considenot occur in the present; that is, the payment on account rable amount will be received from that source for seveof the penitentiaries at Philadelphia and Pittsburg, ral succeeding years. The secretary states that from the

which amounted to 54,840. 65. The present year it will business now doing in the offices, it may for the current py to be but 3,800. From the increased amount of expendi- year be safely estimated at 85,000.

ture the subtraction of a large portion of the ordinary It may not be improper to assume as a data the amount receipts to aid the internal improvement fund and the of those monies due at 1,840,000, which is equal to the

receipt of the premiums on loans, belonging to that fund, amount of debt created in anticipation of the receipts all it will be seen that an increased expenditure at this time from that source, and it would appear that the applica

cannot be warranted, unless additional aid is applied to tion of these monies to the payment of that debt would the treasury, without seriously embarrassing its ordinary comport with justice and sound policy. operations. The unpaid appropriations heretofore made for aiding large debt is about to be created, and by the payment of

This will appear the most apparent as at this time a turnpike companies, roads, rivers, bridges, colleges,&c. the old debt, the state would be relieved from the pay213,444 05. The payments from the trea

ment of $92,000 of interest annually. sury for those objects amounted in the last year to 67,735 974. If no material additions are made at the This can perhaps only be done by the application of a present or immediately succeeding sessions, the whole sinking fund, and should there not be a sufficient sum amount will have been discharged in less than four remaining in the treasury, after the ordinary demands years.

thereon shall have been satisfied, it will become necesSome of the items of expenditure, viz. Expenses of sary to supply the treasury from new sources, equivalent the legislative department of government, and of the to the sums to be withdrawn annually and applied to that militia, might without any inconvenience, and with great

fund. propriety be reduced.

However great the resources of the commonwealth The committee cannot feel themselves justified in re may be, it must be admitted that much will depend upcommending a resort to taxation; or to propose to add on the judicious application and management of them, any increase on the existing sources of revenue, for de and this can only be expected from the legislature, the fraying the ordinary operations of the government, nor guardians of the public money. At the creation of a to recommend any further loans for that purpose, nor do public debt, it is no less prudential in governments than they believe it will be necessary, should the views of the in individuals to look to the mode as well as the means committee be sanctioned by the legislature.

for the redemption and ultimate payment. The creation

of an efficient sinking fund seems to be called for as no The public debt on the 30th November last amounted mode has been adopted heretofore for the extinguishto $3,353,443 05, comprised as follows:

ment of what may now be denominated the old debt.

The estimated receipts into the treasury during the Due on appropriations made to turnpike companies, current year, including the unexpended balance of

clearing obstructions in rivers, bridges and col. 200,000, of the loan of last year and the premium thereleges

213,443 05 on, 9,500, and the balance in the treasury on the 30th of Due on loans (exclusive of the canal loan) 1,840,000 00 November last, of 167,897 87* will amount to 883,397, Due on the canal loans

1,300,000 00 and the estimated expenses during the same time includ

ing the payments to the internal improvement fund, and Making

3,353,443 05 the interest on the old loan, will amount to 717,444,

leaving a probable balance in the treasury of 165,953, The vested capital of the state consists of

on the first of December 1828. bank stock

2,108,700 00 From the report of the commissioners of the internal Turnpike stock

1,871,707 92 improvement fund, made to this House on the 11th inst. Bridge stock

392,955 62 it appears that the receipts and payments made from the Union Canal stock

45,000 002d of February 1827, to the 6th of February 1828 inSchuylkill Navigation stock

50,000 001 clusive, were:

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amount received from the state treasurer, for construc- it would be the better course to apply such sums as

tion of the Pennsylvania canal $1,140,000 00 may from time to time be found necessary to meet the Amount paid to the treasurer of the board

interest on loans made and to be made, and it may very of canal commissioners

1,140,000 00 naturally be supposed, that until the canals are so far

completed as to yield tolls and incomes over and above The receipts into the fund, from the seve

such interest, until such surplus is created no investment ral sources pledged thereto, were in the

can be made to advantage.

34,778 48 From the foregoing report it appears that the interTo which add the balance in the fund, Feb.

nal improvement fund is in a favourable state, that it will 1st, 1827

30,107 15 meet all demands upon it for the current year, and leave

a balance of upwards of 18,000 dollars. The estimated Making

64,885 63 interest on the loans for the same time are predicated on There was paid during the same time, the

a loan of 2,000,000 dollars, and it is the opinion of the interest of the canal loan of 1826 and

commissioners that it will be unnecessary to increase 1827

32,401 39

the fund so as to produce an accumulation, and it would To the engineers, and secre

appear that the pledged sources, some of which are of tary of the canal commis

an increasing nature, and the premium on loans, that sioners

5,625 00

will accrue in the current year, and the amount already Balance in the fund, 6th Feb.

due the fund on that account, will probably amount to 1828 26,859 24

100,000 dollars to be invested therein, so as to meet the

64,885 63 the interest in 1829, which may be estimated as suffiThe probable receipts and payments are estimated by cient for that purpose. the commissioners from Feb. 1, 1828, to Feb. 1829, as It may be expected that in the following year (1830). follows:

receipts from tolls will be had from that portion of From auction duties

80,000 00 canals, now in a state of forwardness, and it can then be Dividends on turnpike and bridge

judged what aid, if any, it may be necessary to apply stock

17,000 00 to strengthen the fund. Collateral inheritances

3,500 00 It is, therefore, deemed unnecessary for the commitEscheats

500 00 tee to recommend any measures at this time for raising To which add balance in the fund, 6th

means to aid the operations of that fund, and that reFeb. 1828

26,859 24 liance may be placed upon the productiveness of the

canals and improvements contemplated to pay the inter

127,859 24 est and ultimately to reimburse the debt that may be And the payments during the same time

created in their construction, which expectation is justiof the interest on loans heretofore made

fied by experience in similar undertakings in our counand proposed to be made at the present

try. session, are estimated to amount to

'The committee on inland navigation and internal im115,000 00

provement, have accompanied their late report to this Leaving a probable balance in the fund on

house with a bill which provides for the further extenthe 1st February, 1829, after paying the

sion of the Pennsylvania canal, and for the location of a interest on loans due that day 12,859 24

rail way from Philadelphia through Lancaster to Colum

127,859 24 bia, thirty miles of which to be put under contract withBy a clause in the act of the 16th April last, the en- in the present year, and also the location of a rail-way gineers and secretary of the board of canal commission across the Allegheny on the Juniata route, and approers were to be paid out of the internal improvement priating for these objects 2,000,000 dollars. fund, and inasmuch as it appears that this fund was The means to commence and to prosecute the great originally designed for the payment of the interest of system of internal improvement in which the commonloans for the construction of the Pennsylvania canal, and wealth is now erfgaged, have been by loans, which were ultimately for the redemption of the principal of such obtained on very favorable terms, and it may be said the loans, and it therefore becomes necessary to replace that time has been auspicious, as there has been much redunamount with any future payments in the fund, and to dant capital unemployed seeking investment, and the cause the payment thereof to be made out of funds stock of the state possesses a character that gives it a placed at the disposal of the board of canal commis- preference over most others, and should this favourable sioners.

state of money market continue, it may be presumed The balance of the fund will accordingly be augmen- that future loans may be obtained upon equally if not ted to 18,484 24.

more favorable terms. And the commissioners observe, that they do not be Under these circumstances the committee think it lieve that the commonwealth would derive any advan- the most advisable course to pursue, having the sanction tage at present from an increase of the internal improve- of experience of a sister state as a guide. ment fund, from sources other than those already ap With ample resources, and underauspices so farorable, propriated by law.

results the most valuable and interesting to our commonShould there be a surplus by the existing law, that wealth may be fairly anticipated. surplus would have to be vested in the United States or other productive stock. Judging from loans heretofore made by the commonwealth, the commissioners

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS. do not suppose that they could invest money in such stocks yielding five per cent per annum without giving

Thursday Evening, Feb. 28, 1828. a premium of between four and five per cent.

Mr. Smith presented the following: Should there be a surplus in the treasury during the The committee, appointed on the 7th inst. "to cause the current year, they recommend that it might be advan turret in the rear of the State House, to be surveyed, tageously applied to the payment of the loan authorised and to procure a plan and estimate of the cost of carunder the act of 1826, a part of vhich (75,000 dollars) rying it up to a sufficient height to place a clock and is reimbursable at the pleasure of the state.

bell therein," The committee concur in these views, because it is

PEPORT: evident that if a considerable surplus is suffered to re That they have had the building surveyed, and beg main in the funds, which could not with advantage be leave to submit the accompanying report of the surinvested, there would be a loss of the interest, and that I veyors:

1828.]

PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCILS.

163

ses

That they have also received a proposal from Mr.

REPORT: Isaiah Lukens to make a clock for the city, and also a That the foundation walls are 3 feet in thickness at the proposal from Mr. John Wilbank to cast a bell, to be base, and 18 inches at the top, being carried up with placed in the cupola of the turret, which proposal they good substantial brick work to the height of 69 feet, also beg leave to lay before the Councils.

having regular offsets on the outside at each of the stoFrom the accompanying proposals it appears that the ries. The walls of the upper story are 31 feet square expenses of carrying up the turret according to the plan being tied together with girders; and a strong trussed proposed, of which a drawing by Mr. Strickland, is here- framing of Oak and Gum Timber. with submitted, being in fact a restoration of the spire There appears to be no departure from stability in any originally erected with the building, and standing there part of the building, except a slight crack in the southern on 4th July, 1776, and putting a clock and bell therein, face of the wall, immediately over the arch of the large will be as follows:

venetian window. This must have occurred shortly af. Expense of carrying up the turret and cupola $8,000 ter the tower was built, and it has been caused by the Do Clock

2,000 opening of the window being so great as to throw the Do Bell, 4000 pounds, at 45 cts. 1,800,

largest portion of the weight of the walls toward the (Allowed for old Bell $400)

1,400 external angles of the tower;-we are of opinion, how

ever, that this circumstance does not at all affect the

11,400 strength of the building, and that two stories of brick Cost of painting Turret, and incidental expen

work, 18 inches in thickness, and comprising about 28 600 or 30 feet in height, may be added to the present walls

with perfect safety; and by a continuation of the Total,

$12,000 framing above alluded to, connecting it with strong

diagonal girders attached by iron clamps to the walls of Making the whole expense twelve thousand dollars. each of these stories, a wooden cupola and spire may be

In this statement the value of the old clock is left out firmly and easily constructed. of view, as from its age and condition it is not consider The cost of carrying up this additional building, aced of more value than old metal, except the dials, which cording to the accompanying plan and elevation, is esmight be used for the new clock, and an allowance made timated at 8000 dollars. for them by the maker.

Respectfully submitted, In making this report to councils, your committee are

WILLIAM STRICKLAND, impressed with the necessity of having a uniform time

DANIEL GROVES, for the city, which would be obtained by having a good

JOHN O'NEILE, clock under the superintendence of a careful person.

JOHN STRUTHERS. The carrying up of the Turret would also contribute Philadelphia, Feb. 14, 1828. greatly to the ornament of our city, which is so deficient in embellishments, which in other cities are considered Mr. Smith, said the citizens of Philadelphia, seemed as indispensable.-From what your committee have to be unanimous in regard to the proposed improvement, learned since their appointment, the carrying of the plan and he hoped a like unanimity would be found to prevail proposed by them into effect would meet the approba- in councils. tion of the city at large, and is anxiously and heartily Mr. Wayne objected to the question being hastily de. wished for by all. Your committee do not deem it ne- cided. He doubted if the tower would sustain as heavy cessary to expatiate upon the utility that the accomplish- a superstructure as it was proposed to raise on it, The ment of the object before you would be in case of fires, clock might continue in use for fifty years. Full value in affording an opportunity of discovering them, and had not, he thought, been offered for the bell, nor could giving the alarm in a much more effectual manner than he say that he exactly approved of the plan of improveat present. The committee, therefore, beg leave to ment that had been suggested. He thought it would be offer the following resolutions:

proper to receive proposals in relation to the bell, clock Resolved, that the committee of councils appointed and steeple, from other artizans. on the 7th inst. to procure a plan and estimate of the Mr. Troth, who regretted exceedingly the necessity cost of carrying up the Turret in the rear of the state he was under of differing from the committee, proposed house, be and they are hereby authorised to cause the to lay the resolution on the table, for the purpose of inTurret to be raised according to a plan submitted by them troducing another he held in his hand, directing the to councils, and to have a clock and bell of such weight committee to advertise for proposals from different archias they may deem expedient placed therein, with such tects and different artizans. The plan reported by com. other improvements as they may think proper, provided mittee was not such as he could in all respects approve. the expense thereof do not exceed the sum of twelve

Mr. Tilghman thought all the opposition to the thousand dollars.

report arose from misconception. There was no inten. Resolved, That the mayor be, and he is hereby au- tion to fetter the committee down to the 12,000 dollars thorised and requested to draw his warrants on the city mentioned in the report, or to the selection of a particutreasurer, at such times and for such sums as the chair- lar artizan to make the clock, or another to make the man of the committee for carrying up the Turret, may bell. The time of the citizens of Philadelphia was of in writing request, to the amount of twelve thousand so much importance to them, that there ought to be dollars, and charge the same to appropriation No. 14, some accurate means of marking its passage. The infor the improvement of city property.

dividuals whose statements are annexed to the report, FRANCIS GURNEY SMITH, excel in their particular. branches. I pretend not to BENJAMIN TILGHMAN, taste, and therefore will not say what merit Mr. StrickJ. W. THOMPSON,

land's plan may have as an architectural design; but I am MANUEL EYRE.

well convinced that no arguments I could use, could Philadelphia, Feb. 21, 1828.

persuade my friend opposite that there is either beauty

or convenience in a steeple house. To the Chairman of the Committee inquiring into the Mr. Wayne. The clock is represented as a very bad practicability of building a turret to the Tower of the one, yet we find the very man who has had the keeping State House:

of it in order is now offering to buy it. Sir,—The subscribers having examined the square Mr.Tilghman. He is a very good keeper, but has had tower in the rear of the State House, with reference to the care of a very bad clock. I, myself, had when a its strength and capability of supporting a superstruc boy, a great many very careful keepers, but they found ture,

me a very bad subject. It is enough to say, that the No. 10.

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