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and thereby enable you to legislate on this important blessings we enjoy, and an habitual desire to preserve branch of our jurisprudence.

them, are, the wholesome fruits of that good seed, which By the laws, regulating hawkers and pedlars, the it is the object, aud with the favour of Providence, the the courts of quarter sessions are authorized to recom- effect of moral and intellectual instruction to implant

. mend to the state executivc, for license, those citizens, It cannot be supplied to all in equal measure, but it is who from age, loss of limbs, or other bodily infirmity, are hoped, the time will come, when none will be left enprevented from acquiring a livelihood by labour. To tirely destitute. Then will the Legislature truly be, in obtain this license, from the seat of government, is at this respect, what the framers of the constitution desired attended with delay, trouble and expense. It is suggest it should be, a parent to the children of the poor and ed, therefore, whether the object of the law would not they in return, will have strong inducements to love and be as effectually complied with, by authorizing the to honour, and to do their utmost to perpetuate, the free courts to grant such licenses. The fees to be received institutions from which they derive so signal a benefit, so and accounted for by the county treasurer. Licenses prolific a source of happiness. are now granted, by law, in this manner to tin pedlars, Until the difficulties, in the way of a general plan of without any disadvantage to the interest of the common education for all, which have hitherto been found insuwealth.

perable, be overcome, it will be in the power, as it has A settlement has been made of the account, arising always been in accordance with the disposition of the out of the late war, between the government of the Legislature, to afford a liberal aid to the exertions of United States, and the state of Pennsylvania, by which public spirited and benevolent citizens, as well as to proa balance is found in favour of the state, exceeding in mote such local schemes of instruction, as may be suited value two hundred thousand dollars. This settlement to particular parts of the state, though not applicable to has been ratified by the general government, and will all. What has been done in this way, has, it is believed, be laid before you.

been productive of much good; and has caused the pa, A report of the trial of the case of the commonwealth ternal care of the Legislature to be gratefully felt, and vs. the Harrisburg Canal, Fire Insurance and Water affectionately acknowledged. Company, before the Supreme Court, at Sunbury, on an In conducting the great experiment of free governissue directed by that court, pursuant to an act of Assem- ment, founded on written constitutions, and carried into bly, will be laid before the Legislature. There are fees effect by the representatives of the people,itis no less the due to witnesses, sheriff and prothonotary, for services | duty, than it is the interest of the citizens of the republic, rendered in this action, for the payment of which, no to exercise towards each other, and towards their pub. appropriation has been made by law; as the Harrisburg lic functionaries, a spirit of kindness and conciliation, of company has dissolved, I recommend that provision be mutual respect and forbearance. Differences of opinion made to defray the expenses incurred in prosecuting the will arise, where there is freedom of choice and discus. suit to a termination.

sion, and they will ocaasionally be accompanied with The last loan, authorized by act of Assembly, was earnestness and warmth. But we owe it to ourselves, taken by the Bank of Pennsylvania, on better terms for and we owe it to the lofty position we occupy in the the Commonwealth, than any former loan it has made. world, to avoid every thing which may shake the confiOn this subject, and on all others connected with the dence of mankind in the competency of man for self-gofinancial concerns of the state, the report of the state vernment, or wastefully diminish the stock of our nationTreasurer and Auditor General will, it is believed, pre- al reputation, by detracting from the distinguished indisent clear and satisfactory statements and views. vidual reputations of which it is composed. The success

The agreeable duty enjoined on the Governor, of of the cause of free government, which we all anxiously communicating to Governor Carrol of Tennessee, the desire to promote, is of infinitely more importance than high and sincere regard entertained by the representa- the occasional questions which excite and divide us. tives of his native state, for his distinguished military These considerations should be of sufficient weight to services during the late war, was faithfully discharged. suppress violent feelings, which if indulged, might enA copy of the resolution of the General Assembly, and danger all that is most conducive to our character as a a letter from the Governor of Pennsylvania, were trans- people, and our happiness as individuals. mitted to Governor Carrol, whose answer has been re. It shall be my study, as it is my duty and inclination, ceived. These papers shall be transmitted to the Legis- cordially to co-operate with the General Assembly, in lature. The sword directed to be presented to captain carrying into full effect whatever measures they may David Conner, of the navy, for his skill and gallantry in devise, to ensure the freedom, and contribute to the the late war, was presented to that distinguished officer, happiness of those who have selected us to watch over by the Adjutant General of the state, on the last anniver- their welfare, and guard their rights. sary of the Declaration of Independence, in front of

J. ANDW. SIIULZE. that hall in which it was adopted.

Harrisburg, Dec. 6, 1827. The great number of reports from public officers, boards of commissioners, and incorporated companies,

LEGISLATURE OF PENNSYVANIA. which are annually laid on the table of the representatives of the people, give them much valuable and minute

Is SENATE—Saturday, Dec. 15. information, as to the condition and wants of the com Mr. Hawkins, from the Committee on the Judiciary, monwealth.

made report, which was read as follows: Among the injunctions of the constitution, there is The Judiciary committee to whom was referred the none more interesting than that which enjoins it as a petition of a number of the citizens of the county of duty on the Legislature to provide for the education of Beaver, relating to the Society at Economy, the poor throughout the Commonwealth. Whether we

REPORT: regard it in its probable influence upon the stability of That they have carefully examined the petitions and our free republican government, or as it may contribute documents submitted to them, and have heard the stateto social and individual happiness, it equally deserves ments of the representatives of the parties interested, the carnest and unremitted attention of those who are from which they have gathered a slight knowledge of honoured with the high trust of providing for the public the rise, progress and present condition of the society; welfare. If the culture of the understanding and heart, a brief sketch of which may gratify the curiosity, if it be entirely neglected in early life, there is great reason should not contribute to a proper understanding of the to fear that evil propensities will take root, where, with subject referred to your committee. proper discipline, there might have been a rich harvest of It seems that a Mr. GEORGE RAPP, and his followers, usefulness and worth. A knowledge of our rights, and who now constitute the society at Economy, emigrated a sense of our duties, a just estimate of the value of the I to this country from the province of Swabia; having left




there as they assert, on account of persecution for their and regulations of the society. Jacob Shriter, (whose religious opinions. Mr. Rapp, arrived in this country in case gives rise to the present application,) states that he the year 1803 or 4, a year in advance of his followers, to entered into this association at the age of seventeen, and look out a body of land, on which to settle them. Ac- remained among them about twenty years; when, having cordingly he purchased a quantity of land in Butler made some discoveries which caused Him to be dissatisficounty, and in a short time afterwards, the company set- ed, he left them. When he entered the society, he eontled and improved it, and built a town which they called tributed no property to the common stock, so that his HARMONY. “They laid out a vineyard, built mills, raised claim is wholly for services rendered. He states in the sheep and erected a large cloth manufactory, with which petition, "That the inhabitants are now sustering the they succeeded well. But having the cultivation of the greatest injustice and imposition, contrary to the spirit grape very much at heart, which appeared not to do so of the constitution, &c.” but does not refer to the nature well as they wished; their merino sheep likewise not of the offence against the constitution, or to any parácuthriving so well, they transferred themselves to the state lar clause in the constitution which is violated. Your of Indiana, near the Wabash, where the climate was sup- committee are therefore at a loss to understand in what posed to be more congenial to the cultivation of the vine particular the constitution is infringed. He also sets forth, as also for raising merino sheep, both of which seem to that numbers, through ignorance, have been drawn into have been leading objects of their wishes. Governed the slavery of George Rapp, through the delusion of beby these considerations, they bought a large body of ing joint partners of the institution; but when they wishland, sold their establishment at Tharmony, and went ed to withdraw, they found they were mistaken, and down the river to the new purchase. There they cleared were not allowed one cent for their services. Without a large body of land, built a beautiful village, erected a presuming to affirm, or deny the truth of these allegacotton and woolen manufactory, a brewhouse, a distille- gations, your committee are clearly of opinion that they ry and steam mill. But after remaining there sometime, are legitimate subjects of judicial enquiry. Nor have the it was discovered that the change of the climate and un- petitioners pointed out any definite mode of relief, which healthiness of the country, called for a speedy retreat. could be given by the legislature. If Mr. Shriver has

The society therefore determined to return to Penn- voluntarily entered into a contract with Rapp, individusylvania, and pursuant to that resolution purchased a ally, there can be no doubt of his obtaining redress, in a large body of land on the Ohio, in Beaver county, about court of law, if by the terms or nature of his contract he eighteen miles below Pittsburg; here they commenced be entitled to it—but if his agreement was with the sotheir operations about three years ago. They cleared a ciety, whether it has been faithfully complied with or not, spot of ground, on which they have built a handsome it is absolutely yoid. As a society, having no charter of town, now consisting of about 130 houses, and not less incorporation, they have no legal existence—they can than 800 souls among these are an elegant church, a make no binding contract, nor can they sue or be sued. large woollen and cotton manufactory, a store, a tavern, a if Mr. Shriver has made a contract, which has turned large steam mill, a brewery, distillery, tanyard, and va out to his disadvantage, it is his own fault. That conrious other work shops. Besides this they have a large tract can neither be cancelled by the legislature, nor can and commodious house built for a concert-hall

, of 120 it. they create a new one for him. Besides, a suit at law has by 54 ft

. arched underneath, in which they have a mu- been brought, and is now pending undetermined, in the scum of natural curiosities, a collection of minerals, a court of common pleas, of Beaver county; and if no other mathematical school, a library, and a drawing school.- difficulty was presented, this would seem a sufficient The committee have also understood, that they purchase one, at least for a delay of legislative interference. That from 60 to 70,000 dollars worth of wool, and about 20 he should have spent twenty years, in the prime of his or 30,000 dollars worth of other articles from the sur-life, in the service of the society, and then leave it, may rounding country, for manufacture and consumption. perhaps be regarded as a serious evil; but it was one

With the objects of the society or its policy or regula- which was brought upon him by his own act. When he tions your committee have derived but a very limited entered into it, he entered with the knowledge, that the knowledge, except what is communicated in a document forfeiture of his labour would be the consequence of his accompanying the petition of the complainants, which is withdrawal; and in consideration of his services, while altogether exparte and was unsupported by the oaths of there, if he had remained, he was entitled by the terms those who signed it. It seems to be admitted, however, of his contract, to shelter, food and other necessaries of and not denied by either party, that the joint labour and life, and be instructed in the religious opinions of their Property of the society, is either held or was originally priest and ruler, Mr. Rapp. intended to be held and enjoyed in common, and that That a society thus formed should spring up in the George Rapp, the priest and patriarch of the company, bosom of a country, whose constitution and laws are has the supervision, controul and management over all based upon the equal rights of man, may seem novel and their concerns, both spiritual and temporal. They have extraordinary. But that they have a right to associate formed at different times, two several constitutions; one in this way, by their own agreement, while they commit at Wabash and the other at Economy, which contain no overt acts of transgression against the laws of the provisions very similar, except that the last one is more country, cannot, perhaps, at this day, be questioned. favourable to persons disposed to withdraw. It contains Whether the sum of human happiness is advanced, or in substance the following conditions, viz.

the cause of religion and the commonwealth promoted, 1st. That all holding property, who joined in the so- by such associations, your committee deem it improper ciety, put it into the common stock, and when they to inquire. Neither does it seem to your committee, to leave the society, they get back what they put in, without be within the scope of legislative duties, to inquire interest.

whether the society has been brought together, as has 2d. Those who put no property in the society, and been suggested, either through superstition, ignorance, leave the society without leave, or giving notice to the or design. If it be so, the true christian and philanthrosociety of their intention, their services are to be consi- pist may lament, but no power in this government can dered voluntary, and entitled to no compensation. shackle the free operations of the mind in its religious

3d. That those who put no property in the common exercises, or prevent any freeman from disposing of his stock, who give notice of their intention to leave the so- property or services as may seem to him right. There ciety, and behave well, will be given something to begin is a marked difference between a voluntary contribution the world with, the amount in the discretion of the so to a religious society, and a compulsory one. In the ciety.

former case, it is lawful for a citizen to maintain by his Before signing this, persons having a desire for admis- property or service whatsoever churches he pleases; but sion, have a probation from six to nine months, during in the latter the great chart of our liberties declares, which time they are instructed in the principles, rules, "that all men have a natural and indefeasible right to





worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conciences; that no man, of right, can be compelled Domestic Consumers.--We understand that at a mill to attend, erect or support any place of worship or to erected on Chester creek, in Delaware county, near Vilmaintain any ministry against his consent; that no human lege Green, one hundred bushels of wheat are ground authority, can in any case whatever, control or interfere and consumed weekly by the manufacturers of a neighwith the rights of conscience, and that no preference boring establishment. This, at one dollar per bushel, shall be given, by law, to any religious establishment or will amount to $5200 per annum raised and consumedmodes of worship.”

a fact and argument in favour of domestic manufactures While your committee thus express themselves with well worthy of notice.-Vil Rec. regard to the power of the legislature, or the legal obli Vaccination.--Dr. Joseph G. Nancrede, Vaccine Phy. gation of the parties to this controversy, they cannot sician for the city of Philadelphia, has reported to the suppress some feelings of regret, that charges made city clerk the names and residences of 1724 persons against the society, are of such a nature as renders them successfully vaccinated by him during the past year. improper subjects of legislative inquiry,—Your committee has not thought it proper to condense those charges United States, on the 31st Dec. adopted the following

Manufactures.—The House of Representatives of the in their report: Ist. Because they are not established by resolution, offered by Mr. Oakley: Resolved, That the proof; and 2dly. Because, if established, they are not fit Committee on Manufactures be 'empowered to send for subjects for legislative investigation. They, however, and examine persons on oath, concerning the present deem it their duty, in order to lay the whole matter condition of our manufactures, and to report the minutes before the senate, to submit the document containing of such examination to this house-Yeas 102. Nays 87. those charges, with this report; so that the nature and extent of those charges may be understood. It is per

Iron.—The forge belonging to Mr. A. M'Calmont, of haps to be regretted, that no method can be thought on this place, is now in operation, and is manufacturing by which those charges, if true, can be publicly investi- iron of an excellent quality. These works are calculatgated, and if false, detected and refuted. Úpon the ed to drive two hammers, and have been erected within whole, your committee recommend the adoption of the the past season. following resolution:

We now have two forges within less than two miles Resolved, That the committee be discharged from the of Franklin, which when completed, will manufacture further consideration of the subject.

daily from two to three tons of first rate iron. The pig Laid on the table.

metal at present used in these establishments, we have

been informed, yields from 75 to 80 per cent.—Venango MISCELLANEA CURIOSA.

Democrat. 1683. March 12. N. M. President to the Society of Free Traders, for speaking against the proceedings of

CHRONICLE. the governor, provincial council and assembly, was or. Bank U.S.-Nicholas Biddle and John B Trevor, of dered to appear before the governor and council, who, Pennsylvania; Campbell P. White of New York; E. J. exhorted him to prevent the like for the future.

Dupont, of Delaware; and Benj. Hatcher, of Virginia; 15. J. P. was ordered to pay 58. and be reproved for have been appointed by the President to be Directors being disordered in drink.

on the part of government, for the current year. The assembly agreed nemine contradicente, that all

Pittsburgh, Dec. 26. laws should be prepared and proposed by the governor Snow. -On Friday night last, snow fell to the depth and council.

of about four inches. It is the first that we have had 1685. 9th. 11th mo. The secretary reporting to the this season. council that in the chronologie of the almanack sett forth by Samuel Atkins of Philadelphia, and printed by Wm.

Harrisburg, (Penn.) Dec 29. Bradford of the same place, there was these words: (the

Accident.-On Saturday last a distressing accident ocbeginning of government here by the Lord Penn) the curred in Lyken's valley: The following are the parti

. council sent for Samuel Atkins and ordered him to blott culars as related to us:-Christian Messner and James out the words Lord Penn; and likewise for Wm. Brad- Woodside, brothers-in-law, went out together to hunt ford the printer, and gave him charge not to print any deer. Having killed one they skinned it and went home

different ways. thing but what shall have lycence from the council.

Messner carrying the skin of the deer 1686. 17th. 9th. mo. The petition of Abraham Opden. threw it over his shoulders.—Woodside, sometime after grafe was read, for the governor's promise to him who they had separated, heard a rustling in the bushes, and should make the first and fincst piece of linen cloath.

saw the tail of a deer, he raised his rifle and fired, and 1683. 7th. 12th. mo. Margaret Mattson and Yethro killed instantaneously his friend and brother-in-law.Hendrickson examined and about to be proved witches; Argus. whereupon this board ordered that Neels Mattson should Mild Weather.-Yesterday afternoon (Jan. 3.) A bat enter into a recognizance of fifty pounds for his wife's was observed flying for several hours, evidently from appearance before this board the 27th instant. Hendrick its motions, in search of prey; and with the agility pecuJacobson doth the same for his wife.

liar to them on a suinmers eve.--Poulson. 27th. of the 12th mo. Margaret Matson's indictment Intemperance. — The Pennsylvania Society for diswas read, and she pleads not guilty, and will be tryed by couraging the use of ardent spirits-at a quarterly meetthe country. The jury went forth, and upon their re. ing held 26th Nov. last--appointed Alexander Henry, turne brought her in guilty of having the common fame Matthew Carey and David M'Clure, a committee to reof a witch; but not guilty in manner and forme as she quest the several clergymen of Philadelphia to deliver stands indicted.

one or more discourses to their respective congregations Neels Mattson and Antho. Ncelson enters into a recog- to promote the important object of the association. nizance of fifty pounds apiece, for the good behaviour of Margaret Matson for six months. Jacob Hendrickson enters into the recognizance of fifty pounds for the good Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GEDbehaviour of Yethro Hendrickson for six months. des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at

1681. 10th. 3d. mo. The governor informes the coun- the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, Subscripcill that he had called the Indians together, and proposed tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per to them to let them have rum, if they would be content. annum--payable in six months after the commencement ed to be punished as the English were; which they did of publication and annually thereaster, by Subscribers agree to, provided that the law of not selling them rum resident in or near the city--or where there is an agent. be abolished.-Council Books.

Other Subscribers pay in advance.







NO. 2.


Swedes had any just Title yet without any legall protest

or warning Monsere Kieft the then Dutch Gouernor sent The following documents relate to the injuries received armed men 1642 and by force in an hostile way burnt by the New Haven purchasers, of lands on Delaware, theire trading house seized and for som time detained referred to in our chronological sketch (1640), and also the goods in it not suffering theire servants soe much as to their settlement on that river. They are taken from theire boate and for a while kept theire men Prisoners

to take a just Inventory of them; hee there allsoe seized vol. 2d. “Historical Collections."

for which to this day they can get no satisfaction.

2condly. That the said Dutch Governor 1642 comExtract from proceedings of the Commissioners for the peled Mr Lamberton theire Agent by force or threaten

United Colonies of New England, held at Boston 21stings to give in at the Monhattoes an accoumpt of what September, 1643:

beauers hee had traded within Newhauen lymits at DeVpon Informacon and complaynt made by Mr Eaton laware and to pay recognicon for the same. and Mr. Gregson to the Comissioners of sondry injuries 3ly. John Johnson the Dutch Agent with the Swedes and outrages they haue receiued from the Dutch and Governor at Delaware charged Mr. Lamberton as if hee Sweads both at Delaware Bay and elsewhere the parti. had ploted with the Indians to cutt them off a Capitall culers with their proofes being duly considered. It was Crime for which they imprisoned and tryed him but agreed and ordered that a letter be written to the could bring no proofe to satisfy themselves who both Sweadish Gouernor expressing the particulers and re- accused and sat Judges yett they sett a fine vpon him quireing satisfaction which letter is to be vnderwritten for trading within Newhauen Limits there.” by John Winthrop, Esq. Gouernor of the Massachusetts and President of the Comissioners for the Vnited Colo- Extract from Articles of Agreement, made and concludnies of New England.

ed at Hartford, vpon Conn. Sept. 19, 1650 betwixt

the Delegates of the honored Commissioners, &c. Extract from proceedings of an extraordinary meeting “ARTICLES of AGREEMENT made and concluded at of the Commissioners for the United Colonies, held at

HARTFORD upon Conecticott September 19th 1650 Boston, 23d July, 1649:

betwixt the Delegates of the honored Comissioners of the " From Newhauen General Court it was propounded Vnited English Collonies and the Delgates of PETER to the Comissioners what Course might be taken for the STUYVESANT Governor Generall of New NETHERLAND. speedy planting of Delaware Bay The title som Mar 1. V pon serivs consideracon of the differences and chants at New Hauen haue by purchase from the Indians greivances propounded by the two English Colonies of to considerable tractes of land on both sides of the Ri- Conecticott and Newhaven and the answare made by ver was opened, and the Comissioners did Reade and the honered Dutch Governor Peeter Stuyvesant Esqr. consider what had pased at a former meeting of theires according to the trust and power comitted vnto vs as in Anno 1643.

Arbetrators or Deligatts betwixt the said parties; Wee A writing delivered into New Haven Court by Mr. find that most of the offences or grievances were things Leech concerning the Healthfulnes of the Place the done in the time and by the order and comaund of MonGoodness of the Land Conveniency of the lesser Riuers sieur William Kieft the former Governor and that the with the Advantage of a well ordered trade there was present honered Gouernor is not duly prepared to make also perused. The Commissioners with the premisses answare to them; Wee therefore think meete to respet considering the present state of the Colonies, the En- the full consideration and Judgment conserning them glish in most plantations already wanting hands to carry tell the present Gouernor may acquaint the H. M. States on their necessary ocations thought fitt not to send forth and West India Companie with the particulars that soe men to possesse and plant Delaware nor by any publick due Reparacon may accordingly bee made. acte or Consent to incurrage or allow the planting ther 2. The Comissioners of New Haven complained of of; And if any shall voluntarily goc from any of the Co-seuerall higli and hostile Iniuries which they and others lonies to Delaware and shall without lenue and concent of that Jurisdicon haue recued from and by order of the from the Marchants att Newhaven sitt down vppon any aforsaid Monsieur Kieft in Delaware bay and River and Part or Parts of theire land there or in any other respects in theire Returne thence as by theire former propositions shalbee iniurius to them in their title and enterest there, and complaints may more fully appeere; and besids the the Colonies will neither protect nor owne thcin therin; English Right claimed by a pattent presented and shewThe Newhauen Marchants being notwithstanding lefte ed seuerall Puchases they have made on both sids the to their just libbertie to dispose improve or plant the River and bay of Delaware of seuerall large tracts of land they haue purchased in those parts or any part land ento and somwhat aboue the Dutch house or Fort therof as they shall see cause.”

there with the consideracion given to the said Sachems

and theire Companies for the same acknowledged and Extract of a letter dated Hartford, Conn. Sept. 16,1650, cleared by the hands of the Indians whom they affeirmo signed'Edward Hopkins, President; and addressed to

were the true propriators testified by many Witnesses; the Dutch Governor Stuyvesant:

they also affeirmed that according to theire apprehen"The Comissioners for New Haven informe and com- sions they have sustained £1000 damages partly by the playne first that wheras by theire Agents they had duly Swedish Gouerner but chiefly by order from Monsieur purchased of the Indians Sachems and theire Companies Kieft and therefore required due satisfaction and a peacseuerall tracts or parcells of land on both sids of Dela- able possession of the aforesaid lands to Inioy and Im. war bay or River to which neither the Dutch nor prove according to their just Right; The Dutch Gover

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nor by way of answare affeirined and asserted the Right and the men imprisoned tell they were forced to engage and title to Delaware or the south River as they call it vnder theire hands not then to preceed on theire voyage and to the lands there as belonging to the H. M. States towards Delaware but with lose of time and charg to West India Company and professed hee must protest returne to Newhauen; Threatening that if hee should against any other Claime, but is not provided to make after find any of them in Delaware hee would seize any such profes as in such a treaty might bee expected, theire goods and send their persons prisoners into Hol. nor had hee Comission to treat or conclude any thinge land and accordingly they returned though their damage therein, vpon consideracon whereof Wee the said Ar- thereby as they conseiue doth amount to aboue 3001b. betrators or Deligates wanting sufficient light to issue all which youer petitioners refere to youer wise and seriand determine any thinge in the premisses are necesi- us consideracon and being assured you will haue due tated to leave both parties in Statu quo privs to plead respect to the honer of the English nation which now and improve their just enterests at Delaware for plant- suffers by this injurius affront taken notice of by all the ing or trading as they shall see Cause; onely wee desire naighboring Indians, They humbly desire that som that all proseedings there as in other places may bee Course may be agreed and ordered for the due repaire carried on in love and peace tell the Right may bee fur of theire loses satisfaction for theire vnjust Imprison. ther considered and justly issued either in Europe or ment with libertie and encorragement to improue theire heere by the two States of England and Holland.” just Rightes in Delaware for the future to which pur.

pose they further humbly offer to consideracon. Petition addressed “ To the honored Commissioners,

First That Delaware in the Judgment of those that &c.

have often and seriously viewed the land and considered To the Honored Comissioners for the vnited Colonies the Climate is a place fitt for the enlargment of the Ennow assembled at Newhauen.

glish Collonies at present and hopfull for posteritie that The humble Petition of Jasper Graine Wm. Tuttill and wee and they may enjoy the Ordinances of Christ both

many other the Inhabitants of Newhauen and Sotocket. in Sperittuall and Ciuill Respects.

Humbly sheweth That wheras divers years sence se 2condly they feare that if the English right bee not verall marchants and others of Newhauen with much seasonably vindicated and a way opened for the speedy hazard charge and lose did purchase of the Indian Sag: planting of Delaware; the Dutch who haue layed allredamores and theire companies the true propriators seuerall dy an injurious hand both vpon our persons and Rightes large Tracts and parcells of land on both sides of Dela- they haueing (as is reported) lately begun a new Fortiware Bay and Riuer and did presently begine to build fication and plantation vpon our duly purchased lands; and to set vp factories for Trad and purposed to set vp will dayly strengthen themselues and by large offers plantations within their owne limmits wherby the Gos- draw many of the English to settle and plant under them; pell allsoe might haue been carried and spred amongst in soe hopfull a Place which will not onely bee dishoner. the Indians in that most Southerly part of New England able to the English nation but enconuenient to the Col. and the vnited Colonies might before this time been lonies and of mischevius Consequences to the persons enlarged with conveniency both for themselues and who shall soe settle in reference to that lycencius liber. posteritie had not the whole work by hostile and iniuri- tie their suffered and practised. vs opposition made both by the Dutch and Sweeds been Thirdly as the Petitioners haue not in theire eye any then hindered.

other considerable place within the limitts of New En. And wheras youer petitioners streightened in the re- gland either for the enlargement of the Collonies at spectiue plantations, and finding this parte of the Coun- present or for comfort and conueniency of posteritie soe trey full or affoarding little encorragement to beginne if the Dutch may thus oppenly opose vs in our persons any considerable new plantations for their owne com- and Rights if they may plant and fortifye vpon the land fort and conueniencye of posteritie; did vpon a serivs which themselues the English Sweeds and Indians know consideracon of the premises and vpon encorragement to be ours. It may incorrage them to encroach and of the Treatye betweene the honered Comissioners and make further hostile attempts vpon som or other of the the Dutch Gouerner the last yeare at Conecticott by smaler English Plantations to bring them under theire agreement and with consent of the said marchants and Gouerment and may annimate the Indians with whom others resolue vpon a more difficult Remoue to Dela- the Dutch engratiate themselues by a larg constant mis. ware; hopeing that our aimes and endeauors would be chevius Trad in Guns powder and shott to despise and acceptable both to God and to his people in these Col. make assaults vpon vs: Wherfore they againe humbly lonies being assured our title to the Place was just; and entreat youer aduise with seasonable and sutable assist. Resoluing (through the healp of God) in all our carriages ance according to the weight and Import of the Case; and proceedings to hold and maintaine a naighborly that all youer Consultations and labores may tend and Corespondence both with the Dutch and Sweeds; as issue in the honer of Christ and welfare of the Collonies. was assured them both by the tennor of the Comis The foregoing Petition being presented and read The sions and by letters from the honored Gouernor of this Comissioners took into serius consideracon the Contents Jurisdiction; To those ends and with these purposes therof and what was to bee donn therin. preparations were made in the winter a vessel was hired They considered the English Right to Delaware by and at least fifty of vs set forward in the Springe and pattent The Right of the Marchants and other Inhabitants expecting the fruite of that wholesome aduise giuen at of New hauen to sertaine tracts and parcells of land there Hartford the last yeare in the case by the arbetraters by purchase The Iniury donn them by the Dutch both joyntly, Those chosen by the Dutch Gouernor concur- formerly and this last Summer in theire hostile and forceing in it; wee went to the Monhatoes which wee might able proceeding against them as the petitioners relate haue auoyded; and from our Honered Gouernor present and the great affronts thereby giuen to the English naed a letter to the Dutch Gouernor vpon perusall wherof tion the ensolency of the Dutch and the Contempt it is (without further prouocation) hee arrested the two Mes like to bring the English into among the Indians if som sengers and comitted them to a priuate house close speedy course bee not taken to preuent it by Righting prisoners vnder a guard; that donn he sent for the mas- the oppressed. ier of the uessell to com on shore as to speak with him As alsoe the Comodiusnes of the place for plantations and comitted him allsoe after which two more of the and how preiudiciall it may bee to the English in these companie coming on shore and desireing to speak with partes if it should bee planted by enimies or people of theire naighbours vnder Restreint he comitted them as another nation not being vnmindfull of the straight acthe rest then desireing to see our Comissions and coppie commodacions of many in seuerall places and the beneithein out promiseing to returne them the next day fite of Trade with the Indians in Delaware if prudently - though the Coppes were taken and the Comissions de managed. maunded hce refused to deliver them and kept them They likwise considered what had pased betwiat the

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