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1828.)

MISCELLANEOUS.

9

APPOINTMÉXT9 BY THB MAYOR.

LEGAL DECISION

Compliment.--The Select and Common Councils of

Pittsburgh have passed the following resolutions rèsDISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. pecting our worthy fellow citizen, Frederick Graff, Esq.

for furnishing them with Plans, Estimates, &c. Trask and six others,

respect

ing the Water-works; for which he declined receiving Tackle, &c. of the

Attachment for wages. Friday any compensation: ship Dido, John

21st December, 1827. Resolved, by the Select and Common Councils of the Welsh, owner.

city of Pittsburgh, that the thanks of the councils be Mr Troubat for the libellants, stated this to be a claim given to Frederick Graff, Esq. for the valuable

informafor wages up to the time when they were

discharged the city with water.

tion communicated by him, on the subject of supplying from the Dido, which had been wrecked in the Delaware, the libellants having remained on board five days procure a Set of Glass, of the manufactory of Pittsburg,

Besolved, that the water committee be authorised to after she grounded, and assisted in saving the spars, rig- and present the same to Frederick Graff, as a testimony ging and part of the cargo, and further stated that the

of our respect. respondent refused to pay wages for the said five days, which the libellants insisted on as just and proper. The propriated for the purpose expressed in the above reso

Resolved, that the sum of one hundred dollars be aprespondent claimed a postponement until the ensuing lution. Friday, in order to prepare himself to resist the claim, which he intimated he intended to contest as far as re

In common council, Dec. 24, 1827-read and adopted. spected the rights of wages, even to the time when the

E. J. ROBERTS, clk. ship grounded. The Court allowed the postponement.

In select council, read and concurred in.

SAMUEL H. SCOTT, clk. On Friday the 28th, this claim was again urged on the part of the libellants, when the respondent appeared and informed the Court, that he had since settled with the libellants , and taken their receipts in full . It ap: Robert W. Sykes, Esq. Attorney and Solicitor for the

January 1st, 1828. peared too that the libellants had shipped and gone to sea.-Mr. Troubat then stated that he had not seen the Corporation. libellants since the last Friday—that they had settled Thomas T: Stiles, without his knowledge or privity, and had not paid the Joseph Morris, City Commissioners. costs of suit for which he himself had become surety;

Robert Brooke, he therefore concluded by moving for a decree against Robert H. Smith, Esq. City Clerk. Mr. Welsh the respondent, for costs, contending that John Rugan, Collector of Water Rents. his alleged settlement with the libellants would not pro- Benjamin Duncan, Principal Corder of Wood at Drawtect him from payment of the usual costs.

bridge Landing, and Receiver of Wharfage. His honor judge Peters granted the motion, and de George Abel, Deputy for the same, in place of David creed the respondent to pay the costs.-Phil. Gaz.

Paul, resigned.
Henry Myers, jr. Corder of Wood and Receiver of

Wharfage, at Sassafras (Race st.) Landing:
MISCELLANEOUS.

John Marley, Corder of Wood on Schuylkill, and Re

ceiver of Wharfage, and Corder of Wood brought to

the City by land. COAL TRADE.-Shipments of coal from Mount John M‘Lean, Carbon to Philadelphia,

Tons.
Per last report,

1324 boats,
carrying 31,256 George Beck,

Clerks of High st. Market.
Additional to Dec. 27, 5 do.

do. 108 Joshua Hensey,

John Land, Clerk of Second st. Market. 1329

31,364 Henry Vollum, Clerk of Broad st. Market. Total of Anthracite coal from Mount Carbon,

John Kline, Superintendant for cleaning the city, in 1827, and no more is expected this season.

Southern District. The water is intended to be drawn off part of

Joseph Lawrence, Superintendant for cleaning the city, the canals, for the winter, in a few days. 4

Northern District. boats, with coal included in the above, and 3

Isaac Richman, Captain of the Night Watch. boats with 900 bbls. flour, have arrived this

Samuel Stevens, Lieutenant of the Night Watch. day, at Scull's Wharf, and its vicinity, and one

Joseph G. Nancrede, M. D. Vaccine Physician. or two boats may be sent up the river to day,

Thomas Porter, N.E. Division. with loading

Benjamin W. Nicholson, S. E.do. (Collector of Cases for Lehigh has sent from Mauch Chunk, in 1827, 30,305 John P. Roberts, S.W. do. the Vac. Physician. From all other places, have been sent, in 1827,

1,239 James Kerr, N.W.

do.

Enoch Lewis, City Regulator and Surveyor, in place of Total, Dec. 31, 1827,

62,908 Reading Howell, deceased.

Samuel P. Garrigues } High Constables.

the votes:

Elections.-George Hoffman has been elected a mem. FINANCES OF PENNSYLVANIA. ber of the Assembly, for Lancaster county, in the place of Samuel Mohler, Esq. deceased. The following were

The following tables of the Finances of the State have

been compiled from the Auditor's Reports presented anGeorge Hoffman

1693

nually to the Legislature. It was our intention to have H. D. Overholtzer

1494

carried them back to the commencement of the State Hoffman's majority

199

government; but finding those early statements not

drawn up in the methodical manner in which they are at Jacob Hostitter had also 948 votes.

present, we found that it would swell the tables to an James M Sherry has been elected a member of the immoderate size. The present commence with the year Assembly for Adams county, in the place of Thompson 1802, and we believe embrace most of the items which at T. Benner, deceased.

present will be considered interesting 2

RECEIPTS.

on

on

Auc. Dividends Dividends

Duties on
Land, and tion Auction

Tax on
Tas on

Tavern Retailers Militia and Fees of
Year L. Office Com- Duties. Bank stock Bridge & Banks and Offices & Licenses. of Foreign Exempt Sec'ry.' Loans and
Fees. mis-
and U.S. Turnpike Dividends Writs.

Mdze. Fines. of States' Stock.
sions.

Office.

Bonus and
Tax on
Banks.

Court
Fines.

Miscella-
neous and Balance in
Old Debts the Treasury.

Total.

1801

90,477 1802 55,857 83 24,319 54 113,215 15

1,007 15,129 13

6,161 29 444 8,006 77

204

26,624 201 55,355 07 250,969 11 1803 55,689 97 24,503 12 105,404 10

2,009 75 22,192 38 10,470 96 587 79 67,593 86

2,889 40 8,693 35 51,661 74 248,329 53 1804 57,108 12 23,147 90 89,750

16,007 17 8,188 32

154,212 25 1805 62,882 82 18,349 21 100,100 89

2,315 4021,003 60 5,533 16 829 73

732 59 2,662 96 139,940 31 214,577 77 1806 65,447 88 26,689 24/105,500

2,591 07 21,645 72 10,050 35 693 14

2,822 41) 5,169 37 70,723 48 240,609 18 1807 46,758 34 29,882 64 113,000

2,341 94 29,486 80 19,849 12 485 58

5,777 50 9,060 77 91,295 23 256,643 69 1808 52,635 42 18,819 70 114,768

3,355 02 19,041 32 15,223 43 421 34

3,579 65 22,590 84 46,239 56 250,440 7221 1809 318,129 49 33,635 22 120,108 15

24,116 47 9,346 18 889 07

684 69 41,041 23 282,050 10 1 547,950 49 (1810 93,644 42 53,706 67 134,867 97

29,373 49 10,814 83 578 09

1,772 6729,206.94 41,625 40 353,965 08 1811 137,235 82 54,045 45 159,593 86

4,296 22 29,515 46 9,309 87 396 26

1,805 5112,111 30 60,045 93 408,309 75 1812 125,125 28 55,713 91191,946 50

7,804 74 26,417 76 9,413 20 735 15 5,475 53

1,568 49 14,713 24 189,988 91 438,913 82 1813 106,124 36 96,040 35 200,404

8,511 37 25,468 35 11,148 26 291 25

5,029 36 39,890 39 346,719 95 492,908 19 1814 99,682 43 49,687 78 197,787 50

8,073 19 26,196 77

4,652 66 988 46 300,000 120,000 00 5,413 59 32,834 69 36,167 05 845,977 07 1815 105,563 44 123,232 20 313,033 50

8,477 63 24,035 92

2,208 47 759 82 100,000 4,550 52 1,139 70 20,546 44 78,979 40 703,547 611 1816 85,480 57 82,102 04 217,258 50

8,172 76 30,184 23 3,963 95 862 36

31,263 04 2,414 84 36,449 77 276,664 18 684,690 721 1817 62,661 70 78,826 13 200,571 29,535 23 8,716 67 25,692 38

968 45 333,670 97

2,019 45 24,483 62 191,862 56 877,762 92 1818 52,425 72 73,910 89 189,938 3,400 37,631 37 13,044 87 30,682 10

2,592 22 100,000 2,294 80

27,426 27 92,819 81 533,346 24
1819 38,104 56 64,332 46 158,385 3,475 (37,852 8,932 32 30,899 87

7,625 641,477 07 180,000

8,741 801 39,591 40 539,825 72 1820 24,182 55 49,210 51 126,677 350 28,430 36 16,830 70 27,800 76

7,891 221 905 19 150,000

8,523 261 27,369 90 440,801 55 1821 31,689 42 18400 58,777 93 116,056 6,800 22,294 51 12,610 4336,601 51 2,372 64 7,378 97 2,595 851,100,000

5,009 14 493,649 42 1,420,586 40 1822 70,604 51 15200 73,289 73 121,289 7,170 22,670 44 6,000 33 31,729 12 35,653 22 5,297 65 1,193 94

4,667 66 334,038 84 411,432 27 1823 47,661 40 15100 59,114 72 121,289 7,595 20,840 24 4,105 56 35,722 38 29,165 48 4,126 511,652 06 100,000

5,818 90 60,787 13 650,667 611 1824 44,080 06 14200 58,204 64 122,997 12,827 50 24,711 70 8,887 72 30,885 32 18,490 12 2,280 09 2,464 76 210,000 70,000

8,461 74 26,582 89 650,667 611 1825 28,484 151910075,870 67 121,716 12,165 22,059 50 8,450 46 42,573 44 51,154 44 4,153 791,308 27 144,014

6,130 67,493 14 | 543,790 29 1826 43,590 49 20700 108,820 06 121,289 10,865 23,272 08 10,790 40 34,566 2141,545 87 5,120 50/1,188 32 249,875

5,995 14 155,022 05 677,618 09 11827| 73,867 70 20900 142,928 84 76,289 115,940 23,466 34 8,453 97 39,218 15 39,493 07) 1,516 20/2,413 60 1,110,250

116,442 05! 167,897 87 11,588,757 121

Included in the total column, are the following items, which we had not room to place in separate columns, viz: In1822—16,666 67; 1833—16,666 66; and 1824 -16,666 67, instalments on Arch st. Prison. In 1816—186,538 66; 1817–110,617 32; 1824–5,510 27; 1825—6,610 56; and 1827-17,577 60, from U. S. for Expenses of Late War.

EXPENDITURES.

and

on

ing Con

Penitentiary
Expenses
Internal

Militia Pensions Pennsyl'a. Education Loans paid Interest at Philad'a. Penitentiary Convey. Expenses
Year
of improvem't Expenses.
Claimants. Deaf and and Stock

and
at

of
Governm't.

Gratuities.
Dumb. purchased. Loans. Inspectors of Pittsburg: victs. Late War.

the Prison.

Total.

Miscella- Arms and State
neous. Ordnance, Capitol.

and
Arsenal.

1802 142,484 23 9,273 57 12,733 03 4,241 91

31,608 07 5,655 83
1803 149,409 52 3,626 00 14,894 66 4,149 22 12,354 64

50,000 00
1805 135,492 71 1,326 00 8,122 37 5,573 91 39,674 50 4,000 0019,568 85 391 01
1806 140,530 34 14,376 67 8,576 25 3,559 13 19,481 54 6,000 00|100,600 00
11807 152,816 59 9,483 46 7,966 39 5,505 34 2,565 57| 2,800 00 28,900 00 163 14
1808159,792 39 22,538 08 11,426 37 5,241 2819,232 45 2,000 00 62,700 00 428 76
1809|149,282 02 21,076 34 11,883 60 3,823 8920,202 44

82,544 15
(1810 138,774 15 26,818 44 8,916 62 3,916 73 5,495 92 4,000 00 369,200 00
1811 155, 196 26 33,371 21 7,300 214,918 27 11,596 18 7,000 00 130,800 00
1812162,646 32 38,461 00 10,223 84 5,540 47 14,730 99 4,000 00
(1813156,602 61 27,740 00 18,986 12 11,343 85 9,320 37 6,500 00
1814 164,497 30 66,450 00 12,813 59 13,973 84 2,377 06 5,060 00 102,138 89
1815 159,592 28 102,402 50 33,050 45 15,734 82

266,384 99 7,305 00
1816 177,373 41 123,309 02 31,979 71 16,978 67 2,432 78

47,700 00 11,100 00
1817 183,095 14333, 682 16 34,240 61 18,696 46 21,837 095,000 00|315,265 97
1818 184,530 60364,079 52 23,046 98 18,389 80 5,779 49 2,333 33
1819 194,618 66278,563 47 26,334 37 19,536 85 3,000 39

6,749 72
1820 187,757 50 114,864 77 15,017 41 18,643 32 4,265 72

17,186 67
1821|169,833 98 577,259 29 17,747 52 18,491 83 9,545 04 20,680 00

36,158 31
1822 166,320 13 173,551 08 25,837 68 20,051 17 2,760 87 15,951 95

80,300 00
1823|174,984 90 203,535 72 34,277 19 21,521 06 2,268 6612,157 28 150,000 0077,575 79
1824 171,685 41 80,875 60 30,289 26 22,754 85 1,122 24 12,000 00/200,000 0077,888 88
1825 179,368 07 68,560 52 23,449 0424,727 81

18,582 651

175,259 00 1826 182,347 43182, 104 99 23,238 05 26,048 63 4,051 37 11,958 77

182,541 66 11827202,127 241,131500 7626,666 75 24,330 68 9,132 02 25,946 02

189,438 97

19,674 61 60,419 801

286,091 05
29,520 86 39,729 70

303,684 60
10,406 58 5,025 37

229,582 30
10,780 58 5,921 50

309,826 01
25,474 69 396 76

236,071 94
12,137 06

295,496 391
23,327 51

312,139 95
6,207 92

31,000 00594,389 78
9,707 091

30,000 00 389,889 22
16,000 00
526 23 32,768 26 11,058 73

13,000 00 308,960 84)
92,771 19 12,923 01

336,187 15
780,996 9210,222 37 3,000 00

1,156,522 97
71,391 95 4,873 40

660,735 29
25,346 59 28,102 04

22,683 72 487,005 94
6,412 35 41,308 23

3,026 53 962,564 54
2,346 84 24,538 46

705 77 633,188 99
25,471 69
560 86 13,038 01

24,380 11 592,254 13
23,942 741
1,004 01|19,354 91

51,006 00 453,043 05
27,506 82 18,734 405,049 79 675 93 6,623 96

46,000 00 954,306 87
45,000 00 16,404 827,180 48 331 67) 5,552 89

11,500 00 571,042 86
34,000 001 19,428 01 5,946 08 191 93 6,222 99

742,109 63
60,000 001 18,820 31 4,188 60 260 78 5,485 92

684,871 85
80,000 001 23,599 262,429 08] 468 44 6,436 15

502,880 05
50,000 00 15,064 371,330 47 249 80 11,153 41

590,089 18 39,124 09 15,716 56' 296 631

(11,601 581

11,575,881 302

7,438 23

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FROM TH) AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT TO THB Indiana and Ebensburg

12,000 00
LEGISLATURE.
Washington and Williamsport

3,333 33 Bank and other stock, the property of the Common

Washington and Pittsburg

9,570 60
wealth, November, 1827.
Lycomiug and Potter

10,144 895
Middletown and Harrisburg

14,000 00 BANK STOCK.

Bellefonte, Aaronsburg & Youngmanstown 12,230 43 2,500 shares in the Bank of Pennsylvania, sub.

$1,871,707 92 scribed by the state on its incorporation, $400

BRIDGES & CANALS. per share, 1,000,000 00 Columbia

90,000 00 1,250 ditto, subscribed in

Harrisburg

90,000 00 pursuance of an act pas

Northumberland

50,000 00 sed in February, 1810,

Lewisburg or Derrytown

20,000 00 extending the charter, 500,000 00

Nescopeck Bridge Company

8,000 00 1,500,000 00 Schuylkill Bridge at Pottstown

3,000 00 5,233 ditto, in the Phila.

Monongahela Bridge

40,000 00 delphia bank, at $100

Allegheny Bridge

40,000.00 per share, 523,300 00 French Creek Bridge at Franklin

5,000 00 1,708 ditto, in the Farmers'

Conemaugh Bridge Company

5,000 00 and Mechanics' bank, at

Big Beaver Bridge Company

15,000 00 $50 per share,

85,400 00 Wilkesbarre Bridge per Act of the 26th of
March, 1821

13,000 00
$2,108,700 00 Ditto per Act of March 30, 1824

13,955 22
Union Canal

45,000 00
TURNPIKE STOCK.
Schuylkill Navigation Company

50,000 00 Harrisburg, Carlisle and Chambersburg $84,499 983 500 shares in the Chesapeake and Delaware Chambersburg and Bedford

171,911 783 Canal, subscribed by the Philadelphia Bedford and Stoystown

103,999 971 Bank, and to be transferred to the state at Stoystown and Greensburg

112,500 00

the expiration of 15 years from the date Greensburg and Pittsburg

89,000 00 of subscription, per Act of the 28th of Huntingdon, Cambria and Indiana 171,824 02} March, 1823

100,000 00 Erie and Waterford

5,000 00 Perkioming and Reading 53,000 00

$587,955 22 Gap and Newport

20,000 00 Waynesburg, Greencastle and Mercerburg 11,379 96

RECAPITULATION. Morgantown, Churchtown and Blue Ball 9,000 00 Bank Stock

2,108,700 00 Little Conestogo 9,977 96 Turnpike Stock

1,871,707 92 Berks and Dauphin 29,000 00 Bridge and Canal Stock

587,955 22 Lancaster and Middletown

10,000 00 Susquehanna and Lehigh 10,000 00 Total amount of Stock

$4,568,363 14 Easton and Wilkesbarre

12,500 00 Milford and Oswego

31,000 00 Downingtown, Ephrata and Harrisburg 59,930 37

MESSAGE. Centre and Kishacoquillas

20,000 00 Of Governon SHULZE, to the General Assembly of Centre

80,000 00

Pennsylvania. Susquehanna and York

5,000 00 Fellow Citizens: York and Gettysburg

39,972 913 Among the duties which constitutionally devolve on New Holland

10,000 00 the Chief Magistrate, there is none more important than Springhouse, Northampton and Bethlehem 10,000 00 the annual message which he delivers at the opening of Cayuga and Susquehanna

6,000 00 every session of the General Assembly. It is my good Susquehanna and Tioga

30,400 00 fortune, every year, to approach the discharge of this Mercer and Meadville

19,666 00 high duty with renewed and increased feelings of gratiBridgewater and Wilkesbarre

25,000 00 fication. General health, and a multiplication of the Pittsburg and New Alexandria

48,360 65 good things of this world, are every where to be found New Alexandria and Conemaugh 16,021 103 throughout Pennsylvania. We are at peace, and plenty Belmont and Easton

17,500 00 flows in upon us through every channel. The national Phillipsburg and Susquehanna

17,000 00 debt contracted for the revolutionary war; by the purPittsburg and Butler

19,666 66 chase of Louisiana and the Floridas, and by the war of Butler and Mercer

19,666 66 1812, is nearly discharged, and the balance is paying off Anderson's Ferry, Waterford and New Haven 10,000 00 with unexampled rapidity; yet we are in the full enjoyPittsburg and Steubenville

25,000 00 ment of the rights of man, and of nations, and we have Ridge Road

25,000 00 not only no direct tax to pay, but we have immense sums Bethany and Dingman's choice

8,000 00 to devote to the erection of fortifications, and the adRobbstown and Mount Pleasant

15,000 00 vancement of internal improvements. May the Giver of Mount Pleasant and Somerset

18,499 784 all good fill our hearts with gratitude that our lot has Somerset and Bedford

18,508 201 been cast in such a country, and at such times as the Hanover and Carlisle

10,000 00

present! The prosperity we now enjoy, is not one Millerstown and Lewistown

35,759 75 which arises from the devastating march of war in other Bellefonte and Phillipsburg

19,473 00 countries, but is a consequence of that wise course of Philadelphia, Brandywine and New London 3,500 00 policy which has called forth all our resources and all Belmont and Oghquega

5,000 00

our industry. Upon its permanence, therefore, we may Harrisburg ond Millerstown

39,699 491 confidently rely, and entertain a reasonable hope that Philadelphia and Great Bend

9,646 68 it will increase as our resources, talents and industry shall Lewistown and Huntingdon

46,535 21 be encouraged to develope themselves. Armstrong and Indiana

9,000 00 There is no good, which government can bestow, that Clifford and Wilkesbarre

4,832 84 we have not derived from it. There is scarcely an evil

1828.)

MESSAGE

13

which a watchful government can avert which we have they are beneficial in their operation, and indispensable, not escaped. After fifty years' experience, of an untried, to give due effect to the policy of the individual states.but well considered system, we are prosperous and hap- They concern the general welfare, and correspond with py, beyond all former example, and enjoying, in the the national exigency; They are the concentrated enerhighest possible degree, the invaluable rights and privi- gy of all, applied under the guidance of all, to the comleges of civil and religious liberty. We cannot be too mon objects which transcend the powers, or the ability, grateful to Almighty God for all the blessings we enjoy, of the particular states, yet are necessary for the general nor too anxious in our prayers to have them preserved government. To open, or to aid in opening, those great to us and to our posterity.

lines of interior communication, which promise extensive On the system of internal improvement long practised national benefits, in peace and war; to protect American upon in this commonwealth, I submitted my opinions at manufactures, and give encouragement to domestic inconsiderable length at the opening of the last session of dustry, by adequate duties upon articles of foreign comthe General Assembly. Upon a careful revision, I do not petition;-are within those powers of Congress which think there is any thing I could wish to alter; to it, there have been invariably acceded, and whose value becomes fore, reference may be had, if any shall be deemed ne more obvious as the bounds of our confederation are cessary, as to the Governor's views of that interesting extended by the admission of new states. One of those subject. I have the satisfaction to state, that no doubt is great interior communications, in which the United entertained that the Union Canal will be completed early states and this state are deeply interested, is now so in the spring. The summit level, being in a limestone happily advancing that, early next summer, a sloop navicountry, it has been found necessary to plank a distance gation will be in full operation, connecting the waters of of seven miles. When this is finished, this great work the Chesapeake and Delaware. This great improvement will be ready to go into full operation. The whole line has thus far advanced, and it is expected will be brought of the Pennsylvania Canal is under contract, and the to perfection, by the funds furnished by the United contracts have been made at a price far below the esti-States Government, by the government of the states of mate of the engineers. From the representations made, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland, and 'by indiI feel assured that fifty miles of the western section of viduals. this canal will be completed next spring. I will not, It is upon the exercise, by congress, of these powers, however, anticipate the interesting facts which will be at proper times, that Pennsylvania must rely to carry into submitted for your consideration in the report of the ca- full effect her essential policy, and to crown the liberal nal commissioners.

efforts she has made within her borders to encourage By these improvements, when completed, the resour-domestic manufactures, and promote domestic trade and ces of Pennsylvania will be greatly augmented; her agri- intercourse. Our home industry, indeed, must depend culture encouraged; her manufactures extended; and entirely upon congress against foreign legislation and her internal commerce facilitated and enlarged. These foreign disturbance, since the powers which have been cardinal interests, which thrive only in conjunction, will granted to the general government, and are alone adeact upon each other with a mutually beneficial effect, to quate to the object, have by the great charter of our the common advantage of all our fellow citizens. The union, been expressly denied to the government of the farmer who supplies the raw materials, as well as the states. food for the manufacturer, will find a steady and increas Intimately associated with the view just presented is ing market, in his neighbourhood, for the surplus pro- another object of exclusive national cognizance, anxiousduction of his farm. The manufacturer, if duly encour-ly desired by the eastern portion of this commonwealth, aged, will in return furnish the fabrics of ingenuity and and it must be acknowledged very important in its bearindustry. The facilities of communication will extending upon the interests of Pennsylvania, as well as most this profitable intercourse throughout the commonwealth of her sister states. The construction of a break water, and while they give value to the minerals abounding in or artificial harbour, at the mouth of Delaware bay would the soil of Pennsylvania, they will open new resources afford increased security to the trade of the bay and river;. of wealth and additional incentives to industry. These would aid the coasting trade of the United States; would benefits are already partially felt and there is no reason benefit our chief commercial city; and by improving the to doubt but they will go on diffusing themselves upon outlet towards which, on the Atlantic side, all our im-' a scale co-extensive with the liberal plan which the wis- provements tend, would render them more valuable and dom of the Legislature has devised.

productive by the inducement which it would offer to It has been said, and the truth cannot be too often re- our brethren in the west, to pass their produce and repeated, that in cultivating her own cardinal interests, turns within the limits of the state. Having done so Pennsylvania is promoting also the welfare of the other much for herself, it seems not unreasonable to hope that states. The strength of this union depends, in no mean Congress will second her exertions by doing, within the respect, upon the capacity of the several states to supply appropriate sphere of the power of the Union, what is each others wants, and the intercourse of kindness and required to give them due effect. good offices which its free exercise will produce. Penn The act passed by the General Assembly, April 8, sylvania, rich in coal and iron, producing in abundance 1826, for the restoration of the circuit court, and to alter food for man, and provided by the bounty of Providence, the judiciary system of the commonwealth, appears to with numerous streams of water, affording the elemen- give general satisfaction in the several counties of the tary power to set machinery in motion, seems destined state. The system, however, is still believed by the peoto contribute a considerable part of her quota, towards ple, and the judges, to be susceptible of much improvethe general welfare, by the fruits of industry skilfully ment. And it is probable that no subject, which claims applied to manufactures.—The maintenance of her rela- the attention of the Legislature, could more beneficially tive rank and her ability to uphold that union, upon engage it, than the manner in which the laws, generally, which our peace and happiness so much depend, is there are administered throughout the commonwealth. The fore, inseparably connected with internal improvement and laws, in relation to intestates, would assuredly be imAmerican manufactures. It is satisfactory to observe, proved, if they were carefully revised. The organizathat justly appreciating her interests and her duty, tion and laws, respecting the orphans' court, have so she has spared no exertion to promote the one and fulfil forcibly impressed my mind, as to the necessity of amendthe other, in a manner worthy of her character and ment, that I have in two former messages, to which I standing.

beg. leave to refer, called legislative attention to the In regard, however, to both these great objects, there subject. are duties belonging to the government of the Union, The commissioners appointed to revise the penal code and there are powers commensurate with those duties, of the commonwealth, will, it is expected, inake their as unquestionable in their constitutional existence as report, so as to be laid before you, early in the session,

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