## ELEMENTARY SYNTHETIC GEOMETRY OF THE POINT, LINE AND CIRCLE IN THE PLANE |

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### Common terms and phrases

AABC ABCD algebraic altitude apothem becomes bisects centre of similitude centre-line chord of contact circles touch circumcircle circumradius co-axal coincide collinear concurrent concurrent lines concyclic congruent corresponding cut the circle denote diagonals diameter divide double points end-points equal angles equianharmonic equilateral triangle excircles external bisector fixed point geometric given circles given line given point harmonic range Hence hexagram homographic homologous hypothenuse incircle internal angles inverse points isosceles joins line-segment locus median middle point nine-points circle opposite sides orthogonally pair parallel parallelogram passes pencil perpendicular perspective plane point of contact point of intersection polar reciprocal quadrangle radical axis radii radius rectangle regular polygon rhombus right angle right bisector rotation secant similar Similarly square straight angle symbol tangent tensor theorem Theorem.—The three circles transversal vertex vertices

### Popular passages

Page 176 - The square described on the hypothenuse of a rightangled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares described on the other two sides.

Page 183 - The sides of a triangle are proportional to the sines of the opposite angles.

Page 260 - Three lines are in harmonical proportion, when the first is to the third, as the difference between the first and second, is to the difference between the second and third ; and the second is called a harmonic mean between the first and third. The expression 'harmonical proportion...

Page 19 - Every circumference of a. circle, whether the circle be large or small, is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts called degrees. Each degree is divided into 60 equal parts called minutes, and each minute into 60 equal parts called seconds.

Page 77 - J_ to the given line. .'. the construction gives the perpendicular to a given line at a given point in the line.

Page 122 - And conversely, if the square on one side of a triangle is equal to the Bum of the squares on the other two sides, the angle contained by these two sides is a right angle.

Page 124 - The difference of the squares of two sides of a triangle is equal to the difference of the squares of the segments made by the altitude upon the third side.