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L.Report of the surveyor general of Nevada.

UNITED STATES SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Virginia City, Nev., September 3, 1878. SIR: In compliance with your instructions of May 1, 1878, I have the honor to submit the following report in duplicate of the operations of this office during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878, with accompanying statements relative to the surveying department:

A. Statement of account of appropriation for compensation of the United States surveyor general for Nevada, and employés in his office, during the fiscal year 1877–78.

B No. 1. Statement of account of appropriation for surveys of public lands during the fiscal year 1877–78.

B No. 2. Statement of account of appropriation for surveys of public lands during the fiscal year 1876–77, balance.

('. Statement of account of appropriation for rent of office, fuel, books, stationery, and other incidental expenses, including pay of messenger, in the office of the Cnited States surveyor general of Nevada during the fiscal year 1877–78.

D. Statement of contracts entered into by the United States surveyor general, with the mumber of miles surveyed, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

E. List of public lands surveyed in the State of Nevada during the fiscal year 1877-'78.

F. Statement of special deposits with the subtreasurer of the United States for survey of the mineral claims in Nevada during the fiscal year 1877–78.

G. List of mineral claims surveyed in the State of Nevada during the fiscal year 1877-'78.

A. Statement of plats made in the office of the United States surveyor-general during the fiscal year 187778.

J. Statement for the surveying service in the State of Nevada for the fiscal year ending 1880.

The operations of the surveying service in this district have been confined entirely to the survey of agricultural, grazing, and timber lands. Twenty townships have been returned, embracing an area of 233,767.88 acres of agricultural, grazing, and timber lands, 958.03 acres of mineral land, 104,144.39 acres of unsurveyed and unfit for cultivation; total, 338,870.30 acres, together with 103 applications for patents to mincral claims, embracing an area of 1,281.98 acres. Owing to the lateness of the season in letting contracts, only partial returns of contracts (No. 78 of Messrs. Hatch, Barker and Eaton) have been received. Contracts 79, 80, and 81 are still in progress of surveying.

AGRICULTURE. The only material change to note in the agricultural affairs of Nevada during the year is the increased efforts made to utilize the waters of the State for irrigating purposes. Canals have been prospected, and the work of their construction commenced, which will absorb the waters of the Truckee and Carson Rivers during the irrigating season and probably add 20,000 acres to the land under cultivation. A canal commenced from the Humboldt will supply an equally extensive tract of country; the building of the railroad to Esmeralda County will, in Mason Valley, cause the cultivation of as much new land as there is water in the Walker River to supply, and will cause the redemption of 20 or 25 square miles of the best land in the State. A project ,is on foot to tap the Owyhee River for water for a large extent of valnable land in Humboldt County. In our sage-brush lands alfalfa, the cereals, and all vegetables flourish in profusion where water can be obtained, and the State is swiftly becoming one of the great stock-raising States of the Union.

MINERAL My report of the mineral showing of Nevada must necessarily be very much a repetition of the report of last year. The great bonanzas will not produce the enormous yields of last year, partly because of needless repairs in the mines and partly, doubtless, because the cream of the vast deposit has been skimmed. But the prospect has greatly brightened in other mines of the Comstock, and before the close of the year other bonanzas will be uncovered. The same cheerful outlook applies to other connties. In Washoe, in the Pyramid district, one paying mine has been opened, and adjacent mines are being vigorously opened.

During the year a new district has been discovered in Humboldt County which is very valuable, and many old mines have been reopened and are paying well. Lander County is sustaining its old reputation as a bullion producer. The inines of Elko County will yield about the same as last year with a prospect of doing better in future White Pine ('ounty has changed very little, but a rapid advance may be looked for soon both in Ward and Cherry Creek district. During the year past Lincoln County has added on great mine to its bullion producers. Eureka County has greatly advanced during the past twelve months, and the great ore channel there is doubtless as permanent as the Comstock; the low prices of lead seriously affects the profits of mining in Eureka, but there is no abatement in the work. Nye County shows a marked advance over last year, the more the mines at Tybo are worked the more extensive the ore deposit becomes. At Belmont the outlook is full of encouragement, while in Western Nye, at Grantville and Downeyville, the mines are yielding heavily and giving every indication of permanency and wealth.

Esmeralda County is attracting marked attention; active work was resumed on the Aurora mines last winter, and the prospect there and at “Bodie,” just over the State line, has justified the commencement of a railroad from here to that region; the road will be pushed forward with all possible dispatch. A new mine has been opened near the famous Northern Belle, which promises to fully equal that property in value.

In Lyon County the working of Comstock tailings is steadily pursued; from that county within the year the Sutro Tunnel has reached and penetrated the Comstock. It may not be out of place to add that though a little out of the State, the fabulous product of the “Bodie” mines is materially adding to the agricultural value of the counties in Nevada adjacent to it.

Gro88 yield of the mines of the State of Nerada for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878. Eureka, 125,934 tons of ore ......

$5,984, 326 44 Esmeralda, 16,334 tons of ore...

667,552 89 For quarter ending June 30, no report. Elko, 15,607 tones of ore ......

1, 472, 180 43 Elko, 225 tons tailings worked .........

3, 375 00 Humboldt, 17,270 tons ......

221, 193 07 Quarter ending June 30, 1878, no report. Lander, 5,720 tons of ore ......

582, 584 45 Lincoln, 29,643 tons of ore ......

631, 830 68 Lyon, 90,294 tons tailings worked ....

609, 632 63 Nye, 18,254 tons of ore ........

605, 348,32 Nye, 377 tons tailings worked...

6,713 43 Quarter ending June 30, 1878, no report. Storey, 508,536 tons of ore ......

34,967, 307 34 Storey, 83,563 tons of tailings...

811, 010 43 White Pine, 11,861 tons of ore ........

660, 188 14

Total yield. Ore extracted, 747,169 tons, value .......

45, 792, 511 76 Tailings worked, 184,459 tons, value ...........

1, 430, 791 49

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Grand total ........

47, 223, 303 25

STATE CONTROLLER'S OFFICE,

Carson, Nev., August 20, 1878. I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the yield of the mines of this State for the year commencing July 1, 1877, and ending June 30, 1878 (except for the counties of Nye, Humboldt, and Esmeralda, whose statements for the quarter ending June 30, 1878, have not been received), as compiled from the quarterly reports of the several county auditors tiled in this office. [SEAL.]

W. W. HOBART,

Controller of State.

I would beg leave to state that the appropriation for incidental account for this office is entirely insufficient to furnish the necessary supplies needed to run the office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1879. In the hope that this brief report will meet your approbation, I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

E. S. DAVIS,

United States Surreyor General. Hon. J. A. WILLIAMSON,

Commissioner of the General Land Office.

A.-Statement of account of appropriation for compensation of surveyor general and employés

during fiscal year 1877–78. DR.

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B No. 1.-Statement of account of appropriation for surveys of public lands in Nevada during

187778. DR.

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B No. 2.-Statement of account of appropriation for surveys of public lands in Nevada during

1877–78. DR.

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C.-Statement of account of appropriation for rent of office, fuel, books, stationery, and pay of messenger, during 1877–78.

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1.-Statement of contracts entered into by the United States surveyor general for Nevada, with the number of miles run during the fiscal year 1877 and 1878.

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1878.
Jan. 26 Hatch and Eaton Run, measure, and mark all lines neces-

sary to establish the exterior and sub-
division lines in township 28 north,
range 31 east, and the subdivision lines
in township 26 north, range 32 east,
and all lines necessary to complete the
subdivisions of townships 26 and 27
north, ranges 31 and 32 east, Mount
Diablo base and meridian.

8, 000 00

.... Surveys in progress.

78 Feb. 12 Hatch, Barker, Run, measure, and mark the Mount
and Eaton.

Diablo base line through ranges 32
and 33 east; also, the exterior bound-
aries and subdivision lines of town-
ships 1 and 2 north, range 31 east;
townships 2, 3, and 4 north, range 30
east, and townships 3, 4, and 5 north,
range 29 east, and the subdivision lines
in townships 3, 4, and 5 north, range 28
east; townships 4, 5, and 6 north, range
26 east, and township 6 north, range 25

east, Mount Diablo base and meridian.
79 April 29 A. Craven and J. Run, measure, and mark all lines neces-
E. Gignoux. sary to establish the seventh standard

north through ranges 53, 54, and 55
east; also, the exterior and subdivis-
ion lines of townships 34 and 35 north,
range 52 east; townships 34, 35, 36, and
37 north, ranges 53 and 54 east; town.
ships 35, 36, and 37 north, range 55 east,
Mount Diablo base and meridian.

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80 May 27 W. N. McGill.... Run, measure, and mark all lines neces

sary to complete the exterior and sub-
division lines in townships 16 and 17
north, range 63 east; also, to establish
the exterior and subdivision lines in
townships 16 and 17 north, range 62
east, and township 16 north, range 61
east, Mount Diablo base and meridian. I

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D.-Statement of contracts entered into by the United States surveyor general for Nevada, &c.-Continued.

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