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N.-Statement giving the names, nativity, fc., of the surveyor general and the employés in his

office at Helena, Mont., during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

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2, 750

Andrew J. Smith .. Surveyor general. New York .. New York. $2,750 Dec. 18, 1873 "Aug. 28, 1877. Roswell H. Mason .....do.

Connecticut. Montana ..

Sept. 7, 1877 George F. Marsh .. Chief clerk. Vermont........do... 1,800 July 1, 1877 (Oct. 16, 1877. Wm. T. McFarland. ....do ......... Indiana.....

1, 800 Oct. 27, 1877 John M. Marsh .... Draughtsman.. ....do .......

.......do...... 1,500 July 1, 1877 Edward B. Bonnell Mineral clerk.. New York ...

July 1, 1877 K. M. Smith..... .....do ..... 1. ...do ....... ....do...

Aug. 21, 1874 Sept. 27, 1877. Benjamin Franklin. Messenger ... Virginia ...

do..

600 June 3, 1877 Oct. 7, 1877. John E. Howard .......do ....

England ... .....do..

180 Oct. 20, 1877 $ May 15, 1878.

do.

* Suspended by order of the President, dated August 14, 1877, received August 28, 1877.
+ Discharged.

Resigned.
& Services dispensed with for balance of fiscal year, as appropriation was exhausted.

ROSWELL H. MASON,
United States Surveyor General for Montana.

0.-Statement showing the number of letters recorded in the office of the surveyor general for

Montana during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

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P.-Statement of work performed in the office of the surveyor general for Montana during the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

Description.

Num- Number of ber.

folios.

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Sets of special instructions to accompany contracts for public surveys prepared...
Contracts for public surveys prepared......
Plats and tracings showing location of contracts prepared..
Original field notes of public surveys examined and approved ..
Transcripts of field notes of public surveys prepared, examined, and approved .
Township plats prepared, examined, and approved.......
Standard and meridian plats prepared, examined, and approved ..
Descriptive lists of corners prepared, examined, approved, and transmitted to

local land offices.....
Descriptive lists of land, soil, &c., prepared, examined, approved, and transmitted

to local land offices ........
Surveyors accounts for surveys prepared in duplicate .......
Sets special instructions for mineral surveys prepared .........
Estimates for office work on mineral surveys prepared and transmitted to applicants
Orders for mineral surveys prepared and issued to deputy surveyors...
Original field notes of mineral surveys examined and approved ...
Transcripts of field notes of mineral surveys prepared, examined, and approved
Plats of mineral surveys prepared, examined, and approved...
Miscellaneous plats prepared.
Letters written......
Letters received and filed.....
Letters recorded .......
Salary accounts prepared in duplicate.
Incidental accounts prepared in duplicate ...,
Annual report prepared in triplicate ..
Sets accompanying statements prepared in duplicate...

Total number of folios....

124 118 118 474

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ROSWELL II. MASON. United States Surveyor General for Montana.

Q.-Estimate for surveying services and office expenses in the district of Montana for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1880.

FIELD WORK. For surveying 110 miles base line, at $10.

................

$1,100 00 For surveying 100 miles standard lines, at $10 ..

1,000 00 For surveying 60 miles meridian lines, at $10 ..

600 00 For surveying 900 miles township lines, at $7...

..... 6, 300 00 For surveying 2,400 miles section lines, at $6...

..... 14, 400 00 For surveying 100 miles meander lines, at $10.....

1,000 00 For surveying heavily timbered and mountainous land, at rates

not exceeding $16 for standard, $14 for township, and $10 for section lines....

10, 000 00

- $34, 400 00 OFFICE WORK. For salary of surveyor general......

3,000 00 For salary of chief clerk .......

1, 800 00 For salary of draughtsman.......

1,500 00 For salary of transcript clerk .....

1,500 00 For incidental expenses, messenger, rent, fuel, lights, stationery, &c..........

1,500 00 For mounting and binding maps and field notes, and office furniture .....

1,000 00

10, 300 00

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SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Boise City, Idaho, August 13, 1878. Sir: In compliance with your instructions, I have the honor to submit the annual report, in duplicate, of this surveying district for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878, together with the usual tabular statements relating thereto.

A. Estimate of expenses incidental to the survey of public lands in Idaho for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1880.

B. Statement of expenditure of appropriation for compensation of surveyor general and clerks in his office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

C. Statement of incidental and office expenses for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

D. Statement of expenditure of appropriation for surveys for the fiscal year ending Jane 30, 1878.

E. Statement of original maps and copies transmitted to the General Land Office and to the district office since the last report.

F. Statement showing the condition of contracts entered into since June 30, 1877.

G. Statement of descriptive list sent to the local land office since the date of last report.

H. Tabular list of townships surveyed since the date of last report, showing the areas of the public lands.

I. Statement of applications for the survey of mineral lands and mill sites for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

J. Statement of amount deposited with the United States assistant treasurer for office work for mineral claims in Idaho for the fiscal year ending Jue 30, 1878.

K. Names, nativity, &c., of surveyor general, clerks, &c., in his office at Boise City, Idaho, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

On assuming charge of this office on the 16th day of July, 1878, I found that my predecessor, the Hon. La Fayette Cartee, had all the office work completed up to that date. I am also mucli indebted to him for the tabular statements accompanying this report, they being all completed on my taking charge of this office. Too much praise and credit cannot be awarded to Mr. Cartee for the neatness, correctness, and efficiency he has displayed while in charge of the office of United States surveyor general.

The surveys of the public lands for the fiscal year just closed have been confined to the southern and southeastern portions of this Territory, where there are yet large

portions of valuable agricultural lands unsurveyed, which are being gradually settled. Especially is this the case on the line and in the vicinity of the Utah Northern Railroad, which is expected to be completed to Snake River, in the vicinity of Old Fort Hall, some time this fall.

The surveys contracted for by my predecessor during the last fiscal year have been all completed and notes returned, with the exception of Mr. Allen M. Thompson's, whose work lay in close proximity to the hostile Indians; and on account of their hostility I have granted an extension of time to complete the surveys named in his contract, No. 74, dated February 20, 1878.

OFFICE WORK. Some of the field notes of the survey of townships contracted for during the last fiscal year have been carefully examined, approved and protracted. Triplicate plats of each one constructed and transmitted as required by law and regulations. Transcripts of the field notes have been prepared and transmitted to the General Land Office, all of which have been carefully compared with the originals.

The field notes of contract No. 73, dated November 27, 1877, have just been received and will soon be examined and protracted.

In connection with office work, I respectfully but earnestly call your attention to the small amount appropriated to this office for clerk hire. It is impossible to keep a competent chief clerk and draughtsman the entire year on so small an appropriation. The chief clerk receives $1,500 per annum, which leaves only $1,000 for the salary of draughtsman; and in a country where board and lodging alone costs from $12 to $15 per week no person can afford to work for so small a sun; consequently the draughtsman has to be hired temporarily, which, to say the least, is very detrimental and sometimes a serious impediment to office work, for a competent draughtsman cannot always be obtained. It may be said we have a relief in the special deposit fund. True, it will makə up a part of the deficiency, but it comes at such uncertain times and irregular amounts as to make it impossible for me to engage a competent draughtsman for the entire year. Men who are employed this month and discharged next are not always the most desirable class to have in the responsible position of draughtsman, and do not stay long enough to become proficient and expert in their duties. I hope Congress will give us an appropriation large enough to keep a chief clerk and draughtsman the entire year.

In compliance with your letter of May 1, 1878, my predecessor forwarded you an estimate for the surveys in this surveying district for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1880. The estimates are as low as the best interest of the surveying service requires.

The first standard parallel north ought to be extended the distance given, for many valuable mines and rich agricultural valleys lie contiguous to it.

The third standard parallel ought to be run to the east boundary of the Territory. It will run (it is believed) through one of the largest and finest valleys in the Territory, situated on the Upper Payette River, and will run in close proximity to the famous Yankee Fork mines, which, if reports are true, are second to none in the richness of its ores.

The timber lands also ought to be surveyed, for, judging by the present despoliation of valuable timber, the day is not far distant when our heavily timbered mountains will be stripped of timber and thus become worthless to the government, yet at the present rates allowed by law it is almost impossible to get competent surveyors to take a contract in a timbered and mountainous country. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. P. CHANDLER,

Surveyor General of Idaho. Hon. J. A. WILLIAMSON,

Commissioner General Land Office.

......... $3,000 00

A.- Estimate of expenses incidental to the survey of the public lands in Idaho for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1880.

OFFICE EXPENSES.
For salary of surveyor general...
For salary of clerks ......

... 4,000 00 For rent of office, messenger, fuel, books, and other expenses... 2,000 00

$9,000 00 SURVEYING SERVICE. For surveying first standard parallel north 96 miles, at $15 per niile .......

.. 1,440 00 For surveying third standard parallel north 180 miles, at $15 per mile .......

.. 2,700 00

For surveying 120 miles exterior lines timber land in mountains, at $15 per mile ....

..... $1,800 00 For surveying 600 miles subdivision lines timber land in mountains, at $12 per mile......

7,200 00 For surveying 360 miles exterior lines, 30 townships, at $12 per mile ...............

4,300 00 For surveying 1,200 miles subdivision lines, 20 townships, at $10 per mile ...

. 12, 000 00

29, 440 00

38, 440 00

B.-Statement of expenditure of appropriation for compensation of surveyor general and clerks

in his office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878. DR.

CR.

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C. --Statement of incidental and office expenses for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878. DR.

CR.

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D.-Statement of the expenditure of the appropriation for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878.

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1877

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.......... $4, 028 90

To amount reported for payment

on contract No. 67, to John B.
David .......
....do.......
To amount reported for payment
on contract No. 68, to John B.

David ........................
To amount reported for payment
on contract No. 70, to Allen M.

Thompson .............
To balance unexpended.....

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To amount reported for payment
on contract No. 71, to John B.
David .......

4,313 11
To amount reported for payment

on contract No. 72, to Allen M.
Thompson ...................

3, 365 27
....do..........

281 20 To balance covered by contracts. 6, 440 42

14, 400 00

14, 400 00

E. --Statement of original maps and copies transmitled to the General Land Office and to the

district office since my last report.

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Guide meridian between ranges 29 and 30 east, and base

line through ranges 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39,

40, 41, and 42 east ....... Exterior lines of townships 2 and 3 sonth, range 34 east;

township 1 north, ranges 36, 37, and 38 east; and
townships No. 1, 2, and 3 south, ranges 35, 36, and 37

east...............
Township 2 south, range 35 east.
Township 1 sonth, range 36 east...
Township 1 south, range 37 east...
Township 1 north, range 37 east.....
Township 1 north, range 38 east...
Township 2 south, range 36 east.....
Township 2 south, range 37 east.....
Exterior lines of townships 13. 14. 15, and 16 south,

ranges 30, 31, and 32 east, and townships 13 and 14

south, range 33 east ............
Township 15 south, range 30 east....
Township 16 south, range 30 east.......
Township 15 south, range 32 east....
Township 16 south, range 32 east.
Exterior lines of townships 3, 4, 5, and 6 south of ranges

14, 15, and 16 east .....
Township 6 south, range 13 east.....
Township 4 south, range 14 east........
Township 5 south, range 14 east..
Township 6 south, range 14 east....
Township 5 south, range 15 east.....
Township 6 south, range 15 east...
Exterior lines of township 2 north, ranges 36, 37, and 38

east; township 3 north, range 38 east, and townships

1, 2, and 3 north, ranges 39, 40, and 41 east...
Township 2 north, range 37 east..
Township 2 north, range 38 east..
Township 3 north, range 38 east..
Township 2 north, range 39 east..
Township 3 north, range 39 east..
Township 2 north, range 40 east.
Township 3 north, range 40 east....
Township 2 north, range 41 east.
Township 3 north, range 41 east...
Exterior lines of townships 1, 2, 3, and 4 north, ranges

5 and 6 west, and townships 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 south,

ranges 5 and 6 west.......
Township 2 north, range 5 west.
Township 3 north, range 5 west ..
Township 4 north, range 5 west ..
Township 3 north, range 4 west ..
Township 4 south, range 5 west..
Township 5 south, range 5 west ..
Township 3 south, range 6 west ..
Township 4 south, range 6 west.
Township 5 south, range 6 west ..
Township 3 north, range 6 west ...
Township 4 north, range 6 west ..
Township 5 north, range 6 west ........

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Feb. 5. 1878
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Feb. 18, 1878
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