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jurisprudence in the United States-Concluded.


Text books used.

Hon. Edvin Wright......

Ordronaux, Beck, Taylor.

Professors in the law school give lectures to all the med.

ical students. aGeorge II. Stewart, A. M., professor of medical jurispru. Elwell, Taylor, Ordronaux, Beck.

dence. Prof. R. H. Lyon ...

Beck, Taylor, or Dean on Medical Jurispru

dence. B. D. Penfield, A. Y., professor of medical jurisprudence.. Bock, Taylor, or Dean's Jurisprudence.

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George R. Sage, lecturer on the medico-legal relations of


Hon. J.T. Pratt ....

Wharton and Stillé, Guy's Forensic Modi.


a In 1873_'74.

OMISSIONS. It is impossible, in the space allowed for this annual report, to bring to mind so distinctly as may be desirable all the perils which threaten the well-being of education in different localities, or their preventions and remedies.

A most gratifying fact often noticeable is the interest, skill, and energy with which evils old and new are encountered. The great freedom of thought and action encourages truth in the encounter with evil. All are at liberty to follow the wisest course. Is too much money expended on buildings; are text books, or teachers, or superintendents, too freqnently changed ? the correction is speedily applied. Is there extravagance iu dress* among pupils ? good sense soon suggests the better way of economy and taste. * To the girls about to graduate :

DEAR YOUNG FRIENDS: The time for you to finish your present school course of study is near at hand. We hope you are to graduate with horor and success. Our interest and sympathy have been with you in your efforts to perform faithfully the duties that belong to your position in the first classes of your schools. To-day, we are nored to speak to you upon a matter not directly affecting your studies, but directly and seriously affecting you as young girls, at the close of one of life's experiences, aud about to enter on another and quite a different one. As graduating scholars, you will stand in a place demandiug more dignity of character and bearing than, as school girls, you have ever before been called upon to show. On that day, you are to come bringing in your hands the fruits of your long study; and, in a certain sense, are to render account of the way in which you have done your work. We do not forget that the day is one of great joy and happiness to you, to your parents and teachers, and to all who take an interest in you. It is a true festival day, full of mirth and congratulations, and rejoicings. Work is over for the time, and vacation is at hand. But for all that, it is no gay dance, no mero frolic to which you are summoned. In scones like those, gay apparel finds its place. But on a day devoted to honoring those whose scholarship, culture, and charactor have stood the test, it seems more fitting that the girl, soon to assume the greater responsibilities that belong to young womanhood, should be simply dressed ; that she should recognize that what she is doing is no trifling nor frivolous thing, but a serious and dignified act, demanding her best efforts in the highest directions. Do you pot think so ?

There is also another reason, and a very strong one, why you should be simply dressed, on the gradurtion day. It is becauso so many cannot afford to spend money on needless or showy attire. This year is, as you know, 3. peculiarly trying one, in the busin ess world. We are all suffering more or less from the "hard times;" and many, who in more prosperous years could spend freely, are now seriously pinched. But it is true in every year, that many of us cannot afford to spend money for dress, except for the neodful articles. It is only more true this year than usual. Now, for the sake of thoso who cannot, or ought not, to afford needless expense, we ask you all to avoid it, and thus do your part to prevent distinctions that are often painful. You may not fully know what burdens the bard times are laying upon some of your classmates and their parents; but whatever they may be, your own kind hearts will prompt you all to wish to help one another; and your delicacy of feeling will tell you that the privations, which circumstances may be bringing, will be more easily borne, if all adopt a simple style, from a conviction that it is best and happiest for all to do so. The simple dresses that are snitable for church and other similar occasions are the ones that it will please the good and wise citizens of Boston to see you wear on the day of which wo are speaking. You may think it strange that we speak of the opinion of the citizens of Bostop, and may be surprised that in general they should have any thought about this matter. But we assure you that very many of them have a genuine interest in it, for they have known of hardships suffered by some of the best and brightest scholars, owing to the thoughtless acts of others—acts which would have been generously avoided in many instances if the matter had been fully understood. And as we all do and ought to value the good opinion of those whom we respect, so we feel sure that you will value the commendation that will sustain you in avoiding all expenses that might come under the head of needless or extravagant.

We think we have said enough to convey to you what we mean. We trust that your good sense will approve of our suggestions, and that your willing hearts and hands will carry out what your judgment has approved.

A year ago we mado a similar request of the class about to graduate from the Girls' High School.
They received it most kindly, and, with a few exceptions, carried it into execution; and the result was
that they gained approbation on all sides for their simple, dignified appearance, as well as for their fine
scholarship and behavior. For the sake of those who may bo affected by your example in the future,
as well as for your own sakes, we ask you to emulate that good example to-day, believing that all for
whose good opinion you care will approve, and that your own consciences will commend.
We are truly your friends,



In behalf of the school committee. - BOSTON, Juno 8, 1876.

PAYMENT FOR THE SCHOOL-HOUSE IN GEORGETOWN. Congress, at the last session, appropriated $50,865 for the payment of bills due on a school-house in Georgetown, and required the United States Commissioner of Education to supervise its payment. I have to report that this duty has been performed. Accounts presented to the amount of $50,865, duly certified by the board of education, were carefully examined, and, being found correct, were paid. No specific disbursing officer was mentioned. R. Joseph, esq., the disbursing clerk of the Interior Department, greatly to my relief, consented to undertake the responsibility. One set of vouchers was passed into the Treasury, and the other I have retained in my possession.

I have the honor to renew my recommendations of last year:

First. An increase of the permanent force of the Office. The experience of the Office indicates clearly that the collection of educational information, and publication of the same, as required by the law regulating it, cannot be properly done with the present limited clerical force.

Secondly. The enactment of a law requiring that all facts in regard to national aid to education and all facts in regard to education in the Territories and the District of Columbia, necessary for the information of Congress, be presented through this Office. For the purpose of enabling the Government to meet its responsibilities with respect to the education of the people in the Territories, I recommend that the office of superintendent of public instruction for each Territory be created, to be filled by appointment by the President; his compensation to be fixed and paid as in the case of other Federal appointees for the Territories.

Thirdly. In view of the large number of children growing up in ignorance on account of the impoverished condition of portions of the country, and in view of the special difficulties in the way of establishing and maintaining therein schools for universal education, and in consideration of the imperative need of immediate action in this regard, I recommend that the whole or a portion of the net proceeds arising from the sale of public lands shall be set aside as a special fund, and its interest be divided annually, pro rata, between the people of the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia, under such provisions in regard to amount, allotment, expenditure, and supervision as Congress in its wisdom may deem fit and proper. ·

Fourthly. I respectfully recommend that such provision as may be deemed advisable be made for the publication of ten thousand copies of the Report of this Bureau immodiately on its completion, to be put at the control of the Bureau for distribution among its correspondents, in addition to the number ordered for distribution by members of the Senate and House.

Fifthly. I also recommend that provision be made for the organization of an educational museum, and for the exchange of educational appliances.

CONCLUSION. The year has furnished additional reasons to commend my assistants in the Office, the value of whose labors increases with their experience. Dr. Charles Warren, in addition to his duties as chief clerk, often acting in my place, bas borne special responsibilities with fidelity and success.

I am under obligations to the honorable Secretary of State for aid in carrying on the correspondence of the Office with foreign countries; also to Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, for the exchange of documents; also to the Congressional Printer; to the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics; to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs; and the Commissioner of Patents.

Acknowledging that the degree of success accorded to the labors of the Office could not have been attained without the hearty coöperation of your Department and of the President, and tendering my hearty thanks for the same, I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Commissioner. Hor. Z. CHANDLER,

Secretary of the Interior.








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