Enemies Within: Italian and Other Internees in Canada and Abroad

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Franca Iacovetta, Roberto Perin, Angelo Principe
University of Toronto Press, Jan 1, 2000 - History - 429 pages

In the recent campaign led by the National Congress of Italian Canadians to gain redress for compatriots interned during the Second World War, leaders claimed that the Canadian state had waged a 'war against ethnicity.' Their version of history, argue the editors, drew on selective evidence and glossed over the fascist past of some Italian Canadians.

The editors have assembled scholars who, while having diverse views, seek to stimulate informed debate. Enemies Within is the first study of its kind to examine not only the formulation and uneven implementation of internment policy, but the social and gender history of internment. It brings together national and international perspectives. The book offers differing interpretations of Italian internment in Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia. It invites comparisons between Italian Canadians and Canada's other internees, including Communists, German Canadians, Ukrainian Canadians and Jewish refugees. Contemporary redress campaigns are examined. Masculinity, female internees, Communist women's release politics, and memory culture are some of the little-studied subjects that also receive attention.

This book contains photographs never before seen. A general introduction and four section introductions provide valuable background to the issues being discussed.


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Black Shirts
Torontos Little Italy
The Internment of Italian Canadians
Internment and Hamiltons Italians
Drawing Distinctions
The Curious Case of Female Internees
The Communist Internees
Three Case Studies
The Internment of Italians in Britain
When Italian Americans Were Enemy Aliens
The Uses of the Past
Images of Internment
The Contemporary UkrainianCanadian
Redress Collective Memory and the Politics of History

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About the author (2000)

Franca Iacovetta is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Toronto. ROBERTO PERIN is a professor of history at York University. ANGELO PRINCIPE teaches part-time at York University and the University of Toronto.

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